Damian Clark

Damian Clark
North Bristol NHS Trust · Trauma and Orthopaedic

MD

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31
Publications
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396
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Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Full-text available
Background In the unstable patellofemoral joint (PFJ), the patella will articulate in an abnormal manner, producing an uneven distribution of forces. It is hypothesised that incongruency of the PFJ, even without clinical instability, may lead to degenerative changes. The aim of this study was to record the change in joint contact area of the PFJ af...
Article
Full-text available
Recognized anatomic variations that lead to patella instability include patella alta and trochlea dysplasia. Lateralization of the extensor mechanism relative to the trochlea is often considered to be a contributing factor; however, controversy remains as to the degree this contributes to instability and how this should be measured. As the tibial t...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction We describe a fixation technique for tibial tuberosity osteotomies (TTO) utilising a plate and screw construct which adheres to established principles of bone healing. We record and discuss the complication profile and benefits of this technique. Method The technique is outlined, and thirty consecutive case of TTO fixed with this comb...
Article
A case-control study with 6 months of patient follow up. This study sought to determine if surgery followed by rehabilitation for patellar instability could restore normal gait function. A previous study has established abnormalities in gait pattern and joint congruence in patients with a history of patellar instability. We hypothesised that surger...
Article
Aims The aim of this study was to determine and compare the congruency of the articular surface contact area of the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) during both active and passive movement of the knee with the use of an MRI mapping technique in both the stable and unstable PFJ. Patients and Methods A prospective case-control MRI imaging study of patient...
Article
Full-text available
The stability of the patellofemoral joint relies on the tenuous interplay of soft tissue and bony factors. Anatomic risk factors for instability include a shallow trochlea, an abnormally lateral tibial tubercle position, patella alta, hypermobility, or a secondary injury to the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL). There is an increasing interest...
Article
Aims: The Bereiter trochleoplasty has been used in our unit for 12 years to manage recurrent patellar instability in patients with severe trochlea dysplasia. The aim of this study was to document the outcome of a large consecutive cohort of patients who have undergone this operation. Patients and methods: Between June 2002 and August 2013, 214 c...
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Full-text available
Patellar instability most frequently presents during adolescence. Congenital and infantile dislocation of the patella is a distinct entity from adolescent instability and measurable abnormalities may be present at birth. In the normal patellofemoral joint an increase in quadriceps angle and patellar height are matched by an increase in trochlear de...
Article
Background: There is a lack of information about the association between patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) and both adolescent anterior knee pain (AKP) and previous patellar dislocations. Methods: This case-control study involved 222 participants from our knee arthroplasty database answering a questionnaire. One hundred and eleven patients su...
Article
Purpose: To classify patients with patellofemoral (PF) instability on the basis of their mechanical gait characteristics, and to relate gait deficits to patellofemoral congruence. Methods: Thirteen patients awaiting patellar stabilisation surgery were recruited for gait analysis and magnetic resonance imaging, MRI assessment of PF congruence. Pa...
Article
Full-text available
Reported rates of dislocation in hip hemiarthroplasty (HA) for the treatment of intra-capsular fractures of the hip, range between 1% and 10%. HA is frequently performed through a direct lateral surgical approach. The aim of this study is to determine the contribution of the anterior capsule to the stability of a cemented HA through a direct latera...
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This study aims to identify the relationship of the radial nerve as it descends across the humerus with reference to a reliable soft tissue landmark, the tricipital aponeurosis. Following cadaveric dissection of 10 adult humerii, the radial nerve was located as it crossed the lateral midsagittal point of the humeral diaphysis. A horizontal line was...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Various surgical strategies have been described for the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome, including medial epicondylectomy. This aims to decompress the ulnar nerve and allow a 'mini anterior transposition'. The major concern over medial epicondylectomy is the potential for postoperative iatrogenic valgus instability. Methods: We...
Article
Background Rupture of the pectoralis major (PM) tendon is a rare but severe injury. Several techniques have been described for PM fixation, including a transosseus technique, placing cortical buttons at the superior, middle and inferior PM tendon insertion points. The present cadaveric study investigates the proximity of the posterior branch of the...
Article
Background Blockade of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) is used frequently in shoulder surgery and in chronic shoulder pain. Anatomical landmarks may be used to locate the nerve before infiltration with local anaesthetic, with ultrasound comprising a popular method for locating the nerve. Methods Twelve cadaveric shoulders from six specimens were inje...
Article
Full-text available
Ensuring correct rotation of the femoral component is a challenging aspect of patellofemoral replacement surgery. Rotation equal to the epicondylar axis or marginally more external rotation is acceptable. Internal rotation is associated with poor outcomes. This paper comprises two studies evaluating the use of the medial malleolus as a landmark to...
Article
Objective: The aim of this study is to determine whether a 2-hole locking plate has biomechanical advantages over conventional screw stabilization of the syndesmosis in this injury pattern. Methods: Six pairs of fresh-frozen human cadaver lower legs were prepared to simulate an unstable Maisonneuve fracture. Each limb was compared with its pair;...
Article
Fractures of the distal radius are common upper limb injuries, representing a substantial proportion of the trauma workload in orthopaedic units. With ever increasing advancements in implant technology, operative intervention is becoming more frequent. As growing numbers of surgeons are performing operative fixation of distal radial fractures, an a...
Article
Full-text available
The study aimed to assess tendon length change following patello-femoral replacement (PFR) surgery and total knee replacement (TKR). A retrospective analysis was conducted of 40 patients undergoing PFR surgery and 40 patients undergoing TKR and an unoperated control group. Immediate preoperative radiographs were compared with those at 1 year postop...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To verify the findings of previous studies in confirming radiographic landmarks for the femoral attachment of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL), but also to define radiographic landmarks for the patellar attachment. Assess the effect of limb rotation upon these radiographic landmarks. Methods: The medial patellofemoral ligament...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to examine the disturbance of hand sensation in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and assess the usefulness of objective and subjective measures. The study included 64 patients with CTS confirmed by electrophysiological testing. Sensory assessment was made by objective (pressure aesthesiometry) and subjective (hand symptom...
Article
Full-text available
A study conducted to establish the most accurate combination of questionnaire and physical signs for the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Nerve conduction studies confirmed 70 patients with having carpal tunnel syndrome who were enrolled along with 70 age- and sex-matched controls. Patients were assessed using a symptom questionnaire, Phalen's...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the current study was to assess the amount of the distal humerus articular surface exposed through the Newcastle approach, a posterior triceps preserving exposure of the elbow joint. Twenty-four cadaveric elbows (12 pairs) were randomized to receive one of the four posterior surgical approaches: triceps reflecting, triceps splitting, ole...
Article
Full-text available
We present a case a 48-year-old man who was diagnosed with an upper limb deep vein thrombosis post clavicle fracture. He was successfully investigated with a computed tomography (CT) venogram, thrombophilia was excluded, and he was subsequently treated with a 3-month course of anticoagulation. We illustrate this case with photographs and a three-di...
Article
This is the first report in the literature of a patient treated with a DRUJ replacement after Sauvé-Kapandji procedure failed due to pain and instability. The DRUJ replacement is an unconstrained, biomechanically more advantageous implant which can confer stability in cases where soft tissues are inadequate. We describe the treatment and outcome of...
Article
A 7-year-old girl presented with a Gartland grade III supracondylar fracture and no radial pulse. After open reduction, it was established that the brachial artery was free of the fracture site; the limb however remained nonviable. The brachial artery was then approached anteriorly and the bicipital aponeurosis was seen to kink the artery. Once the...
Article
Thirty-nine consecutive patients with little finger Dupuytren's contracture underwent open fasciectomy. Diseased abductor digiti minimi (ADM) pretendinous (PT) cords were identified. The mean pre-operative PIPJ contracture was 77 degrees in the PT group and 66 degrees in the ADM group. Mean residual deformity was 12 degrees in the PT group and 9 de...
Article
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus (ECRL) avulsion is a rare injury which follows resisted wrist hyperflexion. Treatment of this condition with open reduction and internal fixation is not previously described in the literature, and treatment with plaster immobilisation or k-wire fixation requires a prolonged period of immobilisation. We believe that op...

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