Daniel Beltran-Alcrudo

Daniel Beltran-Alcrudo
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations | FAO · Animal Production and Health Division

DVM, MSc, MPVM, PhD

About

74
Publications
26,789
Reads
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893
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2007 - present
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Position
  • Animal Health Officer
July 2006 - June 2007
University of California, Davis
Position
  • Avian Influenza Analyst and Trainer

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Full-text available
The role and significance of wildlife-livestock interfaces in disease ecology has largely been neglected, despite recent interest in animals as origins of emerging diseases in humans. Scoping review methods were applied to objectively assess the relative interest by the scientific community in infectious diseases at interfaces between wildlife and...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we combined an inventory of the major applications, geographic regions and diseases covered by participatory epidemiology (PE) activities in the field of animal health since 1980, together with an email discussion forum with PE practitioners from different regions of the world. The inventory included the search of peer-reviewed papers...
Article
Full-text available
The wild boar is an important crop raider as well as a reservoir and agent of spread of swine diseases. Due to increasing densities and expanding ranges worldwide, the related economic losses in livestock and agricultural sectors are significant and on the rise. Its management and control would strongly benefit from accurate and detailed spatial in...
Article
Full-text available
As globalization increases the interconnectedness between nations, economies, and industries, the introduction of diseases will continue to remain a prominent threat to the livestock sector and the trade of animals and animal products, as well as the livelihoods of farmers, food security and public health. The global pig sector, with its size and d...
Article
Data from affected lumpy skin disease (LSD) locations between July 2012 and September 2018 in the Balkans, Caucasus and Middle East were retrieved from FAO's Global Animal Disease Information System (EMPRES‐i) from the European Commission's Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS) and completed with data from the official veterinary services of so...
Article
African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF) are two major transboundary animal diseases of swine with important socioeconomic consequences at farm, subnational and national level. The objective of this study was to evaluate the direct cost of outbreaks and their control at country/regional level in four countries: namely CSF in Colomb...
Article
Full-text available
Following the re-introduction of the African swine fever virus (ASFV) in the Americas after 40 years of absence, FAO conducted a qualitative risk assessment of the likelihood of ASF entry from the Dominican Republic and Haiti to unaffected countries and territories of the Americas and the likelihood of exposure of susceptible animal populations sho...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzes the temporal and spatial distribution of found dead African swine fever (ASF) positive wild boar carcasses from 2017 to January 2021 in affected European countries: Bulgaria, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Poland, Serbia and Slovakia. During this period, a total of 21,785 cases were confirmed in 19,071 un...
Preprint
Full-text available
African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF) are two major transboundary animal diseases of swine with important socioeconomic consequences at farm, subnational and national level. The objective of this study was to evaluate the direct cost of outbreaks and their control at country/regional level in four countries: namely CSF in Colomb...
Article
Full-text available
North Macedonia, a country in the Balkan region of Europe, is currently bordered to the north and east by countries with active African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks. The predominantly traditional backyard pig farming sector in this country is under imminent threat of disease incursion. The characteristics and practices of such sectors have rarely be...
Article
Full-text available
The geographical distribution of lumpy skin disease (LSD), an economically important cattle disease caused by a capripoxvirus, has reached an unprecedented extent. Vaccination is the only way to prevent the spread of the infection in endemic and newly affected regions. Yet, in the event of an outbreak, selection of the best vaccine is a major chall...
Book
Full-text available
FAO Conferences in 2015 and 2019 underscored the importance and urgency of addressing the growing global threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in all countries through a coordinated, multisectoral, One Health approach in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. They highlighted that access to effective antimicrobials and their...
Article
Full-text available
Growth in the livestock sector is associated with heightened risk for epidemic diseases. The increasing spillover of new diseases from wildlife is being driven by wide-scale anthropogenic changes allowing for more frequent and closer wildlife-human and wildlife-livestock contacts. An increasing number of epidemics in livestock are associated with r...
Chapter
The livestock compartment and its interfaces with humans and wildlife appeared after domestication. These epidemiological interfaces have constituted opportunities for horizontal transmission between species and a new space for evolution, emergence, and maintenance of pathogens. More recently, anthropogenic effects and the subsequent changes in urb...
Article
Full-text available
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a vector-borne disease of cattle and Asian water buffalo that is included on the OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) list of notifiable diseases. In July 2019 LSD was introduced to Bangladesh, China and India and then spread to Nepal and Bhutan and in 2020 to various provinces of China and India. A qualitative ris...
Article
Full-text available
Preventing feeding of insects on cattle would reduce the spread of several vector-borne diseases (VBDs) threatening the Balkans, such as lumpy skin disease (LSD). In order to test the efficiency of Livestock Protective Fences (LPF) in the protection of dairy cattle from insect bites, a case-control study was conducted, in the districts of Nissavski...
Article
African swine fever (ASF) is believed to have evolved in eastern and southern Africa in a sylvatic cycle between common warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus) and argasid ticks of the Ornithodoros moubata complex that live in their burrows. The involvement of warthogs and possibly other wild suids in the maintenance of ASF virus means that the infection...
Article
Full-text available
Background Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region with a traditional backyard and highly variable pig farming system. The practices of such sectors have seldom been described and analyzed to better understand their implication in the introduction and spread of infectious pig diseases. Moreover, the Georgian pig sector was badly hit by an epide...
Data
Databases used for the factorial analyses of mixed data (FAMD) of farmers questionnaires. (CSV)
Data
Results of pig farmers’ surveys in four regions of Georgia. (DOCX)
Data
Results of the butchers’ surveys in four regions of Georgia. (DOCX)
Data
Questionnaire forms for pig keepers and butchers in English and Georgian. (XLSX)
Data
Databases used for the factorial analyses of mixed data (FAMD) of butchers questionnaires. (XLS)
Data
Results of the awareness questions for both pig farmers and butchers in four regions of Georgia. (DOCX)
Article
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an emerging viral disease that was detected for the first time in the Balkan Peninsula in Greece in 2015. In April 2016, there was a reoccur-rence in Greece and the spread of the disease for the first time into Bulgaria, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania and Montenegro. The veterinary ser...
Data
Predicted wild boar densities based on the mosaicked model. (ZIP)
Data
ATP residual kriging for the eastern region. (TIF)
Data
Predicted wild boar density by region based on ATP-regression models: (A) eastern, (B) southern, (C) western, and (D) original input density data by administrative unit. Legend: Low (green)–High (red) density values. (TIF)
Data
Results of the variogram deconvolution for the three bioclimatic regions and relative charts. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
The paper describes FAO response to the threat of Lumpy Skin Disease in the Balkans and the Caucasus.
Book
Full-text available
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a viral disease of cattle. Characterized by nodules on the skin, it is mostly transmitted by mosquitoes, by other hematophagous insects, and flies. The disease has dramatic effects on rural livelihoods, which are often strongly dependent on cattle, as it slashes milk production and may lead to sterility in bulls and fert...
Article
Full-text available
Live pig trade patterns, drivers and characteristics, particularly in backyard predominant systems, remain largely unexplored despite their important contribution to the spread of infectious diseases in the swine industry. A better understanding of the pig trade dynamics can inform the implementation of risk-based and more cost-effective prevention...
Data
Significant variables in the model. (XLSX)
Book
Full-text available
African swine fever (ASF) is a contagious viral disease that causes a haemorrhagic fever in pigs and wild boar, and is often associated with lethality of up to 100 percent. As a result, ASF can severely impact on the productivity of pig farming. This not only threatens food security and challenges the livelihoods of pig producers and other actors a...
Data
PRISMA guidelines for reporting systematic reviews. (PDF)
Data
Eligible peer-reviewed papers, graduate theses, master, technical reports, and conference proceedings. (XLS)
Data
Excluded peer-reviewed papers, including the reason for their exclusion. (XLS)
Data
Manuals, reviews and presentations. (XLS)
Data
Original comments from the email discussion forum. (PDF)
Data
Criteria for reporting qualitative research. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most severe viral pig diseases. Some genotypes can cause up to 100 percent mortality in pigs and wild boar, such as the genotype II virus introduced into Georgia in 2007 (Chapman et al., 2011), which spread throughout the Caucasus (Beltran-Alcrudo et al., 2008) into the Islamic Republic of Iran (Rahimi et al....
Data
An extensive ASF endemic zone got established in the last 5 years in the Russian Federation. This zone progressively expands and threatens European countries and other Eurasian states with further introductions. This paper reviews the structure and peculiarities of the pig production sector in the Russian Federation, the distribution and density of...
Data
Full-text available
An extensive ASF endemic zone got established in the last 5 years in the Russian Federation. This zone progressively expands and threatens European countries and other Eurasian states with further introductions. This paper reviews the structure and peculiarities of the pig production sector in the Russian Federation, the distribution and density of...
Article
Full-text available
ロシア連邦において、アフリカ豚コレラの感染が拡大しています。この疾病は、死亡率が極めて高いこと、有効なワクチンがないことなどから、一旦、侵入すると、経済的損失が大きく、撲滅は困難とされています。日本でも、口蹄疫と並ぶ海外悪性伝染病のひとつとして位置付けられています。 ロシアでの流行の現状から、今後、欧州でも発生することが懸念されています。仮に欧州で発生した場合、今後の世界の豚肉需給にも大きな影響を及ぼすことになります。 今後の事態を考える上でも、まず、この疾病のことを正確に知る必要がありますが、ロシアの状況についての情報は入手が難しかったところ、今般、この疾病の最新の情報がFAO専門家より報告(FAO empres watch vol.28 May 2013に掲載)があったので、FAOの...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Infectious animal diseases can have a major impact on public health, national economies and livelihoods. Disease emergence is triggered by multiple, interrelated factors, which veterinary services need to take into account to ensure better control of diseases through incorporating other relevant disciplines such as economics and sociology. This art...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Complementing the recent European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) scientific assessment of the African swine fever (ASF) risk for Europe, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has undertaken analyses to explore some general patterns in the distribution of pigs, swine production systems and wild boar in Eastern Europe.
Article
The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate an early warning system (EWS) for commercial egg laying flocks to detect the subtle mortality and egg production changes that characterize low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV) infections. An EWS will create an alert when the recommended 'trigger point' is reached or exceeded. Previously used...
Article
Ulcerative enteritis is a disease that typically responds well to medication. An outbreak of ulcerative enteritis that was persistent and unresponsive to treatment is described. The outbreak started in semimature birds and progressively spread to younger birds. Confounding factors leading to this persistence were a significant coccidosis problem, a...
Article
Since the reemergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1 HPAI) in 2003, a panzootic that is historically unprecedented in the number of infected flocks, geographic spread, and economic consequences for agriculture has developed. The epidemic has affected a wide range of birds and mammals, including humans. The ineffective management of outb...