Daniel Škobla

Daniel Škobla
Slovak Academy of Sciences | SAV

PhD

About

51
Publications
9,262
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150
Citations
Citations since 2017
23 Research Items
109 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202305101520253035
201720182019202020212022202305101520253035

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Full-text available
This article explores how multiple health risks in municipalities with Roma settlements in Slovakia are related to the varieties of local governance and the authorities’ conduct towards the local Roma population. The first part of the paper describes the situation in Roma settlements from the perspective of unequal access to sewerage and water pipe...
Article
Full-text available
The focus of this article is on two Czech and Slovak films, My Friend Fabián (Můj přítel Fabián, 1955) and Gypsy (Cigán, 2011). While the former emerged in the 1950s, in the period of socialist industrialisation, the latter was released in the period of post-socialist consolidation of capitalism. Theoretically this article relies on a mix of approa...
Chapter
Full-text available
This contribution critically explores labor activation, which is unpaid work activity for social benefits claimants in Slovakia. The chapter is based on empirical data gained from ethnographic field research in the rural regions of eastern Slovakia, characterised by the high share of the long-term unemployed and vast Roma population living there. I...
Book
Full-text available
Slovensko musí v najbližšom období zvládnuť trojjedinú transformáciu: environmentálnu, digitálnu a sociálnu. Aké reformy a nástroje si táto transformácia vyžaduje, aby sa podarilo presadiť a udržať základné sociálno-demokratické hodnoty? Cieľom je transformovať Slovensko so stredno-príjmovou, málo diverzifikovanou, nerovnomerne rozvinutou a k život...
Book
Full-text available
The increased incidence of infectious diseases in localities with Roma population is one of the indicators of structural inequalities in Slovakia. The core of the problem is the absence of basic infrastructure for access to water and sewage collection and treatment. The framework of neoliberal transformation helps us to understand the economy of wa...
Book
Full-text available
Schmögnerová, Brigita - Ftáčnik, Milan a kol.: Program vlády 2020 - 2024: Pohľad zľava. Bratislava: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung e.V., zastúpenie v Slovenskej republike, 2020
Article
In this article, we explore populist politics, discourses and social practices regarding the ethnic Roma in the rural regions of eastern Slovakia. Our approach was guided by a theoretical discussion of right‐wing populism and social inequalities. Methodologically, we relied on Bourdieu’s conceptual apparatus as a useful scholastic device to transla...
Book
Full-text available
Publikácia analyzuje nerovný prístup ku základnej infraštruktúre medzi rómskymi a nerómskymi časťami obcí a miest z hľadiska prevalencie infekčných chorôb a chorôb prenášaných vodou. V rokoch 2014 – 2018 bolo na Slovensku dokumentovaných 4693 prípadov ochorení, ktorých pôvod je možné spájať s nedostatočným prístupom ku kanalizácii, čistej vode aleb...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter follows the story of a small distrcit town, Laborov, in Slovakia. The local environmental agenda has been evolving around two highly controversial issues: campaigns against a plan to build a coal burning power plant and waste management practices stigmatising local Roma community. The endeavour to prohibit the construction of the power...
Chapter
Introduction It was the bleak December of 2007. Petitioners were walking door to door to collect signatures. Ultimately, almost 9,000 people decided to sign and stand up against the planned construction of a massive coalburning power plant. It was a rather good achievement in the eastern Slovakian district of Laborov, comprising 100,000 inhabitants...
Book
Full-text available
V rámci obdobia rokov 2016 – 2018 Implementačná agentúra pri Ministerstve práce, sociálnych vecí a rodiny SR realizovala evaluáciu dopadu terénnej sociálnej práce s cieľom zdôvodniť potrebnosť terénnej sociálnej práce a uvažovať o jej mieste v systéme sociálnych politík. This report is an evaluation of the Field Social Work within the 2016-2018 pe...
Article
Full-text available
Decision makers, governments, national policymakers, European institutions and as well as many scholars, not to speak about the general public, operate with the term “Roma/Gypsies” as if it was a fixed appellation for a monolithic ethnic group. Policies of the Council of Europe, EU strategies for inclusion of Roma, different position papers and oth...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the etic construction of Slovak Roma as a homogenous group essentialised as a marginal, disconnected, uneducated and asocial "other". The authors acknowledge the severe situation of exclusion suffered by many Roma in Slo-vakia but argue that diverse social positionalities also exist which are often ignored. Grounded in field re...
Article
Full-text available
The reform of the assistance in material need in Slovakia has demonstrated a marked tendency towards a more "workfare" type of benefit system. Under “workfare,” recipients have to meet certain participation requirements to continue to receive their welfare benefits. These requirements are a combination of activities that are intended to improve the...
Article
Full-text available
This article contributes to the emerging critiques of inequalities in the access to water by focusing on three inter-related aspects: affordability, accessibility and quality of water. Based on extensive fieldwork, the paper explores the situation in segregated Roma settlements in Slovakia and highlights the critical role of power asymmetries at a...
Article
Full-text available
This article contributes to the emerging critiques of inequalities in the access to water by focusing on three inter-related aspects: affordability, accessibility and quality of water. Based on extensive fieldwork, the paper explores the situation in segregated Roma settlements in Slovakia and highlights the critical role of power asymmetries at a...
Book
Full-text available
Research has shown the diversity and colourfulness of various initiatives that have demonstrated important attributes of social entrepreneurship. Typically, we divide these activities into the following four groups: (1) activities that are primarily focused on work integration; (2) activities that provide social services and also have elements of a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Cieľom štúdie je na základe analýzy globálnych megatrendov a lokálnych trendov sformulovať základné východiská pre prípravu národných priorít implementácie Agendy 2030 pre udržateľný rozvoj. Štúdia je prvotným expertným vstupom do širokej verejnej diskusie o dlhodobých národných prioritách do roku 2030, ktorá je naplánovaná na začiatok roku 2018. M...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of the evaluation was to evaluate the progress made in the implementation of the Partnership Agreement by the end of 2016, thus preparing the basis for the preparation of the Progress Report of the Slovak Republic in 2017. The evaluation should respond how the country's development needs changed compared to the situation at the time of...
Technical Report
Full-text available
English: The purpose of the evaluation was to evaluate the progress made in the implementation of the Partnership Agreement by the end of 2016, thus preparing the basis for the preparation of the Progress Report of the Slovak Republic in 2017. The evaluation should respond how the country's development needs changed compared to the situation at the...
Article
Full-text available
Infrastructure in Marginalised Roma Settlements: Towards a Typology of Unequal Outcomes of EU Funded Projects. The social exclusion of the Roma population in Slovakia is manifested in many areas of life– from housing, education, access to healthcare and services, to employment and spatial distance. More than half of the Roma live in segregated sett...
Article
Full-text available
The social exclusion of the Roma population in Slovakia is manifested in many areas of life– from housing, education, access to healthcare and services, to employment and spatial distance. More than half of the Roma live in segregated settlements, which are characterized by a lack of fundamental infrastructure. Although a substantial number of infr...
Chapter
This chapter applies Bourdieu's concept of the ´field´ in order to identify barriers that hinder access to clean, safe sources of drinking water for the Roma population at local level. The study builds on the data from the Roma living conditions survey by the United Nations Development Programme 2010 and the Atlas of Roma Communities 2013, as well...
Book
Full-text available
The report was aimed to critically examine and assess the workings of the field social work programme in Slovakia funded from European Social Fund in the 2007–2013 programming period in relation to its impact on target groups and its contribution to social inclusion at the local level. The research combines both statistical data analysis and qualit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Pilot project ‘Contribution to the EU 2020 –– Research and Development’ aimed at methodology testing, and determining the adjustment required for planned comprehensive analysis of the results of initiatives supported by European funds, vis-a-vis assessment of their contribution to reach the Europe 2020 Strategy targets in Slovakia. The assessme...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Europe 2020 strategy is a key EU strategy focused on growth, employment and the environment. I tis oriented on three priorities – smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, five headline targets concerning employment, research and development, climate change, energy (consisting of three objectives), education (consisting of two objectives) and co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The education pilot project is aimed at methodology testing and determining the adjustment required for planned comprehensive analysis of the results of initiatives supported by ESIF, vis-a-vis assessment of their contribution to reach the Europe 2020 Strategy targets in Slovakia (i.e., to achieve smart, sustainable and inclusive growth). The ass...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the extent of unfairly streaming of Roma children into special schools in Slovakia using UNDP survey data. We roughly introduce the general account of the Slovak education system and the measurement approach of UNDP Roma households surveys in Slovakia. Afterwards we compare 2005 and 2010 data about the number of young Roma enrol...
Article
Full-text available
Barriers to Access to Potable Water as an Aspect of Social Exclusion of the Roma Population. The main objective of this study is to explore and critically apply Bourdieu's concept of the field to identify barriers that hinder access to clean, safe sources of drinking water for the Roma population at a local level. The main barriers identified are p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Štúdia je úvodom do knihy M. Rodrigueza Polo, ktorej obsahom je vizuálno-etnografické mapovanie životných ciest modelov a modeliek, ktorých portréty sú súčasťou cyklu fotografií ´Beautiful People´. Knižka sa dá chápať aj ako netypický a dokument o umeleckej reflexii fotografa Šymona Klimana a hľadaní ciest stvárňovania portrétov obyčajných Rómov.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
v prístupe k pitnej vode ako aspekt sociálneho vylúčenia rómskej populácie 1 Daniel Škobla 2 Inštitút pre výskum práce a rodiny, Bratislava Richard Filčák 3 Prognostický ústav SAV, Bratislava Barriers in Access to Potable Water as an Aspect of Social Exclusion of the Roma Population. The main objective of the study is to explore and critically to a...
Book
Full-text available
The Atlas is focused on the Roma spatial distribution analysis in Slovakia, based on a qualified estimation from 2013. It is sociographic detailed mapping of Roma communities in Slovakia, unique by their comprehensiveness at settlement levet.The research did not examine the number of people declaring themselves as the Roma, but occurrence, location...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Walls may be tangible or intangible. They may be made of brick, concrete, or just a perceived line. Those segregating Roma ethnic minority in Central and Eastern European countries are increasingly solid and palpable. They are a visible illustration of much deeper and ongoing social processes in the cities and villages, where construction of a bric...
Book
Full-text available
The report is based on the results of an evaluation that was initiated by the UNDP Bratislava. Evaluation indicated that the ESF structure in Slovakia possessed no systematic instrument for steering projects aimed at Roma to the regions or municipalities that are most in need of support. Using spending per Roma inhabitant as an indicator, the inves...
Book
Full-text available
Štúdia sa snaží posúdiť, ako zdroje Európskeho sociálneho fondu vyčlenené na zlepšenie podmienok Rómov v oblasti zamestnanosti a sociálnej inklúzie splnili na Slovensku svoj účel. Aplikuje integrovaný hodnotiaci prístup, ktorý kombinuje štatistický prístupu s kvalitatívne orientovaným výskumom.
Chapter
Full-text available
The continuing presence of widespread inequalities across European societies undermines the achievement of solidarity across Europe. As individuals and families are forced to commit a higher proportion of their incomes to essential resources for daily living such as waterm electricity and food, issue relating to poverty and social exclusion are mag...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter argues that the continuing presence of widespread inequalities across European societies militates against the achievement of solidarity. Manifested also as disparities in access to important resources for daily living, these inequalities represent a growing challenge as the liberalization and privatization of water and energy markets...
Chapter
Introduction Inhabitants regularly, especially in the summer time, suffer from lack of water and they usually travel to the cooperative farm for water, carrying it back to their houses. This is labor usually performed by women and children. They often take water from streams in the forest, which is of doubtful quality, especially after the rains wh...
Chapter
Kapitola poodkryje konceptuálnu ambivalentnosť, kontradikcie a omyly prítomné tak v diskusii o tzv. rómskej otázke, ako aj v praxi verejných politík zameraných na sociálne začlenenie Rómov. Text poukazuje na to, že napriek oficiálnym zárukám v oblasti rovnosti príležitostí a nediskriminácie pre všetkých majú v dôsledku štrukturálnych podmienok a so...
Chapter
Štúdia pojednáva o globálnych aktéroch, typologizuje ich hlavnné činnosti na Slovensku a ich vplyv na sociálnu politiku. Autori analyzujú niektoré programy a projekty medzinárodných organizácií a ich vplyv na podobu slovenských verejných politík a zamýšľajú sa nad mechanizmami interakcie globálnych a národných aktérov.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report was carried out by a team of independent consultants and experts from the UNDP Regional Centre in Bratislava and has been produced on the basis of data from an extensive questionnaire survey of Roma families and Roma households in Slovakia. The questionnaire had ten sections covering housing, household structure, migration, education, he...
Article
Článok je recenziou kníh Cécile Fabre Social rights under the constitution, Clarendon Press 2000 a Slavoja Žižeka Revolution at the Gates: Zizek on Lenin: The 1917 Writings, Verso 2002. Podľa Fabre rezistencia k ústavnému zakotveniu sociálnych práv spočíva v samotnej ideológii liberalizmu a jeho historickej tradícii, ktorá obsahuje imanentné vnútor...
Article
Full-text available
Článok je recenziou tretej správy o sociálnej a ekonomickej kohézii pripravenej Európskou komisiou v roku 2004. Autor, okrem iného, upozorňuje na kontradikciu medzi snahou národných vlád stimulovať ekonomický rast zvýšovaním rozpočtových výdavkov a imperatívmi paktu stability.
Chapter
The chapter offers a brief account of Slovak-Hungarian inter-ethnic relations and investigates how the fundamental features of national identity-construction and democracy building are congruent or conflicting logics.
Article
This paper formulates both general theoretical questions with a conceptualization of ethnicity and empirical implications for ethnic groups' cohabitation. On a theoretical level, the author suggests to surmount misconceptualizations shaped by modernity projects by calling for a much more 'constructivist' definition of ethnicity. He also proposes to...

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
The aim of the project is to carry out a research on social mobility of the Roma. The research heuristically assess academic and applied approaches to studying the living conditions and social mobility of the Roma in Slovakia and focuses on broadening the knowledge base in relation to social mobility. The project evaluates existing research and secondary data sources on Roma living conditions in an interdisciplinary manner. It also brings empirical ethnographic and sociological research to measure the changes in living conditions and social mobility of Roma, including living conditions of the so called integrated Roma and strategies of Roma elites and leaders in the production and reproduction of social capital.
Project
What could and should be done to improve the health status of segregated Roma in Slovakia?
Project
The main objective of the research project is to define causality between spatial localisation of Roma settlements, including physical infrastructure conditions and spatial localisation of employment opportunities. The specific objective of the project is to identify: (i) living conditions including qualification profile of this segment of population, in selected three territories in marginalized regions of Slovakia and (ii) the localisation and structure of disposable employment opportunities in the same selected territories. Recommendations aimed at improvement of the access of marginalized groups to the labor market.