Daniel J Klionsky

Daniel J Klionsky
University of Michigan | U-M · Life Sciences Institute

AB, PhD

About

669
Publications
172,161
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98,444
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Publications

Publications (669)
Article
Small 30-nm vesicles containing the integral membrane protein Atg9 provide the initial membrane source for autophagy in yeast. Atg23, is an Atg9 binding protein that is required for Atg9 vesicle trafficking but whose exact function is unknown. In our recent paper, we explored the function of Atg23 using an approach combining cellular biology and bi...
Article
The conjugation of Atg8-family proteins with phospholipids on the double-membrane phagophore is one of the hallmarks of macroautopahgy/autophagy. However, in the past decades, Atg8-family proteins are also found on single-membrane structures, including the phagosome, endosome and lysosome. While the physiological importance of the non-canonical Atg...
Article
Mitophagy, as one of the most important cellular processes to ensure quality control of mitochondria, aims at transporting damaged, aging, dysfunctional or excess mitochondria to vacuoles (plants and fungi) or lysosomes (mammals) for degradation and recycling. The normal functioning of mitophagy is critical for cellular homeostasis from yeasts to h...
Article
With the growing prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), there is an urgent need to explore non-conventional therapeutic measures to alleviate the burden of CVD on global healthcare. Mitochondrial injury plays a cardinal role in the pathogenesis of CVD. Mitochondrial dynamics and mitophagy are essential machineries that govern mitochondrial hea...
Article
Hypoxia is a type of stress caused by an insufficient supply of oxygen. Macroautophagy/autophagy, a well-conserved pathway, is induced during hypoxia; however, the exact mechanism by which autophagy is regulated in a hypoxic environment remains to be elucidated. A recent study by Li et al. shed light on how hypoxia can regulate early steps of autop...
Article
Protein aggregates have a strong correlation with the pathogenesis of multiple human pathologies represented by neurodegenerative diseases. One type of selective autophagy, known as aggrephagy, can selectively degrade protein aggregates. A recent study from Ge lab reported the TRiC subunit CCT2 (chaperonin containing TCP1 subunit 2) as the first id...
Preprint
Among various DNA lesions, the DNA double-strand breaks are particularly deleterious; especially, when an error-free repair pathway is unavailable, and the cell takes the risk of using the error-prone recombination pathways to repair the DNA breaks, resume the cell cycle, and continue growth. The latter comes at the expense of decreased well-being...
Article
CLEC16A regulates mitochondrial health through mitophagy and is associated with over 20 human diseases. However, the key structural and functional regions of CLEC16A, and their relevance for human disease, remain unknown. Here, we report that a disease-associated CLEC16A variant lacks a C-terminal intrinsically disordered protein region (IDPR) that...
Article
The unique cellular organization and metabolic demands of neurons pose a challenge in the maintenance of neuronal homeostasis. A critical element in maintaining neuronal health and homeostasis is mitochondrial quality control via replacement and rejuvenation at the axon. Dysregulation of mitochondrial quality control mechanisms such as mitophagy ha...
Article
Full-text available
Autophagy and RNA alternative splicing are two evolutionarily conserved processes involved in overlapping physiological and pathological processes. However, the extent of functional connection is not well defined. Here, we consider the role for alternative splicing and generation of autophagy-related gene isoforms in the regulation of autophagy in...
Article
The recent discovery of recurrent gene mutations in chaperones or components of the vacuolar-type H+-translocating ATPase (V-ATPase) in follicular lymphoma (FL) was an unexpected finding. The application of whole exome sequencing and targeted gene re-sequencing has resulted in the identification of mutations in ATP6AP1, ATP6V1B2 and VMA21 in a comb...
Article
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of visual impairment in the aging population with limited understanding of its pathogenesis and a lack of effective treatment. The progression of AMD is initially characterized by atrophic alterations in the retinal pigment epithelium, as well as the formation of lysosomal lipofuscin and e...
Article
Selective macroautophagy/autophagy maintains cellular homeostasis through the lysosomal degradation of specific cellular proteins or organelles. The pro-survival effect of selective autophagy has been well-characterized, but the mechanism by which it drives cell death is still poorly understood. Here, we use a quantitative proteomic approach to ide...
Article
At a time when complex diseases affect globally 280 million people and claim 14 million lives every year, there is an urgent need to rapidly increase our knowledge into their underlying etiologies. Though critical in identifying the people at risk, the causal environmental factors (microbiome and/or pollutants) and the affected pathophysiological m...
Article
Macroautophagy/autophagy, a highly conserved catabolic pathway that maintains proper cellular homeostasis is stringently regulated by numerous autophagy-related (Atg) proteins. Many studies have investigated autophagy regulation at the transcriptional level; however, relatively little is known about translational control. Here, we report the upstre...
Article
Full-text available
Eukaryotes maintain cellular health through the engulfment and subsequent degradation of intracellular cargo using macroautophagy. The function of Atg23, despite being critical to the efficiency of this process, is unclear due to a lack of biochemical investigations and an absence of any structural information. In this study, we use a combination o...
Article
Full-text available
Prostate cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide and new estimates revealed prostate cancer as the leading cause of death in men in 2021. Therefore, new strategies are pertinent in the treatment of this malignant disease. Macroautophagy/autophagy is a “self-degradation” mechanism capable of facilitating the turnover of long-lived and toxic mac...
Article
The discovery of recurrent mutations in subunits and regulators of the vacuolar-type H+-translocating ATPase (V-ATPase) in follicular lymphoma (FL) highlights a role for macroautophagy/autophagy, amino-acid, and nutrient-sensing pathways in the pathogenesis of this disease. Here, we report on novel mutations in the ER-resident chaperone VMA21, whic...
Article
Protein homeostasis is a vital process for cell function and, therefore, disruption of the molecular mechanisms involved in this process, such as autophagy, may contribute to neurodegenerative diseases (NDs). Apart from autophagy disruption, excess oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are additional main molecular mechanisms under...
Article
Macroautophagy/autophagy plays crucial roles in aging and the pathogenesis of age-related diseases. Studies in various animal models demonstrate the conserved requirement for autophagy-related genes in multiple anti-aging interventions. A recent study from the Shirasu-Hiza lab showed that a newly designed intermittent time-restricted feeding (iTRF)...
Article
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a highly conserved catabolic process by which cytoplasmic constituents are delivered to the vacuole/lysosome for degradation and recycling. To maintain cellular homeostasis and prevent pathologies, the induction and amplitude of autophagy activity are finely controlled through regulation of ATG gene expression. Here we r...
Article
RB1CC1/FIP200 is a subunit of the ULK1 complex in more complex eukaryotes. This large polypeptide was proposed to be a functional homolog of the Atg17 and Atg11 scaffolding proteins in yeast. Previous studies showed that RB1CC1 can bind to various proteins of the macroautophagy/autophagy machinery, where the RB1CC1 Claw domain directly interacts wi...
Article
Full-text available
Eukaryotic cells frequently experience fluctuations of the external and internal environments, such as changes in nutrient, energy and oxygen sources, and protein folding status, which, after reaching a particular threshold, become a type of stress. Cells develop several ways to deal with these various types of stress to maintain homeostasis and su...
Article
Atherosclerosis refers to a unique form of chronic proinflammatory anomaly of the vasculature, presented as rupture-prone or occlusive lesions in arteries. In advanced stages, atherosclerosis leads to the onset and development of multiple cardiovascular diseases with lethal consequences. Inflammatory cytokines in atherosclerotic lesions contribute...
Chapter
The use of both transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy have provided tremendous advances to our understanding of autophagosome formation in baker’s yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In the last decade, parallel techniques have been developed for both types of microscopy that allow the quantification of the rate of autophagosome...
Article
Ferroptosis is a form of inflammatory cell death for which key mediators remain obscure. Here, we report that the proteoglycan decorin (DCN) is released by cells that are dying from ferroptosis and then acts as an alarm signal to trigger innate and adaptive immune responses. The early release of DCN during ferroptosis is an active process that invo...
Article
Given the unprecedented global pandemic of obesity, a better understanding of the etiology of adiposity will be necessary to ensure effective management of obesity and related complications. Among the various potential factors contributing to obesity, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress refers to a state of excessive protein unfolding or misfolding t...
Article
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a highly conserved nutrient-recycling pathway that eukaryotes utilize to combat diverse stresses including nutrient depletion. Dysregulation of autophagy disrupts cellular homeostasis leading to starvation susceptibility in yeast and disease development in humans. In yeast, the robust autophagy response to starvation is...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: COVID-19 infection survivors suffer from a constellation of symptoms referred to as post-acute COVID-19 syndrome. However, in the wake of recent evidence highlighting the long-term persistence of SARS-CoV-2 antigens in tissues and emerging information regarding the interaction between SARS-CoV-2 proteins and various components of the host...
Article
Full-text available
Autophagy, a process of cellular self-digestion, delivers intracellular components including superfluous and dysfunctional proteins and organelles to the lysosome for degradation and recycling and is important to maintain cellular homeostasis. In recent decades, autophagy has been found to help fight against a variety of human diseases, but, at the...
Article
Nucleophagy, the selective subtype of autophagy that predominantly targets only a selected and (nonessential) portion of the nucleus, and rarely the nucleus in its entirety, for degradation, reinforces the paradigm that nucleophagy recycling is a meticulous and highly delicate process guarded by fail-safe mechanisms. Our goal in this commentary is...
Article
Getting to know Erwin Knecht is not so simple. This view was summarized in a comment from Dr. Marta Martinez Vicente, who obtained her PhD degree working in a lab that shared space with Erwin’s group: “Erwin Knecht is a complex character, who awakens contradictory feelings. To define him I would say that he is a mixture of intelligence and madness,...
Article
It would be quite convenient if every protein had one distinct function, one distinct role in just a single cellular process. In the field of macroautophagy/autophagy, however, we are increasingly finding that this is not the case; several autophagy proteins have two or more roles within the process of autophagy and many even “moonlight” as functio...
Preprint
CLEC16A regulates mitochondrial health through mitophagy and is associated with over 20 human diseases. While CLEC16A has ubiquitin ligase activity, the key structural and functional regions of CLEC16A, and their relevance for human disease, remain unknown. Here, we report that a disease-associated CLEC16A variant lacks a C-terminal intrinsically d...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (MTKIs) have thus far had limited success in the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Here, we report a phase I–cleared orally bioavailable MTKI, ESK981, with a novel autophagy inhibitory property that decreased tumor growth in diverse preclinical models of CRPC. The antitumor activity of ESK981...
Article
Autophagy refers to a ubiquitous set of catabolic pathways required to achieve proper cellular homeostasis. Aberrant autophagy has been implicated in a multitude of diseases including cancer. In this review, we highlight pioneering and groundbreaking research that centers on delineating the role of autophagy in cancer initiation, proliferation and...
Article
Full-text available
Autophagy is a core molecular pathway for the preservation of cellular and organismal homeostasis. Pharmacological and genetic interventions impairing autophagy responses promote or aggravate disease in a plethora of experimental models. Consistently, mutations in autophagy-related processes cause severe human pathologies. Here, we review and discu...
Article
Glucose deprivation induces macroautophagy/autophagy primarily through AMPK activation. However, little is known about the exact mechanism of this signaling. A recent study from Dr. David C. Rubinsztein’s lab showed that ULK1 is activated by AMPK upon glucose starvation, resulting in the phosphorylation of the lipid kinase PIKFYVE on S1548. The act...
Article
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) inhibit the acetylation of crucial autophagy genes, thereby deregulating autophagy and autophagic cell death (ACD) and facilitating cancer cell survival. Vorinostat, a broad-spectrum pan-HDAC inhibitor, inhibits the deacetylation of key autophagic markers and thus interferes with ACD. Vorinostat-regulated ACD can have a...
Article
The Atg3 protein is highly homologous from yeast to human. Atg3 functions as an E2-like enzyme promoting conjugation of Atg8-family proteins to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), a lipid molecule embedded in the growing phagophore membrane during stress-induced autophagy. Over the last decade, Atg3 became one of the most explored autophagy proteins, re...
Article
There have been a couple of times when we have reviewed papers that are essentially publishable as initially submitted; the “criticisms” were more along the lines of constructive suggestions that the authors might want to consider when they submitted a revised version of the paper, but those changes were not required. However, a much more common ex...
Article
In eukaryotes, ATG4/Atg4 is a critical regulator of macroautophagy/autophagy. The protease activity of Atg4/ATG4, involved in conjugation and deconjugation of Atg8-family proteins, was so far regarded as its sole functional contribution. However, the role of individual ATG4-family proteins during mammalian autophagy had previously not been examined...
Article
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a conserved catabolic recycling pathway in which cytoplasmic components are sequestered, degraded, and recycled to survive various stress conditions. Autophagy dysregulation has been observed and linked with the development and progression of several pathologies, including cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of de...
Article
Ferroptosis is a form of regulated cell death modality associated with disturbed iron-homeostasis and unrestricted lipid peroxidation. Ample evidence has depicted an essential role for ferroptosis as either the cause or consequence for human diseases, denoting the likely therapeutic promises for targeting ferroptosis in the preservation of human he...
Article
Superfluous and damaged mitochondria need to be efficiently repaired or removed. Mitophagy is a selective type of autophagy that can engulf a portion of mitochondria into a double-membrane structure, called a mitophagosome, and deliver it to the vacuole for degradation. Mitophagy has significant physiological functions from yeast to human, and rece...
Article
Stroke constitutes the second leading cause of death and a major cause of disability worldwide. Stroke is normally classified as either ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (HS) although 87% of cases belong to ischemic nature. Approximately 700,000 individuals suffer an ischemic stroke (IS) in the US each year. Recent evidence has denoted a rather pivota...
Article
VCP, a conserved ATPase, is involved in several cellular processes, and mutations in this protein are associated with various diseases. VCP also plays a role in autophagosome maturation. However, because a deficiency in autophagosome maturation presents a readily observable phenotype, other roles of VCP in autophagy regulation, in particular in the...
Article
Full-text available
The function of lymphocytes is dependent on their plasticity, particularly their adaptation to energy availability and environmental stress, and their protein synthesis machinery. Lymphocytes are constantly under metabolic stress, and macroautophagy/autophagy is the primary metabolic pathway that helps cells overcome stressors. The intrinsic role o...
Article
Full-text available
Ion exchange between intracellular and extracellular spaces is the basic mechanism for controlling cell metabolism and signal transduction. This process is mediated by ion channels and transporters on the plasma membrane, or intracellular membranes that surround various organelles, in response to environmental stimuli. Macroautophagy (hereafter ref...
Cover Page
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Article
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Article
Macroautophagy is a bulk degradation mechanism in eukaryotic cells. Efficiency of an essential step of this process in yeast, Atg8 lipidation, relies on the presence of Atg16, a subunit of the Atg12–Atg5-Atg16 complex acting as the E3-like enzyme in the ubiquitination-like reaction. A current view on the functional structure of Atg16 in the yeast S...
Article
Macroautophagy (hereafter referred to as “autophagy”) is a lysosome-mediated degradation process that plays a complex role in cellular stress, either promoting survival or triggering death. Early studies suggest that ferroptosis, an iron-dependent form of regulated cell death, is not related to autophagy. Conversely, recent evidence indicates that...
Article
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a highly conserved eukaryotic molecular process that facilitates the recycling of superfluous cytoplasmic materials, damaged organelles, and invading pathogens, resulting in proper cellular homeostasis and survival during stress conditions. Autophagy is stringently regulated at multiple stages, including control at trans...
Article
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Article
Full-text available
Sepsis is the most common cause of death for patients in intensive care worldwide due to a dysregulated host response to infection. Here, we investigate the role of sequestosome-1 (SQSTM1/p62), an autophagy receptor that functions as a regulator of innate immunity, in sepsis. We find that lipopolysaccharide elicits gasdermin D-dependent pyroptosis...
Article
Mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) is an autosomal recessive disorder in humans that causes systemic autoinflammatory problems to children. Previously, we used a yeast model to show that MKD results in mitochondrial malfunctioning that may finally induce mitophagy. Here, we proved that MKD indeed induced general autophagy as well as mitophagy in ye...
Article
In less than eleven months, the world was brought to a halt by the COVID-19 outbreak. With hospitals becoming overwhelmed, one of the highest priorities concerned critical care triage to ration the scarce resources of intensive care units. Which patient should be treated first? Based on what clinical and biological criteria? A global joint effort r...
Article
Phosphoinositide signaling lipids are essential for several cellular processes. The requirement for a phosphoinositide is conventionally studied by depleting the corresponding lipid kinase. However, there are very few reports on the impact of elevating phosphoinositides. That phosphoinositides are dynamically elevated in response to stimuli suggest...
Article
Oncogenic KRAS mutation-driven pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is currently the fourth-leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Macroautophagy (hereafter “autophagy”) is one of the lysosome-dependent degradation systems that can remove abnormal proteins, damaged organelles, or invading pathogens by activating dynamic membrane s...
Article
In the preceding months, the novel SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has devastated global communities. The need for safe and effective prophylactic and therapeutic treatments to combat COVID-19 – the human disease resulting from SARS-CoV-2 infection – is clear. Here, we present recent developments in the effort to combat COVID-19 and consider whether SARS-CoV-2...
Article
Reticulophagy, a type of selective autophagy that specifically targets and degrades parts of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) network (sheets or tubules), plays a crucial role in the responses to ER stress. The selectivity of the ER cargo recognition relies on the unique reticulophagy receptors, which tether and deliver cargos to phagophores, the pre...
Article
Excessive inflammation may lead to irreparable injury and even death, but the key mediators and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Our recent findings indicate that SQSTM1/p62 (sequestosome 1), a well-known macroautophagy/autophagy receptor, is a lethal inflammatory mediator of sepsis and septic shock. The release of SQSTM1 occurs during tissue...
Article
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a complex process that involves over 40 proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. How these proteins are organized, and their activities orchestrated to facilitate an efficient autophagic mechanism remain elusive. Sawa-Makarsha et al. reconstitute the initial steps of autophagosome biogenesis during selective autophagy using...
Article
Full-text available
Ubiquitination, the post-translational modification essential for various intracellular processes, is implicated in multiple aspects of autophagy, the major lysosome/vacuole-dependent degradation pathway. The autophagy machinery adopted the structural architecture of ubiquitin and employs two ubiquitin-like protein conjugation systems for autophago...
Article
Several studies have provided insight into the unique intracellular localization, dynamic trafficking and diverse repertoire of binding partners of Atg9/ATG9, but structural details of the protein have remained elusive. Guardia and colleagues now report the structure of human ATG9A to a resolution of 2.9 Å, revealing, among other features, an elabo...
Article
Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent, non-apoptotic form of regulated cell death caused by lipid peroxidation, which is controlled by integrated oxidation and antioxidant systems. The iron-containing enzyme lipoxygenase is the main promoter of ferroptosis by producing lipid hydroperoxides, and its function relies on the activation of ACSL4-dependent li...
Article
Selective autophagy is critical for the regulation of cellular homeostasis in organisms from yeast to humans. This process is a specific degradation pathway for a wide variety of substrates including unwanted cytosolic components, such as protein aggregates, damaged and/or superfluous organelles, and pathogens. However, it has been less clear as to...
Article
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has attracted worldwide attention due to its speed of progression and elevated mortality rate. Amid the rush to develop treatments, recent hopes have focused on the anti-malarial drug chloroquine or the derivative hydroxychloroquine. Here, we briefly discuss the evidence for the potential use of these drugs with...
Article
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic necessitates a review of the molecular mechanisms underlying cellular infection by coronaviruses, in order to identify potential therapeutic targets against the associated new disease (COVID-19). Previous studies on its counterparts prove a complex and concomitant interaction between coronaviruses and autophagy. The precise...
Article
Given the devastating consequences of the current COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on all of us, the question arises as to whether manipulating the cellular degradation (recycling, waste disposal) mechanism known as macroautophagy/autophagy (in particular, the selective degradation of virus particles, termed virophagy) might be a beneficial approac...
Article
There is a type of noncanonical autophagy, which is independent of ATG5 (autophagy related 5), also referred to as alternative autophagy. Both canonical and ATG5-independent alternative autophagy require the initiator ULK1 (unc-51 like kinase 1), but how ULK1 regulates these two types of autophagy differently remains unclear. A recent paper from To...
Article
A key feature of macroautophagy (hereafter autophagy) is the formation of the phagophore, a double-membrane compartment sequestering cargos and finally maturing into a vesicle termed an autophagosome; however, where these membranes originate from is not clear. In a previous study, researchers from the Rubinsztein lab proposed a model in which the a...
Article
At a time when the world faces an emotional breakdown, crushing our dreams, if not, taking our lives, we realize that together we must fight the war against the COVID-19 outbreak even if almost the majority of the scientific community finds itself confined at home. Every day, we, scientists, listen to the latest news with its promises and announcem...
Article
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a key catabolic process in which different cellular components are sequestered inside double-membrane vesicles called autophagosomes for subsequent degradation. In yeast, autophagosome formation occurs at the phagophore assembly site (PAS), a specific perivacuolar location that works as an organizing center for the recru...
Article
AMPK is one of the main regulators of energy homeostasis in the cell, achieving this role in part by upregulating autophagy in times of nutrient deprivation. Previous reports have described several AMPK substrates involved in autophagy regulation; however, there are still undiscovered AMPK downstream effectors that could play an important role in a...
Article
Classical macroautophagy/autophagy functions to maintain cell health during stressful conditions by targeting cytosolic components for degradation and recycling through the lysosomal pathway. In contrast, nondegradative secretory autophagy functions as an alternative autophagy mechanism to mediate extracellular secretion. A recent study published i...
Preprint
Full-text available
At a time when the world faces an emotional breakdown, crushing our dreams if not taking our lives, we realize that together we must fight the war against the COVID-19 outbreak even if almost the majority of the scientific community finds itself confined to home. Every day, like everyone else, we, scientists, listen to the latest news with its prom...
Article
Pancreatic cancer tends to be highly resistant to current therapy and remains one of the great challenges in biomedicine with very low 5-year survival rates. Here, we report that zalcitabine, an antiviral drug for human immunodeficiency virus infection, can suppress the growth of primary and immortalized human pancreatic cancer cells through the in...