Daniel Stockemer

Daniel Stockemer
University of Ottawa · School of Political Studies

Ph.D.

About

183
Publications
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2,225
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2010 - May 2014
University of Ottawa
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (183)
Article
Publishing in peer‐reviewed journals has become an essential requirement for PhD students wishing to pursue a career in academia. Yet, there are few studies of student publishing and little discussion of norms around attribution of authorship for student research collaborators. (1) How often do students feature as submitters and authors in politica...
Article
This article contributes to the debate on the effect of social media usage on political attitudes. Our research question is: Does the use of social media affect citizens’ political trust? We test this research question using Egypt’s Arab Barometer Wave V country data (2018–2019). We expect social media usage to increase political distrust among cit...
Article
This symposium adds to the growing literature on gender differences in authorship and reviews written by male and female scholars in major European political science journals. The contributions capturing European Union Politics (EUP), the Journal of Common Market Studies (JCMS), West European Politics (WEP) and Southern European Society and Politic...
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In Nigeria, politicians and parties have developed a sophisticated vote-buying scheme, which we label, according to the state, where it happens, the Ekiti model of vote buying. Through a qualitative study of the gubernatorial elections 2018 in Ekiti, we describe how the Ekiti model of vote buying works. At the top of this scheme are parties, which...
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The Internet’s effect on political communication is omnipresent. However, very few jurisdictions around the globe allow their citizens to cast their ballot online. What are the electoral consequences of this reform? Research, so far, has mainly looked at security considerations and effects on turnout. In this research note, we broaden the scope of...
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In this research note, we focus on young adults, a group with distinct claims for political representation but a low representation in political office. Focusing on the cabinet, we analyze the marginalization of young politicians in France, Germany, and the UK using time series data. We find that adults aged 35 and below at the time of nomination h...
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Is there a gender gap in voting? Most cross-national survey research on gender inequalities in voter turnout finds that men have a higher probability to vote than women. Yet, some studies using validated turnout data shed some doubt on this finding. We revisit the question of a gender gap in voting using official records. In more detail, we compare...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has affected nearly everybody around the world. The risk of getting infected as well as the risks posed by the economic consequences of the containment measures do not stop at borders or class differences. How do citizens react to such a transboundary crisis? Do such crises have an equalising effect across different social str...
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Objective The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) crisis has led to shutdowns of the cultural, associational, and economic life in many parts of the world and had a severe impact on gender relations in many societies. This study engages with gender differences in public support of severe infringements of personal and economic freedoms. Metho...
Article
As the number of scandals involving politicians in office rises worldwide, the number of studies dedicated to analysing these scandals and their consequences rises as well. In this article, we try to summarise this emerging literature focusing on quantitative studies that use scandal as an independent variable to model its influence on politicians’...
Article
The literature on looks and politics suggests that, at least in personalistic electoral systems, physical attractiveness helps candidates that are more attractive. We test this assumption using the unlikely case of Quebec, where provincial elections are highly salient, characterized by a strong cleavage, a sophisticated electorate and strong party-...
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Why do some political parties have a higher share of elected women? Analysing all parties in the European Parliament (EP) from 1979–2019, we test the effect of five party characteristics (their ideology, age, size, female leadership, and intra-party gender quotas) on their share of female Members (MEPs). We find a higher share of female MEPs in gre...
Article
This article adds to the large literature on right-wing populist parties ( RWPP ), explaining how anti-immigrant sentiments become salient for vote choice. Within the large literature on RWPP , anti-immigration attitudes are the most important variable to explain the vote share of RWPP . Yet, recent research shows that there is not always an empiri...
Article
Anniversaries are milestone events. They invite those involved to celebrate their achievements, but also reflect about the past, present and future. The 20th anniversary of European Political Science (EPS) is such a landmark. It marks a success story; the development from a news style magazine to a major political science journal. Over the past 20...
Article
In recent years, much has been written about the growth of anti‐immigrant sentiment in Western countries. Propagated by the fastest growing party family, far right‐wing parties, there is growing support in Western populations in favour of scapegoating Muslim immigrants for economic, cultural and security problems. However, less has been written on...
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Previous research suggests that the rise of populist radical right parties (PRRPs) is contributing to the politicization of European domestic and external policies. However, whether this is also the case for European development policy is unclear. Building on a new dataset that analyses government positions and coalition agreements across European...
Article
In this article, we first formulate some theoretical expectations about the development of the gender gap in voting in post-conflict situations. Second, we test these expectations on five cases, including two civil wars, the Ivorian Civil War (2011) and the Malian Civil War (2013–2015), and three major international Israeli conflicts, the Yom Kippu...
Article
This article conceptualizes the relative absence of youth in legislatures, a feature we perceive as a democratic deficit with detrimental consequences. It introduces a new operationalization: the Youth Representation Index. Rather than calculating youths’ representation by the percentage of Members of Parliament 35 or 40 years old and younger or le...
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Publication in academic journals is a critical part of the academic career. However, writing academic papers and getting them published is not a straightforward task. This article seeks to provide editors’ insights into the process of publishing by outlining common factors that lead to papers being rejected as well as charting strategies that ensur...
Article
This article discusses the trends and micro-dynamics of violence in northern Mali. Using a mixed research design, we focus on the violence used by jihadist groups during the first phases of the Malian civil war (2012–2015). Integrating research on civil war and terrorism, we distinguish between direct and remote violence. Quantitative analyses show...
Article
Modernization theory is one of the most influential theories in political science. However, to date, studies testing the impact of modernization on political regimes have almost completely focused on democracies. We aim at broadening the discussion to autocracies and ask the following research question: What impact has economic development on the s...
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This article focuses on the prevalence of anti-immigration attitudes among the far-right electorate. Drawing on the distinction between the predictive power of immigration concerns, and the question of how widespread these concerns are among the far-right voter pool, we proceed in two steps. First, we assess the extent to which anti-immigration att...
Article
This article focuses on a specific group of legislators facing large hurdles during recruitment processes, namely young women. Building on the institutional literature, we hypothesize that gender quota regulations, youth quotas, and proportional representation (PR) electoral systems should particularly benefit young women. Our quantitative study, c...
Article
en Since the 1980s, anti‐Islamic sentiment has grown in both the United States and Western Europe. However, the political and electoral success of anti‐Islamic actors has been asymmetrical between these regions. In most countries in Western Europe, anti‐Islamic sentiment is still contained to the fringes. Conversely, it has become highly influentia...
Article
Gender inequality as a phenomenon is also present in academic writing and publishing. In this article, we review the gender imbalance in the percentage of authors and reviewers in EPS from 2015 to 2019. At the submissions stage, male authors submit approximately twice as many manuscripts compared to female authors. At the publication stage, there i...
Article
Research on political representation has shown that corruption is not gender-neutral: it benefits the recruitment of men to political office more than it does women. Yet, it is unclear if all men or a specific type of men, elderly men, benefits the most from corrupt networks in terms of political presence. The ‘old boys’ network thesis’ would singl...
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Health affects nearly all facets of our lives, including the likelihood of getting involved in politics. Focusing on political efficacy, we zoom in on one potential mechanism as to why people in poor health might, for example, stay at home on Election Day. We first look at the ways in which health is related to both people’s perceptions of their ab...
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Between 2015 and 2017, the European Union (EU) was confronted with a major crisis in its history, the so-called “European refugee crisis.” Since the multifaceted crisis has provoked many different responses, it is also likely to have influenced individuals’ assessments of immigrants and European integration. Using data from three waves of the Europ...
Article
Throughout the European Parliament’s nearly forty years of existence, electoral turnout in European parliamentary elections has consistently been lower than electoral turnout in the national elections of the member states. This is particularly the case for the majority of states in Eastern Europe where turnout in European Elections has resulted in...
Article
One of the most important challenges facing Political Science Faculty is the way in which the curriculum engages with, and responds to, the populist tide that has spread across a significant number of countries in recent decades. Over recent years there has been an increased level of research activity that has sought to explain the factors for the...
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In general, politicians involved in scandals of various natures are punished by voters. Good-looking politicians, on the contrary, are rewarded by voters. Almost fifty years of empirical research has shown that ill-informed voters will use the physical attractiveness of candidates, as well as readily-available information on scandal allegations inv...
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Populism as a theme is omnipresent in the academic literature. Debates in the field include the definition of populism, the populist voter, and the link between populism and democracy. Yet, few studies tackle the question of how populist parties present themselves. Focusing on the typical populist radical right-wing party, the Front National (FN),...
Article
This article focuses on two commonly used indicators of turnout, VAP turnout (the number of votes cast as a percentage of the voting-age population) and RV turnout (votes cast as a percentage of the number of registered voters), and discusses possible biases induced by migration flows. Using a global dataset on elections in more than 100 democracie...
Article
Recent research in political behaviour suggests that poor health can be an impediment for individuals to vote. At the same time, researchers argue that health may both hinder and reinforce other forms of political participation. With respect to these ambiguous expectations, our study asks: does the relationship between health and political involvem...
Article
In this article, we focus on generational differences in women's representation and hypothesize that younger generations of women should be more highly represented than older generations, both in general and within the same parliament. We tested this hypothesis with data on all members who have ever served in the European Parliament since 1979. Of...
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Through a panel analysis conducted in Bavaria, which covers two adjacent elections – the federal elections and the European elections in 2013 and 2014 – we examine the attitudinal factors that drive citizens’ propensity to turn out. We find that abstainers have generally low levels of knowledge, interest and sense of civic duty. National-level vote...
Article
To what extent has English become the dominant language of scientific communication? What factors push non-native speakers to publish their research in English rather than their native language? Using a survey of more than 800 authors of scientific papers in Springer Nature journals we find that the average non-anglophone researcher makes approxima...
Chapter
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Poland, the Philippines, France, Argentina, the United States, and Turkey span a diverse transcontinental sweep of the political phenomenon of populism. Each country carries with it the flame of populism in the form of movements, parties, and, all importantly, personalities which personify populism. In each case, the populists personify the Roussea...
Chapter
In this chapter, we discuss bivariate relationships between two continuous variables. In research, these are the relationships that occur the most often. We can express bivariate relationships between continuous variables in three ways: (1) through a graphical representation in the form of a scatterplot, (2) through a correlation analysis, and (3)...
Chapter
When the questionnaire is in its final form, the researcher needs to determine what the sample and what the population of her study is. This chapter first explains both terms and further distinguishes between random, representative, and biased samples. Second, it discusses several sampling techniques such as quota sampling and snowball sampling. Th...
Chapter
This chapter offers a brief introduction into survey research. In the first part of the chapter, students learn about the importance of survey research in the social and behavioral sciences, substantive research areas where survey research is frequently used, and important cross-national survey such as the World Values Survey and the European Socia...
Chapter
This chapter instructs students on how to conduct a survey. Topics covered include question design, question wording, the use of open- and closed-ended questions, measurement, pre-testing, and refining a survey. As part of this chapter, students construct their own survey.
Chapter
This chapter covers the nuts and bolts of empirical political science. It gives an introduction into empirical research in the social sciences and statistics; explains the notion of concepts, theories, and hypotheses; as well as introduces students to the different steps in the quantitative research process.
Chapter
In this part, we will discuss three types of bivariate statistics: first, an independent samples t-test measures if two groups of a continuous variable are different from one another; second, an f-test or ANOVA measures if several groups of one continuous variable are different from one another; third, a chi-square test gauges whether there are dif...
Chapter
This first practical chapter is split into two parts. In the first part, I succinctly present the two statistical software packages, SPSS and Stata, which are probably the most used statistical programs in the social sciences. I also explain how to input data into SPSS and Stata datasets. Second, I cover the two univariate statistical categories, f...
Chapter
This final chapter provides an introduction into multivariate regression modeling. We will cover the logic behind multiple regression modeling and explain the interpretation of a multivariate regression model. We will further cover the assumptions this type of model is based upon. Finally, and using our data, we will provide concrete examples on ho...
Book
This book provides a global overview of populist actors and strategies around the globe from a comparative perspective. By presenting six country studies on the United States, France, Poland, Turkey, the Philippines and Argentina, the contributors analyze how parties from both the radical left and right use a populist discourse combining people-cen...
Book
This textbook offers an essential introduction to survey research and quantitative methods. Building on the premise that statistical methods need to be learned in a practical fashion, the book guides students through the various steps of the survey research process and helps to apply those steps toward a real example. In detail, the textbook intr...
Article
This research note highlights that gender equality is a necessary condition for eradicating petty forms of electoral corruption. Drawing on primary observations of an Albanian electoral district in the second round of the municipal elections in Macedonia in 2017, I illustrate that a sophisticated and well-conceived electoral code, as well as compet...
Article
Objective In this article, we address two major gaps in the understanding of the relationship between candidate attractiveness and electoral success. With the assistance of the Victoria Police Criminal Identification Unit in Melbourne, Australia, we show how good‐looking candidates look like by building the faces of six “ideal candidates” in terms...
Article
Do the same constituents trigger high women’s representation in democracies and autocracies? I try to address this research question with the help of a large-scale dataset containing the dependent variable women’s representation in national parliaments and six relevant independent variables—legally binding quotas, party quotas, the district magnitu...
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Particularly in the aftermath of the refugee crisis, the relationship between immigration and anti-immigrant sentiment and Euroscepticism has become salient in public discourse in European Union member states. The scientific literature has also devoted increasing attention to these relationships over the past dozen years. In this short research not...
Article
Data Access, Transparency, and Replication: New Insights from the Political Behavior Literature – Corrigendum - Daniel Stockemer, Sebastian Koehler, Tobias Lentz
Article
Research on corruption and women in politics has mainly focused on legislatures, generally finding that corruption decreases the election of women. This article turns the spotlight to the executive branch—an arena where selection is less transparent than recruitment to legislative seats—and examines if corruption decrease the share of ministers who...
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Do researchers share their quantitative data and are the quantitative results that are published in political science journals replicable? We attempt to answer these questions by analyzing all articles published in the 2015 issues of three political behaviorist journals (i.e., Electoral Studies , Party Politics , and Journal of Elections , Public O...
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The Swiss Peoples’ Party (SVP), as the strongest radical right-wing party in Western Europe, has garnered close to 29% of the vote in 2007 and nearly 27% in 2011. Interested in the immense local differences in SVP support, which range from 0 to over 90% of the popular vote in municipalities, this article aims to analyze the local structural and pol...
Article
In this article, we summarize the individual demand-level factors explaining the radical right-wing vote in European countries. To do so, we first review 46 quantitative peer-reviewed articles featuring the individual vote choice in favour of a radical right-wing party as the dependent variable. To identify relevant articles, we use Kai Arzheimer’s...
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In this meta-analysis, we summarize the results of 48 peer-reviewed articles on the radical right-wing vote in Western Europe. These results come from 48 peer-reviewed articles published from January 1990 until October 2017. We use the following inclusion criteria, the selected articles must focus on Western Europe, they must have the vote share of...
Article
While intersectionality is a recurrent theme in the literature on women's political representation, few studies empirically disentangle who are the women who get elected to parliaments. An argument on biases in recruitment practices suggests that those who are members of more than one outgroup, such as young women, benefit from an ‘outgroup advanta...
Article
Middle-aged to senior men of the ethnic majority and higher income groups are generally overrepresented in parliaments. While research on group representation has examined issues of gender, economic standing, and, more recently, ethnicity, few studies examine age groups. We argue that the design of political institutions influences the share of you...
Article
The underrepresentation of youths in legislatures is a rarely studied topic in comparative research. This article examines the representation of age groups in the European Parliament, an assembly that allows researchers to observe variation in youths’ presence across institutional contexts of countries. Utilizing a register of the age of all indivi...
Article
What is the relationship between precipitation and the temperature on turnout? Using data on the 2004, 2006, 2008, 2011, and 2015 Canadian federal elections, we try to answer this question. Through bivariate and multi-variate statistics, we find that each millimeter of precipitation decreases turnout by more than 0.1 percentage points. When it come...
Preprint
What is the relationship between precipitation and the temperature on turnout? Using data on the 2004, 2006, 2008, 2011, and 2015 Canadian federal elections, we try to answer this question. Through bivariate and multi-variate statistics, we find that each millimeter of precipitation decreases turnout by more than .1 percentage points. When it comes...
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The Eurovision Song Contest is not only the largest song contest worldwide but also probably the world’s largest election for a non-political office. In this article, we are interested in the voting behaviour of Eurovision viewers. Do they vote sincerely, strategically according to rational choice assumptions (i.e. for the song they believe will be...
Article
Elections are only meaningful if they are free, fair and transparent. What triggers fairness in elections? In this article, I aim at emphasizing the Internet's potential in improving the fairness and objectivity of elections. Through a multiple regression analysis with data from > 120 countries across the globe, I establish that there is a rather s...
Article
This research aims at detecting commonalities and differences between right-wing and left-wing activists. Based on 44 interviews with members of the French National Front (FN) and 88 Attac activists, I find that Attac activists are individuals with high amounts of civic skills that have been politically socialised until the age of 25. Somewhat diff...
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In the comparative turnout literature, there are two ways of measuring voter turnout: (1) voter turnout as the percentage of registered voters that actually turn out (RV turnout) and (2) voter turnout as the percentage of a country’s voting age population that cast their ballot on Election Day (VAP turnout). Both measurements are imprecise, the for...
Article
Free, fair and transparent elections are a prerequisite for the functioning of democracy. In a functioning democracy, the integrity of elections guarantees high citizens’ trust in the democratic system; in a new or fledgling democracy fair and transparent elections help to consolidate the regime. In this article, the authors test whether inclusive...
Article
A regime change not only rests on new rules and political opportunities, but also it may bring alternatives in the distribution of power and representation of groups. The installation of a new regime, in particular, a regime change from autocracy to democracy, could also be beneficial for the representation of women in parliament. Including women i...
Article
Although the cabinet arguably is more important to governmental decision-making processes and policy implementation than the legislature, most studies of women’s representation focus on legislatures. These studies have established the institutional, economic, and cultural factors for between-country variation in women’s legislative representation,...
Article
Résumé Cette étude présente les résultats d'un sondage réalisé auprès des politologues francophones du Canada portant sur la langue de diffusion des connaissances en science politique. Même si la quasi-totalité des politologues francophones est d'accord avec l’énoncé voulant que l'anglais soit devenu la lingua franca de la science politique, le fra...
Book
In light of the transformation of the Front National (FN) to a major player in French politics, this book examines how the unprecedented boost in positive opinions towards the FN as well as its increasing membership and electoral success have been possible. Using a supply and demand framework and a mixed methods approach, the author investigates th...
Chapter
Through mainly qualitative textual analysis of FN party documents before and after 2011, this chapter highlights that there is very little change in the FN ideology and program between Le Pen father and Le Pen daughter. The FN was and continues to be the prototypical radical right-wing party. It has always and still advances a simplistic frame that...
Chapter
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Using survey data on the FN vote in 2007 and 2012, This chapter highlights that the party’s vote base has not broadened as much as the FN’s membership after Marine Le Pen has taken over the party. Rather, the new FN could tap more successfully into its core basin, the working and lower middle classes; the gross of the FN vote stems from individuals...
Chapter
Quo vadis FN, this is the question answered in the conclusion. For sure, the FN’s gains are impressive, the party has broadened its membership, has attracted more votes than ever, and has never been as popular among the French population. Nevertheless, this does not mean that the FN is mainstream; a majority of the population is and remains opposed...
Chapter
This chapter is dedicated to the two leaders Jean Marie Le Pen and Marine Le Pen, their leadership styles, the party elites that surround them and the two leaders’ media relations. An in-depth analysis of the secondary literature and some primary sources highlights that there is continuity in the way the two leaders have run the FN. Both leaders ar...
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This chapter describes the historical development of the FN, from its modest first steps in politics to becoming a main French party and one of the most successful radical right-wing parties in Europe.
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Based on an in-depth analysis of semi-structured interviews with nearly four dozens FN members in 2013, this chapter, highlights that the FN is no longer a party of old traditional right-wing men, members with a decidedly extreme right-wing background and family socialisation, or the losers of modernization, low educated individuals, who cannot cop...
Article
While the average percentage of women in national legislatures increased by nearly 20 percentage points from less than 5 percent in the early 1960s to 22 percent in 2014, it will still take 70–80 years for women to achieve parity in political representation, if women’s presence in elected office continues to grow at the current rate. In this articl...
Article
While existing studies have shown that more attractive candidates running for office have an electoral advantage, very little has been written on how this advantage relates to different institutions. We theorise that formal institutions mediate the positive effect from which attractive candidates benefit. More in detail, we focus on the type of ele...
Article
This article evaluates the influence of the economic crisis (2009–2013) on the vote share of the radical right in Western European regions. I ask two questions: (1) Has the radical right electorally benefited from the recession that has hit Western Europe in the aftermath of the U.S. and European stock market crisis in 2008/2009? (2) Has it perform...
Article
There is still relatively little research on what factors explain the share of women in cabinets across countries and time. Focusing on party ideology, we advance this budding research. First, we examine if heads of government from left-leaning and/or liberal parties tend to select a larger proportion female cabinet members than those from conserva...
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In recent years, the Front National, under the leadership of Marine Le Pen, has experienced a political revival. In elections, membership numbers and public opinion polls, the party has made impressive gains. We argue in this article that these gains stem, at least in part, from a strategic repositioning of the party based on a more populist discou...
Article
This article attempts to explain declining levels of voter turnout among young adults in terms of decreasing levels of political knowledge. Using data from a representative national survey of the Canadian electorate conducted in 2007, we find through descriptive and inferential statistics that younger individuals are more politically illiterate tha...
Article
Various studies have outlined the institutional (e.g. the existence of quota laws and the electoral system type of a country) and non-institutional factors (e.g. the political culture of a country) that account for variation in women’s representation, in general, and, in more detail, the low representation of women in the US Congress. However, no s...
Article
Are the turnout functions in democracies and nondemocracies different beasts that cannot be compared or are there more similarities than differences in the constituents of electoral turnout in the two universes of cases? Interested in this question, I compare electoral turnout in democracies and nondemocracies. Based on a large-scale dataset, which...
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What is the influence of students' assessment of the official language protection regime in Quebec and their usage of English borrowings in oral and written language, as well as in the private and public spheres? Hypothesizing that survey participants, who deem Bill 101 and the language protection policy as too lax, use fewer English borrowings in...
Article
1ères lignes : Les faux-semblants du Front national s’inscrit dans le sillage du regain d’attention que suscite le Front national (FN) au sein des milieux académiques depuis l’accession de Marine Le Pen à la présidence du parti en janvier 2011. Réalisé sous la direction de Sylvain Crépon, Alexandre Dézé et Nonna Mayer, cet ouvrage collectif se prés...

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