Daniel Schmidtke

Daniel Schmidtke
McMaster University | McMaster · Department of Linguistics & Languages

PhD

About

39
Publications
12,181
Reads
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206
Citations
Introduction
I conduct quality assurance testing and research in an English language development program which prepares non-native speakers of English for undergraduate studies. I am interested in predictors of reading development and academic success. My methods include eye-tracking and quantitative linguistic research tools.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - September 2019
McMaster University
Position
  • PhD Student
September 2016 - October 2018
University of Alberta
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2012 - present
McMaster University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
September 2012 - August 2016
McMaster University
Field of study
  • Cognitive Science of Language
September 2010 - August 2011
The University of Edinburgh
Field of study
  • Linguistics
September 2007 - August 2010
York St John University
Field of study
  • Languages and Linguistics

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Increasing numbers of international students enter university education via English language bridging programs. Much research has overlooked the nature of second language reading development during a bridging program, focusing instead on the development of literacy skills of international students who already meet the language requirement for under...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to statistical patterns of language use affect language production and comprehension. In this longitudinal study of English language learner (ELL) university students, we examined the interplay between language experience and language statistics as a window into the formation and stability of morphological representations in memory. We hyp...
Technical Report
This report provides an overview of the academic performance of students who entered undergraduate studies at McMaster University via the McMaster English Language Development (MELD) program. Academic performance of MELD students are contrasted with direct entry undergraduate international students and domestic undergraduate students.
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the word-reading development of adult second-language learners of English. A sample of 70 (Mandarin or Cantonese) Chinese-speaking students enrolled in a university-level English bridging program at a Canadian university silently read passages of text at the beginning and end of the program while their eye movements were recorded. A...
Article
Full-text available
The CompLex database presents a large-scale collection of eye-movement studies on English compound word processing. A combined total of 440 participants completed eye tracking experiments in which they silently read unspaced English compound words (e.g., goalpost) embedded in sentence contexts (e.g., Dylan hit the goalpost when he was aiming for th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Using a large longitudinal database, this report investigated gains in English language skills in a sample of 340 adult second language learners. All participants were enrolled in the McMaster English Language Development (MELD) program, a university-level English bridging program at McMaster University (Ontario, Canada). Two cohorts of students we...
Article
Full-text available
The Large Database of English Compounds (LADEC) consists of over 8,000 English words that can be parsed into two constituents that are free morphemes, making it the largest existing database specifically for use in research on compound words. Both monomorphemic (e.g., wheel) and multimorphemic (e.g., teacher) constituents were used. The items were...
Article
Full-text available
A review of the behavioral and neurophysiological estimates of the time-course of compound word recognition brings to light a paradox whereby temporal activity associated with lexical variables in behavioral studies predates temporal activity of seemingly comparable lexical processing in neuroimaging studies. However, under the assumption that brai...
Article
Current models of spoken word recognition have been predominantly based on studies of Indo-European languages. As a result, less is known about the recognition processes involved in the perception of tonal languages (e.g., Mandarin Chinese), and the role of lexical tone in speech perception. One view is that words in tonal languages are processed p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Lexical representations in an individual mind are not given to direct scrutiny. Thus, in their theorizing of mental representations, researchers must rely on observable and measurable outcomes of language processing, i.e., perception, production, storage, access and retrieval of lexical information. Morphological research pursues these questions ut...
Article
Full-text available
National character stereotypes, or beliefs about the personality characteristics of the members of a nation, present a paradox. Such stereotypes have been argued to not be grounded in the actual personality traits of members of nations, yet they are also prolific and reliable. Stereotypes of Canadians and Americans exemplify the paradox; people in...
Data
Addtional analyses of nationally diagnostic language based on lexica of words associated with personality traits. (PDF)
Data
The most Canadian and American words. (ZIP)
Data
Additioinal analyses within a western subregion of Canada and the US. (PDF)
Data
Additional analysis within an eastern subregion of Canada and the US. (PDF)
Data
Additional details about the LORIDP statistic. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Prior studies of noun–noun compound word processing have provided insight into the human capacity for conceptual combination (Gagné and Shoben Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 23(1), 71 1997; Spalding, Gagné, Mullaly & Ji Linguistische Berichte Sonderheft, 17, 283–315 2010). These studies conclude that relational...
Article
Full-text available
Semantic transparency effects during compound word recognition provide critical insight into the organization of semantic knowledge and the nature of semantic processing. The past 25 years of psycholinguistic research on compound semantic transparency has produced discrepant effects, leaving the existence and nature of its influence unresolved. In...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that compound word recognition involves selecting a relational meaning (e.g., 'box for letters' for letterbox) out of a set of competing relational meanings for the same compound. We conducted five experiments to investigate the role of competition between relational meanings across visual and auditory compound word proc...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the morpho-syntax of non-native varieties of English has reported a widespread presence of mass noun pluralization such as baggages, equipments and softwares. In this paper we conducted a corpus linguistic study in order to provide empirically substantiated answers to this claim. We examined the purported prevalence of noun countability...
Article
Full-text available
The current study addresses a discrepancy in the psycholinguistic literature about the chronology of information processing during the visual recognition of morphologically complex words. Form-then-meaning accounts of complex word recognition claim that morphemes are processed as units of form prior to any influence of their meanings, whereas form-...
Poster
Full-text available
What are national character stereotypes grounded in? Linguistic behaviours between nations might provide an answer. Using tweets from Canada and the US, we extract words that are diagnostic of each nation, and examine their associations with personality and emotion. Distinctively Canadian words are more positive, agreeable, conscientious, and less...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has suggested that the conceptual representation of a compound is based on a relational structure linking the compound's constituents. Existing accounts of the visual recognition of modifier-head or noun-noun compounds posit that the process involves the selection of a relational structure out of a set of competing relational stru...
Poster
Full-text available
This study investigates the influence of the national border on geo-linguistic variation. Using computational linguistics tools (Szmrecsanyi, 2014; Wieling et al., 2011), the research goal was to examine the correspondence between dialectal lexical preferences and national boundary location. We analyzed millions of geo-tagged Twitter posts of speak...
Poster
Full-text available
As a sentence unfolds, semantic information accumulated from the surrounding context facilitates the comprehension of upcoming speech. Previous neurolinguistic research has revealed that word recognition is sensitive to prior contextual information that is present in the wider linguistic discourse. The current research used ERPs to investigate whet...
Poster
Full-text available
We present results from a forced-choice acceptability judgement task investigating whether English evidential constructions are constrained by parametrized evidential sub-dimensions, as argued by Matthewson (to appear). Our results indicate that while English evidentials do support Matthewson’s hypothesis that evidential dimensions are more fine-gr...
Article
In this study we explored variation in the countability of nouns in Outer Circle, Expanding Circle and lingua franca Englishes, a phenomenon which is frequently cited as a marker of Inner Circle norms in TESOL and of endonormative and emerging varieties in the Outer and Expanding Circles. We inspected a set of mass nouns like information and equipm...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
What are the factors that predict change in the reading skills of English language learners enrolled in an English language bridging program?
Project
This project investigates the impact of individual language experience and other factors on the processing of compound words. So far this project has used (i) the eye-tracking methodology to assess compound word reading within sentential contexts, and (ii) massive online crowd-sourcing techniques which tap into an individual's relational knowledge of compound word meanings.