Dane Patrick Rowlands

Dane Patrick Rowlands
Carleton University

Ph.D.

About

62
Publications
8,458
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982
Citations
Citations since 2016
5 Research Items
272 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050

Publications

Publications (62)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Canadian Port Authorities (CPAs) could minimize service interruption time following an incident with remote sensing techniques to assess the condition of critical infrastructure, provide early warning of deformations that are time consuming or dangerous to detect with visual inspections, and prioritize key areas for maintenance. Qualitative intervi...
Article
This paper examines the effect of IMF programs on poverty, income inequality and government expenditure on education and health. It distinguishes between non-concessional and concessional programs and examines the effect of contingent factors; program completion, IMF resources, the size of the initial economic problems and aid dependency. Our findi...
Article
Full-text available
Using an LIC-specific participation model, we adopt a propensity score matching (PSM) methodology to compare economic growth performance in countries with and without IMF programmes over the period 1989–2008. Concessional programmes are found to have had a generally positive effect on economic growth for up to two years after agreements were signed...
Article
The global financial crisis has created pressures to reduce defense spending in many NATO members, even as emerging threats pose new challenges to the alliance. This paper reviews the literature on military spending in the context of alliances, with a focus on the likely effects of fiscal restraint. The literature generally suggests that while NATO...
Article
This article tests the claim that human rights are indivisible. If human rights are indeed indivisible then an examination of the relationships between different rights should reveal a strong, bidirectional, and simultaneous link between either all rights (systematic indivisibility) or only some rights (partial indivisibility). To test the componen...
Article
What factors determine whether or not countries have programs with the International Monetary Fund (IMF)? The existing literature suggests that a number of economic and political variables are important, but there is disagreement about their relative significance. Moreover, the fit of general participation models is not particularly good. An increa...
Article
In recent years a number of countries have established more prominent development assistance programmes. These ‘emerging donors’ are generally low- and middle-income countries with fewer links than traditional donors to multilateral frameworks for coordination. This article focuses primarily on whether these increasingly important donors will conve...
Article
Despite considerable interest in remittances to developing countries, the limited availability of large sample data has constrained aspects of our understanding of remitter behaviour. This paper utilizes data from Statistics Canada’s Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC) to investigate how the demographic characteristics of recent immi...
Article
This paper examines whether or not liberalized capital-account regulations have increased the frequency and magnitude of IMF programs in developing countries. It briefly reviews the literature on the role of financial liberalization in causing balance-of payments crises. Empirical evidence is then presented which examines the connection between cap...
Article
Abstract Having had excess lending capacity at the beginning of 2008, by the end of the year International Monetary Fund (IMF) lending had increased and, in anticipation of a further increase in the demand for Fund assistance, arguments were being put forward for a substantial increase in IMF resources. Analysis of IMF lending over a protracted per...
Article
Full-text available
From being widely seen in early 2008 as an institution in decline and irrelevant to many of the problems then facing the world economy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has more recently been presented as an international financial institution that is of essential importance in the aftermath of the global financial and economic crisis of 2008/...
Article
Summary The global economic crisis will compel many countries to revise key economic policies, including their exchange rate regime. The International Monetary Fund will have significant influence on their choices, and has exhibited a bias against intermediate regimes. We examine the link between exchange rate regimes and IMF program use and find n...
Article
Full-text available
Recent theoretical and empirical research suggests that under certain conditions IMF agreements induce additional inflows of finance from private international capital markets. This article provides new empirical evidence on this catalytic effect using a treatment effects model to correct for selectivity. It concludes that catalysis remains weak or...
Article
Does one model fit all when it comes to the determinants of IMF programs? Certainly claims have been made by the IMF that capital account crisis (CAC) countries are discernibly different in terms of the characteristics that lead them to borrow from it, while other research has claimed that it is only Asian economies that are different from the rest...
Article
With the added challenge of trying to meet the Millennium Development Goals, close attention is being paid to the relationship between the IMF and the low-income countries with which the Fund has the majority of its programs. This relationship covers a number of inter-connected issues incorporating both external financing and economic adjustment. F...
Article
In a 2005 article in this journal, Genberg poses the question of whether countries with IMF programs have “privileged access” to international capital markets. In attempting to answer this question, he cautions about reading too much into some of the recent literature. In this paper, we briefly examine the so-called catalytic effect in a way that a...
Article
Particularly in the context of the Millennium Development Goals, there has been much discussion of the association between the International Monetary Fund and bilateral aid flows. What role should the Fund be playing in helping to achieve the MDGs? Some observers have suggested that the Fund should seek to reduce its role in poor countries and shou...
Chapter
Full-text available
International-relations theory can identify and frame important questions, but Pentagon and State Department officials will probably always be more interested in detailed case studies, prepared by area-studies experts. Theorizing about the causes of war might occasionally generate clean, law-like propositions that appeal to policymakers. But more t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the claim that the IMF catalyzes other capital flows. We identify a series of propositions based on recent theoretical work, use a treatment effects model to deal with selection bias, and examine whether the IMF catalyzes both aggregate private financial flows and important subgroups for middle-income countries. The results pres...
Book
The 2006 edition of this series examines how two different forms of minority - political and cultural - are shaping Canadian foreign policy. The book begins with an examination of the ways in which the Harper government will combine its ideas and priorities with its minority status in Parliament to forge its own foreign and security policy profile....
Article
Throughout the 1990s multilateral interventions often deviated significantly from traditional peacekeeping in terms of mandate complexity, level of force, and the absence of consent and impartiality. This paper develops a formal model of biased intervention and specifies propositions regarding its effects on combatant behaviour. We find that the re...
Article
Full-text available
Claims have been made that capital account crisis (CAC) countries are discernibly different in terms of the characteristics that lead them to borrow from the IMF. This paper tests these claims. It uses a conventional model of IMF lending to estimate the probability of countries having an IMF arrangement on the basis of key economic circumstances. I...
Book
In the 2005 edition of the Canada Among Nations series, contributors explore the divergences - the split - within Canada over a number of foreign policy areas, including defence and economic strategies. This volume highlights Canada's pivotal relationship with the U.S. in contrast to its important potential associations with Brazil, Russia, India,...
Article
Full-text available
Over the course of the 1990s economists appeared to favour exchange rate regimes that were either completely flexible or rigidly fixed through mechanisms such as currency boards. According to this "bipolar" view of exchange rates, intermediate regimes were deemed to be ineffective and prone to crisis. This paper examines the link between exchange r...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing attention is being paid to IMF governance, and the structure and size of the Fund’s lending operations. However, less interest has been shown in the array of lending windows through which the IMF makes resources available. There have nonetheless been clear trends over recent years in the extent to which the windows are used. What discuss...
Article
Full-text available
The International Monetary Fund’s structure and rules are based on the quota system that was constructed when the Fund was set up in 1946. Quotas affect contributions and resource availability at the Fund, access to resources, the distribution of Special Drawing Rights, and voting rights. Despite periodic reviews and modifications, the quota system...
Article
IMF programmes have sought to balance economic adjustment and external financing in part by relying on catalysing capital inflows from other sources. This paper reviews the mechanisms by which catalysis is believed to operate, and the evidence pertaining to its existence. The conclusion is that traditional catalysis is generally less reliable than...
Article
Our preliminary findings indicate that, to some extent, third parties have been usually unwilling to support the separation of states even when the number of casualties is high. Our data and the evaluation of it against the hypotheses derived from Kaufmann's argument, however, should not be taken as a definitive test of the legitimacy of separation...
Article
Full-text available
The IMF advertises itself as playing a catalytic role, whereby its lending programmes induce other providers of finance to invest or lend as well. The theoretical foundations of this claim are reviewed and found to be questionable. The empirical evidence also appears to contradict the notion of a consistent and significant catalytic effect. The pol...
Article
This paper reviews the evidence on how poverty, environmental degradation, and gender conditions affect migration, and then tests some of the hypotheses that emerge using emigration rates from low- and middle-income countries to wealthier industrial countries. At the source country level of analysis, the relationship between income and emigration r...
Chapter
For many less developed countries (LDCs) and countries in transition (CITs) external financing is frequently an effective constraint on economic growth and development. Capital inflows may be used to overcome shortages of domestic saving, thereby permitting higher levels of investment, as well as shortages of foreign exchange, thereby permitting la...
Article
There is currently little consensus on whether impartiality is necessary for the successful management of today's conflicts, especially when using forceful intervention. In this article we identify how combatants will react to forceful biased intervention by a third party based on the extant models of conflict and intervention. Under fairly general...
Article
Increasing attention is being paid to political economy dimensions of the IMF's operations. However, up until now, the literature has lacked a systematic overview of how politics and economics interact in this context. This paper sets out to fill the gap. Its conceptual basis is that of the 'life cycle' of an IMF programme. What determines the deci...
Article
In recent years, the International Monetary Fund has seen a spate of critical analyses of its lending activities. It has even been suggested that politics influences the allocation of IMF lending with powerful industrialized countries being able to use Fund lending to further their own ambitions. We ask simple questions? Why did some countries borr...
Article
It has frequently been assumed that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) plays an important catalysing role in mobilizing international capital for developing countries and countries in transition. The Fund has conventionally been depicted as a "gatekeeper" that unlocks financial flows from other sources, particularly private international capital...
Article
Until the late 1980s, it was a stylized fact that when a country adopted an IMF program, additional loans from non-IMF sources would be triggered. Subsequent empirical research cast doubt on this catalytic effect; a country's past involvement with the IMF appeared to be negatively correlated with new lending. This paper examines directly the respon...
Article
In seeking to understand IMF lending early large sample econometric studies tended to focus on economic factors. Political and institutional influences were often deemed to be reflected in the frequently large residual. At the same time increasing anecdotal evidence was being amassed to suggest that political factors were indeed important. However,...
Article
At a time when there is a serious debate about reforming the international financial architecture, it is important to understand how existing multilateral agencies affect financial flows to emerging and less-developed countries. This paper extends past research - which has focused on the International Monetary Fund - by examining the various mechan...
Article
The layout of the paper is as follows. Section 2 briefly provides an analytical framework by discussing the mix between adjustment and financing in dealing with current account balance of payments deficits and the design of balance of payments policy. It offers a simple classification of countries on the basis of their principal source of external...
Article
Does the involvement of the IMF and World Bank in developing countries and countries in transition help them to attract capital from other sources? Do the multilateral institutions exert a catalytic effect? While there is a strong body of opinion that claims that they do, the catalytic effect has been under-researched. This paper briefly reports th...
Article
A commonly-held view is that lending by the multilaterals (the IMF and the World Bank) catalyses others to lend, including private capital markets and official bilateral aid donors. To the extent that this view influences reform of the multilaterals, it is important to know whether it is right or wrong. While there is a growing amount of aggregate...
Article
Canada's participates extensively in both conflict management structures and international financial institutions. This paper explores the potential synergies from these two seemingly disparate areas of foreign policy by discussing the potential role of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in countries with civil conflict, latent or r...
Article
With growing disparities between the levels of material wealth in rich and poor countries, migration appears to be a attractive option for inhabitants of less developed countries. Simultaneously, there has been a growing interest in the potential contribution of good governance to economic development. This paper explores the link between governanc...
Article
In the aftermath of the cold war, intrastate conflicts have emerged to challenge international stability and security. Although some authors have attempted to identify strategies for bringing these conflicts to a peaceful conclusion, these recommendations have not been formally grounded. In this study, the authors develop a game-theoretic model bas...
Chapter
Today, international organizations and individual states experience a great deal of pressure to respond to complex emergencies and humanitarian disasters. This perceived responsibility for action to preserve human rights and maintain the internal political stability of other states is unlikely to go away. These issues are not easily understood from...
Article
Full-text available
The contentious issue of dividing Canada's public debt in the event of Quebec's secession has already received considerable attention. Many of the proposed division rules, however, have been either normatively motivated or analytically unjustified. After reviewing the existing literature, this paper uses a positive analytical framework to evaluate...
Article
Full-text available
The paper develops the concepts of development impeding institutions and exclusive development, and examines their interrelationship. Haiti is used as a case study to illustrate bow the two can interact to form a “trap” in which exploitive institutions and severe inequities become mutually reinforcing. The implications of this institutional approac...
Article
This article reviews the current literature on the effects of aid, trade, and development on international migration. It begins with a quantitative and qualitative snapshot of international migration, which is used to identify patterns and trends as well as gaps in the current statistics. The descriptive section is followed by an outline of the gen...
Article
The inability of governments to pre-commit to certian policies often results in Pareto-inefficient equilibria. A policy is not time-consistent if it requires a course of action that will subsequently become undesirable. This paper examines the possibility of creating constitutional rules which can support sovereign debt contracts which would otherw...
Article
Full-text available
Recent papers have tried to discern the role and objectives of the IMF by econometric analyses that distinguish between recipients and non-recipients of IMF programs. We argue that standard econometric estimations may be misleading because they imply substitutability between different economic characteristics, whereas demand may arise simply by cro...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Toronto, 1994. Includes bibliographical references.

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
To understand the responses of people (Canadians in this case) in their charitable activities when there are international disasters. The factors under investigation are individual characteristics, disaster characteristics, the policy environment, among others.