Daniel Flaming

Daniel Flaming
The Economic Roundtable · Research

PhD

About

68
Publications
13,638
Reads
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141
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 1991 - April 2016
The Economic Roundtable
The Economic Roundtable
Position
  • CEO

Publications

Publications (68)
Technical Report
Full-text available
The San Pedro Bay ports are the gateway for 40 percent of goods imported into the United States. They are legally mandated to provide economic and environmental benefits for Californians. In recent times the American factories and jobs that were supported by the ports have closed and been replaced by warehouses and trucking companies that often p...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Results from an independent survey of 36,795 grocery workers who are employed at 401 Kroger grocery stores in Colorado, Northern Washington and Southern California are described in this report. The survey received responses from 10,287 workers for a 28 percent response rate. Kroger is the only employer for 86 percent of these workers, making it th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report uses estimates from the Congressional Budget Office to project an unemployment scenario for the Pandemic Recession. We go on to use detailed unemployment and homeless data from the 2008 Great Recession to estimate the linkage between unemployment and homelessness and forecast the amount and type of pandemic-driven homelessness in Los An...
Article
Full-text available
This report uses estimates from the Congressional Budget Office to project an unemployment scenario for the Pandemic Recession. We go on to use detailed unemployment and homeless data from the 2008 Great Recession to estimate the linkage between unemployment and homelessness and forecast the amount and type of pandemic-driven homelessness in Los An...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report estimates the demography, occupations, industries, and communities of California workers who have a high risk of unemployment in the Covid-19 recession so that they and their employers can be located and provided with timely and effective assistance for preventing economic disaster. It uses data about workers, their occupations and the...
Article
Full-text available
Since February 2018, the Disney Company has been exposed in the media for its mistreatment of its workers at the Disneyland park in Anaheim, California. A year and a half later, Disney’s labor practices and the compensation of its CEO continue to highlight larger issues of wealth and income inequality in America.
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report examines Amazon.com's standing as a socially accountable corporate citizen, with close attention to the impact of Amazon’s logistics operations on the public balance sheet in the four-county Los Angeles region. This region purchased an estimated $7.2 billion in goods from Amazon in 2018. Amazon’s intense, demanding corporate culture has...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Two new predictive screening tools that are based on analyzing records of over one-million people who experienced homelessness have been placed in the public domain by the Economic Roundtable. The two groups targeted by these tools are low-wage workers who have just lost their jobs and youth entering adulthood who will become persistently homelessn...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report analyzes the impacts of a proposed increase in the minimum wage to $19 an hour for 40,000 workers employed at airports under the jurisdiction of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. These are jobs at John F. Kennedy, Newark Liberty, and LaGuardia airports. The wage floor for workers providing ticketing, baggage handling, secur...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This meta-analysis brings together 26 point-in-time data sets to provide a single panoramic description of people without homes who are living in places not meant for human habitation. The objective is to identify the common reality underlying the data and provide a description that is more comprehensive and reliable than information from any singl...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The tool prioritizes high-cost individuals for whom the solution of housing costs less than the problem of homelessness. Cost offsets from reduced service use after high-cost individuals are stably housed can be stretched across a larger pool of homeless people whose housing can be subsidized with those offsets. We assessed potential cost savings b...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Disneyland employees report high instances of homelessness, food insecurity, ever-shifting work schedules, extra-long commutes, and low wages. While there is national attention on the minimum wage with successful local efforts to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour, more than 85% of union workers at Disneyland earn less than $15 an hour. Notwiths...
Article
Full-text available
Disneyland employees in Anaheim, California are paid so little, one in ten employees has experienced homelessness recently and two-thirds of park workers don’t have enough food to eat three meals a day. Most Disneyland employees struggle to make ends meet: 74 percent (and 80 percent of those with children) say they can’t afford basic expenses ever...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Greater Los Angeles Homeless Counts from 2007 through 2017 are viewed as a body of work rather than discrete annual snapshots and assesses the extent to which the Counts present a consistent body of evidence and the extent to which there are inconsistencies among Counts, or with other data, indicating a need to strengthen the Count methodology....
Technical Report
Full-text available
Establishing a $15 minimum wage at U.S. airports will provide transformative economic benefits for low-paid air transportation employees who work 24-7 in a fast-paced, noisy environment, providing essential services for airlines and the traveling public. Flying Right analyzes current wage and hour characteristics, worker demographics, and the econo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
We present the methodology for developing a predictive model for identifying homeless persons likely to have high future costs for public services. It was developed by linking administrative records from 2007 through 2012 for seven Santa Clara County agencies and identifying 38 demographic, clinical and service utilization variables with the greate...
Article
Full-text available
This report views Greater Los Angeles Homeless Counts from 2007 through 2017 as a body of work rather than discrete annual snapshots and assesses the extent to which the Counts present a consistent body of evidence and the extent to which there are inconsistencies among Counts, or with other data, indicating a need to strengthen the Count methodolo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
San José, California's third most populous city, regulates rent increases for older apartment units through its Apartment Rent Ordinance (ARO). To help inform policy deliberations by the San José City Council and Housing Department staff, this report analyzes demographic characteristics of ARO tenants, characteristics of ARO apartments, compares AR...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The number of homeless people needing housing far exceeds the available housing supply, and there is not a fair, objective system for prioritizing who gets to be housed. The triage tool addresses this problem by identifying individuals for whom the solution of housing costs less than the problem of homelessness. What makes the tool valuable is bein...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Over 54,000 workers employed in Long Beach’s formal economy will be affected by increasing the minimum wage to $15. The annual earnings of workers will increase by about $405 million. The largest share of increased wages—almost $130 million—will go to workers who also live in the City of Long Beach The greatest number of affected workers and the la...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The acute deprivation, desperation, and chaos inherent in homelessness destabilize the lives of individuals and also communities. In restoring shelter and intactness to the lives of placeless residents we also restore the health of our communities. This is a crisis that truly confronts every neighborhood from the beaches of Santa Monica and Long Be...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report estimates the impact of the informal penalty, that is, the cost of exclusion from the mainstream economy, for various stakeholders in the Angeleno ecosystem, from local businesses to neighborhood residents. We investigate three research questions: 1. What is the economic cost of excluding street vendors from the formal economy? 2. What...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report analyzes 25 million records for the entire population of residents who experienced homelessness in Santa Clara County at any point from 2007 to 2012 – a total of 104,206 individuals. This information includes the demographic and medical attributes of each person, justice system history, services received, and the cost of those services....
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report scales greenhouse gas emissions by each industry to a single job and integrates this index with a parallel wage index in order to provide a tool for local government to use in planning industry growth that provides enough jobs for each community’s workforce while remaining under the ceiling for greenhouse gas emission set by federal, st...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Economic impacts study of extending unemployment benefits to public school K-12 classified workers in the State of California.
Technical Report
Full-text available
For many, Los Angeles evokes images of year-round sunshine and celebrity, a dream city of wealth and possibility. Yet in reality, half of L.A. residents living in poverty are employed, showing that low wages drive poverty as much as unemployment does. The benefits and consequences of raising Los Angeles’s minimum wage to $15.25 will be an increase...
Technical Report
Full-text available
An analysis of California's construction industry found that 143,900 construction workers were employed in the informal economy in 2011. This was comprised of 104,100 construction workers who were not reported by their employers and 39,800 who were misclassified as independent contractors. Construction is a $152 billion industry in the California,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A citywide minimum wage for all hotels in the City of Los Angeles with 100 or more rooms would impact approximately 64 of the city’s 87 large hotels and over five thousand low-wage hotel workers. A new minimum wage is unlikely to result in significant relocation or cessation of current hotel business. Average wages paid by hotels in the City of Los...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This study evaluates outcomes from April 2011 to May 2013 for 163 hospital patients screened by the 10th Decile Project in Los Angeles, which works with hospitals to identify the 10 percent of homeless patients with the highest public and hospital costs – the 10th decile – and provide immediate services for placing these individuals into permanent...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report analyzes a possible affordable housing benefit fee for new development in Los Angeles. If approved, this fee would recover a portion of the public cost for meeting the demand for affordable housing that results from new development. An affordable housing benefit fee is subject to California’s Mitigation Fee Act, which requires: 1) that...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Unemployment and under-employment represented $25.8 billion in annual wages not earned in Los Angeles County, $28.2 billion in lost private sector economic activity and $4 billion in tax revenue not generated. In 2012, over a fifth of Los Angeles County’s labor force was unemployed or under-employed. Over a third of the county’s population lived in...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The triage tool, or crisis indicator, identifies homeless individuals in hospitals and jails who have continuing crises in their lives that create very high public costs. This predictive analytic tool was developed using linked records from Los Angeles County agencies for indigent single adults who were homeless. It is intended for use in jails, ho...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Counties bear large hidden costs for individuals with disabilities who are indigent or homeless. This includes costs for health care, jails and probation in addition to readily identifiable county costs for public assistance. A large share of this cost is health related – costs that the federal and state governments would pay through Medi-Cal if th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Los Angeles is a major net importer of water and relies on sources several hundred miles away in Northern California and Colorado for two-thirds of its supply. The ecosystems of these source regions are significantly impacted by decades of diverting water for agricultural, industrial and municipal use. Combined with the periodic droughts afflicting...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The central question investigated in this study is the public costs for people in supportive housing compared to similar people that are homeless. The typical public cost for residents in supportive housing is $605 a month. The typical public cost for similar homeless persons is $2,897, five-times greater than their counterparts that are housed. Th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report was prepared for the City of Los Angeles Housing Department to recommend policies for improving conditions in the housing market and fairly balancing the interests of tenants and landlords under the city’s Rent Stabilization Ordinance. Two-thirds of the rental units in Los Angeles are regulated by the ordinance. Surveys of 4,859 renters...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The most concrete characteristic of a recession is that demand disappears for some of the commodities produced by workers and unwanted unemployment is imposed on a large segment of the labor force. With growing job losses in the current recession it is important to know, whose boat falls when the economic tide recedes? Benchmarks of dislocation fro...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Poverty adversely affects the lives of Los Angeles residents as well as the City as a whole. Among other things, poverty has a direct financial impact on local government because of above-average per capita costs for municipal services related to police and fire protection, courts, education, and other services in poor neighborhoods. Nationally, th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
While the visitor industry is a key economic engine for Los Angeles, its lodging industry shows signs of structural weakness. Compared to the size of its visitor economy, LA’s lodging inventory is only 62 percent of the national average. Compared to other cities with which it competes for tourism spending, LA’s lodging industry serves a relatively...
Technical Report
Full-text available
There is extensive evidence of a growing informal labor force in Los Angeles City and County, along with stagnant employment in the formal labor market. Between 2000 and 2004, the working age population in the county grew by 4.9 percent, but the number of wage and salary jobs (i.e., the formal economy) declined by 2.3 percent. This trend in Los Ang...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The acute deprivation, desperation, and chaos inherent in homelessness destabilize the lives of individuals and also communities. In restoring shelter and intactness to the lives of placeless residents we also restore the health of our communities. This is a crisis that truly confronts every neighborhood from the beaches of Santa Monica and Long Be...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report examines why more welfare parents did not become economically self-sufficient after participating in the LA County Welfare to Work Program, GAIN (Greater Avenue for Independence). It provided information about what happened to these parents when they entered the labor market after GAIN. This study investigated welfare case records for 1...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report analyzes a possible affordable housing benefit fee for new development in Los Angeles. If approved, this fee would recover a portion of the public cost for meeting the demand for affordable housing that results from new development. An affordable housing benefit fee is subject to California’s Mitigation Fee Act, which requires: 1) that...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The family needs survey was conducted over a three-week period from April 25 through May 15, 2002, at 230 different events in 124 different locations throughout Los Angeles County. Nearly 60 percent of the surveys were completed in welfare offices, the rest in adult education classes and community agencies. The survey database contains information...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The informal economy produces legal goods and services that are not effectively regulated. Such activities can give rise to abuses by employers who fail to respect basic labor, safety, immigration, and tax laws, leaving workers without rights. By definition the informal economy is hidden “under the table” and “off the books.” However, by comparing...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The civil unrest of 1992 can be understood as a manifestation of rage over economic deprivation and blighted hopes. At the time of the April 1992 civil unrest, Los Angeles County was in its second year of what proved to be its most severe recession since the Great Depression. The greatest concentration of the region’s poor residents then (and now)...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Welfare reform has increased labor force participation among welfare parents. But is work leading to self-sufficiency or another cycle of defeat for these workers? The answer is that most welfare workers remain trapped in the cage of poverty. The basic premise of the work-first model that continuing participation in the labor force will lead to ec...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The loss of a welfare safety net for most adults for most of their lives makes the quality of jobs available to the working poor and their success in finding and keeping jobs increasingly important. The economic and civic life of the Los Angeles region will be shaped by connections that are made, or fail to be made, between the growing ranks of wor...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The most salient fact about the South Bay economy is the importance of high technology manufacturing and services. The area’s high technology sector is a tapestry of industries linked to space systems, aeronautical services, and aviation; its output includes research and development services as well as production of electronic and aerospace hardwar...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The nation's best known welfare program, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) was created to give widows and destitute mothers the means to stay at home and care for children. However, the entry of large numbers of American mothers into the paid workforce has created increasing tension between the desire to care for impoverished children...