Danian Hu

Danian Hu
City College of New York | CCNY · Department of History

Ph.D. (Yale)

About

36
Publications
14,553
Reads
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61
Citations
Introduction
I specialize in the history of modern science and technology (both in the West and in China) and modern Chinese history. My recent works focus on the scientific development in twentieth-century China, examining the development through careful case studies of selected scientific disciplines, institutions, and individuals with detailed treatment of both scientific contents and relevant sociopolitical contexts. My first monograph, China and Albert Einstein (Harvard, 2005), is the first extensive study of China's reception of the celebrated physicist and his theory of relativity.
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - present
City College of New York
Position
  • Professor (Full)
April 2017 - July 2017
Institute for Advanced Study
Position
  • Summer Visitor
August 2016 - December 2016
City College of New York
Position
  • Fellow
Education
August 1993 - May 2001
Yale University
Field of study
  • History of Science and Modern Chinese History
September 1989 - May 1991
Case Western Reserve University
Field of study
  • History of Technology and Science
August 1987 - June 1989
Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Field of study
  • History of Modern Physics

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
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To save China from the perils she faced in the early twentieth century, the majority of the Chinese seemed to agree that it was necessary to strengthen the country by developing shiye or industry and commerce. For this purpose, they overhauled China’s education system and sent a large number of students to study overseas. Many of them enrolled in A...
Article
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“The Proletarian Scientific Revolution” in the Cultural Revolution: The CAS “Relativity Criticism Group” Reexamined Abstract Based on historical documents collected over the past decade and my interviews with several key eyewitnesses, I have carefully reexamined the inception and development of the “Relativity Criticism Group” in the Chinese Ac...
Article
Full-text available
Having introduced the theory of relativity from Japan, the Chinese quickly and enthusiastically embraced it during the May Fourth Movement, virtually without controversy. This unique passion for and openness to relativity, which helped advance the study of theoretical physics in China in the 1930s, was gradually replaced by imported Soviet criticis...
Article
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Trained at University of Liverpool in both theoretical and experimental physics, William Band accepted in 1929 an appointment at Christian Yenching University in Beijing, China, where he established his career through the 1930s, heading the physics department and nurturing dozens of distinguished Chinese researchers in its MSc program. Despite the...
Article
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Abstract: Based on archival materials discovered in America, Britain, and China, this paper carefully examines the history of the short-lived and completely overlooked Department of Physics in the Premedical School of Peking Union Medical College (PUMC), and uncovers this department’s extensive interconnections with its counterpart at Yenching Univ...
Article
Full-text available
许良英(1920-2013)先生和马丁·克莱茵(Martin J. Klein, 1924-2009)教授分别是中、美两国在20世纪物理学史和爱因斯坦研究领域的开拓者。今年是许良英先生诞辰100周年,作为两位杰出的物理学史学者的关门弟子,笔者特撰此文,介绍中国读者所不熟悉的克莱茵教授及其与许良英先生的友好交往,揭示他们之间罕为人知的真挚友谊,展现他们的严谨学风与高尚品德。 URL: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/QB2XUdZYf0iyxYZVQ81OFA
Article
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In the original publication of this article, the author noticed some minor errors.
Chapter
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This book chapter examines the introduction of Albert Einstein's theory of relativity into China during the May Fourth movement and the vital impact of Japanese physicists' scholarship on this process. It has also provided a detailed discussion on Einstein's planned visit to Beijing in late 1922 and explained why he cancelled the trip to Beijing ev...
Article
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英国物理学家班威廉(William Band,1906-1993),1929年来华任教于燕京大学物理系。从1932年起,班氏任物理系系主任,直至1941年12月太平洋战争爆发,是燕大物理系历史上任职最长的系主任。 日军偷袭珍珠港的当天,班氏夫妇与林迈可(Michael Lindsay,1909-1994)夫妇四人闻讯后,迅即驾车逃离燕园,前往西山。在共产党游击队的护送下,班氏夫妇先后经平西、晋察冀等抗日根据地,于1943年秋到达延安,历时近两年。1944年初,班氏夫妇离开延安转赴陪都重庆,在那里遇到李约瑟,遂留在英国驻华大使馆,协助李约瑟主持“中英科学合作馆”的办公室工作,直至年底回国。 班威廉在燕大十余年的教学和研究工作,为推动中国二十世纪物理学的发展,作出了重要贡献。他的许多学生,后...
Preprint
Full-text available
“The Proletarian Scientific Revolution” in the Cultural Revolution: The CAS “Relativity Criticism Group” Reexamined Abstract Based on historical documents collected over the past decade and my interviews with several key eyewitnesses, I have carefully reexamined the inception and development of the “Relativity Criticism Group” in the Chinese Acad...
Preprint
Full-text available
William Band was a British physicist who established his career at Christian Yenching University in Peking in the 1930s, while helping make Yenching a cradle of many top Chinese physicists. In the wake of Pearl Harbor, Band narrowly escaped from Japanese-occupied Peking and sought refuge in Communist guerrilla bases, where he helped train radio tec...
Article
Many remarkable accomplishments in science, technology, and medicine (STM) in the past year can be identified, in one way or another, as ramifications of the scientific activities during China’s Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). This challenges the widely accepted judgment of that era as a period of scientific stasis. In fact, more and more historic...
Article
Barefoot doctors were rural medical personnel trained en masse, whose emergence and development had a particular political, economic, social, and cultural background. Like the rural cooperative medical care system, the barefoot doctor was a well-known phenomenon in the Cultural Revolution. Complicated regional differences and a lack of reliable sou...
Article
This article discusses why Chinese space programs were able to develop to the extent they did during the turbulent decade of the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976). It first introduces briefly what China had accomplished in rocket and missile technology before the Cultural Revolution, including the establishment of a system for research and manufactur...
Article
The construction of nine high-end technical installations (hereafter Project NGI, for Nine Great Installations or 九大设备) in the 1960s and 1970s was an indispensable part of the development of China’s defense and heavy industries. The project put more than 1,400 machines into operation or trial operation during the Culture Revolution (1966–1976), and...
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译文链接:http://www.huanqiukexue.com/a/qianyan/More_than_Science/2016/0607/26179.html 首先,笔者非常感谢译者们翻译拙作的美意和努力。但请读者注意:该译文未经原作者本人的审核,其译文有不少地方没有准确地表达作者的原意。例如,原文的标题为“留美学物理”,其中讨论了二十世纪上半叶几代中国物理学家的事迹,包括但不局限于庚子赔款的留美生。因此,译文将标题改为“中国第一代物理学家成长史:庚子赔款奖学金与美利坚”是不妥的,不能准确、全面地反映全文的内容与中心思想。又如,文章最后一段中的"American mission colleges"被误译作“留美预备学校”,而正确的译文应该是“美国教会大学”。
Research
Prof. Yibao Xu (1965-2013) was a distinguished specialist in the history of Chinese mathematics, teaching at BMCC, CUNY.
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Based on a group of newly discovered archival materials at University of Cambridge and Tsinghua University, we have reconstructed in this essay some previously unknown experiences of Jwu-Shi Wang during his studying in University of Cambridge. As a result, this essay enriches our knowledge of Wang’s life and study during the 1930s. Wang’s story not...
Chapter
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Trained in Liverpool, England, as a professional physicist, William Band (1906-1993) volunteered to teach and serve at Yenching University, an American-funded Christian mission college in Peking, between 1929 and 1941. Instead of evangelizing, however, Band came to China “to establish and promote cultural relationships between East and West” throug...
Article
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许良英(1920~2013年)是中国著名科学史家、爱因斯坦著述在中国的主要编译者和传播者和中国自然辩证法学科的创始人之一。他出生于浙江临海,1942年毕业于浙江大学物理系,师从核物理学家王淦昌。1946年,许加入中国共产党,是20世纪40年代浙江大学及杭州市学生运动的领导人之一,为中共杭州党组织的发展作出了重要贡献。1949年杭州解放后,许进入中共杭州市工委负责青年工作,直至1952年被调入中国科学院院部,负责编辑《科学通报》。1956年,许转调哲学所,1957年被打成右派分子,1958年被开除公职,被迫离京回浙江老家务农。在以后异常艰难的二十年间,许主持完成了三卷本《爱因斯坦文集》的翻译编辑工作。1978年,许重返科学院,任自然科学史研究所研究员直至1987年离休。许良英的研究工作主要集中...
Article
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Was the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) an absolute calamity for Chinese science and technology or was it actually beneficial at a certain level and in some areas? While the former verdict has been widely accepted around the world in the past three decades, some researchers have challenged this total-failure narrative and begun to explore the Cultura...
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To his friends, colleagues, and students, Martin Klein was a gentle and modest man of extraordinary integrity whose stellar accomplishments garnered himmanyhonors. I sketch his life and career, in which he transformed himself from a theoretical physicist at Columbia University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Case Institute of Te...
Article
On his first trip to the United States in April 1921, Albert Einstein visited The City College of New York before he proceeded to Columbia and Princeton Universities. As a result, Einstein gave his very first scientific speech in the United States at The City College, known simply and cordially to New Yorkers as ``the City.'' That visit, however, i...
Article
Li Fangbai (1890-1959) was the first Chinese physicist who introduced relativity in China. Although Li was educated in Japan, his introduction was based completely on his reading of Western physics works, especially those by U.S. scientists Gilbert N. Lewis and Richard C. Tolman. Since then U.S. scientists had an increasingly significant influence...
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Albert Einstein's unique high status in China made him an easy target of political attacks and maneuvers during the Cultural Revolution. The criticism began with a middle-school teacher's attack on general relativity and developed into organized campaigns after gaining support from two powerful, radical Party propagandists, Chen Boda and Yao Wenyua...
Article
William Band (1906-1993) has been widely remembered by his American colleagues and students as ``a fine physicist and teacher,'' who taught at Washington State University in Pullman between 1949 and 1971 and authored Introduction to Quantum Statistics (1954) and Introduction to Mathematical Physics (1959). Not many, however, knew much about Band's...