Daniel Ford

Daniel Ford
Johns Hopkins University | JHU · Department of Medicine

About

249
Publications
21,166
Reads
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25,128
Citations
Citations since 2016
18 Research Items
7177 Citations
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Publications

Publications (249)
Article
Background: Despite evidence of their effectiveness, free smoking quitlines are underused. The best way to educate providers about and encourage use of quitlines is not established. We examined if electronic medical record (EMR)-integrated best practices alerts (BPAs) with or without additional provider education resulted in increased quitline ref...
Article
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Problem: The Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) require that many clinical trials register and report results on ClinicalTrials.gov. Noncompliance with these policies denies research participants and scientists access to potentially relevant findings and could lead to monetary pe...
Article
Purpose: To determine if publications from interdisciplinary collaborations involving at least 1 Johns Hopkins University author increased between 2005 and 2015 and to compare different methods for determining the disciplinarity of research articles. Method: In 2017-2018, 100 peer-reviewed biomedical science articles were randomly selected from...
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The US Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA)¹ requires that applicable clinical trials (ACTs) submit results to ClinicalTrials.gov within 1 year of completion. ClinicalTrials.gov identifies trials that likely meet this definition as probable ACTs (pACTs). A complementary National Institutes of Health (NIH) policy requires that...
Article
Background: Including stakeholders in the process and outcomes of comparative effectiveness research (CER) can help ensure that research questions are relevant and findings are communicated to individuals who need them for decision-making. Yet limited strategies are available to assist researchers with stakeholder engagement.While health system lea...
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OBJECTIVES/SPECIFIC AIMS: The objectives of this study were to compare different methods for determining the disciplines involved in a research article. We sought to address the following questions: To what extent does the number of disciplines reported by an article’s corresponding author agree with their description of the article as unidisciplin...
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Background: Many clinical trials conducted by academic organizations are not published, or are not published completely. Following the US Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007, "The Final Rule" (compliance date April 18, 2017) and a National Institutes of Health policy clarified and expanded trial registration and results reporting r...
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Background Academic health systems and their investigators are challenged to systematically assure clinical research regulatory compliance. This challenge is heightened in the emerging era of centralized single Institutional Review Boards for multicenter studies, which rely on monitoring programs at each participating site. Objective To describe t...
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OBJECTIVES/SPECIFIC AIMS: The purpose of this study is to determine if the prevalence of interdisciplinary collaborations has increased over the past 10 years at 1 CTSA-funded institution. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: We used Scopus to identify all articles published by authors affiliated with any of the Johns Hopkins Institutions for the years 2005,...
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Background: Internet Support Groups (ISGs) offer people easy access to information regarding depression as well as support from others who are either currently suffering from depression or have previously suffered from depression. The safety and efficacy of ISGs for people with depression have not been thoroughly studied. Introduction: The safet...
Article
This study aimed to explore patient-, provider-, and system-level factors that may contribute to elevated risk of patient safety events among persons with serious mental illness (SMI). We conducted a medical record review of medical/surgical admissions in Maryland hospitals from 1994 to 2004 for a community-based sample of adults with SMI (N = 790...
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Objective: This study explored the risk of patient safety events and associated nonfatal physical harms and mortality in a cohort of persons with serious mental illness. This group experiences high rates of medical comorbidity and premature mortality and may be at high risk of adverse patient safety events. Methods: Medical record review was con...
Article
In 2006, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) launched the Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) program in order to support an accelerated pace of translational science (from bench to bedside and community, and back), both within and among academic centers. The CTSA program was also developed with an aim of training the next generati...
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Effective web-assisted tobacco interventions (WATIs) have been underutilized by smokers; moreover, despite practice guideline recommendations, clinical teams do not routinely refer smokers to WATIs. Our goal was to test a clinical practice innovation, an ePortal designed to change practice and patient behavior. Our hypotheses were that the integrat...
Article
There are situations in which the requirement to obtain conventional written informed consent can impose significant or even insurmountable barriers to conducting pragmatic clinical research, including some comparative effectiveness studies and cluster-randomized trials. Although certain federal regulations governing research in the United States (...
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Pragmatic research that compares interventions to improve the organization and delivery of health care may overlap, in both goals and methods, with quality improvement activities. When activities have attributes of both research and quality improvement, confusion often arises about what ethical oversight is, or should be, required. For routine qual...
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Human research projects must have a scientifically valid study design, analytic plan, and be operationally feasible in order to be successfully completed and thus to have translational impact. To ensure this, institutions that conduct clinical research should have a scientific review process prior to submission to the Institutional Review Committee...
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The PaTH (University of Pittsburgh/UPMC, Penn State College of Medicine, Temple University Hospital, and Johns Hopkins University) clinical data research network initiative is a collaborative effort among four academic health centers in the Mid-Atlantic region. PaTH will provide robust infrastructure to conduct research, explore clinical outcomes,...
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The PaTH (University of Pittsburgh/UPMC, Penn State College of Medicine, Temple University Hospital, and Johns Hopkins University) clinical data research network initiative is a collaborative effort among four academic health centers in the Mid-Atlantic region. PaTH will provide robust infrastructure to conduct research, explore clinical outcomes,...
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Integrating electronic referral systems into clinical practices may increase use of web-accessible tobacco interventions. We report on our feasibility evaluation of using theory-driven implementation science techniques to translate an e-referral system (ReferASmoker.org) into the workflow of 137 community-based medical and dental practices, includi...
Conference Paper
Background: Increasing evidence supports web-assisted tobacco interventions, but few smokers take advantage of these tools. Objective: We evaluated an integrated clinical-public health informatics system where primary care providers e-referred patients to Decide2Quit.org, a web-assisted tobacco intervention. Methods: Practices (Internal Medicine an...
Article
BACKGROUND: Tailored, web-assisted interventions can reach many smokers. Content from other smokers (peers) through crowdsourcing could enhance relevance. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether peers can generate tailored messages encouraging other smokers to use a web-assisted tobacco intervention (Decide2Quit.org). METHODS: Phase 1: In 2009, smokers wrote...
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Subjects from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program, interviewed during 1979-1983, were linked to data in the National Death Index through 2007 to estimate the association of mental and behavioral disorders with death. There were more than 25 years of follow-up for 15,440 individuals, with 6,924 deaths amounting to 307,881 person-years of observ...
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Background: Population mental health surveillance is an important challenge limited by resource constraints, long time lags in data collection, and stigma. One promising approach to bridge similar gaps elsewhere has been the use of passively generated digital data. Purpose: This article assesses the viability of aggregate Internet search queries...
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INTRODUCTION: Smoking is the most preventable cause of death. Although effective, Web-assisted tobacco interventions are underutilized and recruitment is challenging. Understanding who participates in Web-assisted tobacco interventions may help in improving recruitment. OBJECTIVES: To understand characteristics of smokers participating in a Web-ass...
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BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders and symptoms affect more than one-third of primary care patients, many of whom do not receive or do not complete treatment. Internet-based social support from peers could sustain depression treatment engagement and adherence. We do not know whether primary care patients will accept referral to such websites nor do w...
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Background Persons with schizophrenia may face barriers to high quality primary care due to communication difficulties, cognitive impairment, lack of social support, and fragmentation of healthcare delivery services. As a result, this group may be at high risk for ambulatory care sensitive (ACS) hospitalizations, defined as hospitalizations potenti...
Article
Background: The obesity-hypertension link over the life course has not been well characterized, although the prevalence of obesity and hypertension is increasing in the United States. Methods and results: We studied the association of body mass index (BMI) in young adulthood, into middle age, and through late life with risk of developing hyperte...
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Resource effect studies can be useful in highlighting areas of improvement in informatics tools. Before a large randomized trial, we tested the functions of the Decide2Quit.org Web-assisted tobacco intervention using smokers (N=204) recruited via Google advertisements. These smokers were given access to Decide2Quit.org for six months and we tracked...
Article
This paper reports 10 measures, outcomes, and insights from HRSA Depression Health Disparities Collaboratives, representing attempts to accelerate evidence-based guidelines into practice. The authors analyze interviews with leadership of high-performing centers. Monthly data was submitted on 38,000 patients from 94 centers. Regression analyses were...
Article
Background/objective: In the general population serious mental illness (SMI) is associated with earlier mortality. The objective of this study was to determine if SMI was associated with an increased risk of death among Maryland Medicaid beneficiaries with HIV. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of adult Maryland Medicaid recipients...
Article
The objective was to examine the association between serious mental illness and quality of care for myocardial infarction among disabled Maryland Medicaid beneficiaries. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of disabled Maryland Medicaid beneficiaries with myocardial infarction from 1994 to 2004. Cardiac procedures and guideline-based medicatio...
Article
Persons with serious mental illness have an increased mortality rate and a higher burden of many medical conditions compared with persons without serious mental illness. Cancer risk in the population with serious mental illness is uncertain, and its incidence was examined by race, sex, and cancer site in a community-based cohort of adults with schi...
Article
To compare the effectiveness of standard and patient-centered, culturally tailored collaborative care (CC) interventions for African American patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) over 12 months of follow-up. Twenty-seven primary care clinicians and 132 African American patients with MDD in urban community-based practices in Maryland and De...
Article
World No Tobacco Day (WNTD), commemorated annually on May 31, aims to inform the public about tobacco harms. Because tobacco control surveillance is usually annualized, the effectiveness of WNTD remains unexplored into its 25th year. To explore the potential of digital surveillance (infoveillance) to evaluate the impacts of WNTD on population aware...
Article
The formation of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) brings new promise for moving basic science discoveries to clinical practice, ultimately improving the health of the nation. The Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) sites, now housed with NCATS, are organized and prepared to support in this endeavor. The C...
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Patient self-management interventions for smoking cessation are effective but underused. Health care providers do not routinely refer smokers to these interventions. The objective of our study was to uncover barriers and facilitators to the use of an e-referral system that will be evaluated in a community-based randomized trial. The e-referral syst...
Article
Narrative communication is an emerging form of persuasive communication used in health education to solicit actual patient stories. Eliciting a narrative is an open-ended process and may or may not map to desired intervention objectives or underlying behavioral constructs. In addition, incorporating actual, unscripted narratives into multimedia int...
Article
With improved access to health information via the Internet, an increasing number of women with breast cancer are using this venue to obtain information about their illness and treatment from physicians. This study aims to identify the needs of women with breast cancer who communicate with physicians on the Internet. From a total of 4,424 requests...
Data
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Information prescription sheet for the Intervention. A copy of the information prescription that will be provided to the Intervention practices. This sheet contains a space for the patient's email, provider signature, and the smoking cessation website address (Decide2Quit.org).
Data
Full-text available
Information prescription sheet for the practice-level comparison arm. A copy of the information prescription that will be provided to the Comparison practices. This sheet does not contain a space for the patient's email denoting the difference between the intervention and comparison arm referral process.
Conference Paper
Background: Tailored health communications are highly effective in promoting and maintaining behavior change compared to standardized non-tailored interventions. Using web-based applications such as email messaging to facilitate behavior change in smokers is economically feasible and can overcome geographic barriers. Combining web-based technologie...
Article
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Although screening for tobacco use is increasing with electronic health records and standard protocols, other tobacco-control activities, such as referral of patients to cessation resources, is quite low. In the QUIT-PRIMO study, an online referral portal will allow providers to enter smokers' email addresses into the system. Upon returning home, t...
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The association of alcohol consumption with performance in different cognitive domains has not been well studied. The Johns Hopkins Precursors Study was used to examine associations between prospectively collected information about alcohol consumption ascertained on multiple occasions starting at age 55 years on average with domain-specific cogniti...
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Forty-six academic health centers have been awarded Clinical and Translational Science Awards by the National Institutes of Health to enhance health by advancing translational research. As a recipient of a Clinical and Translational Science Award, we aimed to determine the prevalence of translational and interdisciplinary collaboration at our insti...
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To contribute data to conceptual explorations of the role of institutional culture in promoting research ethics and integrity. The authors highlight relevant themes that emerged from a multimodal needs assessment conducted under the Johns Hopkins Clinical Translational Science Award regarding ethical issues encountered in the conduct of clinical an...
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This study estimated the rates of health insurance coverage in the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population with schizophrenia and assessed whether basic access to health care varied across health insurance categories. Data from the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey collected between 2002 and 2006 were used. The sample contained 328 records re...
Article
Persons with schizophrenia comprise a vulnerable population that may be disproportionately susceptible to medical injuries. The objective of this study was to determine the association between diagnosis of schizophrenia and adverse events during non-psychiatric hospitalizations. We studied U.S. hospital discharges from 2002-2007 using the Nationwid...
Article
The objective of this study was to assess patient interest in intensive meditation training for chronic symptoms. This was a cross-sectional anonymous survey among six chronic disease clinics in Baltimore including Chronic Kidney Disease, Crohn's Disease, Headache, Renal Transplant Recipients, General Rheumatology, and lupus clinic. Subjects were 1...
Article
To examine the association between severe mental illness (SMI) and quality of care in heart failure. We conducted a cohort study between 2001 and 2004 of disabled Maryland Medicaid participants with heart failure. Quality measures and clinical outcomes were compared for individuals with and without SMI. Of 1801 individuals identified with heart fai...
Article
In a cohort of Maryland Medicaid recipients with severe mental illness followed from 1993-2001, we compared mortality with rates in the Maryland general population including race and gender subgroups. Persons with severe mental illness died at a mean age of 51.8 years, with a standardized mortality ratio of 3.7 (95%CI, 3.6-3.7).
Article
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Several studies document disparities in access to care and quality of care for depression for African Americans. Research suggests that patient attitudes and clinician communication behaviors may contribute to these disparities. Evidence links patient-centered care to improvements in mental health outcomes; therefore, quality improvement interventi...
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Background Appreciating the need to better translate biomedical research into improved clinical care and health, the NIH Roadmap was initiated in 2003 to focus on this by strengthening NIH’s central role in clinical research and clinical research training. As part of the needed re-engineering, in 2006 NIH began the CTSA program. At this writing (Su...
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Recall of past alcohol intake is used in many studies of chronic disease, but few studies have been able to examine its long-term reliability. We sought to assess the reliability of recalled alcohol intake assessed at an average age of 70 years in 2001, after 15 and 23 years of follow-up, in a prospective study of medical students in classes 1948 t...
Article
Psoriasis may significantly reduce quality of life. Previous studies reported an association of psoriasis and cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular events. The extent to which psoriasis is associated with psychiatric morbidity and the role of psychiatric comorbidity as a potential confounder of the association between psoriasis and cardiov...
Article
Depression and comorbid chronic medical conditions such as coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and osteoarthritis are frequently seen in the primary care setting, and the interaction of these illnesses can complicate diagnostic and treatment efforts. Although the etiologies of these bidirectional associations are not well understood, a numbe...
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Preferences for life-sustaining treatment elicited in one state of health may not reflect preferences in another state of health. We estimated the stability of preferences for end-of-life treatment across 3 years and whether declines in physical functioning and mental health were associated with changes in preferences for end-of-life treatment. In...
Conference Paper
Background: Safety events are an area of concern in hospitalizations, and may be especially important for persons with severe mental illness (SMI). Adverse events during medical hospitalizations were studied in a population with SMI. Methods: A multidisciplinary team developed a patient safety instrument targeted for persons with SMI, reviewed ho...