Damien Finn

Damien Finn
Thünen Institute | vTI · Institute of Biodiversity

PhD

About

17
Publications
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389
Citations

Publications

Publications (17)
Article
Full-text available
Microbiome analysis is becoming common in select municipal and service ecosystems, including wastewater treatment and anaerobic digestion, but its potential as a microbial-status-informative tool to promote or mitigate CH 4 production has not yet been evaluated in landfills. Methanogenesis mediated by Archaea is highly active in solid-waste microbi...
Article
Air carries a diverse load of particulate microscopic biological matter in suspension, either aerosolized or aggregated with dust particles, the aerobiome, which is dispersed by winds from sources to sinks. The aerobiome is known to contain microbes, including pathogens, as well as debris or small-sized propagules from plants and animals, but its v...
Article
While land conversion from native vegetation to agriculture influences the concentration, speciation, and cycling of soil phosphorus (P), the nature of these changes remain poorly understood. We collected surface soils (0–10 cm) from paired sites at three locations, comparing soil from native vegetation with adjacent soils converted for cropping, p...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical peatlands are hotspots of methane (CH4) production but present high variation and emission uncertainties in the Amazon region. This is because the controlling factors of methane production in tropical peats are not yet well documented. Although inhibitory effects of nitrogen oxides (NOx) on methanogenic activity are known from pure culture...
Article
Functional, physiological traits are the underlying drivers of niche differentiation. A common framework related to niches occupied by terrestrial prokaryotes is based on copiotrophy or oligotrophy, where resource investment is primarily in either rapid growth or stress tolerance, respectively. A quantitative trait-based approach sought relationshi...
Article
Niche is a fundamental concept in ecology. It integrates the sum of biotic and abiotic environmental requirements that determines a taxon's distribution. Microbiologists currently lack quantitative approaches to address niche-related hypotheses. We tested four approaches for the quantification of niche breadth and overlap of taxa in amplicon sequen...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical peatlands are globally important carbon reservoirs that play a crucial role in fluxes of atmospheric greenhouse gases. Amazon peatlands are expected to be large source of atmospheric methane (CH4) emissions, however little is understood about the rates of CH4 flux or the microorganisms that mediate it in these environments. Here we studied...
Article
Soil aggregates are the ‘building blocks’ of soil structure. Aggregation dominantly influences the physico-chemical and biological properties of soil. Farm management practices can alter soil aggregation, which can potentially influence carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes. We examined the effect of soil aggregate size on CO2 fluxes in a Vertisol following...
Article
Full-text available
Nitrogen mining is the process whereby microbial communities catabolise recalcitrant long-term organic matter (OM) to meet nutritional requirements that are not ensured by labile OM. Microbial degradation of recalcitrant OM impacts soil fertility and contributes to greenhouse gas emissions in agricultural systems. Here we conducted a transcriptomic...
Article
Understanding the cycling of C and N in soils is important for maintaining soil fertility while also decreasing greenhouse gas emissions, but much remains unknown about how organic matter (OM) is stabilized in soils. We used nano-scale secondary ion mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS) to investigate changes in C and N in a Vertisol and an Alfisol incubate...
Article
Quantifying changes in stocks of C, N, P, and S in agricultural soils is important not only for managing these soils sustainably as required to feed a growing human population, but for C and N, they are also important for understanding fluxes of greenhouse gases from the soil environment. In a global meta-analysis, 102 studies were examined in orde...
Article
Labile soil dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and heat-extracted carbon (HEC) are sensitive indicators of changing soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks. Isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) is an important tool for studying SOC turnover and soil biological function. Several complications are involved in measuring DOC/HEC, for example salt ionic strength...
Article
Carbon (C) sequestration in soils is a means for increasing soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks and is a potential tool for climate change mitigation. One recommended management practice to increase SOC stocks is nitrogen (N) fertilisation, however examples of positive, negative or null SOC effects in response to N addition exist. We evaluated the rel...
Article
Increasing organic carbon inputs to agricultural soils through the use of pastures or crop residues has been suggested as a means of restoring soil organic carbon lost via anthropogenic activities, such as land use change. However, the decomposition and retention of different plant residues in soil, and how these processes are affected by soil prop...
Article
Methane is a potent greenhouse gas with a global warming potential similar to 28 times that of carbon dioxide. Consequently, sources and sinks that influence the concentration of methane in the atmosphere are of great interest. In Australia, agriculture is the primary source of anthropogenic methane emissions (60.4% of national emissions, or 3 260...