Damiana Scuteri

Damiana Scuteri
Università della Calabria | Università della Calabria

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59
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Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Some 30–50% of the global population and almost 20% of the European population actually suffer from chronic pain, which presents a tremendous burden to society when this pain turns into a disability and hospitalization. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) has been demonstrated to improve pain in preclinical contexts, but an appraisal of clinical evidence i...
Article
Chronic pain is one of the most common causes of the need for clinical evaluation, acquiring more importance in the elderly with cognitive impairment. Reduced self-reporting capabilities cause unrelieved pain contributing to the development of agitation. Safe and effective pain treatment can afford the management of agitation without the serious in...
Article
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Murine models are fundamental in the study of clinical conditions and the development of new drugs and treatments. Transgenic technology has started to offer advantages in oncology, encompassing all research fields related to the study of painful syndromes. Knockout mice or mice overexpressing genes encoding for proteins linked to pain development...
Article
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The demand for natural products is steadily increasing, and pharmacotechnological engineering is needed to allow rigorous investigation of their efficacy and safety in clinical conditions representing still unmet needs. Among aged patients affected by dementia, up to 80% of residents in nursing homes suffer from chronic pain and 97% from fluctuant...
Article
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Background The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a complex biological regulatory system. Its expression and functionality have been widely investigated in ocular tissues. Recent data have reported its modulation to be valid in determining an ocular hypotensive and a neuroprotective effect in preclinical animal models of glaucoma. Aim This study aime...
Article
Due to the tight link between undertreated pain and agitation in dementia patients, aromatherapy can be a useful approach if an essential oil (EO) with powerful analgesic activity is used. The methodological difficulties of most aromatherapy trials have not allowed any definitive conclusion about the effectiveness of aromatherapy in dementia. The o...
Article
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The essential oil of bergamot (BEO) has consistently proven antinociceptive and antiallodynic properties. Accordingly, the analgesic efficacy of the decolored essential oil (DEC), with higher levels of limonene, and the deterpenated (DET) fraction, with higher levels of linalool and linalyl acetate, was investigated using a formalin test after inha...
Article
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Up to 80% of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients in nursing homes experiences chronic pain and 97% develops fluctuant neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS). Agitation, associated with unrelieved pain, is managed through antipsychotics and may increase the risk of death. Evidence is accumulating in favor of analgesia for a safer, effective therapy of agitat...
Article
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Preclinical data indicate that bergamot essential oil (BEO) can modulate the synaptic functions within the central nervous system (CNS). Particularly, several data shows that essential oil is endowed with reproducible analgesic and anxiolytic effects that may derived from the ability to modulate the excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission in th...
Article
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Introduction: Migraine is the leading cause of years lived with disability in people under 50 . Electrophysiological phenomena at the basis of prodromal and headache attack phases and of chronification processes involve calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP) as a fundamental player become a game changer of migraine pharmacotherapy.Areas covered: T...
Article
The 2-amino-4-(3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)-butyric acid, homo-AMPA, an analog of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) and 2-aminoadipic acid, has shown no activity towards ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7 receptors (mGluR 1-7), agonist activity at mGluR6 while the activity at mGluR8 was never in...
Article
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Background Stroke is one of the most frequent causes of death and disability worldwide. It is accompanied by the impaired motor function of the upper extremities in over 69% of patients up to hemiplegia in the following 5 years in 56% of cases. This condition often is characterized by chronic poststroke pain, difficult to manage, further worsening...
Article
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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic imposes an unprecedented lifestyle, dominated by social isolation. In this frame, the population to pay the highest price is represented by demented patients. This group faces the highest risk of mortality, in case of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection, and they expe...
Article
Background Purpose of the present systematic review is to investigate preclinical evidence in favor of the working hypothesis of efficacy of cannabinoids in ocular pain treatment. Methods Literature search includes the most relevant repositories for medical scientific literature from inception until November, 24 2021. Data collection and selection...
Article
Chronic social isolation generates a persistent state of stress associated with obesity along with some neuro-endocrine disorders and central behavioral sequelae (eg anxiety, depression, aggression, and allodynia). In this study, we evaluated the effect of social isolation on body weight, depressive- and anxious-aggressive-like behavior, as well as...
Article
Full-text available
Bergamot essential oil (BEO) is endowed with consistent and reproducible antinociceptive and anti-allodynic properties when administered via an inhalation route. However, the effects of its main constituents and of its decolored (DEC) and deterpenated (DET) fractions, which are enriched in limonene or in linalool and linalyl acetate, respectively,...
Article
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Systemic injections of the flavonoid chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) exert anxiolytic-like effects in ovariectomised and cycling female rats through actions on gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA A ) receptors; however, it is unknown if chrysin directly acts on brain structures that are involved in regulating emotional processes, such as the hippocampus...
Article
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Background the interest of clinical reaseach in polymorphisms and epigenetics in migraine has been growing over the years. Due to the new era of preventative migraine treatment opened by monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) targeting the signaling of the calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP), the present systematic review aims at identifying genetic varia...
Article
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Stroke is the second largest cause of death worldwide, causing disease with long-term consequences and considerable healthcare costs. The application of new nursing interventions aimed at reducing distressing behaviors and at increasing patient comfort is an important part of the care and, until now, there are no defined guidelines. Aromatherapy ha...
Article
Abnormal neuronal and synaptic plasticity occurs in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and depression. The latter, particularly late-life, has been recognized as fundamental in the identification of at-risk prodromal stages of AD. The lack of disease-modifying drugs and the off-label use of antipsychotics and antidepressants for neuropsychiatric symptoms (NP...
Article
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Neuropathic pain is characterized by mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia to heat, and it affects some 20% of European population. Patients suffering from several neurologic diseases experience neuropathic pain, often finding no relief in therapy. Transgenic mice expressing the gene encoding the human mutant (hMT) or the human wild-type (h...
Article
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Migraine is the second cause of disability and of lost years of healthy life worldwide. Migraine is characterized by recurrent headache attacks and accompanying disabling symptoms lasting 4–48 h. In episodic migraine, attacks occur in less than 15 days per month and in chronic migraine, in more than 15 monthly days. Whilst successful translation of...
Article
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Pain is underdiagnosed and often not adequately treated, contributing to behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). BPSD are treated with atypical antipsychotics that are associated with severe cerebrocardiovascular effects. Interestingly, treatment of pain may reduce agitation. Research is focusing on nonpharmacological treatment, s...
Article
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Dementia is one of the most common causes of disability worldwide characterized by memory loss, cognitive impairment, and behavioral and psychological symptoms (BPSD), including agitation. Treatment of the latter consists of the off-label use of harmful atypical antipsychotics, though a significant reduction is afforded by pain control. The use of...
Article
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Background: The demand for essential oils (EOs) has been steadily growing over the years. This is mirrored by a substantial increase in research concerned with EOs also in the field of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. The purpose of this present systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the preclinical evidence in favor of the working...
Article
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Purpose: Data concerning the number of diagnoses and of the drugs prescribed to patients affected by dementia are still scarce. Here we test whether or not (1) prescription of symptomatic drugs against Alzheimer's disease (AD) may approximate the number of patients affected by dementia in Italy and (2) adherence to this treatment affects the patte...
Article
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Background: DYT1 dystonia is the most common form of early-onset inherited dystonia, which is caused by mutation of torsin A (TA) belonging to the "ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities" (AAA + ATPase). Dystonia is often accompanied by pain, and neuropathic pain can be associated to peripherally induced movement disorder and dys...
Article
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Background: Post-stroke pain is one of the most common sequelae of stroke, which stands among the leading causes of death and adult-acquired disability worldwide. The role and clinical efficacy of opioids in post-stroke pain syndromes is still debated. Objectives: Due to the important gap in knowledge on the management of post-stroke pain, this sys...
Article
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The involvement of spinal release of histamine in the nociceptive behaviors induced by cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) was investigated in mice. Intrathecal (i.t.) injection of CCK-8 elicited the nociceptive behaviors consisting of biting and licking. The nociceptive behaviors induced by i.t. treatment with CCK-8 showed two bell-shaped patterns. The hist...
Article
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Neuropathic pain is an intractable chronic pain condition that is mainly caused by allodynia. We had previously reported that intra-plantar administration of bergamot essential oil (BEO) containing an aromatic compound significantly suppressed partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL)-induced mechanical allodynia via opioid mu receptors in mice. Howeve...
Chapter
Background: glaucoma is a remarkable social issue being the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. It is a progressive neuropathy characterized by the death of the retinal ganglion cells, of which the most important risk factor is represented by the increase of intraocular pressure (IOP). The role of nutraceutical supplementations with...
Chapter
Background: glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness all over the world. The degree of visual field loss accounts for the severity of the disease and represents the main clinical outcome of treatment for patients affected by glaucoma. The α2 agonists, like brimonidine, emerged in the 1960s as topical ophthalmologic treatment. Their n...
Article
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The therapeutic efficacy of a drug or its unexpected unwanted side effects may depend on the concurrent use of a medicinal plant. In particular, constituents in the medicinal plant extracts may influence drug bioavailability, metabolism and half-life, leading to drug toxicity or failure to obtain a therapeutic response. This narrative review focuse...
Article
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Triptans are 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B/1D receptor agonists used in moderate to severe migraine attacks as first line when non-specific, symptomatic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are not effective. To gain insight in the treatment of migraine in the regional context, this retrospective (from January to August of the years 2017 and 2018) study...
Article
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Improved living conditions have induced an increase of lifespan often accompanied by comorbidities, responsible for pain, and by cognitive impairment and dementia, impairing communication capabilities. In most cases, the elderly do not receive pain relief because of underdiagnosis and of aging-induced changes of systems affecting nociceptive respon...
Article
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The essential oil obtained by the fresh fruit of Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau is used worldwide in aromatherapy to reduce pain, facilitate sleep induction, and/or minimize the effects of stress-induced anxiety. Preclinical pharmacological data demonstrate that bergamot essential oil (BEO) modulates specific neurotransmissions and shows an anxio...
Chapter
Alzheimer's disease (AD), characterized by cognitive impairment and memory loss, accounts for most cases of dementia all over the world. Amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, hallmarks of AD, may stem from mitochondrial alterations though definite physiopathology, and hence disease-modifying drugs are lacking. Some 90% of patients suffering...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the putative differences in terms of vessel density and flow area between control (CTRL), high-pressure glaucoma (HPG) and normal tension glaucoma (NTG) subjects at macular and peripapillary level. To assess the correlation between Visual Field Index (VFI), the stage of glaucoma, and optical coherence tomography angiography (O...
Article
Eptinezumab (ALD-403) is a genetically engineered humanized IgG1kappa directed towards calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), currently in late-stage clinical development. Eptinezumab targets the pathway of CGRP, importantly implicated in migraine pathophysiology, and may represent the first-to-market infusion therapy for migraine prevention. The...
Article
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Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental disorders, and benzodiazepines (BDZs), acting on gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA-A) receptor complex, represent the most common antianxiety medications in the world. However, chronic BDZ use elicits several adverse reactions. Reportedly, aromatherapy is safer for the management of anxiety. Be...
Article
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The aged population is constantly growing, thus fostering an increase in age-dependent diseases. Among these, diabetic retinopathy (DR) along with age-related macular degeneration entails progressive vision loss. Since such conditions are associated with the proliferation of novel vessels, their pharmacotherapeutic management consists of the intrav...
Article
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Aging of the population makes of dementia a challenge for health systems worldwide. The cognitive disturbance is a serious but not the only issue in dementia; behavioral and psychological syndromes known as neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia remarkably reduce the quality of life. The cluster of symptoms includes anxiety, depression, wandering, d...
Preprint
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Ageing of the world population makes of dementia a challenge for health systems worldwide. The cognitive disturbance is a serious but not the only issue in dementia; behavioural and psychological syndromes known as neuropsychiatric or behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia remarkably reduce the quality of life of patients. Rising eviden...
Article
Full-text available
Migraine is a common neurologic disorder characterized by attacks consisting of unilateral, throbbing headache accompanied by photophobia, phonophobia, and nausea which remarkably reduces the patients’ quality of life. Not migraine-specific non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective in patients affected by mild episodic migraine w...
Article
Full-text available
During the clinical course of dementia, beside cognitive impairment and memory loss, a very complex challenge is posed by the neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs). Accurate evaluation and treatment of pain impacts positively the agitation of demented patients aged ≥ 65 years. To gather information on the utilization of pain killers in demented patients...
Article
Bergamot essential oil (BEO) has proven wide evidence of pharmacological antinociceptive effectiveness both in nociceptive and in neuropathic pain models. The antinociceptive properties of BEO for inhalation have not been investigated. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of the inhalation of BEO on formalin-induced nociceptive resp...
Article
Background: Alzheimer's Disease (AD) accounts for approximately 50% of all cases of dementia and, in spite of the great effort for the development of disease-modifying drugs, a definitive treatment of cognitive impairment is not available yet. A perfect adherence to the current therapy of cognitive decline is needed for a better control of the dis...
Article
During the past 25 years, international meetings organized every second year by the pharmacologists of the University of Calabria have represented an awaited appointment largely participated by young scientists to discuss basic and clinical research concerned with hot topics in biomedicine. This year, high caliber international scientists met on Ma...
Article
The Authors of this letter look at consumption of opioids and a2- ligands, also known as "gabapentinoids", in Italy, and specifically in the Provincial Health District of Cosenza, as compared with USA trends of recent decades. Access to analgesic drugs since the introduction of Italian law 38/2010 is also evaluated and possible future measures for...
Article
Full-text available
Preclinical studies have recently highlighted that bergamot essential oil (BEO) is endowed with remarkable neurobiolological effects. BEO can affect synaptic transmission, modulate electroencephalographic activity and it showed neuroprotective and analgesic properties. The phytocomplex, along with other essential oils, is also widely used in aromat...
Article
Full-text available
The treatment of agitation and aggression, typical Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSDs) of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), is one of the most complicated aspects of handling patients suffering from dementia. Currently, the management of these symptoms often associated with an increased pain perception, which notably reduces the pati...
Article
Cannabis sativa L. has been used as a therapeutic for several centuries. Interestingly, medicinal plant extracts or synthetic cannabinoids exert their activities by binding to specific receptors similarly to endocannabinoids, produced naturally in the body by humans and animals. Although cannabinoids present an interesting therapeutic potential to...
Article
Chronic pain management represents a serious healthcare problem worldwide. Chronic pain affects approximately 20% of the adult European population and is more frequent in women and older people. Unfortunately, its management in the community remains generally unsatisfactory and rarely under the control of currently available analgesics. Opioids hav...
Article
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The small town of Parghelia on the Tyrrhenian coast (Calabria, Italy) recently provided an attractive setting for a two-year-awaited international meeting on "NEW TRENDS IN PAIN RESEARCH: From Basic Research to Clinical Translation" (13-15 September, 2012). The event, attended by around sixty participants, brought together young researchers, PhD st...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Neuropathic pain is a form of chronic pain consequent to an injury delivered to single or multiple nerves in the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) or Central Nervous System (CNS). Almost 20% of the European population is affected by chronic or intermittent pain and this causes a reduction of the patient’s life quality. Gabapentin is a widely used dru...

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