Daniel Recasens

Daniel Recasens
Autonomous University of Barcelona | UAB · Departamento de Filología Catalana

Professor

About

127
Publications
19,355
Reads
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3,337
Citations
Citations since 2017
15 Research Items
1096 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
September 1990 - present
Institut d'Estudis Catalans
Position
  • Researcher
September 1985 - present
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (127)
Article
Data from about one hundred languages reveal that, in spite of resulting typically from articulatory reduction of peripheral vowels in unstressed position, full schwa may also occur in stressed position in stress languages and in unreduced syllables in languages lacking stress. Formant frequency data reveal that this vowel is mid central, though so...
Article
Full-text available
Articulatory data are provided showing that, in languages in which they have phonemic status, (alveolo)palatal consonants, dark /l/ and the trill /r/ are articulated with a single lingual gesture instead of two independent tongue front and tongue body gestures. They are therefore simple, not complex segments. It is argued that tongue body lowering...
Article
Full-text available
It is not yet standard practice in phonetics to provide access to audio files along with submissions to journals. This is paradoxical in view of the importance of data for phonetic research: from audio signals to the whole range of data acquired in phonetic experiments. The phonetic sciences stand to gain greatly from data availability: what is at...
Book
The present study sheds light on the phonetic causes of sound change and the intermediate stages of the diachronic pathways by studying the palatalization and assibilation of velar stops (referred to commonly as ‘velar softening’, as exemplified by the replacement of Latin /ˈkɛntʊ/ by Tuscan Italian [ˈtʃɛnto] ‘one hundred’), and of labial stops and...
Chapter
The Discussion chapter summarizes the main findings of the book regarding those contextual, positional, and prosodic conditions which trigger velar and labial softening, and the acoustic cues which are responsible for the integration of (alveolo)palatal stops as affricates differing in place of articulation. The arguments in support of an articulat...
Article
The present study seeks to throw some light on the relative chronology of the changes /e/ > [ə] and /ɛ/ > [e] in stressed position in Old Eastern Catalan by analysing in detail the development of the stressed mid front vowels in dialects of other Romance linguistic domains in which stressed /e/ has also shifted to a mid central vowel or else to a (...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper analyzes the typology of cases of gestural blending in sequences of homorganic phonetic segments and indicates how gestural blending mechanisms differ from other processes of intersegmental adaptation commonly referred to as coarticulation and assimilation. The article establishes a distinction between three gestural blending type...
Chapter
This study reports articulatory and acoustic data for three Catalan dialects (Eastern, Western, Valencian), showing that the sequences /tsʃ/ and /sʃ/, and /tʃs/ and /ʃs/, are implemented through analogous production mechanisms and therefore that fricative+fricative and affricate+fricative sequences behave symmetrically at the articulatory level. An...
Article
The present ultrasound study investigates lingual coarticulatory resistance and differences in tongue configuration and contextual variability for consonants in syllable onset vs coda position in Catalan /iC#Ci/ sequences. In agreement with comparable ultrasound data for /aC#Ca/ sequences reported in an earlier study, coarticulatory resistance turn...
Book
Aims and Scope: The book analyzes the articulatory motivation of several adaptation processes (place assimilations, blending, coarticulation) involving consecutive consonants in heterosyllabic consonant sequences within the framework of the degree of articulatory constraint model of coarticulation. It also shows that the homorganic relationship bet...
Article
The present ultrasound study investigates lingual coarticulatory resistance for consonants in Catalan C#C sequences. In agreement with the initial expectations, the labial /p/, the dentoalveolars /t, n, l/ and the velar /k/ turned out to be more variable than /s/, the alveolar trill /r/ and the alveolopalatal /ɲ/. Moreover, in comparison to ultraso...
Book
Full-text available
The Initiation of Sound Change: Perception, Production and Social Factors
Article
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The paper evaluates the efficiency of six computation methods in distinguishing lingual coarticulatory resistance among consonants and vowels using ultrasound data. This research goal is tested on a corpus of symmetrical vowel-consonant-vowel sequences composed of 10 consonants and five vowels produced by five Catalan speakers. Results show that, w...
Article
Background: The study investigates the tongue position and coarticulatory characteristics of a subset of Catalan consonants and vowels using ultrasound. Method: Ultrasound data were recorded and analyzed for the Catalan front lingual consonants /t, d, n, l, ɾ, s, r, ʎ, ɲ, ʃ/ and vowels /i, e, a, o, u/ in symmetrical VCV sequences produced by 5 a...
Article
Full-text available
This study is an investigation of the phonetic causes of stressed mid and low vowel raising and diphthongization before single palatal consonants and [jC] sequences in the Early Romance languages, as for example [a] raising in Spanish leche derived from Latin [ˈlakte] ‘milk’. The initial hypothesis put to test is that the chances that vowel assimil...
Article
A new method for quantifying contextual variability at different regions of the tongue using ultrasound spline data reveals that tongue body coarticulatory resistance for Catalan consonants and vowels in VCV sequences decreases in the progression [ʎ, ɲ, ʃ] > [s, r] > [l, ɾ, t, n] > [ð] and [i, e] > [a] > [o] > [u]. These consonant and vowel hierarc...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN En este artículo el autor presenta algunas ideas sobre los mecanismos articulatorios y perceptivos que pueden haber intervenido en algunos de los principales cambios fonéticos de las lenguas romances, como por ejemplo, la evolución de los grupos latinos MB, ND y MN o la sonorización de las oclusivas sordas intervocálicas, comparando estas i...
Article
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Electropalatographic data on the frequency of occurrence of assimilatory processes in Catalan C1##C2 sequences, where ## is inserted at the boundary between two consecutive words, reveal that regressive place assimilations operate more often on C1 = /n/ than on C1 = /t/ and are triggered by /g/ rather than by the labials /p b m/ and the voiceless v...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this study is to ascertain the effect of changes in stress and speech rate on vowel coarticulation in VCV sequences. Data on F2 coarticulatory effects as a function of changing /i/ vs /a/ were collected for five Catalan speakers' productions of VCV sequences with the fixed vowels /i, a/ and three consonants: the approximant /ð/, the alv...
Article
Full-text available
This study uses acoustic energy measures for /b, d, g/ after /f, s, ʃ, l, r/ in Catalan in order to test whether postconsonantal voiced stop lenition is ruled by minimization of articulatory effort, acoustico-perceptual continuity of an ongoing prosodic constituent or some other principle of articulatory organization. Data for eight speakers reveal...
Article
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Electropalatographic and acoustic data on Catalan /Ck#C/ sequences where # is a word boundary and /k/ is preceded by /l, s, r/ and followed by /b, m, d, l, n, z, r, ʎ/ were collected in order to test the hypothesis that the velar stop is most prone to be reduced and deleted next to consonants involving high articulatory and aerodynamic demands. Ana...
Article
Full-text available
Electroglottographic data for word-final obstruents in C#C and CC#C sequences with a word-initial voiced consonant indicate that regressive voicing adaptation is a categorical and thus assimilatory process for most Catalan speakers. Word-final obstruents are planned as voiced since they exhibit full voicing or else an initial voicing period which i...
Article
Full-text available
The paper investigates using data from Majorcan Catalan the acoustic characteristics, and the vowel context and positional conditions, that contribute to the identification of the unaspirated (alveolo)palatal allophone [c] of /k/ as the palatoalveolar affricate /tʃ/ by listeners, and therefore to the implementation of velar softening in the world's...
Book
This volume should be of great interest to phoneticians, phonologists, and both historical and cognitive linguists. Using data from the Romance languages for the most part, the book explores the phonetic motivation of several sound changes, e.g., glide insertions and elisions, vowel and consonant insertions, elisions, assimilations and dissimilatio...
Article
Full-text available
Coarticulation and invariance are two topics at the center of theorizing about speech production and speech perception. In this paper, a quantitative scale is proposed that places coarticulation and invariance at the two ends of the scale. This scale is based on physical information flow in the articulatory signal, and uses Information Theory, espe...
Article
Full-text available
Electroglottographic and acoustic data for Catalan three-consonant clusters composed of a word- and syllable-final C1C2 sequence and an underlyingly voiced C3 in word- and syllable-initial position were collected in order to verify whether a regressive voicing assimilation process operates on all obstruents placed at the C2 and C1 sites. Data revea...
Article
Full-text available
Linguopalatal and sagittal vocal tract configuration data from a large number of languages reveal that the so-called palatal consonants (i.e. [ç ʎ c ɲ j]), as well as the vowel [i], are often realized simultaneously at the alveolar and palatal zones. Moreover, while some of these sound categories may also exhibit a palatal constriction ([ç c ɲ j i]...
Article
Full-text available
Coarticulation data for Catalan reveal that, while being less sensitive to vowel effects at the consonant period, the alveolar trill [r] exerts more prominent effects than [ł] on both adjacent [a] and [i]. This coarticulatory pattern may be related to strict manner demands on the production of the trill. Both consonants also differ regarding the re...
Article
Elect ropalatographic and acoustic data for the fricative clusters /sʃ/ and /ʃs/ and the single fricatives /s/ and /ʃ/ in Eastern Catalan reveal that, while /sʃ/ undergoes regressive assimilation, /ʃs/ blends into an intermediate fricative or exhibits a twotarget realization. On the other hand, acoustic data for /ʃs/ in Western Catalan show that /s...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports electroglottographic (EGG) data for consonant sequences composed of a word final stop or fricative followed by a voiced consonant produced by eight speakers of a Romance language, i.e., Catalan, where these clusters undergo regressive voicing assimilation. Analysis results reveal considerable speaker- and consonant-dependent diff...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this study is to investigate coarticulatory resistance and aggressiveness for the jaw in Catalan consonants and vowels and, more specifically, for the alveolopalatal nasal /ɲ/ and for dark /l/ for which there is little or no data on jaw position and coarticulation. Jaw movement data for symmetrical vowel-consonant-vowel sequences with t...
Article
Full-text available
Data for closure duration and the stop burst, as well as on the duration of the adjacent phonetic segments, reveal that speakers of Valencian Catalan produce differently the clusters /lts/ and /ls/, and /rts/ and /rs/, where /t/ is an underlying phoneme in /lts, rts/ and stop epenthesis may occur in /ls, rs/. Only a subset of speakers contrast the...
Article
Formant frequency data for /l/ in 23 languages/dialects where the consonant may be typically clear or dark show that the two varieties of /l/ are set in contrast mostly in the context of /i/ but also next to /a/, and that a few languages/dialects may exhibit intermediate degrees of darkness in the consonant. F2 for /l/ is higher utterance initially...
Article
Full-text available
In the paper ‘The symbolization of central approximants in the IPA’, Martin Ball and Joan Rahilly approach an interesting problem – the phonetic transcription of approximants other than the so-called semivowels. In the absence of special symbols in the IPA chart, they suggest that special characters should be used for the notation of approximant re...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental and descriptive evidence from the Romance languages suggests that velar and dental stop consonant softening, i.e., the process by which stops of these places of articulation turn mostly into palatoalveolar or alveolar affricates or fricatives, has proceeded gradually through intermediate (alveolo)palatal stop realizations. Several argu...
Article
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Edda Farnetani died peacifully on the 14th of December of 2010 at her home on the Lago di Garda at the age of 74.
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In November 2010, elections were held to choose twenty members of the Association's Council who will serve from 2011 to 2015.
Article
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This study claims that, in contrast with previous proposals in the literature, essentially all instances of stop epenthesis in two consonant clusters (e.g., [ml] > [mbl], [ls] > [lts], [wl] > [wgl]) may be attributed to the articulatory requirements and aerodynamic constraints involved in the production of the original cluster. The inserted stop re...
Article
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This study investigates the perceptual role of several acoustic characteristics to glide generation processes affecting the consonants [t], [beta] and [eta], i.e., the vocalization of syllable-final [t] and syllable-initial [beta] into [w], and the insertion of [j] before syllable-final [eta]. Results from identification tests with synthetic speech...
Article
Full-text available
Vertical lingual movement data for the alveolopalatal consonants /ʃ/ and /ɲ/ and for the dorsovelar consonant /k/ in Catalan /aCa/ sequences produced by three speakers reveal that the tongue body travels a smaller distance at a slower speed and in a longer time during the lowering period extending from the consonant into the following vowel (CV) th...
Article
Full-text available
Electropalatographic data for several front lingual consonants, i.e., the dental /t/, the alveolars /n, l, s, r/ and the alveolopalatals /t∫, ∫, ʎ, ɲ/, show differences in constriction anteriority among Catalan dialects varying in the progression Valencian > Eastern, with the Majorcan dialect occupying an intermediate position. These differences do...
Article
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In the paper ‘Do we need a symbol for a central open vowel?’, William Barry and Jürgen Trouvain unveil possible gaps in the IPA chart while positing the need for having three basic phonetic symbols for transcribing open vowels of the world's languages. The main point raised by the authors is that the phonetic quality of a in languages with a single...
Article
Full-text available
Dorsopalatal contact and F2 data for speakers of dialectal groups with dark [1] (Majorcan Catalan, Eastern Catalan) and clear [l] (German, Catalan from the València region) provide some support for the hypothesis that degree of velarization or pharyngealization in the alveolar lateral consonant does not proceed categorically but gradually across di...
Article
Full-text available
Lingual movement data for Catalan vowel-consonant-vowel sequences reveal differences in contextual coarticulatory variability in tongue position at the middle of the consonant for p>/n/>dark/l/>/s/> and at vowel midpoint for /u/>/a/>/i/. The velar stop /k/ exhibits a high degree of contextual variability in the horizontal dimension but not in the v...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides articulatory, acoustic and perceptual data in support of the hypothesis that the velar softening process through which /k/ becomes /tʃ/ is based on articulation rather than on acoustic equivalence if operating on unaspirated stops. Production data for unaspirated /k/ are analyzed for five speakers of Majorcan Catalan, where the...
Article
This study compares F1 and F2 for the vowels of the five and six peripheral vowel systems of four minor dialects of Catalan (Felanitxer, Gironí, Sitgetà, Rossellonès), with those of the seven peripheral vowel systems of the major dialects those minor dialects belong to (Majorcan, Eastern). Results indicate that most mid vowel pairs subjected to neu...
Article
Full-text available
This study is an electropalatographic investigation of clusters composed of /n/ or /l/ followed by the (alveolo)palatal consonants /, / or by dental /t/ in three Catalan dialects, i.e., Majorcan, Valencian and Eastern. Data show that articulatory blending through superposition occurs in the palatalizing environment except when C1 is highly constr...
Article
Full-text available
Two hypotheses have been proposed in order to account for velar softening, i.e., a process through which // changes to an affricate. Whereas one hypothesis states that for the process to apply the velar stop has to be realized as an (alveolo)palatal stop (articulation-based hypothesis), the other claims that velar softening is triggered by acoustic...
Article
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Aquest treball revisa alguns mètodes de normalització i de representació de dades acústiques i articulatòries. Pel que fa als mètodes de normalització de dades acústiques, el mètode Lobanov redueix de forma més satisfactòria que el mètode CILH les dades F1 x F2 de cinc, sis i set vocals de dialectes majors i menors del català. També s�apunten algun...
Article
Full-text available
The present study is an electropalatographic and acoustic investigation of the fricatives /s, S/ and the affricates /ts, dz, tS, dZ/ based on data from five speakers of Majorcan Catalan and five speakers of Valencian Catalan. Results show that the articulatory characteristics of fricatives and affricates agree in several respects: the sounds tradit...
Article
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The present study reports electropalatographic and acoustic data on the positional and contextual characteristics of alveolar taps and trills in Majorcan, Valencian and Eastern Catalan. The two consonant classes are invariably opposed by degree of tongue dorsum contact and F2, but only differentiated by place of articulation when constriction locat...
Article
Full-text available
Linguopalatal contact data for Majorcan Catalan reveal that the palatal consonants [c] (oral), [ɲ] (nasal) and [ʎ] (lateral) may exhibit two places of articulation, i.e., alveolopalatal and palatal proper, depending not only on vowel context but on position and speaker as well. In this Catalan dialect, [ɲ] and [ʎ] have phonological status while [c]...
Article
Full-text available
Formant frequency data for Catalan vowels reveal essentially the same degree of expansion for three dialect systems with seven vowels (Valencian, Eastern Catalan, Western Catalan). A slightly larger vowel space dispersion for a fourth system with those same vowels and stressed /ə/ (Majorcan) is not clearly associated with a larger vowel system size...
Article
Full-text available
Electropalatographic (EPG) and acoustic data reveal that syllable-final /s/ and /r/ undergo a gradual weakening process in Majorcan Catalan /sC/ and /rC/ clusters. It is argued that previous accounts of phonetic changes along this weakening continuum, i.e., /s/ rhotacism, regressive assimilation and elision, have no articulatory reality in most cas...
Article
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This paper looks for an interpretation of the phonetic factors causing consonant lenition and elision to occur through an analysis of intervocalic [j] in Majorcan, a dialect of Catalan spoken in the Mediterranean island of Majorca. Articulatory and acoustic data for several Majorcan Catalan speakers still producing the palatal glide in all word pos...
Article
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Electropalatographic and acoustic data reported in this study show differences in closure location and degree, dorsopalatal contact size, closure duration, relative timing of events and formant frequency between clear /l/ and dark /l/ in two dialects of Catalan (Valencian and Majorcan). The two Catalan dialects under investigation differ also regar...
Article
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This paper is an investigation of processes of sound change (i.e., assimilations, dissimilations, elisions) affecting diphthongs and triphthongs derived from Latin mid low vowels in Romance. This analysis is carried out with reference to the Degree of Articulatory Constraint model of coarticulation according to which adaptation effects between cons...
Article
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This paper is an electropalatographic and acoustic investigation of consonant reduction as a function of syllable position in several heterosyllabic consonant clusters of Catalan within the framework of the degree of articulatory constraint (DAC) model of coarticulation. Three contact indices, i.e., alveolar contact anteriority and centrality and d...
Article
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This study investigates the extent to which phonetic voicing is maintained in word-final clusters composed of an underlying voiced stop followed by nonsyllabic /l/ or /r/ in Majorcan Catalan. Electropalatographic and acoustic data for five speakers of this Catalan dialect reveal that, in agreement with the non-syllabic status of the liquid, voicing...
Article
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This study addresses three issues that are relevant to coarticulation theory in speech production: whether the degree of articulatory constraint model (DAC model) accounts for patterns of the directionality of tongue dorsum coarticulatory influences; the extent to which those patterns in tongue dorsum coarticulatory direction are similar to those f...
Article
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This paper investigates the extent to which segmental substitutions traditionally attributed to articulatory weakening and strengthening through changes in constriction degree are, in fact, caused by aerodynamic, perceptual or other articulatory mechanisms. For that purpose the articulato-ry, acoustic and distributional characteristics of consonant...
Article
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Data on lingual movement, dorsopalatal contact and F2 frequency presented in previous papers of ours (Recasens, 2002; Recasens and Pallarès, 2001; Recasens, Pallarès and Fontdevila, 1997) suggest that the degree of articulatory constraint (DAC) model accounts to a large extent for the extent and direction of tongue dorsum coarticulation in VCV and...
Article
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Electropalatographic data on C-to-C coarticulatory effects were analyzed for consonant clusters composed of an extensive set of Catalan consonants, i.e., dentals (t), alveolars (n, dark l, s, trilledr ), alveolopalatals (∫, ⋌ n), palatals (j) and velars (k). Regarding tongue dorsum coarticulation, results show that consonantal effects in CC cluster...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates F1 coarticulatory patterns in a large sample of VCV sequences with 7 consonants and 2 vowels uttered by 5 Catalan speakers. Measures of the size and the temporal extent of anticipatory and carryover coarticulation were obtained for the consonantal effects during the adjacent vowels, for the vocalic effects at the consonantal...
Chapter
The variation that a speech sound undergoes under the influence of neighbouring sounds has acquired the well-established label coarticulation. The phenomenon of coarticulation has become a central problem in the theory of speech production. Much experimental work has been directed towards discovering its characteristics, its extent and its occurren...
Chapter
The variation that a speech sound undergoes under the influence of neighbouring sounds has acquired the well-established label coarticulation. The phenomenon of coarticulation has become a central problem in the theory of speech production. Much experimental work has been directed towards discovering its characteristics, its extent and its occurren...
Chapter
The variation that a speech sound undergoes under the influence of neighbouring sounds has acquired the well-established label coarticulation. The phenomenon of coarticulation has become a central problem in the theory of speech production. Much experimental work has been directed towards discovering its characteristics, its extent and its occurren...
Article
Full-text available
This is an electropalatographic and acoustic study of the production and coarticulatory characteristics of the alveolar tap /J/ and the alveolar trill /r/ in Catalan VCV sequences. The finding that /r/ involves more closure retraction, more predorsum lowering and less apico-predorsal coupling than /J/ suggests that the two consonants are realized b...
Article
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Electropalatographic and F2 frequency data in /VlV/ sequences reveal more prominent C-to-V effects for Catalan dark /l/ than for German clear /l/, more so in the /i/ context than in the /a/ context, which is in agreement with the existence of high lingual requirements on the formation of two constriction places for dark /l/. German clear /l/ exerts...
Article
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The magnitude and temporal extent of consonantal and vocalic coarticulation are reported for VCV sequences with two vowels (/i/, /a/) and seven consonants (/p/, /n/, dark /l/, /s/, /integral/, /mu/,/k/). Different degrees of articulatory constraint, or DAC values, are assigned to the consonants and vowels based on knowledge of their articulatory pr...
Article
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The goal of this paper is to test whether the palatal nasal stop [symbol: see text] occurring in several Romance languages, Hungarian and Czech, is a two-gesture, complex segment (produced with a tongue front closure and intentional tongue dorsum raising) or else a one-gesture, simple segment (articulated at the alveoloprepalatal zone with a single...
Article
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This study evaluates the effects on electromagnetic midsagittal articulometry (EMA) coils from electrode activation on an electropalatography (EPG) artificial palate, and on EPG contact patterns induced by EMA coils. In order to investigate the first issue, five transducer coils on a fixed magazine were placed equidistantly among themselves and wit...
Article
The papers in this volume were presented at the ACCOR workshop “Lingual data and modelling in speech production” held on 20 –22 December 1993 at the Institut d'Estudis Catalans in Barcelona. This was the 2nd workshop organized by the consortium of the ESPRIT ACCOR project WG 7098 of the European Community which gathers seven research centers from d...
Article
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Acoustic and electropalatographic data are presented involving palatal and alveolar contact coarticulation and alveolar-palatal contact correlations for Catalan velarized /l/ (5 speakers) and German non-velarized /l/ (4 speakers) in different vowel environments. Coarticulatory effects and significant alveolar-palatal correlations for German exceed...
Article
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This investigation seeks to understand the factors causing vocalization and elision of dark/l/ in the Romance languages. Contrary to articulatory- and perceptual-based arguments in the literature it is claimed that preconsonantal vocalization conveys the phonemic categorization of the /w/-like formant transitions generated by the tongue dorsum retr...
Chapter
Full-text available
The work published in Phonology and Phonetic Evidence presents an integrated phonetics-phonology approach in what has become an established field, laboratory phonology. This 1995 volume is divided into three sections. Part I deals with the status and role of features in phonological representations; Part II, on prosody, contains, amongst others, tw...
Article
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This paper compares formant values and patterns of linguopalatalcontact for [I] in the sequences [iIi] and [ala] in both Catalan and German, in order to determine whether differences in consonantal velarization between the two languages influence the degree of vowel-to-consonant coarticulation.Significant F2 and F2- F, differences for [I] in the se...
Article
This paper is an investigation of articulatory-acoustic correlations differing in degree of articulatory constraint. Data on F2 and on dorsopalatal contact (electropalatographic, EPG) were collected for the sequences /iCi/ and /aC./ with seven Catalan consonants differing in place and manner of articulation (velarised /l/, /n/, /n/, /s/, /f/, /l/,...