Daniel Moya

Daniel Moya
University of Castilla-La Mancha · Vegetal Production and Agricultural Technology

PhD Forest Sciences
Post-fire restoration; Fire ecology

About

115
Publications
19,456
Reads
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1,554
Citations
Introduction
Fire ecology, restoration after fire, forest management, fire prevention, resilience http://blog.uclm.es/danielmoya/ @danielmoya_ab
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - present
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Position
  • Profesor Contratado Doctor (Associate Professor)
September 2014 - present
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Position
  • Profesor Contratado Doctor (Associate Professor)
January 2004 - present
Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Education
October 2004 - March 2008
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Field of study
  • Agronomy
October 2002 - May 2003
September 1999 - June 2001

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
Full-text available
The soil microbiota is vulnerable to burning; however, it shows some resilience. No indices have yet been developed to assess fire damage related to soil biota. We evaluated the biological soil indices recorded by a Biolog EcoPlate System in a Mediterranean ecosystem. The experiment was carried out in an outdoor forest lysimeter facility (MedForECO...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El proyecto LIFE ADAPT-ALEPPO (2021-2025), tiene como principal objetivo el desarrollo de nuevas herramientas para la adaptación de los bosques ibéricos de pino carrasco (subtipo 42.841 del Hábitat 9540 de la Directiva Hábitats, Anexo I) al cambio climático, así como su aplicación demostrativa. Estas herramientas se centrarán en la detección tempra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El desarrollo de la teledetección ha avanzado de forma exponencial en los últimos años. La plataforma Google Earth Engine pone a disposición de los usuarios gran cantidad de datos masivos de colecciones de imágenes de satélite de distintos sensores (MODIS, Landsat, Sentinel, etc) para el estudio del territorio a grandes escalas y amplias series tem...
Article
Forest fires intensify sediment transport and aggravate local and off-site consequences of soil erosion. This study evaluates the influence of post-fire measures on structural and functional sediment connectivity (SC) in five fire-affected Mediterranean catchments, which include 929 sub-catchments, by using the “aggregated index of connectivity” (A...
Article
Contour-felled log debris (CFD) and log erosion barriers (LEB) are two restoration practices used worldwide on hillslopes to avoid soil erosion after wildfires. Although significant work has evaluated the effectiveness of these practices on soil loss prevention, their effects on soil properties have been little researched to date. Here, the effects...
Article
Full-text available
Forest fires and post-fire practices influence sediment connectivity (SC). In this study, we use the “aggregated index of connectivity” (AIC) to assess SC in five Mediterranean catchments (198 to 1090 ha) affected by a wildfire in 2012 in SE of Spain. Two temporal scenarios were considered, immediately after the fire and before post-fire management...
Article
Fire has always been a driving factor of life on Earth. Now that mankind has definitely joined the other environmental forces in shaping the planet, lots of species are threatened by human-induced variation in fire regimes. Soil-dwelling organisms, i.e., those organisms that primarily live in soil, suffer the numerous and different consequences of...
Article
Full-text available
Postfire restoration practices encompass those, which aim to reduce negative wildfire impacts and to improve burned area rehabilitation. Soil and vegetation are highly affected by wildfires due to direct effect and subsequent erosion processes. This work aims to evaluate the effect on soil functionality and vegetation recovery after wildfire of two...
Article
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After wildfires, emergency actions and post-fire management are implemented to recover ecosystems and landscape, mainly in the Mediterranean Basin where land use and land-use change are bringing about changes in drought periods and fire regimes. Salvage logging is a tool often applied to burned stands, but its ecological effects remain poorly under...
Article
Full-text available
Salvage logging is thought to have negative impacts on soil functionality because it may increase soil compaction and reduce vegetation cover and soil organic matter content. We investigated whether and to what extent burning and subsequent logging initially altered soil functionality of a Mediterranean forest of Pinus halepensis M. Soil functional...
Article
1. Forest are highly vulnerable to global change drivers, such as an increase in wildfire events. Learning more about how and why different postfire management strategies regulate the ability of forest ecosystem properties (e.g., plant diversity and function) to simultaneously recover after wildfire and provide multiple ecosystem functions is of cr...
Article
This study evaluates the effects of prescribed burnings on soil physico-chemical and biological properties in the short term since it is still in the process of evaluation and their effect in Mediterranean pine forest is not understand completely. Prescribed burning was carried out in three plots of mixed Pinus halepensis and Pinus pinaster stands...
Article
Knowledge of forest soil ecology is necessary to assess vulnerability to disturbances, such as wildfires, and improve its microbial diversity and functional value. Soil microbiota play an important role in forest soil processes and are a key driver of postfire recovery, but they are very vulnerable to heat. According to future scenarios for climate...
Article
Mulching application and salvage logging are often performed in forests after wildfire to avoid soil erosion and recover timber values, respectively. Mulch may increase soil moisture and decrease contrasted temperatures, which thus promotes seedling recruitment, whereas logging operations may destroy seedlings or generate soil compaction, which may...
Article
Full-text available
The Popocatépetl volcano resumed its eruptive activity in 1994 and is still active. The largest eruption recorded during this new stage of activity occurred in December 2000. We traced the volcanic activity signal in tree-rings from Pinus hartwegii trees located in the north slope of the volcano, located at ∼3 km from the volcanic cone. Annually re...
Article
Understanding the changes in physicochemical and microbiological soil properties induced by straw soil mulching is very important in the Mediterranean environment, where forest ecosystems are particularly prone to erosion and degradation risks. To fill this gap, this study has evaluated the seasonal changes (from spring to autumn) in important phys...
Article
Short-term fire-induced changes to the soil microbial community are usually closely associated to fire severity, which essentially consists in the fire-induced loss or decomposition of organic matter above ground and below ground. Many functional processes and soil properties, including plant recolonization and soil microorganism activity, depend o...
Article
Prescribed fires are becoming more widely used forest management tool to reduce both fuel load for fire prevention and high-severity wildfires. However, alterations to site conditions and influence on the natural regeneration of these fires in Mediterranean pine forests are still poorly known. Our study investigates how using prescribed fires befor...
Article
Postfire restoration practices encompass those which aim to reduce negative wildfire impacts and to improve burned area rehabilitation. Contour-felled log debris (CFD) and log erosion barriers (LEB) are two techniques used worldwide on hillslopes after wildfires in order to avoid soil erosion. In this context, it is essential to evaluate how these...
Article
El presente trabajo pretende evaluar el efecto de las técnicas de restauración post-incendio utilizadas a nivel ladera (acordonado y fajinas) sobre la funcionalidad del suelo, medida ésta a partir de las propiedades físico-químicas y microbiológicas y del contenido de nutrientes del suelo. Los resultados indican que las zonas en las que se realizar...
Article
Las actuaciones en materia de restauración post-incendio engloban trabajos destinados a minimizar los impactos negativos del fuego, así como la rehabilitación ecológica de la zona quemada. El suelo y la vegetación se ven muy afectados y son muy vulnerables al paso del fuego, tanto por la degradación sufrida a causa del incendio, como por los proces...
Article
Fires are a complex phenomenon that may generate a chain of responses and processes that affect each part of the ecosystem. Thus, it is important to understand the magnitude of the impacts of fire on soil properties and the response of plants to this disturbance. For the moment, few studies have examined the effects of prescribed fire on large plot...
Article
Prescribed fires are becoming a more widely used forest management tool to reduce both fuel load for fire prevention and high-severity wildfires. However, alterations to site conditions and influence on the natural regeneration of these fires in Mediterranean pine forests are still poorly known. Our study investigates how using prescribed fires bef...
Article
Mediterranean basins and their ecosystems have been traditionally affected by wildfires. After a wildfire, check-dam construction in channels is a widespread practice in semi-arid Mediterranean areas as an emergency action to avoid soil erosion. The ways that these structures affect channels' geomorphological and edaphic characteristics or vegetati...
Article
Full-text available
A detailed knowledge of soil water repellency (SWR) and water infiltration capacity of soils under different land uses is of fundamental importance in Mediterranean areas, since these areas are prone to soil degradation risks (e.g., erosion, runoff of polluting compounds) as a response to different hydrological processes. The present study evaluate...
Article
In the Mediterranean Basin, changes in climate and fire regime (increased recurrence and severity) reduce ecosystem services after wildfires by increasing soil degradation and losses in plant diversity. Our study was a biological approach to relate soil properties to vegetation recovery and burn severity. We focused our study on the natural recover...
Article
Although fire is an intrinsic factor in most terrestrial biomes, it is often perceived as a negative disturbance that must be suppressed. The application of successful fire prevention policies can lead to unsustainable fire events for ecosystems adapted to a specific fire regime. In addition, new climate and land use scenarios are influencing fire...
Article
Fire is an ecological factor in ecosystems around the world, made increasingly more critical by unprecedented shifts in climate and human population pressure. The knowledge gradually acquired on the subject is needed to improve fire behaviour understanding and to enhance fire management decision-making. This issue (Volume 28, issue 7, International...
Article
Prescribed fire removes or reduces the plant material that is prone to forest fires by creating fuel discontinuity and minimising fire intensity. This forest management tool potentially impacts Mediterranean ecosystems’ hydrological response by influencing water infiltration into soil. As direct measurements (e.g. by infiltrometers) of unsaturated...
Article
Forest fires-affected landscapes enhance sudden runoff discharges, high sediment loads and extreme soil erosion rates. Different soil stabilisation treatments, such as mulching, can be applied to avoid runoff and soil erosion after wildfires. To characterise the post-fire soil erosion rates and runoff generation, we selected a Mediterranean forest...
Article
Full-text available
Prescribed burnings have been generally used for fuel reduction in Mediterranean forest ecosystems and in fire-prone areas. It is usually held that prescribed fire may alter microsite conditions, but very little is known about the impact of prescribed burning on Mediterranean pine species’ natural regeneration. In this study, we aim to know the eff...
Chapter
Fire Effects on Soil Properties brings together current research on the effects of fire on the physical, biological and chemical properties of soil. Written by over 60 international experts in the field, it includes examples from fire-prone areas across the world, dealing with ash, meso and macrofauna, smouldering fires, recurrent fires and managem...
Article
Water infiltration is a basic parameter to understand the hydrological response of semiarid or arid soils, where runoff generation is dominated by infiltration-excess subjected to wildfire. To evaluate the hydrological effects of straw application on a sandy loam soil after wildfire, the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity, water content and tempera...
Article
Prescribed burnings reduce the biomass and the risk of wildfires, but can also alter soil water repellency. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of several prescribed burnings in soil water repellence (SWR). In spring 2016, prescribed burns were carried out at three forest sites located in: (i) Beteta in a pure forest of Pinus nigr...
Article
Wildfire has historically been an alteration factor in Mediterranean basins. Despite Mediterranean ecosystems' high resilience, wildfire accelerates erosion and degradation processes, and also affects soil functionality by affecting nutrient cycles and soil structure. In semi-arid Mediterranean basins, check dams are usually built in gullies and ch...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, fire regimes have been modified by various factors such as changes in land use, global change or forest management policies. The vulnerability of Mediterranean terrestrial ecosystems is increasing due to more severe and frequent droughts. This study aimed to determine the plant response of ecosystems during the short-term post-fi...
Article
Prescribed fires are used as a fuel reduction tool, but heat alter microsite conditions affecting the natural regeneration of Mediterranean pine forests. Our study tested the hypothesis that implementing prescription before or after pine seed release may influence the composition of tree communities by changing the regeneration patterns of Pinus pi...
Article
Full-text available
p>Post-fire management should be based on a proper evaluation of fire damage (burn severity), mainly for Large Fires (>500 ha). Several methodologies have been developed based on remote sensing information validated with fieldwork. The most widespread techniques was the assessment of fire severity indices obtained from remote sensing. It allow a qu...
Article
Full-text available
Soil respiration is a major carbon pathway sensitive to environmental changes. Using prescribed burnings to reduce fuel accumulation and lower risks of large-scale wildfires has recently become more important. Prescribed burning can significantly alter the soil environment, but its effect in practice on soil respiration is not sufficiently understo...
Article
Full-text available
Wildfires play a significant role in many different elements of Mediterranean forest ecosystems. In recent years, prescribed fires have started being used more often as a fuel reduction tool, and also as silvicultural treatment to help the regeneration and health improvement of stands. Apart from the fact that fire may alter microsite conditions, v...
Article
Full-text available
Initial seedling recruitment is one of the most critical stages for plants in the Mediterranean basin. Moreover, wildfires and post-fire environmental conditions might deteriorate regeneration success, which can lead to problems for sustainable forest restoration and forest persistence. On this context, different seed origins and pine species may b...
Article
Full-text available
Retranslocation, resorption and relocation of nutrients are important adaptive mechanisms developed by plants to acquire the amount of the nutrients required for growth. They are usual mechanisms in deciduous and conifer trees that occur in Mediterranean regions where drought periods are usual. Soil factors, environmental characteristics and specie...
Article
Forest sustainability depends on reliable tree regeneration but seedling survival is affected by climate change and disturbance. Based on seed introduction experiments, we compared recruitment of native pine species in central Spain in totally burned, thinned, and dense stands of Spanish black pine (Pinus nigra Arn. ssp salzmannii). Seed sources in...
Article
The ecosystem recovery after wildfire and thinning practices are both key processes that have great potential to influence fluxes and storage of carbon within Mediterranean semiarid ecosystems. In this study, started 7 years after a wildfire, soil respiration (SR) patterns measured from 2008 to 2010 were compared between an unmanaged-undisturbed ma...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This course was sponsored by the European project ECO (E-learning, Communication, Open resources) which is an educational project financed by the European Commission. Its objective is to disseminate a new way to educate through MOOC and optimize the chances for open, accessible and massive learning at a pan-European scale, promoting the training of...
Article
Climate change, alteration of atmospheric composition, land abandonment in some areas and land use intensification in others, wildfires and biological invasions threaten forests, shrublands and pastures all over the world. However, the impacts of the combinations between global change factors are not well understood despite its pressing importance....
Article
Prescribed fire has been widely used as a fuel reduction tool and silvicultural treatment in Mediterranean forest ecosystems. However, other than the fact that fire may alter microsite conditions, little is known about the impact of prescribed burning on the natural regeneration of Spanish black pine (Pinus nigra Arn. ssp. salzmanii). In this study...
Article
In recent decades, the fire regime of the Mediterranean Basin has been disturbed by various factors: climate change; forest management policies; land cover; changed landscape. Size and severity have notably increased, which in turn have increased large fires events with > 500 ha burned (high severity). In spite of Mediterranean ecosystems' high res...
Article
The management of maritime pine in fire-prone habitats is a challenging task and fine-scale population genetic analyses are necessary to check if different fire recurrences affect genetic variability. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of fire recurrence on maritime pine genetic diversity using inter-simple sequence repeat markers...
Article
Full-text available
Salvage logging is the commonest post-fire emergency action, but has unclear ecological effects. In the Mediterranean Basin, drought periods and fire regimes are changing and forest management should be adapted. In summer 2009, a mid-high severity fire burned 968 ha of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) forest in southeast Spain, which was submit...
Article
Full-text available
Key messageTo implement adaptive management in post-fire-regenerated Aleppo pine forests, we developed specific biomass equations in two early-thinned climatically contrasting stands. We found thinning enlarged biomass components, although climate primarily constrained biomass accumulation and biomass allocation.• ContextThe increase in burnt surfa...
Article
Full-text available
In fire- and drought-prone Mediterranean forests tree growth and regeneration depend on the moisture regime between fires. Therefore, post-fire tree regeneration will depend on moisture conditions and how they are altered by fire recurrence and climate warming. Aleppo pine forests are the most abundant Circum-Mediterranean ecosystems subjected to f...
Article
Full-text available
Species diversity and genetic diversity, the most basic elements of biodiversity, have long been treated as separate topics, although populations evolve within a community context. Recent studies on community genetics and ecology have suggested that genetic diversity is not completely independent of species diversity. The Mexican Picea chihuahuana...
Article
QuestionAdaptive forest management requires scientific knowledge about post-fire vegetation dynamics, mainly on initial and transitional stages. We hypothesized that management practices are as important as the timing of the operations themselves, with respect to diversity and species composition of the understorey post-fire regenerated Pinus halep...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mediterranean pine forests are characterised by frequent wildfires and recurrent summer droughts which condition their reproduction and growth patterns. Pinus halepensis is a well-adapted species to fire, showing high juvenile growth rates and reproducing precociously. Therefore, this species allocates many resources producing abundant cone crops a...