Daniel Chicharro

Daniel Chicharro
Harvard Medical School | HMS · Department of Neurobiology

About

44
Publications
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985
Citations

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Understanding perceptual decision-making requires linking sensory neural responses to behavioral choices. In two-choice tasks, activity-choice covariations are commonly quantified with a single measure of choice probability (CP), without characterizing their changes across stimulus levels. We provide theoretical conditions for stimulus dependencies...
Preprint
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The inference of causal relationships using observational data from partially observed multivariate systems with hidden variables is a fundamental question in many scientific domains. Methods extracting causal information from conditional independencies between variables of a system are common tools for this purpose, but are limited in the lack of...
Article
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The cortex organizes sensory information to enable discrimination and generalization1,2,3,4. As systematic representations of chemical odour space have not yet been described in the olfactory cortex, it remains unclear how odour relationships are encoded to place chemically distinct but similar odours, such as lemon and orange, into perceptual cate...
Preprint
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Understanding the relationship between trial-to-trial variability in neural responses of sensory areas and behavioral choices is fundamental to elucidate the mechanisms of perceptual decision-making. In two-choice tasks, activity-choice covariations have traditionally been quantified with choice probabilities (CP). It has been so far commonly assum...
Preprint
Quantifying both the amount and content of the information transferred between neuronal populations is crucial to understand brain functions. Traditional data-driven methods based on Wiener-Granger causality quantify information transferred between neuronal signals, but do not reveal whether transmission of information refers to one specific featur...
Article
Full-text available
Partial information decomposition (PID) separates the contributions of sources about a target into unique, redundant, and synergistic components of information. In essence, PID answers the question of “who knows what” of a system of random variables and hence has applications to a wide spectrum of fields ranging from social to biological sciences....
Preprint
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Constraint-based structure learning algorithms infer the causal structure of multivariate systems from observational data by determining an equivalent class of causal structures compatible with the conditional independencies in the data. Methods based on additive-noise (AN) models have been proposed to further discriminate between causal structures...
Preprint
Full-text available
Chicharro (2017) introduced a procedure to determine multivariate partial information measures within the maximum entropy framework, separating unique, redundant, and synergistic components of information. Makkeh, Theis, and Vicente (2018) formulated the latter trivariate partial information measure as Cone Programming. In this paper, we present MA...
Article
Full-text available
Perceptual learning, the improvement in perceptual abilities with training, is thought to be mediated by an alteration of neuronal tuning. It remains poorly understood how tuning properties change as training progresses, whether improved stimulus tuning directly links to increased behavioural readout of sensory information, or how population coding...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how different information sources together transmit information is crucial in many domains. For example, understanding the neural code requires characterizing how different neurons contribute unique, redundant, or synergistic pieces of information about sensory or behavioral variables. Williams and Beer (2010) proposed a partial infor...
Article
Full-text available
Williams and Beer (2010) proposed a nonnegative mutual information decomposition, based on the construction of redundancy lattices, which allows separating the information that a set of variables contains about a target variable into nonnegative components interpretable as the unique information of some variables not contained in others as well as...
Article
Full-text available
In a system of three stochastic variables, the Partial Information Decomposition (PID) of Williams and Beer dissects the information that two variables (sources) carry about a third variable (target) into nonnegative information atoms that describe redundant, unique, and synergistic modes of dependencies among the variables. However, the classifica...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding the nature of decision-related signals in sensory neurons promises to give insights into their role in perceptual decision-making. Those signals, traditionally quantified as choice probabilities (CP), are well-understood in a feedforward framework assuming zero-signal trials with no choice bias. Here, we extend this understanding by a...
Article
Full-text available
Williams and Beer (2010) proposed a nonnegative mutual information decomposition, based on the construction of information gain lattices, which allows separating the information that a set of variables contains about another into components interpretable as the unique information of one variable, or redundant and synergy components. In this work we...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: Top-down attention increases coding abilities by altering firing rates and rate variability. In the frontal eye field (FEF), a key area enabling top-down attention, attention induced firing rate changes are profound, but its effect on different cell types is unknown. Moreover, FEF is the only cortical area investigated in which attenti...
Article
Unlabelled: Adaptive behaviors are built on the arbitrary linkage of sensory inputs to actions and goals. Although the sensorimotor and associative frontostriatal circuits are known to mediate arbitrary visuomotor mappings, the underlying corticocortico dynamics remain elusive. Here, we take a novel approach exploiting gamma-band neural activity t...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, powerful general algorithms of causal inference have been developed. In particular, in the framework of Pearl's causality, algorithms of inductive causation (IC and IC(*)) provide a procedure to determine which causal connections among nodes in a network can be inferred from empirical observations even in the presence of latent var...
Article
The role of correlations between neuronal responses is crucial to understanding the neural code. A framework used to study this role comprises a breakdown of the mutual information between stimuli and responses into terms that aim to account for different coding modalities and the distinction of different notions of independence. Here we complete t...
Chapter
Granger causality constitutes a criterion for causal inference from time series that has been largely applied to study causal interactions in the brain from electrophysiological recordings. This criterion underlies the classical parametric implementation in terms of linear autoregressive processes as well as Transfer entropy, i.e. a non-parametric...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, the SPIKE-distance has been proposed as a parameter-free and time-scale independent measure of spike train synchrony. This measure is time-resolved since it relies on instantaneous estimates of spike train dissimilarity. However, its original definition led to spuriously high instantaneous values for event-like firing patterns. Here we pr...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of dynamic dependencies in complex systems such as the brain helps to understand how emerging properties arise from interactions. Here we propose an information-theoretic framework to analyze the dynamic dependencies in multivariate time-evolving systems. This framework constitutes a fully multivariate extension and unification of prev...
Article
Full-text available
Biological systems often consist of multiple interacting subsystems, the brain being a prominent example. To understand the functions of such systems it is important to analyze if and how the subsystems interact and to describe the effect of these interactions. In this work we investigate the extent to which the cause-and-effect framework is applic...
Data
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Article
Spectral measures of causality are used to explore the role of different rhythms in the causal connectivity between brain regions. We study several spectral measures related to Granger causality, comprising the bivariate and conditional Geweke measures, the directed transfer function, and the partial directed coherence. We derive the formulation of...
Article
Full-text available
A wide variety of approaches to quantify the dissimilarity between two spike trains has been proposed. The Victor-Purpura metric [1] evaluates the cost needed to transform one spike train into the other using only certain elementary steps. Another metric proposed by van Rossum [2] measures the Euclidean distance between the two spike trains after c...
Article
Full-text available
The idea of inferring causal interactions from a variable X to another variable Y from the reduction of the prediction error of Y when including the past of X was formulated by Wiener [1] and formalized by Granger [2]. While Granger provided a measure to study causal interactions for Gaussian linear processes, the underlying concept (Granger causal...
Article
Time scale parametric spike train distances like the Victor and the van Rossum distances are often applied to study the neural code based on neural stimuli discrimination. Different neural coding hypotheses, such as rate or coincidence coding, can be assessed by combining a time scale parametric spike train distance with a classifier in order to ob...
Article
Full-text available
The disease epilepsy is related to hypersynchronous activity of networks of neurons. While acute epileptic seizures are the most extreme manifestation of this hypersynchronous activity, an elevated level of interdependence of neuronal dynamics is thought to persist also during the seizure-free interval. In multichannel recordings from brain areas i...
Article
A wide variety of approaches to estimate the degree of synchrony between two or more spike trains have been proposed. One of the most recent methods is the ISI-distance which extracts information from the interspike intervals (ISIs) by evaluating the ratio of the instantaneous firing rates. In contrast to most previously proposed measures it is par...
Article
To test whether epileptic seizure prediction algorithms have true predictive power, their performance must be compared with the one expected under well-defined null hypotheses. For this purpose, analytical performance estimates and seizure predictor surrogates were introduced. We here extend the Monte Carlo framework of seizure predictor surrogates...
Article
Measures of multiple spike train synchrony are essential in order to study issues such as spike timing reliability, network synchronization, and neuronal coding. These measures can broadly be divided in multivariate measures and averages over bivariate measures. One of the most recent bivariate approaches, the ISI-distance, employs the ratio of ins...
Article
To detect directional couplings from time series various measures based on distances in reconstructed state spaces were introduced. These measures can, however, be biased by asymmetries in the dynamics' structure, noise color, or noise level, which are ubiquitous in experimental signals. Using theoretical reasoning and results from model systems we...
Article
Full-text available
With the increasing availability of multi-unit recordings the focus of attention starts to shift from bivariate meth-ods towards methods that provide the possibility to study patterns of activity across many neurons. Measures of multi-neuron spike train synchrony are becoming indis-pensable tools for addressing issues such as network syn-chronizati...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce a new technique designed to quantify direc-tional couplings between nonlinear dynamics and we evaluate its application to the study of neuronal data. Sim-ilar to existing approaches [1,2] (and references therein) this technique quantifies the degree to which similar states of the one dynamics are mapped to similar states of the other d...
Article
Full-text available
Measures of multiple spike train synchrony are essential in order to study issues such as spike timing reliability, network synchronization, and neuronal coding. These measures can broadly be divided in multivariate measures and averages over bivariate measures. One of the most recent bivariate approaches, the ISI-distance, employs the ratio of ins...
Article
Full-text available
We applied bivariate nonlinear time series analysis techniques to electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings from epilepsy patients. In particular, we combined a novel bivariate synchronization measure with bivariate surrogates. We tested the discriminative power of this surrogate-baseline corrected nonlinear synchronization measure to detect the sei...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The goal is to quantify which part of the information that a set of variables have about another is redundant or synergistic. This quantification is formulated by means of the maximum entropy framework.
Project
1) Compute BROJA bivariate partial information decompostion (PID) in practice. 2) Provide a robust algorithm that computes bivariate PID. 3) Optimization of BROJA PID quantities. 4) Provide the algorithm to compute maximum-entropy trivariate PID.