Damase Mouralis

Damase Mouralis
Université de Rouen-Normandie

Professor

About

73
Publications
14,969
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
672
Citations
Citations since 2016
43 Research Items
386 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080

Publications

Publications (73)
Poster
Full-text available
In the region of Normandy (NW France), the cave-quarry system of Caumont opens in the chalk limestone unit where flowstone, stalactites and stalagmites precipitate in the karst system. Speleothem formation covers the Holocene and continues to modern day. We investigate the potential of stalagmite CCB-1, deposited over the last century, to preserve...
Article
The provenance of medieval building stones links historic constructions with their quarrying areas, thereby revealing medieval trade routes and the spatial organization of past societies. In northern France, the Duchy of Normandy played a significant role in the medieval history of Europe, situated at the centre of the disputes between the English...
Article
Located 51.5°S in the vicinity of the Southern Patagonian Ice Field, Cerro Benítez and the glacial valley of Lago Sofía host several caves and rock shelters that were occupied by megafauna and humans during the Late Pleistocene, including the Mylodon Cave and two of the oldest archaeological sites in Patagonia. During the last glaciation, Cerro Ben...
Article
Full-text available
Quarries represent “landscapes archives” as they supplied the demanded stone for historical buildings. Among them, the Caumont ancient quarry stands out in Northern France by its huge dimension and its historical role, provisioning building stones at a regional scale since, at least, the Middle Age. The present study aims to approach to the quarryi...
Article
Full-text available
The ⁸⁷ Sr/ ⁸⁶ Sr isotope ratio in Normandy chalkstones has been measured by LC-MC-ICP-MS to help identify the quarries employed in the construction of medieval monuments.
Article
The Seine River (France) drains a catchment area of 80,000 km 2 partly covering northern France. Despite being one of the main rivers in western Europe, few studies focused on the Seine catchment and its landscape evolution during the Quaternary. In Normandy, the middle and lower Seine valley are characterized by meandering fluvial dynamics, semi-e...
Article
Full-text available
La Seine draine un espace de plus de 80 000 km2 couvrant l’essentiel du nord de la France et constitue l’un des cours d’eau majeurs du nord de l’Europe. Cependant, peu d’études se sont attachées à caractériser son évolution géomorphologique au cours du Quaternaire. Dans la région Normandie, la moyenne et la basse vallée de la Seine sont caractérisé...
Book
The study of past societies requires describing and explaining patterns and their dynamics (diffusion of materials, settlement organization, raw material exchanges, biological indicators of landscape changes, etc.) in a multi-dimensional spatio-temporal environment from incomplete, ambiguous and heterogeneous datasets, which often lead to (retro)pr...
Article
Full-text available
Updating the cave survey of Caumont Quarry-cave and explain its added-value to scientific projects
Article
Full-text available
Recent archaeological research has highlighted the potential role of mobile pastoral groups in the diffusion of raw materials and technological innovations between the Southern Caucasus and North‐western Iran from the Neolithic onwards. Two successive projects, PAST‐OBS and SCOPE, were designed to explore this hypothesis through the study of obsidi...
Article
Full-text available
Several important monuments in Normandy were constructed from antiquity onwards with Normandy chalkstone (coccolithic limestone). These demonstrate the role of this stone in the development of traditional architecture, especially in the Medieval Age and, so, this work aims to propose the nomination of the chalkstone from Normandy as Global Heritage...
Article
Full-text available
Classically, the Upper Cretaceous Chalk Group aquifer of northwest Europe is conceptualized as a homogenous dual-porosity aquifer, with high porosity related to its fine-grained porous matrix, and intermediate hydraulic conductivity associated with fractures. However, an increasing number of hydrological studies visualize the Chalk as a heterogeneo...
Article
Full-text available
This research proposes a suite of volcanic events that took part in the edification of the double-peaked Hasandağ stratovolcano in southern Cappadocia. Inter-correlations of sections dispatched along geographic transects across the volcano evidence continuities/discontinuities and stratigraphic relationships using key layers identified through this...
Article
Situated at the limits of the Armorican Massif and the Paris Basin, the Écouves Forest, due to its topography, its diachronic evolution and its special bio-pedological characteristics, differs from the corpus of forests found on plains and plateaus studied in recent years in metropolitan France. The geohistorical study of the Écouves Forest Massif...
Article
Les 20èmes Journées des Jeunes Géomorphologues se sont tenues sur le Campus de Mont-Saint-Aignan de l’université de Rouen-Normandie les 24 et 25 janvier 2019. Nous tenons tout d’abord à remercier l’ensemble du comité d’organisation (Daniel Ballesteros, Nicolas Blanchard, Igor Girault, Zeineddine Nouaceur, Nathalie Duval-Avenel et Céline Colange) qu...
Article
Full-text available
Quantifying rates of river incision and continental uplift over Quaternary timescales offer the potential for modelling landscape change due to tectonic and climatic forcing. In many areas, river terraces form datable archives that help constrain the timing and rate of valley incision. However, old river terraces, with high‐level deposits are prone...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Holocene climate changes of the NW Anatolia is well-resolved by means of high resolution speleothem (Sofular Cave) and sedimentary (İznik, Çubuk Lakes and Black Sea) records. The Sakarya River, the major fluvial system of the region, comprise 3 stepped depositional terrace staircases located just to the south of the North Anatolian Fault at the Ada...
Article
Full-text available
The two Göllüdağ and Acıgöl volcanic complexes are located in Cappadocia and belong to the Central Anatolia Volcanic Province. Their activity covers a wide time range from Middle to Upper Pleistocene and the Holocene. The large amount of tephra emitted explains the regional importance of this activity; whereas, the study of obsidian associated with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Though traditional methods remain important to study material culture complexes and past human societies, over time and space, novel quantitative approaches based on computational modeling are rapidly gaining momentum. In such context, this session aims at questioning the use of modelling along with the specificity of spatial approaches in the comp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A simplified methodology is proposed for the 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratio measurements in presence of Rb and a Ca-rich matix composition. The method is based on an on-line cation exchange chromatography separation coupled to MC-ICP-MS detection using HNO3as mobile phase. Under this conditions Ca, Sr and Rb elute sequentially obtaining a chromatogram in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Holocene climate changes of the NW Anatolia is well-resolved by means of high resolution speleothem (Sofular Cave) and sedimentary (İznik, Çubuk Lakes and Black Sea) records. The Sakarya River, the major fluvial system of the region, comprise 3 stepped depositional terrace staircases located just to the south of the North Anatolian Fault at the Ada...
Chapter
Full-text available
The diffusion of archeomaterials allows understanding the territorial organization of an ancient society by means of the identification rocks used as ashlars in historic constructions and rocks exploited in historic quarries. we have optimized a methodology for study 22 medieval buildings and 10 underground quarries combining archaeological and geo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The sources of historic building stones are interesting, among others, for conservation and heritage studies of historic monuments. Chalk limestone was widely used for building in the Upper Normandy (North France) long the history, being preserved more than 50 castles, churches, abbeys and cathedrals constructed in the X-XIV centuries. The project...
Conference Paper
The sources of historic building stones is interesting, among others, for monument study (characterization and conservation) and for archaeomaterial diffusion related to the territory structuration and human migrations in ancient times. During the X-XIV centuries, chalk limestone was widely used for building in the Upper Normandy, being currently p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Volcanism is one of the main actors in the formation of the Eastern Anatolian landscape. Quaternary volcanism covers a significant area in Eastern Anatolia where Holocene and historical activity have been reported. Nemrut Caldera is one of the youngest volcanoes in the region, with a small-size collapse caldera forming a spectacular landscape. Moun...
Chapter
Full-text available
The southern Cappadocia shows a large variety of Quaternary volcanic landscapes, offering the opportunity to observe beautiful and generally fresh morphologies. These landscapes include two rhyolitic complexes (Göllüdağ and Acıgöl), a huge composite volcano (Hasandağ) and numerous monogenic vents, with scoria cones, domes and maars. Natural and ant...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La craie occupe 5% de la surface d'Europe et cette roche a été rarement utilisée comme pierre de construction du continent en comparaison avec d'autres matériaux, comme les roches magmatiques, les grès et les autres calcaires. Cependant, en Normandie orientale, la craie a été la principale pierre utilisée, entre autres, pour la construction d'édifi...
Article
Arslantepe is a höyük (= tell) located within the fertile Malatya Plain, near the right bank of the Euphrates River. The site is excavated since more than 55 years by the Italian Sapienza University archaeologists and reveals periods from at least the sixth millennium BCE until the final destruction of the Neo-Hittite town. This long sequence recor...
Article
Obsidian artifacts are geochemically traceable to their geological sources of origin. The results of their analysis provide some of the most accurate testimonies of interaction, exchange and population movement. This article presents results of obsidian analyses of artifacts from twelve sites from the Middle Euphrates to the Arabian Gulf. We demons...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
65080 Van (Turquie) L'obsidienne est une roche volcanique exploitée par les populations préhistoriques et qui a été utilisée pour la réalisation d'outils. Chaque source naturelle d'obsidienne possède des caractéristiques géochimiques qui lui sont propres. En Anatolie orientale et au Moyen Orient, les archéologues ont découvert dans de nombreux site...
Poster
The volcanic complex of Meydan is located north to Lake Van (eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and comprises the Meydan stratovolcano and a rhyolitic dome Gürgürbaba. The Gürgürbaba extruded top on the western flank of the Meydan and flowed inside the caldera. In spite of the presence of an obsidian workshop inside the caldera, few investigations on the so...
Article
Archeological studies have demonstrated that many Prehistoric artefacts in obsidian found in the Near East have a chemical affinity with obsidian outcropping in the Nemrut volcano. In the archaeological literature, Mount Nemrut is considered as one of the most important obsidian sources used by prehistoric societies. During our two field works in 2...
Article
Full-text available
Archeological studies have demonstrated that many Prehistoric artefacts in obsidian found in the Near East have a chemical affinity with obsidian out-cropping in the Nemrut volcano. In the archaeological literature, Mount Nemrut is considered as one of the most important obsidian sources used by prehistoric societies. During our two field works in...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster presents the first steps of our PhD work on the landscape evolution within small catchments in Normandy (western France) during the Holocene. It deal with the study of three archaeological sites and sequences, from the plateaus to the bottom of the valleys.
Article
Full-text available
The Göllüdağ obsidian lava flow system is relatively complex. More than ten different obsidian outcrops and knapping workshops have been identified around this volcano. Their importance for long and short distances obsidian supply has already been demonstrated.One of the main problem encountered when studying the Göllüdağ obsidian flows, is the gre...
Article
Full-text available
Le lac de Van, dans les montagnes d’Anatolie orientale, ne possède pas d’exutoire naturel. Malgré son volume (604 km3), les amplitudes des variations de son niveau témoignent, depuis 1944, d’une sensibilité élevée aux fluctuations hydro-climatiques. Dans cette perspective, les dépôts hérités d’anciens hauts niveaux, conservés sous forme de terrasse...
Article
Full-text available
Located in eastern Anatolia (Turkey), Lake Van is the fourth largest lake in the world. Along the banks of the lake, several lake terraces record Pleistocene variations of the lake levels. In the terraces, the lake deposits are often interbedded with pyroclastites emitted by the volcanoes located on the northern side of the lake. Our research focus...
Article
Full-text available
In the eastern Anatolian Mountains, the relatively high-magnitude variations exhibited by the level of Lake Van in recent years indicate, as the lake has no outlet, that this level can be considered as a sensitive indicator of climate if these variations respond to changes in water input/output. Until now, previous palaeoclimatic research has focus...
Article
Full-text available
Located in eastern Anatolia ( Turkey), Lake Van is the fourtn largest lake in the world. Along the banks of the lake, several lake terraces record Pleistocene variations of the lake levels. In the terraces, the lake deposits are often interbedded with pyroclastites emitted by the volcanoes located on the northern side of the lake. Our research focu...
Article
Sedimentological and geomorphological studies of terraces around Lake Van (1647 m) provided a preliminary framework for lake-level variations. The elevations of terraces and past lake level were measured with a differential global positioning system. A chronology is developed using 234U/230Th dating of travertines, 39Ar/40Ar dating of pyroclastites...
Article
Soda Lake Van is a very important reference site for Late Glacial and Holocene palaeoenvironmental records in the Caucasus, Near and Middle East. Influenced by past climatic regimes, changes in the hydrology of Lake Van being very sensitive to humidity and temperature changes, past climates and environments have been studied from deep lake sediment...
Article
Full-text available
Situé en Anatolie orientale, le lac de Van est le quatrième lac fermé du monde par son volume et sa superficie. Sur son pourtour, de nombreuses terrasses témoignent des variations de son niveau au cours du Pléistocène. La partie nord du lac de Van est constituée d’une série de volcans quaternaires ayant émis des pyroclastites dont certaines sont...
Article
The Central Anatolian Volcanic Province (CAVP) in Turkey preserves widespread deposits of Quaternary tephra, presently associated with a small but growing number of Paleolithic archaeological sites. We use multivariate analyses of the abundances of a suite of nine major and minor element oxides determined by electron probe microanalysis. From these...
Article
Located in the Central Anatolian Volcanic Province, Kaletepe Deresi 3 was discovered in the summer of 2000 and has been under investigation since that time. Volcanic activity in the region generated a number of obsidian intrusions that have attracted humans to the area throughout prehistory. The stratigraphic sequence at Kaletepe Deresi 3, more tha...
Article
Sedimentological and geomorphological studies of terraces around Lake Van (1647 m) provided a preliminary framework for lake-level variations. The elevations of terraces and past lake level were measured with a differential global positioning system. A chronology is developed using 234 U/ 230 Th dating of travertines, 39 Ar/ 40 Ar dating of pyrocla...
Article
Kaletepe Deresi 3 (Turkey), archaeological, chronological and palaeontological aspects of a Pleistocene sequence in central Anatolia. Located in the volcanic area of central Anatolia, Kaletepe Deresi 3 was discovered in the summer of 2000, and excavated since this date, revealing the first in situ open-air Palaeolithic site in Turkey. Volcanic acti...
Article
Full-text available
The Holocene fluvial and archaeological records in the valleys draining the south-eastern piedmont of the Taurus range present several contrasted phases, interrupted by transition and/or rupture periods. The low terrace records identified in the Middle Euphrates valley between Halfeti and Karkemish give the following results: 1) a pre-Holocene inci...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Göllüda g obsidian lava flow system is relatively complex. More than ten different obsidian outcrops and knapping workshops have been identified around this volcano. Their importance for long and short distances obsidian supply has already been demonstrated. One of the main problem encountered when studying the Göllüda g obsidian flows, is the...
Article
Full-text available
During the Quaternary, important and rapid environmental changes occurred in central Anatolian in relation with calco-alcaline volcanism. This volcanic activity generated two large rhyolitic complexes integrating calderas, several pyroclastic deposits and lavic extrusions interstratified with various detritic formations. Activity of the Gollu Dag a...
Article
Climatic changes during the last climatic cycle have been studied using three sediment cores from the Konya plain, a now dry, closed and semi-arid lacustrine basin at 1000 m altitude in central Anatolia, Turkey. The reconstruction of regional climatic characteristics and evolution is based on mineral, diatom, pollen and molluscan content of sedimen...
Article
Well-developed coarse-grained palaeo-shoreline deposits are found along the rising margins of the Konya basin, marking the former extent of a now desiccated Late Pleistocene lake. This study evaluates the depositional environments and the sequential evolution of a shoreline system that developed at the northern margin of the Konya palaeolake near G...