Daniel Lapsley

Daniel Lapsley
University of Notre Dame | ND · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

132
Publications
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5,233
Citations
Citations since 2017
8 Research Items
1931 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
Additional affiliations
August 2006 - August 2016
University of Notre Dame
Position
  • ACE Collegiate Professor of Psychology

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
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Post-truth trades on the corruption of argument and evidence to protect ideological commitment and social identity. We distinguish two kinds of post-truth environments, epistemic bubbles and echo chambers, and argue that facets of post-truth are countered the more science (and general) education encourages the development of intellectual virtues an...
Chapter
Moral development is a kind of sociopersonality development that has as its aim the disposition to virtue. The developmental grounding of moral personality is in the first months of life and includes neurobiological foundations, the mutual responsive orientation, and dialogic socialization of the moral self. The authors argue that moral self-identi...
Book
Moral functioning is a defining feature of human personhood and human social life. Moral Psychology provides an integrative and evaluative overview of the theoretical and empirical traditions that have attempted to make sense of moral cognition, prosocial behaviour, and the development of virtuous character. This is the first book to integrate a co...
Article
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This paper presents five studies on the development and validation of a scale of intellectual humility. This scale captures cognitive, affective, behavioral, and motivational components of the construct that have been identified by various philosophers in their conceptual analyses of intellectual humility. We find that intellectual humility has fou...
Data
Initial item pool in German. This is the initial item pool in German, classified based on the exploratory factor analysis in study 5. The numbering is identical to the English original. Reverse-keyed items are indicated by (–). (DOCX)
Data
Initial item pool in English. This is the initial item pool in English, classified based on the exploratory factor analysis in study 1. Reverse-keyed items are indicated by (–). (DOCX)
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The prospects for Aristotelian character education (ACE) is considered. Seven important claims that should win wide acceptance are reviewed; and also two challenges that are impediments. I argue many of the assumptions of ACE turn out not to be distinctive. The conflation of realism and naturalism is ill-considered, and the account of phronesis wil...
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In this article the authors accept the common view that moral-character education is immanent to the life of classroom and schools and inevitable even when remanded to the hidden curriculum. Most schools claim to address the moral formation of students, and many educators enter the profession for values-laden reasons. Yet the language of values, vi...
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Perfectionism mediates the relation between parental psychological control and disordered eating, but it is unclear whether it functions similarly within associations between other parenting characteristics and eating pathology. The current study tested socially-prescribed perfectionism (SPP) as a mediator of the relations between two facets of per...
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Identifying factors that influence adolescents’ decisions to start smoking is necessary to improve interventions for reducing tobacco use. The current longitudinal study was designed to determine the direction of influence between feelings of invulnerability to harm and cigarette smoking, and to test whether the perceived risks and benefits of smok...
Chapter
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When data mining aims to disclose information about the moral competences and values of individuals or groups – an undertaking we call ‘morality mining’ –, novel ethical problems emerge. These are only partially covered by the current debate on ethical data mining focusing on privacy with respect to discrimination, threats to autonomy, misuse of da...
Chapter
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It is commonly assumed that humans do not begin life with moral character or virtue. Most documented societies through history considered infants to be unformed persons, not yet moral members of society, “humanity-in-becoming” who have “watery souls” (Fijian) (Sahlins 2008: 101–102). This person-becoming view fits well with human sciences today, as...
Article
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There are a variety of reasons someone might engage in risky behaviors, such as perceived invulnerability to harm or a belief that negative outcomes are more likely for others than for oneself. However, these risk-taking biases are often measured at a decision-making level or from the developmental perspective. Here we assessed whether or not risk-...
Article
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This article introduces a special section on moral development. We claim that the field is now undergoing a resurgence of theoretical and methodological innovation after the eclipse of paradigmatic moral stage theory. Although research on prosocial development, moral emotions, and social domain theory has sustained interest in moral development, re...
Article
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Individuation is widely considered a fundamental developmental task of adolescence. It is a process through which the adolescent seeks to define new boundaries between his or her self and others, and the failure to do so has been shown to have serious consequences. Given its importance for understanding developmental transitions, it is surprising t...
Article
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This study investigated the application and justification of three principles of harm in a cross-sectional sample of adolescents in order to test recent theories concerning the source of intuitive moral judgements. Participants were 46 early (M age ¼ 14.8 years) and 40 late adolescents (M age ¼ 17.8 years). Participants rated the permissibility of...
Chapter
Full-text available
When data mining aims to disclose information about the moral competences and values of individuals or groups – an undertaking we call ‘morality mining’ –, novel ethical problems emerge. These are only partially covered by the current debate on ethical data mining focusing on privacy with respect to discrimination, threats to autonomy, misuse of da...
Article
Full-text available
When data mining aims to disclose information about the moral competences and values of individuals or groups - an undertaking we call 'morality mining' -, novel ethical problems emerge. These are only partially covered by the current debate on ethical data mining focusing on privacy with respect to discrimination, threats to autonomy, misuse of da...
Article
Full-text available
Sigmund Freud divided mental life into three agencies or ‘provinces’ that is, id, ego, and superego. The id is the oldest and the most primitive psychic agency, representing the biological foundations of personality. It is a reservoir of basic instinctual drives, particularly sexual (libidinal) drives, which motivate the organism to seek pleasure....
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The current study investigated whether invulnerability manifests with adaptive and maladaptive outcomes during early adolescence. We sampled 248 (53% female; 63% Caucasian; [X¯]age=13.2 years) early adolescents on the Adolescent Invulnerability Scale (AIS), and measures of drug use, delinquency, depressive symptoms, and mastery and coping. The AIS...
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Most of the views ascribed to us we do not recognise and suggest that several misunderstandings flavour Welch’s commentary. We clarify some of our position here and recommend further collaboration among philosophers and psychologists.
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:Many college administrators and researchers assert that diversity interactions are critical for preparing young adults for a diverse society, but very little research has examined the long-term impact of these experiences. This study examines a longitudinal sample of college students (n = 416) who were followed into their mid-30s. Structural equat...
Article
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A widely held assumption is that changes in one's goals and motives for life during emerging and young adulthood have lasting influences on well-being into adulthood. However, this claim has yet to receive rigorous empirical testing. The current study examined the effects of prosocial and occupational goal change during college on adult well-being...
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The relationship between subjective invulnerability and optimism bias in risk appraisal, and their comparative association with indices of risk activity, substance use and college adjustment problems was assessed in a sample of 350 (M (age) = 20.17; 73% female; 93% White/European American) emerging adults. Subjective invulnerability was measured wi...
Article
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Article
Two studies evaluated whether different purpose orientations, defined by the content of one's life-goals, would differentially predict personal well-being in the short- and long-term. Four types of purpose orientations (creative, prosocial, financial, and personal recognition) were examined using a sample of 416 (57% male) college undergraduates te...
Chapter
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Separation-individuation is a fundamental organizing principle of human growth that has implications for adaptive functioning across the lifespan. In its most general sense individuation refers to a process “by which a person becomes increasingly differentiated from a past or present relational context” (Karpel, 1976, p. 66). Mature differentiation...
Article
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Colleges and universities are placing a renewed emphasis on the importance of service and community engagement. Although the short-term effects of these college experiences are fairly well understood, little is known about the long-term impact of college volunteering and participating in engaged forms of learning (e.g. service-learning). This longi...
Article
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We review how the construct of the moral self has arisen within moral development theory and discuss the search for integrative linkages with other domains of psychology, including personality. Next, we describe moral personality and then programs and approaches to developing moral identity in children. Moral schema development and moral informatio...
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Using the Revised Youth Purpose Survey (Bundick et al., 20069. Bundick , M , Andrews , M , Jones , A , Mariano , JM , Bronk , KC and Damon , W . 2006 . Revised youth purpose survey , Stanford, CA : Unpublished instrument, Stanford Center on Adolescence . View all references), the Trait Hope Scale (Snyder et al., 199148. Snyder , CR . 2003 . March)...
Article
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Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival analysi...
Chapter
Moral notions are foundational questions that have commanded deep reflection since antiquity, reflection that psychological science cannot evade, because the moral formation of children is a central concern of parents, schools, and communities charged with educating the next generation. In this respect there are few domains of study more crucial th...
Chapter
Moral notions are foundational questions that have commanded deep reflection since antiquity, reflection that psychological science cannot evade, because the moral formation of children is a central concern of parents, schools, and communities charged with educating the next generation. In this respect there are few domains of study more crucial th...
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a b s t r a c t Past research has suggested that people may form cognitive representations of concepts based on meta-phoric dimensions. We report two studies that evaluate whether the moral personality is represented along two relevant metaphor dimensions: verticality and brightness. In addition, we sought support for an attentional bias towards im...
Article
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Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival analysis...
Article
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We examine the implications of dual‐processing theories of cognition for the moral domain, with particular emphasis upon ‘System 1’ theories: the Social Intuitionist Model (Haidt), moral heuristics (Sunstein), fast‐and‐frugal moral heuristics (Gigerenzer), schema accessibility (Lapsley & Narvaez) and moral expertise (Narvaez). We argue that these t...
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Debating whether or not teachers should teach values addresses the wrong question. Education already is a values-infused enterprise. The larger question is how to train teachers for positive character formation. Two teacher education strategies are presented in this article. A “minimalist” strategy requires teacher educators to make explicit the hi...
Chapter
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Character education is both popular and controversial. A psychological approach to understanding its central constructs is proposed. We review philosophical conceptions of virtues and conclude that character education cannot be distinguished from rival approaches on the basis of a distinctive ethical theory. We review several educational issues, su...
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The Adaptive/Maladaptive Perfectionism Scale (AMPS; K.G. Rice & K.J. Preusser, 2002) was developed on samples of 9- to 11-year-old children. A primary purpose of the current research was to examine whether the AMPS could be useful in studies of adolescents, and in particular, studies of adolescent depression. This study of 145 early adolescents rev...
Article
Following Higgins, King, and Mavin (1982) chronicity paradigm, we examined the effects of chronically accessed moral constructs for prototypic moral character using two different research paradigms, spontaneous trait inferencing and lexical decision. Study 1 presented target sentences in a deliberate or spontaneous processing condition. Recall was...
Article
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The relationship among three personal fables (omnipotence, invulnerability, personal uniqueness), narcissism, and mental health variables was assessed in a large, cross-sectional sample of adolescents drawn from Grades 6 (n = 94), 8 (n = 223), 10 (n = 142), and 12 (n = 102). Participants responded to the New Personal Fable Scale, the Narcissistic P...
Article
This collection of essays provides new perspectives on the nature of character and moral education by utilizing insights from the disciplines of moral psychology, moral philosophy, and education. The volume draws from personality and developmental research as well as educational and ethical theory. Character Psychology and Character Education disti...
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A two-step cluster analytic strategy was used in two studies to identify an empirically derived typology of narcissism in late adolescence. In Study 1, late adolescents (N=204) responded to the profile of narcissistic dispositions and measures of grandiosity ("superiority") and idealization ("goal instability") inspired by Kohut's theory, along wit...
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We document a typology of perfectionism in a sample of academically talented adolescents and directly examine its relationship to indices of psychiatric symptomatology, adjustment, self-esteem, and coping. Adolescents enrolled in a state-funded residential academy for academically gifted high school students (N = 141) responded to the Multidimensio...
Article
This Festschrift recognizes Augusto Blasi's monumental contribution to moral, personality, and developmental psychology. It reflects the determination of his grateful colleagues to not let his retirement pass unremarked in light of his pervasive and enduring influence on the field. To this end a distinguished interdisciplinary and international pan...
Article
初期青年の不壊尺度 (Ado1escent Invulnerability Scale-AIS) の因子構造と構成概念妥当性についての研究を述べる。後期青年について先行研究 (Duggan, Lapsley, & Norman, 2000)は, AISは「危険への不壊」(danger invulnerability) と「心理的不壊」(psycho1ogical invulnerability) の2つの因子で構成されると報告している。これらの因子はまた内的一貫性と構成概念妥当性を示した。危機行動, 薬物使用, 響症候と正の適応の指標とAISを238名の初期青年 (平均:13.19歳) の研究結果について述べる。主因子分析で3つの因子, 一般的, 危険と対人的不壊が得られた。各因子とAIS総...
Article
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The authors examined the relationship between separation‐individuation, adult attachment styles, and college adjustment. One hundred fifty‐six young adults completed the Psychological Separation Inventory (J. A. Hoffman, 1984; J. A. Hoffman & B. Weiss, 1987), 2 subscales from the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (R. W. Baker & B. Siryk,...
Article
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Four studies tested whether moral character is organized as a cognitive prototype. Study 1 involved a free listing of features of virtuous persons. Study 2 required participants to rate each trait on its centrality to good character. Astandard recognition memory paradigm was used in Studies 3 and 4 to test whether participants reported more false r...
Article
This paper presents a test of Moffitt's theory (1990, 1993a) regarding offending trajectories as it applies to a population of adolescent offenders. This study is novel since few studies have empirically explored Moffitt's theory (1990, 1993a) with adolescent populations. Data were collected retrospectively on 174 adolescents (101 males and 73 fema...
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Two studies are described that attempt to determine if standard-scale-reduction techniques could yield a construct-valid diagnostic screen of pathology of separation–individuation for use in nonclinical university settings. In Study 1 (N = 210), a measure of pathology of separation–individuation (PATHSEP) was reduced successfully to a single, inter...
Article
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Undergraduates (N = 204, 71 men and 131 women; average age 20.81, 95% White/European American) completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Frost, Marten, Lahart, & Rosenblate, 1990), the Coping Inventory (Carver, Scheier, & Weintraub, 1989), and the Personal-Emotional Adjustment subscale of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (B...
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Attachment theory is frequently invoked to account for patterns of adaptation within relationships. West and Sheldon derived a measure of dysfunctional adult attachment from Bowlby's theory. Four patterns are identified: compulsive self-reliance; caregiving; care-seeking; and angry withdrawal. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric pr...
Article
The fact that religiosity has been consistently associated with positive mental health outcomes is a warrant for counselors to explore the resources of one's religious tradition for therapeutic change. Argues that pastoral counseling is particularly suited for addressing the ego development needs of adolescents, and that the vicissitudes of adolesc...
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Proposes a new interpretation of the imaginary audience (IA) and personal fable (PF) constructs of the theory of adolescent egocentrism developed by D. Elkind (1967). The new interpretation argues that the IA and PF are important derivatives of adolescent separation-individuation and that they serve broad adaptational and coping functions. The IA a...
Article
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Adolescents' movements toward individuation are believed to be supported by secure attachments to parents. Previous research has found that individuation could be operationalized with indices of connectedness and separateness, but the relationship between these variables has not been fully explored. The present study demonstrated that attachment an...
Article
Assessed the relationship between late adolescent attachment to parents and peers and personal identity (PI), social identity (SI), and adjustment (ADJ) to college among 148 male and 105 female college students, 130 of whom were freshmen. Although freshmen were disadvantaged with respect to social and personal-emotional ADJ, there were no group dif...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the relation between adolescent separation–individuation, family cohesion, and college adjustment. A large sample of college students was split into two groups. One group was used to determine whether several measures of separation–individuation were measuring different dimensions of individuation. Two related factors, labeled Positive...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the relation between adolescent separation-individuation, family cohesion, and college adjustment. A large sample of college students was split into two groups. One group was used to determine whether several measures of separation-individuation were measuring different dimensions of individuation. Two related factors, labeled Positive...
Chapter
Kohlberg's theory of moral development has generated intense professional interest in moral and social education. Adolescence is a fertile period for intervention because much of a child's moral development can be expected to occur during this part of the lifespan. During adolescence, a child begins to engage in conventional levels of moral reasoni...
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The relationship between the imaginary audience (IA) and the personalfable (PF), narcissism, and various dimensions of separation-individuation was examined. The subjects were 45 sixth-graders, 54 eighth-graders, 40 tenth-graders, and 30 twelfth-graders, drawn from one school district in a predominantly middle-class community. Newly developed measu...
Article
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We examined the relationship between psychological separation and adjustment to college in freshmen (N = 130) and upperclassmen (N = 123) samples. Psychological separation was measured with the Psychological Separation Inventory. Adjustment to college was assessed with the College Adjustment Inventory. Freshmen tended to show more psychological dep...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between self-monitoring and the imaginary audience and personal fable constructs, and their relation to levels of ego development in early and late adolescence. Subjects included 29 fifth-graders, 26 seventh-graders, 26 ninth-graders, 23 eleventh-graders, and 22 college undergraduates. Stand...
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In an often-cited passage, Piaget has remarked, “A day will come when the psychology of cognitive functions and psychoanalysis will have to fuse in a general theory which will improve both through mutual correction, and starting right now we should be preparing for that prospect by showing the relations which could exist between them” (cited in Noa...
Book
In the midst of the "cognitive revolution," there has been a veritable ex­ plosion of interest in topics that have been long banished from academic consideration under the intellectual hegemony of behaviorism. Most notably, notions of self, ego, and identity are reasserting themselves as fundamental problems in a variety of research traditions with...
Article
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Eighty-nine articles in thePedagogical Seminary and theJournal of Genetic Psychology appearing during two economic depressions and the two world wars were analyzed for their adolescent ideologies. A systematic, ideological bias in the content of these articles was found to be statistically significant. In times of economic depression theories of ad...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the concurrent relation between adolescent attachment to parents and the achievement of ego identity in late adolescence within a lifespan continuity of adaptation frame-work. Also examined were the contribution of parental control to the formation of attachment and the acquisition of ego identity. One-hundr...
Article
In three experiments the release from proactive interference paradigm was used to examine the role of the self in memory. In Experiment 1 stimuli were trait adjectives that had been previously rated for their descriptiveness of the rater or for their descriptiveness of a well-known other (Ronald Reagan). Across three trials, significant proactive i...
Article
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The theoretical relation between adolescent egocentrism and formal operations was addressed in 2 studies. In Study 1, this relation was assessed with the Adolescent Egocentrism Scale (AES; R. Enright et al, see PA, Vols 63:5127 and 65:10218) and a battery of formal reasoning tasks administered to 183 6th-, 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-graders. The results...
Article
Full-text available
The theoretical relation between adolescent egocentrism and formal operations was addressed in 2 studies. In Study 1, this relation was assessed with the Adolescent Egocentrism Scale (AES; R. Enright et al, see PA, Vols 63:5127 and 65:10218) and a battery of formal reasoning tasks administered to 183 6th-, 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-graders. The results...
Article
In this article the author argues that no coherent theology of liberation is possible if that theory's rational grounding of historical analysis is based on the dialectics of scientific socialism. After a brief outline of the affinities between the Marxist and Christian salvation histories, the author discusses the scientific status of the dialecti...
Article
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A theoretical perspective on the historical origins of adolescence in the United States is outlined. Based on a materialist theory of social change, it is argued that adolescence is best understood as the state-appropriation of youth leisure, that the imposition of this status was effected through the enactment of compulsory education legislation,...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to respond to D. Elkind's (1985, Developmental Review, 5, 218–226) reply to D. Lapsley and M. Murphy's (1985, Developmental Review, 5, 201–217) critique of the adolescent egocentrism theory. After a reprise of the issues in contention, we address the problem of theoretical consistency and self-other differentiation in D...
Article
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We attempt in this paper to reevaluate the theoretical assumptions of D. Elkind's theory of adolescent egocentrism Child Development, 38, 1025–1034). We argue that the construct is not well placed in the ontogenetic context of Piagetian logical development, and that the theory cannot account for stage transition or the appearance of the imaginary a...
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Reexamines methodological and procedural issues raised by P. Meehl (1967; see also PA, Vol 62:5042) that question the rationality of psychological inquiry. Issues concern the asymmetry in theory testing between psychology and physics and the slow progress observed in psychological research. A good-enough principle is proposed to resolve Meehl's met...
Chapter
In this chapter, we seek points of contact between developmental and social psychological theories of the self. This is obviously a formidable undertaking, but we attempt it with the modest hope that a more articulated understanding of the self can be made evident and that the lines of inquiry can be made more clear. At the very least, we wish to b...

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Project
Intersectional analysis of the virtues, values, and constituents of wellbeing associated with different types of people in different communities