Damiano Magri

Damiano Magri
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine

MD, PhD

About

130
Publications
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Publications

Publications (130)
Article
Aims Reduced cardiac output (CO) has been considered crucial in symptoms’ genesis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We evaluated the cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) response in HCM focusing on parameters strongly associated with stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO), such as oxygen uptake (VO2) and O2–pulse, considering both their...
Article
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As recently reported, elevated fasting glucose plasma level constitutes a risk factor for 30-day total mortality in acutely decompensated chronic heart failure (CHF). Aim of this study was to evaluate the 30-day mortality risk in decompensated CHF patients by fasting glucose plasma level and some repolarization ECG markers. Method: A total of 164...
Article
Objectives Reduced cardiac output (CO) has been considered crucial in symptoms’ genesis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Absolute value and temporal behaviour of O 2 -pulse (oxygen uptake/heart rate (VO 2 /HR)), and the VO 2 /work relationship during exercise reflect closely stroke volume (SV) and CO changes, respectively. We hypothesise that...
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Little is known about the impact of air pollution on neuroautonomic system. The authors have investigated possible influence of air pollution and outdoor temperature on the carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH), as main cause of neurally mediated syncope in forty-years-old subjects and older. Pollutants' concentrations and outdoor temperature of day...
Article
Aims Reduced cardiac output (CO) has been considered crucial in symptoms’ genesis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We evaluated the cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) response in HCM focusing on parameters strongly associated with stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO), such as oxygen uptake (VO2) and O2-pulse, considering both their...
Article
Background Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by extremely varied phenotypic expression ranging from asymptomatic to heart failure (HF) to sudden cardiac death (SCD). Although children with HCM are considered in the highest risk spectrum, the most common recommendations on pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment (i.e. drug...
Article
Background The pivotal role of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in the assessment of functional capacity and prognosis of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), either as a single CPET parameter (i.e. peak oxygen uptake, peak VO2), as a combination of CPET parameters (i.e. oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold...
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In chronic heart failure, minute ventilation ( V ′ E ) for a given carbon dioxide production ( V ′ CO 2 ) might be abnormally high during exercise due to increased dead space ventilation, lung stiffness, chemo- and metaboreflex sensitivity, early metabolic acidosis and abnormal pulmonary haemodynamics. The V ′ E versus V ′ CO 2 relationship, analys...
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The usefulness of cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in adult hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients is well-known, whereas its role in pediatric HCM patients has not yet been explored. The present study investigates possible insights from a CPET assessment in a cohort of pediatric HCM outpatients in terms of functional and prognostic assessm...
Article
Background/Objectives : The association between chronic heart failure (CHF) and permanent atrial fibrillation is very frequent. The repolarization duration was already found predictive for atrial fibrillation. Aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of atrial fibrillation on short period repolarization variables in decompensated CHF patient...
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Heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction represents a heterogeneous and relatively young heart failure category accounting for nearly 20–30% of the overall heart failure population. Due to its complex phenotype, a reliable clinical picture of heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction patients as well as a definite risk stratification are...
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Background/aim Recently, data from temporal dispersion of myocardial repolarization analysis have gained a capital role in the sudden cardiac death risk stratification. Aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of heart rate, autonomic nervous system and controlled breathing on different myocardial repolarization markers in healthy subjects....
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Background and objectives: Electrocardiographic (ECG) markers of the temporal dispersion of the myocardial repolarization phase have been shown able to identify chronic heart failure (CHF) patients at high mortality risk. The present prospective single-center study sought to investigate in a well-characterized cohort of decompensated heart failure...
Article
The recent epidemic of the new SARS-CoV-2 in the northern regions of Italy is putting the organization of the Italian health system under serious attack. The current emergency requires all possible efforts to stem the spread of the virus. In this context, it is clear that we have the urgent need to rely upon etiopathogenetic data, in order to do al...
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Background/aim Heart failure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and it is a major cause of emergency department access for cardiovascular disease patients. Aim of this study was to identify the electrocardiographic (ECG) markers, based on short-term temporal repolarization dispersion, capable to individuate decompensated chroni...
Article
Background Heart failure with midrange ejection fraction (HFmrEF) represents a heterogeneous category where phenotype, as well as prognostic assessment, remains still debated. The present study explores a specific HFmrEF subset, namely those who recovered from a reduced EF (rec-HFmrEF) and, particularly, it focuses on the possible additive prognost...
Article
Background The prognostic role of diabetes mellitus (DM) in heart failure (HF) patients is undefined, since DM is outweighed by several DM-related variables when confounders are considered. We determined the prognostic role of DM, treatment and glycemic control, in a real-life HF population. Methods 3927 HF patients included in the Metabolic Exerc...
Article
Several large clinical trials showed a favorable effect of β-blocker treatment in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) as regards overall mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and hospitalizations. Indeed, the use of β-blockers is strongly recommended by current international guidelines, and it remains a cornerstone in the pharmacological treatm...
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Aims: Ventilation vs. carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2 ) is among the strongest cardiopulmonary exercise testing prognostic parameters in heart failure (HF). It is usually reported as an absolute value. The current definition of normal VE/VCO2 slope values is inadequate, since it was built from small groups of subjects with a particularly limite...
Article
Background and objectives: Electrical risk score (ERS) has been proposed as easy, inexpensive test to stratify of sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk in subjects with normal left ventricular function. Potentially, aging, gender and drugs can influence ERS affecting two on six electrical markers, particularly, those based on the repolarization. Aim of...
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Aims: Exercise oscillatory ventilation (EOV) is a pivotal cardiopulmonary exercise test parameter for the prognostic evaluation of patients with chronic heart failure (HF). It has been described in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (<40%, HFrEF) and with HF with preserved ejection fraction (>50%, HFpEF), but no data are available for...
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The increasing number of patients with heart failure HF and comorbidities is due to aging population and increase of life expectancy of patients with cardiovascular disease. Encouraging results derived by recent trials may suggest some comorbidities as new targets for new drugs, highlighting the need for a better understanding of the comorbidities'...
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Background/AimDegenerative aortic valve stenosis (AS) is associated to ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death, as well as mental stress in specific patients. In such a context, substrate, autonomic imbalance as well as repolarization dispersion abnormalities play an undoubted role. Aim of the study was to evaluate the increase of prematur...
Article
Anemia and iron deficiency (ID) represent 2 prevalent, often interrelated, comorbidities in heart failure (HF). Both of them are significantly related to functional capacity and are undoubted predictors of poor prognosis in patients with HF. Although anemia and ID both have "global" detrimental effects, these 2 conditions are too often overlooked i...
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Background and aim Evidences suggest that androgen deficiency is associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD). Our purpose was to analyse some electrocardiographic (ECG) markers of repolarization phase in hypogonadal patients either at baseline or after testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). Patients and Methods Baseline and after 6 months of testo...
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Aims Exercise‐derived parameters, specifically peak exercise oxygen uptake (peak VO2) and minute ventilation/carbon dioxide relationship slope (VE/VCO2 slope), have a pivotal prognostic value in heart failure (HF). It is unknown how the prognostic threshold of peak VO2 and VE/VCO2 slope has changed over the last 20 years in parallel with HF prognos...
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Objective In 2014, the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) recommended the use of a novel risk prediction model (HCM Risk-SCD) to guide use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We sought to determine the performance of HCM Risk-...
Article
In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC), a process of left ventricular (LV) remodeling carrying an adverse prognosis has been described. Conversely, a gradual and benign LV wall thinning has been suggested but never investigated. Therefore, we studied a HC cohort over a long period of time to evaluate the occurrence of a LV remodeling with a benign cli...
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Objectives To evaluate the predicative power of the electrical risk score (ERS), a noninvasive and inexpensive test obtained by means of a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), in a cohort of elderly patients who had undergone transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods Survivors and non-survivors after TAVR at 1-year follow-up were...
Article
Background: A blunted heart rate (HR) response is associated with an impaired peak oxygen uptake (pVO2), a powerful outcome predictor in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The present multicenter study sought to determine the prognostic role for exercise-induced HR response in HCM. Methods: A total of 681 consecutive HCM outpatients on optimized...
Article
Background: The usefulness of β-blockers in heart failure (HF) patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) has been questioned. Methods and results: We analyzed data from HF patients (958 patients (801 males, 84%, age 67 ± 11 years)) with AF enrolled in the MECKI score database. We evaluated prognosis (composite of cardiovascular death, urg...
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The relationship between autonomic nervous system (ANS) modulation of the sinus node and heart rate variability has been extensively investigated. Current study sought to evaluate, in an animal experimental model of pacing-induced tachycardia congestive heart failure (CHF), a possible ANS influence on P wave duration and PR interval oscillations....
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Aims: Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) have been demonstrated to improve outcomes in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) patients. However, MRAs added to conventional treatment may lead to worsening of renal function and hyperkalaemia. We investigated, in a population-based analysis, the long-term effects of MRA treatment...
Article
Infective endocarditis is a disease with a high mortality rate; mortality increases with the number of new episodes. Patients with relapsing endocarditis have a higher mortality rate per year (20%) than patients with a single episode (9%); moreover, the episodes of infective endocarditis on the prosthetic valve have a worse prognosis, with a mortal...
Article
Aims: Risk stratification in heart failure (HF) is crucial for clinical and therapeutic management. A multiparametric approach is the best method to stratify prognosis. In 2012, the Metabolic Exercise test data combined with Cardiac and Kidney Indexes (MECKI) score was proposed to assess the risk of cardiovascular mortality and urgent heart transp...
Article
Background Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has been investigated in a small number of studies. Purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and its association with outcome in a population of consecutive HCM outpatients. Methods We retrospectively analyzed data of 361 consecutive HCM outpatients...
Article
Understanding the functional limitation in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the most common inherited heart disease, is challenging. Beside the occurrence of disease-related complications, several factors are potential determinants of exercise limitation, including left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fiber disarray, left ventricular outflow tract...
Article
Background: The 12-lead surface electrocardiographic (ECG) analysis is able to provide independent predictors of prognosis in several cardiovascular settings, including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The present single-center study investigated the possible ability of several ECG-derived variables in stratifying sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk...
Article
Aims: The use of β-blockers represents a milestone in the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Few studies have compared β-blockers in HFrEF, and there is little data on the effects of different doses. The present study aimed to investigate in a large database of HFrEF patients (MECKI score database) the association o...
Article
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a promising tool for the treatment of depression and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) is often targeted when exploring tDCS effects on mood. However, the basic effects of tDCS on momentary emotions are inconsistent. We tested whether a single-session of anodal tDCS over the left temporal l...
Article
Aims: Cardiac output (Q) is a key parameter in the assessment of cardiac function, its measurement being crucial for the diagnosis, treatment and prognostic evaluation of all heart diseases. Until recently, Q determination at peak exercise has been possible through invasive methods, so that normal values were obtained in studies based on small pop...
Chapter
Several laboratory tests on blood samples are used to support the diagnosis and monitor the treatment of respiratory diseases. Most of them are useful tools in the evaluation of infectious diseases [e.g. blood count and markers of systemic inflammation such as C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and procalcitonin (PCT)]....
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Background: Noninvasive brain stimulation technique is an interesting tool to investigate the causal relation between cortical functioning and autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses. Objective: The objective of this report is to evaluate whether anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the temporal cortex in uences short-period...
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Gianfranco Piccirillo,1 Cristina Ottaviani,2 Claudia Fiorucci,1 Nicola Petrocchi,2 Federica Moscucci,1 Claudia Di Iorio,1 Fabiola Mastropietri,1 Ilaria Parrotta,1 Matteo Pascucci,1 Damiano Magrì3 1Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nephrological, Anestesiological and Geriatric Sciences, “Sapienza” University, 2Neuroimaging Laboratory, IRCCS...
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To seek possible differences in short-period temporal RR interval, P-wave and PR interval dispersion and spectral coherence in patients with a head-up tilt test positive for vasovagal syncope with or without prolonged asystole, severe symptoms and at high risk of trauma. We retrospectively reviewed 5 min ECG and blood pressure recordings obtained a...
Article
Background: Anemia is frequent in heart failure (HF), and it is associated with higher mortality. The predictive power of established HF prognostic parameters in anemic HF patients is unknown. Methods: Clinical, laboratory, echocardiographic and cardiopulmonary-exercise-test (CPET) data were analyzed in 3913 HF patients grouped according to hemo...
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Background:Heart failure (HF) progression and its complications represent major emergent concerns in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We investigated the possible adjunctive role of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in predicting HF-related events. An exercise-derived risk model, theHYPertrophicExercise-derivedRiskHF(HYPERHF), has been deve...
Article
Background: Although cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is considered as an important tool in risk stratification of patients with heart failure (HF), prognostic data in the specific setting of Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy (iDCM) are still undetermined. The aim of the study was to test the prognostic value of CPET in a large cohort of iD...
Article
Purpose: To assess whether atrial fibrillation (AF) in heart failure (HF) affects oxygen uptake at anaerobic threshold ((Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 AT) and heart rate (HR) kinetics. Methods: A total of 15 patients with HF and AF and 18 with HF and sinus rhythm (SR) performed a maximal incremental and 2 constant workload cycle...
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Aims: Obesity has been found to be protective in heart failure (HF), a finding leading to the concept of an obesity paradox. We hypothesized that a preserved cardiorespiratory fitness in obese HF patients may affect the relationship between survival and body mass index (BMI) and explain the obesity paradox in HF. Methods and results: A total of...
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Purpose: The benefit of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition in chronic heart failure (HF) is partially due to its effects on pulmonary function and particularly on lung diffusion, the latter being counteracted by acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). Tissue ACE activity is largely determined by an insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism resulting i...
Article
Background: In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), most of the factors associated with the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) are also involved in the pathophysiology of exercise limitation. The present multicentre study investigated possible ability of cardiopulmonary exercise test in improving contemporary strategies for SCD risk stratification....
Article
Background: The Metabolic Exercise test data combined with Cardiac and Kidney Indexes (MECKI) score is a prognostic model to identify heart failure (HF) patients at risk for cardiovascular mortality (CVM) and urgent heart transplantation (uHT) based on 6 routine clinical parameters: hemoglobin, sodium, kidney function by the Modification of Diet i...
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Background: In patients with chronic heart failure (HF) the Metabolic Exercise Cardiac Kidney Indexes (MECKI) score, is a predictor of cardiovascular death and urgent heart transplantation. We investigated the relationship between age, exercise tolerance and the prognostic value of the MECKI score.Methods and Results:We analyzed data from 3,794 pa...
Article
Background: In heart failure (HF), women show better survival despite a comparatively low peak oxygen consumption (V˙o2): this raises doubt about the accuracy of risk assessment by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in women. Accordingly, we aimed to check (1) whether the predictive role of well-known CPET risk indexes, ie, peak V˙o2 and vent...
Article
Gas exchange abnormalities are part of the heart failure (HF) syndrome and growing interest raised on possible biomarkers of alveolar-capillary unit damage. The present pilot single-center study sought to investigate the prognostic values of circulating surfactant protein type B (SP-B) in a cohort of systolic HF patients. One hundred and fifty-one...
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Nowadays, syncope still generates complicated challenges for clinicians for the alarm it arises in patients and, at the same time, for the multiple causes it has determined by. In almost one third of cases, syncope is neuromediated, in young subjects in vasovagal, whereas in elderly is often determinated by carotid sinus hypersensitivity. These two...
Article
An increased dispersion of myocardial repolarization represents one of the mechanisms underlying the arrhythmic risk in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We investigated spatial myocardial repolarization dispersion indices in HCM patients with nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) and, contextually, their main clinical determinants. Fifty-tw...
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Chronic increase in left ventricular filling pressure represents one of the most important mechanism underlying the structural, as well as the electrical, atrial chamber remodeling leading to atrial fibrillation. The present pilot pathophysiological study sought to investigate possible relationship between short--period cross--spectral coherence of...
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Chronic kidney disease is associated with sympathetic activation and muscle abnormalities, which may contribute to decreased exercise capacity. We investigated the correlation of renal function with peak exercise oxygen consumption (V̇O2) in heart failure (HF) patients.Methods and Results:We recruited 2,938 systolic HF patients who underwent clinic...
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In heart failure (HF) alveolar-capillary membrane is abnormal. Surfactant-derived proteins (SPs) and plasma receptor for advanced-glycation-end-products (RAGE) have been proposed as lung damage markers. Eighty-nine chronic HF and 17 healthy subjects were evaluated by echocardiography, blood parameters, carbon monoxide lung diffusion (DLCO) and card...