Daniel Fiset

Daniel Fiset
Université du Québec en Outaouais · Département de psychoéducation et de psychologie

Ph.D., M.Ps.

About

154
Publications
18,282
Reads
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2,471
Citations
Citations since 2016
71 Research Items
1786 Citations
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Introduction
My works aim to understand how humans use visual information to effectively recognize faces, facial expression of emotions, written words and letters. To this end, I use psychophysical techniques (e.g. Bubbles, Reverse Correlation) as well as electrophysiology (EEG and ERP) to investigate low-level visual properties (e.g. spatial frequencies and orientations) and how they modulate the recognition of stimuli. My studies are done thanks to the collaboration of healthy participants as well as people who have difficulty recognizing faces (prosopagnosia) and written words (alexia or dyslexia). Recently, topics in social perception (racism, other-race effect, first impressions) are central to my laboratory.
Additional affiliations
April 2018 - September 2018
Université du Québec en Outaouais
Position
  • Professor
May 2014 - present
Université du Québec en Outaouais
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2010 - May 2014
Université du Québec en Outaouais
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
September 1998 - May 2004
Université de Montréal
Field of study
  • Clinical Neuropsychology
September 1996 - August 1998
Université de Montréal
Field of study
  • Educational Psychology
September 1993 - April 1996

Publications

Publications (154)
Article
Full-text available
Acquired prosopagnosia is characterized by a deficit in identifying faces. The brain lesions leading to prosopagnosia are diverse. Interestingly, most prosopagnosic patients suffering from posterior lesions, use the mouth instead of the eyes for face identification. Whether this bias is present for facial expressions has not yet been addressed. We...
Article
It is generally thought that faces are perceived as indissociable wholes. As a result, many assume that hiding large portions of the face by the addition of noise or by masking limits or qualitatively alters natural "expert" face processing by forcing observers to use atypical processing mechanisms. We addressed this question by measuring face proc...
Article
Facial expressions of emotion are dynamic in nature, but most studies on the visual strategies underlying the recognition of facial emotions have used static stimuli. The present study directly compared the visual strategies underlying the recognition of static and dynamic facial expressions using eye tracking and the Bubbles technique. The results...
Article
It has been proposed that women are better than men at recognizing emotions and pain experienced by others. They have also been shown to be more sensitive to variations in pain expressions. The objective of the present study was to explore the perceptual basis of these sexual differences by comparing the visual information used by men and women to...
Presentation
Full-text available
Racial biases can reduce sensitivity to the facial expression of pain. We previously found similar results for individuals portrayed as criminals. In this study, we investigated whether we could replicate these results online while examining the impact of trait empathy on our variables. Undergraduate participants (ss) viewed faces of individuals wh...
Article
Full-text available
Two issues are increasingly of interest in the scientific literature regarding unwanted virtual reality (VR) induced side effects: (1) whether the latent structure of the Simulator Sickness Questionnaire (SSQ) is comprised of two or three factors, and (2) if the SSQ measures symptoms of anxiety that can be misattributed to unwanted negative side ef...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on professional sports, notably, forcing the National Hockey League to hold its 2020 playoffs in empty arenas. This provided an unprecedented opportunity to study how crowds may influence penalties awarded by referees in an ecological context. Using data from playoff games played during the COVID-19 pand...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on low-level visual information underlying pain categorization have led to inconsistent findings. Some show an advantage for low spatial frequency information (SFs) and others a preponderance of mid SFs. This study aims to clarify this gap in knowledge since these results have different theoretical and practical implications, such as how fa...
Article
Full-text available
Child maltreatment has many well-documented lasting effects on children. Among its consequences, it affects children’s recognition of emotions. More and more studies are recognizing the lasting effect that a history of maltreatment can have on emotion recognition. A systematic literature review was conducted to better understand this relationship....
Article
Full-text available
Orthorexia Nervosa (ON), a condition characterized by a fixation on healthy eating, still does not conform to any consensus concerning diagnostic criteria, notably in regard to a possible body image component. This study investigated the relationship between ON symptomatology, measured with the Eating Habit Questionnaire, and body image attitudes a...
Article
Full-text available
A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-021-02246-9
Preprint
Full-text available
Studies on low-level visual information underlying pain categorization have led to inconsistent findings. Some are showing an advantage for low spatial frequency information (SFs) and others a preponderance of mid SFs. This study aims to clarify this gap in knowledge since these results have different theoretical and practical implications, such as...
Article
Full-text available
When two tasks, Task 1 and Task 2, are conducted in close temporal proximity and a separate speeded response is required for each target (T1 and T2), T2 report performance decreases as a function of its temporal proximity to T1. This so-called psychological refractory period (PRP) effect on T2 processing is largely assumed to reflect interference f...
Article
Full-text available
Black people are still considered to be one of the most stigmatized groups and have to face multiple prejudices that undermine their well-being. Assumptions and beliefs about other racial groups are quite pervasive and have been shown to impact basic social tasks such as face processing. For example, individuals with high racial prejudice conceptua...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid and accurate processing of potential social threats is paramount to social thriving, and provides a clear evolutionary advantage. Though automatic processing of facial expressions has been assumed for some time, some researchers now question the extent to which this is the case. Here, we provide electrophysiological data from a psychological...
Article
In recent years, horizontal spatial information has received attention for its role in face perception. One study, for instance, has reported an association between horizontal tuning for faces and face identification ability measured within the same task. A possible consequence of this is that the correlation could have been overestimated. In the p...
Article
Full-text available
Facial expressions of emotion play a key role in social interactions. While in everyday life, their dynamic and transient nature calls for a fast processing of the visual information they contain, a majority of studies investigating the visual processes underlying their recognition have focused on their static display. The present study aimed to ga...
Article
There is an ongoing debate in the literature about whether facial emotion perception is carried automatically-that is, without effort or attentional resources. While it is generally accepted that spatial attention is necessary for the perception of emotional facial expressions, the picture is less clear for central attention. Using the bubbles meth...
Article
Previous research has revealed that the face is a finely tuned medium for pain communication. Studies assessing the decoding of facial expressions of pain have revealed an interesting discrepancy, namely that, despite eyes narrowing being the most frequent facial expression accompanying pain, individuals mostly rely on brow lowering and nose wrinkl...
Article
Face-recognition abilities differ largely in the neurologically typical population. We examined how the use of information varies with face-recognition ability from developmental prosopagnosics to super-recognizers. Specifically, we investigated the use of facial features at different spatial scales in 112 individuals, including 5 developmental pro...
Article
Full-text available
Recognizing facial expressions is crucial for the success of social interactions, and the visual processes underlying this ability have been the subject of many studies in the field of face perception. Nevertheless, the stimuli used in the majority of these studies consist of facial expressions that were produced on request rather than spontaneousl...
Conference Paper
To investigate if emotional face processing requires central attention, a psychological refractory period paradigm was combined with the event-related potential (ERP) technique. Participants were asked to categorize tones as high (900 Hz or 2000 Hz) or low (200 Hz or 426 Hz) as quickly and accurately as possible and then to indicate if a face expre...
Article
Full-text available
Several previous studies of eye movements have put forward that, during face recognition, Easterners spread their attention across a greater part of their visual field than Westerners. Recently, we found that culture's effect on the perception of faces reaches mechanisms deeper than eye movements, therefore affecting the very nature of information...
Article
Horizontal information was recently suggested to be crucial for face identification. In the present paper, we expand on this finding and investigate the role of orientations for all the basic facial expressions and neutrality. To this end, we developed orientation bubbles to quantify utilization of the orientation spectrum by the visual system in a...
Article
This study investigates the e ect of acute social stress on the recognition of facial expression of emotions in healthy young men. Participants underwent both a standardized psychosocial laboratory stressor (TSST-G) and a control condition. Then, they performed a homemade version of the facial expressions megamix. All six basic emotions were includ...
Article
Many studies have revealed cultural differences in the way Easterners and Westerners attend to their visual world. It has been proposed that these cultural differences reflect the utilization of different processes, namely holistic processes by Easterners and analytical processes by Westerners. In the face processing literature, eye movement studie...
Article
Full-text available
It has previously been proposed that holistic face processing is based on low spatial frequencies (SFs) whereas featural processing relies on higher SFs, a hypothesis still widespread in the face processing literature today (e.g. Peters et al. in Eur J Neurosci 37(9):1448–1457, 2013). Since upright faces are supposedly recognized through holistic p...
Poster
Measuring the time course of spatial frequency use for face recognition from East to West