Dan Johansson

Dan Johansson
Örebro University | oru

Professor

About

71
Publications
13,990
Reads
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2,658
Citations
Citations since 2017
11 Research Items
1308 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Full-text available
Based on a review of 700+ peer-reviewed articles since 1990, identified using text mining methodology and supervised machine learning, we analyze how neo-Schumpeterian growth theorists relate to the entrepreneur-centered view of Schumpeter Mark I and the entrepreneurless framework of Schumpeter Mark II. The literature leans heavily toward Schumpete...
Article
Full-text available
The institutional literature suggests that long-term tax incentives are crucial for entrepreneurs, but studies on this topic are hampered by problems related to how to define and measure entrepreneurial income. We resolve these problems by drawing on a theoretical definition of the entrepreneur as an owner, which enables us to identify entrepreneur...
Article
Full-text available
Based on a review of 700+ peer-reviewed articles since 1990, identified using text mining methodology and supervised machine learning, we analyze how neo-Schumpeterian growth theorists relate to the entrepreneur-centered view of Schumpeter (1934) and the entrepreneurless framework of Schumpeter (1942). The literature leans heavily towards Schumpete...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We examine the conceptualization of entrepreneurs in neo-Schumpeterian growth theory, which has reintroduced entrepreneurs into mainstream economics. Specifically, we analyze how neo-Schumpeterians relate to the contradiction between the entrepreneur-centered view of Schumpeter (1934) and the entrepreneurless framework of Schumpeter (1942), with th...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the conceptualization of entrepreneurs in neo-Schumpeterian growth theory, which has reintroduced entrepreneurs into mainstream economics. Specifically, we analyze how neo-Schumpeterians relate to the contradiction between the entrepreneur-centered view of Schumpeter (1934) and the entrepreneurless framework of Schumpeter (1942), with th...
Article
Full-text available
It has been argued that the Swedish tax system has favored firm control through industrial foundations, which should have inhibited entrepreneurship and economic growth. However, research has been hampered because of a lack of systematic historical tax data. The purpose of this study is to describe the evolution of tax rules for industrial foundati...
Article
Full-text available
Beginning in the interwar period, industrial foundations became a vehicle for corporate control of large listed firms in Sweden. In the 1990s they were replaced by wealthy individuals who either directly own controlling blocks or who own them through holding companies. We study potential explanations for this change and propose two tax-related cand...
Article
Although the refugee immigration crisis is one of the major socio-economic challenges in Europe, we still lack knowledge on what characterizes firms that provide jobs for unemployed immigrants. We provide an answer by investigating firms that recruit unemployed non-Western immigrants using matched employer-employee data from Statistics Sweden. We f...
Research
Full-text available
This paper addresses three simple questions: how should the contribution of HGFs to job creation be measured? how much does this contribution vary across countries? to what extent does the crosscountry variation depend on variation in the proportion of HGFs in the business population? The first is a methodological question which we answer using a m...
Article
It is frequently argued that policymakers should target high-tech firms, i.e., firms with high R&D intensity, because such firms are considered more innovative and therefore potential fast-growers. This argument relies on the assumption that the association among high-tech status, innovativeness, and growth is actually positive. We examine this ass...
Chapter
The tax system is one of society’s most fundamental institutions, as taxation has profound effects on many economic decisions such as labor supply, savings, and investments. Taxation of the factors of production—particularly labor and capital income—has attracted particular interest, because taxation is a major determinant of their quantity, qualit...
Chapter
Taxation affects many economic decisions, including those related to labor supply, household savings, corporate investment, and entrepreneurial activity. In this chapter, we study the incentives provided by capital income taxation to invest. Capital income taxation affects the incentives to invest through its effect on the cost of capital, that is,...
Article
Full-text available
The contribution of different-sized businesses to job creation continues to attract policymak-ers' attention; however, it has recently been recognised that conclusions about size were confounded with the effect of age. We probe the role of size, controlling for age, by comparing the cohorts of firms born in 1998 over their first decade of life, usi...
Article
Prior studies have defined high-growth firms (HGFs) in terms of growth in firm employment or firm sales, and primarily analyzed their contribution to overall employment growth. In this paper we define HGFs using the commonly applied growth indicators (employment and sales), but also add definitions based on growth in value added and productivity. O...
Article
This study describes the evolution of capital income taxation, including corporate, dividend, interest, capital gains and wealth taxation, in Sweden between 1862 and 2010. To illustrate the evolution, we present annual time-series data on the marginal effective tax rates on capital income (METR) for a marginal investment financed with new share iss...
Article
Full-text available
The contribution of different-sized businesses to job creation continues to attract policymakers’ attention, however, it has recently been recognized that conclusions about size were confounded with the effect of age. We probe the role of size, controlling for age, by comparing the cohorts of firms born in 1998 over their first decade of life, usin...
Article
Full-text available
We study employment and new hires among high-growth firms (HGFs) in the Swedish knowledge-intensive sectors 1999–2002. Using matched employer–employee data, we find that HGFs are more likely to employ young people, poorly educated workers, immigrants, and individuals who experienced longer unemployment periods. However, these patterns seem continge...
Article
Full-text available
High-growth firms (HGFs) have attracted considerable attention recently, as academics and policymakers have increasingly recognized the highly skewed nature of many metrics of firm performance. A small number of HGFs drives a disproportionately large amount of job creation, while the average firm has a limited impact on the economy. This article ex...
Article
This paper describes the evolution of capital income taxation, including corporate, dividend, interest, capital gains and wealth taxation, in Sweden between 1862 and 2010. To illustrate the evolution, we present annual time-series data on the marginal effective tax rates on capital income (METR) for a marginal investment financed with new share iss...
Article
Empirical studies demonstrate that most net job-growth originates from a small number of high-growth firms (HGFs). The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether family ownership matters for being an HGF, using data on all private firms in Sweden during 1993–2006. Our study is possible due to a tax reform that required tax authorities to identify...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents annual Swedish time series data on the top marginal tax wedge and marginal tax wedges on labour income for a low-, average- and high-income earner for the period 1862–2010. These data are unique in their consistency, thoroughness and timespan covered. We identify four distinct periods separated by major tax reforms. The tax syst...
Article
This paper presents annual Swedish time series data on the top marginal tax wedge and marginal tax wedges on labor for a low, average and high income earner for the period 1862 to 2010. We identify four distinct periods separated by major tax reforms. The tax system can be depicted as proportional, with low tax wedges until World War II. Next follo...
Article
Self-employment is the most frequently used measure of entrepreneurship. However, its definition varies between countries, which makes comparisons difficult. We present an analysis of Swedish self-employment data and show that even within one country, the depicted development differs greatly depending on the source used. Unlike previous claims in c...
Article
Purpose – High-growth firms (HGFs) have attracted an increasing amount of attention from researchers and policymakers, and the Eurostat-Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) definition of HGFs has become increasingly popular. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach – The authors use a longitudinal...
Article
Full-text available
The Swedish government gathers information that helps identify family-owned businesses and enabled the authors to analyze every business in the economy over a longer period than has heretofore been reported. Using these data, the authors found that family-owned businesses account for up to one fourth of total employment and one fifth of gross domes...
Chapter
The previous chapter discussed the divergent cluster performance in Ohio and Sweden as perceived by the firms in these clusters. In this chapter we address the same questions from a different perspective. More precisely, here the purpose is to examine the supporting structure of organizations in the biomedical cluster in Sweden and Ohio. There are...
Chapter
Full-text available
This essay argues that the economic contribution of certain firms – be they small, young or rapidly growing – has to be understood in a broader context of creative destruction. Growth of some firms requires contraction and exit of some other firms to free up resources that can be reallocated to expanding firms. Entry and expansion are flip sides to...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to study who high- growth firms (HGFs) hire using a matched employer-employee dataset for all knowledge intensive industries in Sweden, where high growth is measured over the period 1999-2002. The results indicate that HGFs to a larger extent employ young people, immigrants, and individuals with longer unemployment peri...
Article
Full-text available
Previous examinations of the literature suggests that high-growth firms (HGFs) exist in all or most industries, are not overrepresented in high-tech, and if anything appear to be slightly overrepresented in services. In an updated overview, we find that more recent studies, employing better statistical methods, show a clear link between technologic...
Article
Full-text available
Previous examinations of the literature suggests that high-growth firms (HGFs) exist in all or most industries, are not overrepresented in high-tech, and if anything appear to be slightly overrepresented in services. In an updated overview, we find that more recent studies, employing better statistical methods, show a clear link between technologic...
Article
Full-text available
Public policy affects the prevalence and performance of both productive and high-impact entrepreneurship. High-impact entrepreneurship prospers when knowledge is successfully generated and exploited in the economy. This process depends on complementary key actors who use their competencies in what we denote a competence bloc. Although variations in...
Article
Full-text available
Empirical studies demonstrate that most net job-growth originates from a small number of high-growth firms (HGFs). The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether firm ownership – family, or private non-family – matters for being a HGF, using data covering all firms in Sweden during 1993-2006. Firm growth is measured in terms of absolute employment...
Article
We analyze the effects of effective corporate tax rates on the size distribution of firms. In modelling this relationship we account for conditional variables as well as unobservable time and industry effects. A number of hypotheses are tested concerning heterogeneity in the impact of effective corporate tax rates on the size distributions of firms...
Article
Research on entrepreneurship has received an increased amount of interest in recent years, with self-employment being used as the most common proxy for “entrepreneurship” in empirical studies. However, there are various ways of defining selfemployment, making it a somewhat dubious proxy. This may flaw the analysis, especially in cross-country studi...
Article
Full-text available
Prior studies have defined high-growth firms (HGFs) in terms of sales or employment, and analyzed their contribution to employment growth. We define HGFs by employment and sales and add definitions of value added and productivity. We examine the contribution of HGFs to employment growth, economic growth, productivity growth, and sales growth. All H...
Article
This article presents the theory of the experimentally organized economy and competence blocs. The theory assumes that information is immense and that economic actors are boundedly rational. This makes practically all economic activities to some extent uncertain and unpredictable; they become experimental in nature. Economic growth is, hence, viewe...
Article
Full-text available
High-growth firms (HGFs) are critical for net job creation and economic growth. We analyze HGFs using the theory of competence blocs, linking firm growth to property rights and the interaction of complementary expertise. Specifically, we discuss how the institutional framework affects the prevalence and performance of HGFs. Firm growth is viewed as...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze the effects of effective corporate tax rates on the size distribution of firms. In modelling this relationship we account for conditional variables as well as unobservable time and industry effects. A number of hypotheses are tested concerning heterogeneity in the impact of effective corporate tax rates on the size distributions of firms...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze the proportion of family business and its contribution to employment and gross domestic product (GDP). Our analysis adds to the literature by including all listed firms and by investigating a longer period than has heretofore been reported. The main contribution is to extend the analysis to include all firms in the economy using census d...
Article
Full-text available
High-growth firms (HGFs) are critical for net job creation and economic growth. We analyze HGFs using the theory of competence blocs, linking firm growth to property rights and the interaction of complementary expertise. Specifically, we discuss how the institutional framework affects the prevalence and performance of HGFs. Firm growth is viewed as...
Article
It is often claimed that small and young firms account for a disproportionately large share of net employment growth. We conduct a meta analysis of the empirical evidence regarding whether net employment growth rather is generated by a few rapidly growing firms – so-called Gazelles – that are not necessarily small and young. Gazelles are found to b...
Article
The positive effects of new innovative entry and fast and efficient allocation of resources are balanced against the efficiency of price signaling in markets in a non-linear micro based simulation model of an Experimentally Organized Economy (EOE). In this model increasingly rapid reallocation of resources over markets, moved by innovative new entr...
Article
In a dynamic setting, every firm can be regarded as a “business experiment” with the objective to search and explore new business opportunities. It is suggested that the growth of an industry is enhanced by new-firm entry, since a positive correlation between the number of successes, i.e. fast-growing firms, and the number of business experiments i...
Article
Uppsatsen tar sin utgångspunkt i att en rad ekonomiska ”fullskaleexperiment” har visat att den ekonomiska friheten definierad av samhällets institutioner – dess spelregler – har avgörande betydelse för den ekonomiska tillväxten och det allmänna välståndet, i synnerhet uppkomsten och skyddet av den privata äganderätten. Den industriella revolutionen...
Article
In this paper, the net job contribution of new and small firms in the Swedish Information Technology (IT) industry is investigated. The analysis is based on an extensive data set covering all IT firms in Sweden between 1993 and 1998. The smallest firms and new firms have experienced an extraordinarily fast growth and have created all net jobs in th...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, globalization and its consequences have become hotly debated issues. In Europe, non-governmental organizations like Attac have argued that free trade and free capital movements favor large corporations and rich countries, while poor countries are treated unfairly. These ideas have gained wide-spread attention in the media. But glob...
Article
The Information Technology (IT), the Internet, or the Computing & Communications (C&C) technology revolution has been central to the economic discussion for several decades. Before the mid-1990s the catchword was the “productivity paradox” coined by Robert Solow, who stated in 1987 that “computers are everywhere visible, except in the productivity...
Article
A teacher’s words reflect the theory and methods he uses. Words reveal theoretical structures, the problems identified as relevant, and how those problems should be analyzed. I investigate whether entrepreneurship-rich and institutions-rich theories are represented in Ph.D. programs in economics. I analyze textbooks for the presence of terms that f...
Article
I uppsatsen studeras det svenska skattesystemet och de svenska skatternas utveckling från början av 1900-talet fram till i dag. Skattetrycket har ökat kraftigt, från under 10 procent av BNP vid periodens början, till över 50 procent vid periodens slut. En allt större andel av skatteintäkterna kommer från s k osynliga skatter, dvs skatter som skatte...
Article
This study is concerned with determinants of spatial concentration in both the manufacturing and service sectors in Sweden during the period 1975-93. By implementing a detailed data-set on the regional distribution of production, the study is addressed first to the degree of regional concentration in Sweden through Ellison-Glaeser indexes and regio...
Article
This article studies the total tax burden for an entrepreneur of owning, running and inheriting a firm in Sweden during the period 1970-2002. The total tax effects have had a large negative impact on the profitability of owning and running an entrepreneurial firm. They have also had confiscatory effects in connection with inheriting a firm. We rega...
Article
Full-text available
I artikeln studeras de samlade skatteeffekterna p� l�nsamheten f�r en entrepren�r av att �ga och driva, samt �rva, ett f�retag under perioden 1970-2002. De totala skatteeffekterna har gjort det ol�nsamt att �ga och driva ett entrepren�rslett f�retag under en stor del av perioden. Under l�ng tid har skatteeffekterna ocks� varit av konfiskatorisk kar...
Article
Full-text available
Ingress: Svensk och internationell forskning har visat att nya och små företag spelar en viktig roll för att skapa industriell utveckling och ekonomisk tillväxt. Det finns dock belägg för att Sverige i ett internationellt perspektiv kännetecknas av en låg nyetableringstakt och en brist på små och snabbväxande företag. En förklaring kan vara att lag...
Article
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Den svenska tillv�xtskolan, som h�r f�r f�rsta g�ngen ges en samlad presentation, �r en unik svensk nationalekonomisk skolbildning, med Erik Dahm�n som den mest k�nde f�retr�daren. Denna tradition betonar att ekonomisk tillv�xt �r en evolution�r process d�r entrepren�rskap och innovationer spelar en central roll. Ekonomisk utveckling sker inom rame...
Article
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Utg�ngspunkten i denna uppsats �r att ekonomisk tillv�xt och allm�nt v�lst�nd kan betraktas som ett resultat av att kunskap om hur nya och b�ttre varor och tj�nster kan produceras allt effektivare byggs upp och tas i bruk. Detta sker inom ramen f�r kompetensblock, vilka definierar den minsta m�ngd av individer med olika men kompletterande kompetens...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the rapid growth of the polymer-based and biomedical clusters in Ohio and Sweden - two regions of similar size and with similar traditions undergoing similar industrial restructuring. Two issues are addressed: First, why has growth been so strong in these particular clusters, i.e., can we identify the sources of the growth and...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper it is argued that the size distribution of firms may largely be determined by institutional factors. This hypothesis is tested in an exploratory fashion by studying the evolution of the size distribution of firms over time in Sweden for a period spanning from the late 1960s to the early 1990s. The data used are divided into finer size...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper it is argued that the size distribution of firms may largely be determined by institutional factors. This hypothesis is tested in an exploratory fashion by studying the evolution of the size distribution of firms over time in Sweden for a period spanning from the late 1960s to the early 1990s. The data used are divided into finer size...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates changes in the number and the size distribution of firms in Sweden in the period 1968-1993. The number and the size distribution of Swedish firms are compared to the number and the size distribution of firms in eleven European countries. A decrease in the number of enterprises in the Swedish manufacturing industry is observe...
Article
Abstract The positive effects of new innovative entry and fast and efficient allocation of resources are balanced against the efficiency of price signaling in markets in a non-linear micro based simulation model of an Experimentally Organized Economy,(EOE). In this model increasingly rapid reallocation of resources over markets, moved by innovative...
Article
Full-text available
Research has shown that the introduction and protection of private property rights has been crucial for the success of a country in creating economic growth and general prosperity. However, the mechanisms through which private property rights lead to growth have not been fully elucidated. We present a theory - the theory of the compe- tence bloc -...
Article
Full-text available
What effects can be expected on firm growth and job creation from the structure of the tax system and other key institutions in this respect? Using the theory of competence blocs, linking growth to property rights, as our point of departure, we analyze this question. According to this theory growth is a result of the perpetual creation and use of p...
Article
Full-text available
Previous literature suggests that high-growth firms (HGFs) exist in all industries and that they are not overrepresented in high-tech. Recent research, employing better statistical methods, indicates a link between industry innovation and HGFs. However, most studies have been based on a limited number of industries, excluded small firms, applied ma...
Article
Full-text available
Although it is mainly the marginal tax rates that will influence the behavior of economic agents, long-time series covering marginal tax rates are rarely available. This paper presents annual Swedish time series data on marginal tax rates and marginal tax wedges of labor, including top tax rates, for three representative income groups covering the...

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