Daniel Schiff

Daniel Schiff
Purdue University | Purdue · Department of Political Science

Doctor of Philosophy
Governance & ethical implications of AI. Incoming Assistant Prof. at Purdue and Lead for Responsible AI at JPMC.

About

25
Publications
2,814
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
266
Citations
Introduction
My research addresses the governance of artificial intelligence, along with its social and ethical implications. Current projects include: automated decision systems in government, translation of AI policy to ethics, impacts of automation on worker well-being, and how the AI policy agenda is forming. Methodologically, I enjoy survey and field experiments, surveys, text and time series analysis, and qualitative & philosophical approaches, and more. Please feel free to reach out and say hello!
Education
August 2017 - May 2022
Georgia Institute of Technology
Field of study
  • Public Policy
August 2012 - May 2013
University of Pennsylvania
Field of study
  • Social Policy
August 2007 - May 2012
Princeton University
Field of study
  • Philosophy

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Full-text available
Like previous educational technologies, artificial intelligence in education (AIEd) threatens to disrupt the status quo, with proponents highlighting the potential for efficiency and democratization, and skeptics warning of industrialization and alienation. However, unlike frequently discussed applications of AI in autonomous vehicles, military and...
Article
In recent years, numerous public, private, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have produced documents addressing the ethical implications of artificial intelligence (AI). These normative documents include principles, frameworks, and policy strategies that articulate the ethical concerns, priorities, and associated strategies of leading organ...
Article
In the context of rising delegation of administrative discretion to advanced technologies, this study aims to quantitatively assess key public values that may be at risk when governments employ automated decision systems (ADS). Drawing on the public value failure framework coupled with experimental methodology, we address the need to measure and co...
Article
In this paper, we review the gap between high-level principles aimed at responsible uses of AI and the translation of those principles into effective practices. We review six potential explanations for the gap: tensions related to organizational incentives and values, a need to make sense of the complexity of AI's impacts, disciplinary divides in u...
Article
Discourse surrounding the future of work often treats technological substitution of workers as a cause for concern, but complementarity as a good. However, while automation and artificial intelligence may improve productivity or wages for those who remain employed, they may also have mixed or negative impacts on worker well-being. This study consid...
Thesis
Full-text available
As research and adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) has significantly advanced in the early 21st century, determining how to govern AI has become a global priority. Key questions include how AI should be understood as a policy domain, which policy problems are most pressing, which solutions are most viable, and who should have a say in this pr...
Chapter
In recent years, numerous organizations worldwide have produced normative documents identifying potential benefits, harms, and associated recommendations related to artificial intelligence (AI). This chapter examines why these AI ethics documents are being produced and what they can tell us about the motivations, practices, and policies that surrou...
Article
As of 2021, more than 30 countries have released national artificial intelligence (AI) policy strategies. These documents articulate plans and expectations regarding how AI will impact policy sectors, including education, and typically discuss the social and ethical implications of AI. This article engages in thematic analysis of 24 such national A...
Preprint
In recent years, numerous public, private, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have produced documents addressing the ethical implications of artificial intelligence (AI). These normative documents include principles, frameworks, and policy strategies that articulate the ethical concerns, priorities, and associated strategies of leading organ...
Preprint
In recent years, numerous public, private, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have produced documents addressing the ethical implications of artificial intelligence (AI). These normative documents include principles, frameworks, and policy strategies that articulate the ethical concerns, priorities, and associated strategies of leading organ...
Article
Background Developing social responsibility attitudes in future engineers and computer scientists is of critical and rising importance. Yet research shows that prosocial attitudes decline during undergraduate engineering education. Purpose Influenced by the Professional Social Responsibility Development Model (PSRDM), this study explores the conne...
Preprint
Like previous educational technologies, artificial intelligence in education (AIEd) threatens to disrupt the status quo, with proponents highlighting the potential for efficiency and democratization, and skeptics warning of industrialization and alienation. However, unlike frequently discussed applications of AI in autonomous vehicles, military and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Companies have considered adoption of various high-level artificial intelligence (AI) principles for responsible AI, but there is less clarity on how to implement these principles as organizational practices. This paper reviews the principles-to-practices gap. We outline five explanations for this gap ranging from a disciplinary divide to an overab...
Preprint
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI) enabled products and services are becoming a staple of everyday life. While governments and businesses are eager to enjoy the benefits of AI innovations, the mixed impact of these autonomous and intelligent systems on human well-being has become a pressing issue. This article introduces one of the first international st...
Conference Paper
Since 2016, more than 80 AI ethics documents-including codes, principles, frameworks, and policy strategies-have been produced by corporations, governments, and NGOs. In this paper, we examine three topics of importance related to our ongoing empirical study of ethics and policy issues in these emerging documents. First, we review possible challeng...
Preprint
Since 2016, more than 80 AI ethics documents – including codes, principles, frameworks, and policy strategies – have been produced by corporations, governments, and NGOs. In this paper, we examine three topics of importance related to our ongoing empirical study of ethics and policy issues in these emerging documents. First, we review possible chal...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This consolidation of 18 stories from students and researchers of human-centered computing (HCC) represent some of the diverse shades of feminism that are present in our field. These stories, our stories, reflect how we see the world and why, also articulating the change we wish to bring.
Article
Full-text available
This commentary responds to a hypothetical case involving an assistive artificial intelligence (AI) surgical device and focuses on potential harms emerging from interactions between humans and AI systems. Informed consent and responsibility-specifically, how responsibility should be distributed among professionals, technology companies, and other s...
Article
This commentary responds to a hypothetical case involving an assistive artificial intelligence (AI) surgical device and focuses on potential harms emerging from interactions between humans and AI systems. Informed consent and responsibility-specifically, how responsibility should be distributed among professionals, technology companies, and other s...
Preprint
Behavioral theories of organizational decision making emphasize that organizations are political coalitions. Despite considerable research by qualitative and ethnographic organizational researchers on the role of politics in decision making and organizational change, quantitative research on organizational politics and coalition-based decision maki...
Article
White photoluminescence was obtained from multi-layered silicon nitride thin films prepared by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The emission colors from single-layered silicon nitride films could be adjusted over the range of 440–660 nm by controlling the SiH4/NH3 flow ratio during deposition. Surface roughening by anisotropic KOH etching...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
1. Educate various stakeholders and intended users on 7010-2020 through various mediums including presentations, workshops, publications, and courses. 2. Collaborate on projects, and/or perform external evaluation, to use 7010-2020 in practical environments. 3. Use data gained from real-world use to inform future edits or additions to 7010-2020 and/or to answer RQs related to impact of AI on Human Well-being across different products, services, and domains of wellbeing. 4. Repeat #1 with new information learned (including publications/presentations/etc).
Project
This project involves manual coding and analysis of more than 80 AI ethics codes, frameworks, principles, and policy strategies from corporations, governments, and NGOs. We seek to answer questions about the content of these normative documents, themes, omissions, motivations, impacts, and effectiveness.