Dan Cabanes

Dan Cabanes
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey | Rutgers · Department of Anthropology

PhD

About

77
Publications
24,428
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Introduction
Dr. Cabanes’ research aims to understand the association between environment and human cognitive and cultural evolution. He investigates biological, social, and economic changes using microarchaeological remains in three critical periods in human history: the emergence of the genus Homo in Africa, the transition from the Middle to Upper Paleolithic in Europe, and the evolution of the urban centers in the Levant.
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2015 - August 2016
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Position
  • PostDoc Position
May 2012 - May 2015
University of Barcelona
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
Opaline phytoliths are important microfossils used for paleoecological and archaeological reconstructions that are primarily based on relative ratios of specific morphotypes. Recent studies have shown that phytolith assemblages are prone to post-depositional alteration involving partial dissolution, however, the manner in which partial dissolution...
Article
El Mirador site has a sequence formed by burnt dung resulting from pastoral activities during the Bronze Age and the Neolithic period. Because there is a high sediment variation in the profile, facies descriptions were used to guide the archaeologists in their work. Paleobotanical and mineralogical analyses were used to describe and understand the...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-cropping was vital for provisioning large population centers across ancient Eurasia. In Southwest Asia, multi-cropping, in which grain, fodder, or forage could be reliably cultivated during dry summer months, only became possible with the translocation of summer grains, like millet, from Africa and East Asia. Despite some textual sources sugg...
Chapter
The ability to make and use fire can be considered as a behavioural threshold in human evolution. The aim of this chapter is to present an overview of the research on fire among Neanderthals. We compiled and reviewed the archaeological evidence and scientific studies on the topic, including different methodological approaches, theoretical considera...
Article
The chronological framework for Neanderthal occupation and demise across Europe continues to be debated. In particular, there is still uncertainty regarding the nature, timing and regional expressions of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition associated with the disappearance of Neanderthals and the broader expansion of modern human population...
Article
Understanding everyday agro-pastoral practice is critical for reconstructing the formation and maintenance of ancient societies. The ancient Near East (Southwest Asia) has one of the longest histories of agro-pastoral practice and one of the richest textual datasets anywhere on the globe. Yet, our knowledge of local, day-to-day agro-pastoral manage...
Article
Full-text available
The site of Gruta da Aroeira (Torres Novas, Portugal), with evidence of human occupancy dating to ca. 400 ka (Marine Isotope Stage 11), is one of the very few Middle Pleistocene localities to have provided a fossil hominin cranium associated with Acheulean bifaces in a cave context. The multianalytic study reported here of the by-products of burnin...
Article
Full-text available
The archaeological evidence from Cova Gran de Santa Linya suggests that during the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, the site was used as a livestock enclosure where the accumulated excrements were burned, generating a sequence known by the term fumier. Here we present the results of an integrated study of silica phytoliths, dung spherulites, an...
Article
Full-text available
A través de l’estudi de fitòlits (microrestes minerals d’origen vegetal)| la nostra investigació ha detectat diferents patrons i estratègies d’explotació de recursos vegetals per part de poblacions d’humans moderns que van habitar a la costa sud de Sud-àfrica| on es localitza la vegetació extratropical de més diversitat i endemisme| la Gran Regió F...
Article
Full-text available
There is a relatively low amount of Middle Paleolithic sites in Europe dating to MIS 4. Of the few that exist, several of them lack evidence for anthropogenic fire, raising the question of how this period of global cooling may have affected the Neanderthal population. The Iberian Peninsula is a key area to explore this issue, as it has been conside...
Article
Full-text available
The plant component of Neanderthal subsistence and technology is not well documented, partially due to the preservation constraints of macrobotanical components. Phytoliths, however, are preserved even when other plant remains have decayed and so provide evidence for Neanderthal plant use and the environmental context of archaeological sites. Phyto...
Article
The Cape south coast presents some of the world's most significant early modern human sites preserving evidence for complex human behaviour during the Middle Stone Age (MSA), and it is centrally located in the megadiverse Greater Cape Floristic Region. The extinct Palaeo-Agulhas Plain (PAP) once abutted this region, forming an important habitat for...
Article
Full-text available
The study of plant remains in archaeological sites, along with a better understanding of the use of plants by prehistoric populations, can help us shed light on changes in survival strategies of hunter-gatherers and consequent impacts on modern human cognition, social organization, and technology. The archaeological locality of Pinnacle Point (Moss...
Data
List of the one hundred eighty-three samples analysed from the PP5-6N sequence giving sample location and description, and the main phytolith, relative number of phytoliths per gram of sediment (/g sed) and FT-IR results, Arg, aragonite, Cal, calcite, Cl, clay (b = burned), (nb = not burned), (b? = probably burnt), Dah, dahllite, Nit, nitrate salts...
Data
List of phytolith morphotypes identified, their taxonomic affiliation and their frequencies in samples from the PP5-6N sequence, giving the stratigraphic location and sample information. (XLSX)
Data
Kruskal-Wallis test of rank sums of the distribution of the phytolith assemblages grouped by plant types and plant parts among the different StratAggs at PP5-6N. P-values in bold were detected as significant different among StratAggs. (XLSX)
Data
Results of the Dunn's multiple comparisons test with Bonferroni adjustments for those plant types and plant types identified as significant through the Kruskal-Wallis test. (XLSX)
Article
An archaeological site is an integral part of its surrounding landscape. This is one of the main novel approaches in the long-term archaeological project of Tell es-Sâfi/Gath. The site has interacted with its surrounding for more than three thousand years. It was impacted by the ancient environment, but also had an impact on both the ancient enviro...
Article
Full-text available
South Africa continues to receive substantial attention from scholars researching modern human origins. The importance of this region lies in the many caves and rock shelters containing well preserved evidence of human activity, cultural material complexity and a growing number of early modern human fossils dating to the Middle Stone Age (MSA). Sou...
Article
Full-text available
The late persistence in Southern Iberia of a Neandertal-associated Middle Paleolithic is supported by the archeological stratigraphy and the radiocarbon and luminescence dating of three newly excavated localities in the Mula basin of Murcia (Spain). At Cueva Antón, Mousterian layer I-k can be no more than 37,100 years-old. At La Boja, the basal Aur...
Article
The research for referential data on current livestock contexts is essential for correctly interpreting archaeological records documented in prehistoric livestock spaces. Experimental programmes such as the one begun in 2014 in the Mas del Pepet pen (Rojals, Tarragona) has permitted an understanding, among other matters, of fold characteristics acc...
Data
The study of the technology underlying pre-industrial storage structures has an interest from an anthropological and archaeological perspective, in terms of the evolution of key cultural and cognitive capabilities, often related to the transition to food production. Microarchaeological techniques offer a unique perspective on the study of pre-indus...
Article
Full-text available
During the ongoing excavations of Area Q at Tel Megiddo, a variety of on-site geoarchaeological analytical methods have been used in the study of Iron Age occupations dating to the Iron Age IIA. The aim of this approach is to optimally combine macroarchaeology with microarchaeology in order to reconstruct activities that were carried out within an...
Article
Cova del Gegant (Barcelona, NE Iberian Peninsula) is a Middle Palaeolithic site presenting evidence of carnivore occupations with some sporadic Neanderthal activity. The rapid, fine sedimentation in layer IIIa permitted the preservation of the remains of carnivore activity and an ephemeral combustion area, although lithics are absent. We used a det...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the technology underlying pre-industrial storage structures has an interest from an anthropological and archaeological perspective, in terms of the evolution of key cultural and cognitive capabilities, often related to the transition to food production. Microarchaeological techniques offer a unique perspective on the study of pre-indus...
Article
Full-text available
An archaeological site is an integral part of its surrounding landscape, rather than an isolated island. A study of the sediment record in the vicinity of a site (off-site record) can serve as an archive of the ancient landscape history and provide information about the interaction between the environmental process and human activities. There are t...
Article
Full-text available
The Late Bronze Age to Iron Age transition in the coastal southern Levant involves a major cultural change, which is characterized, among other things, by the appearance of Philistine pottery locally produced in styles derived from outside the Levant. This transition in the coastal southern Levant is conventionally dated to the 12th century BC, bas...
Article
Abstract The combination of phytolith and FTIR analyses is a powerful tool to investigate the use of fire by past human populations. Here, we apply these methods to study the hearths of the subunit Xb at the Middle Palaeolithic site of El Salt, in Alcoi. El Salt is characterized by recurrent Neanderthal occupations that produced a succession of com...
Article
Full-text available
Methodological developments and new paleoanthropological data remain jointly central to clarifying the timing and systemic interrelationships between the Middle-Upper Paleolithic (MP-UP) archaeological transition and the broadly contemporaneous anatomically modern human-archaic biological turnover. In the recently discovered cave site of Mughr el-H...
Poster
Full-text available
Phytolith analysis can be used to investigate the relationship between hominins, plants, and environmental change. It has proven useful in understanding specific hominin behaviors (e.g., use of fire and fuel composition), and diachronic changes in plant species for paleoenvironmental reconstructions. The integration of phytolith analysis with soil...
Poster
Full-text available
Aquaponics is a combination of both hydroponics and aquaculture. Marine aquaponics system applies this technology with marine aquatic organisms and plants that can be grown in sea water systems.
Article
We are pleased to invite you to visit the new updated PhytCore (Phytolith Online Database): www.archeoscience.com. This new update is the result of the continuing work since 2011, when PhytCore was presented during the 8th International Meeting on Phytolith (Estes Park, Colorado). To access the catalog you first will need to register to the www.ar...
Article
Full-text available
The article reports results of a long-term geoarchaeological project in the Negev Highlands. Based on previous phytolith analysis from degraded livestock dung, we suggested that the inhabitants of an Iron IIA site in the region subsisted on animal husbandry, without practicing cereal cultivation (Shahack-Gross and Finkelstein 2008). Here we report...
Data
a b s t r a c t We present preliminary results from the first phase of experiments from the Neanderthal Fire Tech-nology Project, aimed at understanding Middle Palaeolithic combustion structures. Our field observa-tions and micromorphological data address the sedimentary expression of various anthropogenic actions (trampling, ash sweeping and dumpi...
Article
Certain aspects of the formation processes of simple, flat archaeological combustion structures such as those present in the Middle Palaeolithic record remain unexplained. Such kind of combustion structures are commonly affected by postdepositional agents and often, their only distinct, well preserved component is a thin black lens on the ground. H...
Presentation
Phytoliths are being used to reconstruct the vegetation at Pinnacle Point 5/6 (Mossel Bay) during the occupation of early Homo sapiens (∼100 ka). This work takes into account the results obtained from the study of the archaeological samples and their comparison to modern soils and plants from the area (Cape Floral region). Our main goals lie in imp...
Presentation
El estudio de fitolitos se ha establecido como una herramienta de gran eficacia para la reconstrucción de la vegetación en diferentes regiones de África. En este trabajo se han utilizado sedimentos de suelos modernos procedentes de diversas comunidades vegetales pertenecientes al Reino Floral Capense (Sudáfrica) con el objetivo de explorar el poten...
Presentation
The archaeological complex of Pinnacle Point (Mossel Bay, South Africa) is formed by a series of coastal caves and rock-shelters with human occupations since the Middle Stone Age. These sites have provided the earliest evidences for modern human behavior. The present research focuses on the study of vegetal resources at cave 5/6, emphasizing on the...
Article
The aim of this chapter is to present the archeobotanical record related to the hearth structures from level J from Abric Romaní. For this study we include charcoal, phytoliths and wood imprints that from different methodological approaches provide data on hearth functioning and firewood management. The results yielded by these archeobotanical asse...
Article
Full-text available
In our European Research Council (ERC) funded project entitled Ancient (Biblical) Israel: The Exact and Life Sciences Perspective, we use a novel approach to integrate the macro and microscopic archaeological records from the Iron Age. The project is organized into ten tracks that were formulated in order to shed light on five main themes related t...
Article
FTIR and phytolith analyses have been used to understand the exceptional preservation of the organic remains at the burial cave of Cova des Pas (Minorca), and to obtain high-resolution data of the plant remains present in the sediments. The presence of sodium nitrate and gypsum suggests a relatively dry environment that has enabled the preservation...
Article
Full-text available
A rapid phytolith extraction procedure is described, that allows phytolith concentrations and morphotype assemblages to be analyzed within hours. This procedure enables the results of these analyses to be used during an archaeological excavation, in order to better understand how plants were used. The new procedure was tested using a standard phyto...
Article
Full-text available
FTIR and soil micromorphology were applied to selected sediments from the archaeological deposit of Esquilleu Cave, a late Middle Palaeolithic site in Cantabria, Spain. The main goal was to assess the integrity of the archaeological record before continuing with further excavation and research at the site. Field observations and previous sedimentol...
Article
Full-text available
Silica phytoliths are commonly found in hearths as a result of the combustion of plants. Their study in prehistoric hearths has enabled the identification of fire remains not visible to the naked eye due to the postdepositional processes. It has also enabled determination of the type of fuel used for the fires, and a better understanding of the fun...
Article
Palms areamongthemostabundant,diverseandeconomicallyimportantfamiliesofplantsintropicalandsubtropicalregionsofthe world; theirnumberanddiversitymakethemanimportantpartoftheecosystem.Phytolithsareabundantlyproducedinpalms,mainly the spheroidechinatetypeand,althoughtheirnumberdecreasesnotablyaftertheirdepositioninsoils,theyremainstableforlong periods...
Article
The presence of many phytolith-rich layers in late Bronze and Iron Age deposits at Tel Dor, Israel, are indicative of specific locations where plants were concentrated. Detailed studies of six of these phytolith-rich layers and associated sediments from Tel Dor show that the phytoliths were derived mainly from wild and domestic grasses. The most co...