Dahlnym Yoon

Dahlnym Yoon
Medical School Hamburg | MSH

PhD

About

48
Publications
11,600
Reads
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312
Citations
Citations since 2017
21 Research Items
246 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023010203040506070
2017201820192020202120222023010203040506070
2017201820192020202120222023010203040506070
Additional affiliations
August 2008 - October 2014
University Medical Center Hamburg - Eppendorf
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Recent theoretical models view conspiracy beliefs as an individual reaction to threatening experiences, an assumption that is in line with empirical relationships between conspiracy beliefs and feelings of anxiety and distress. The purpose of this study was to examine whether these relationships can be explained by the frequent use of specific copi...
Article
Psychopathy is deemed an important construct in forensic settings. Consequently, its theoretical basis and measurement are relevant to researchers but also to criminal justice administrators and decision-makers. The Elemental Psychopathy Assessment (EPA) is a recently developed self-report scale designed to measure psychopathic traits based on the...
Article
Full-text available
Recent theoretical models stress the importance of both personal and contextual factors in the development of political extremism. One such theory is the Intergroup Threat Theory (ITT) that suggests a relationship between extremism and intergroup threat (i.e., the perception that one's ingroup is threatened by a particular social outgroup). Using a...
Article
Die in Vernehmungen gewonnenen Informationen sind oftmals zentraler Bestandteil von Ermittlungen. Allgemein führen offene Fragen, offene und themenbezogene Aufforderungen sowie die Verwendung von Gesprächsrichtlinien zu Aussagen mit einem höheren Anteil an richtigen Informationen von Befragten als spezifische oder suggestive Fragen und Aufforderung...
Article
Purpose The diagnostic criteria of the Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) overlaps greatly with the Lifestyle and Antisocial facets of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), whereas the Interpersonal and Affective facets seem to differentiate between antisocial and psychopathic offenders. Previous studies investigated either the ASPD d...
Article
The standard measure of assessment of psychopathy in forensic and correctional settings is the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), an observer-rating instrument assessing 4 facets of psychopathy: Interpersonal, Affective, Lifestyle, and Antisocial. The relatively new triarchic model of psychopathy, in contrast, consists of 3 factors: Boldne...
Preprint
We respond to a critique by Patrick et al. (2020) of our recent study (Roy et al., 2020) that raised questions regarding the three-factor model of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM). Roy et al. demonstrated that a replicable model involving seven unidimensional factors accounted for the TriPM items across North American and European general...
Article
We respond to a critique by Patrick et al. (2020) of our recent study (Roy et al., 2020) that raised questions regarding the three-factor model of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM). Roy et al. demonstrated that a replicable model involving seven unidimensional factors accounted for the TriPM items across North American and European general...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Durch die Behandlung in sozialtherapeutischen Einrichtungen des Strafvollzuges kann die Wiederverurteilungsrate von Straftätern wirksam reduziert werden, jedoch werden nicht alle Straftäter, die sich hier bewerben, aufgenommen. Ziel der vorliegenden Studie ist die Untersuchung Betroffener hinsichtlich rückfallrelevanter Risikobereic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Comprehensive reply to DeMatteo et al. 2020 in Psychology, Public Policy & Law provides evidence for the reliability and validity of the PCL-R in the assessment of risk for institutional violence.
Article
The Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM) is based on a 3-dimensional conceptual model, though few studies have directly tested a 3-factor structure. The current study used a large community sample (N = 1,064, 53% males, Mage = 34) to test the structure of the TriPM via exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, along with 4 community replicatio...
Chapter
Die Beachtung von Ressourcen findet zunehmende Akzeptanz in der sexualforensischen Forschung und Praxis. Der vorliegende Beitrag versucht in Form eines Interviews mit einer Wissenschaftlerin (Dr. Dahlnym Yoon) und einem Psychotherapeuten (Dipl.-Psych. Fritjof von Franqué) in die ressourcenassoziierten Konzepte der Schutzfaktoren und des Good Lives...
Article
Full-text available
Das Ziel der Studie bestand darin, unter Verwendung eines retrospektiven Forschungsdesigns den Zusammenhang zwischen einem Heimaufenthalt in der Kindheit und dem aktuellen Rückfallrisiko für erneute Sexualstraftaten zu untersuchen. Es wurde geprüft, ob dabei dem Erleben unterschiedlicher potenziell traumatisierender Kindheitserfahrungen (sexueller...
Article
Full-text available
Research indicates that approximately one third of offenders admitted to social-therapeutic correctional facilities in Germany fail to complete treatment and that treatment dropout is linked to higher recidivism in both sexual and violent offenders. The purpose of this study was to examine determinants of treatment dropout in a social-therapeutic c...
Article
Full-text available
Im Bereich der Diagnostik von Persönlichkeitsstörungen zeichnet sich in jüngster Vergangenheit eine Entwicklung von kategorialen hin zu dimensionalen Ansätzen ab. Ein dimensionaler Ansatz ermöglicht eine Erfassung von Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen als kontinuierliche Variablen sowie eine empirisch begründete Beschreibung der Persönlichkeitsstruktur. Im...
Article
Although several offender treatment experts have suggested that therapeutic relationships play an important role in offender treatment, empirical finding supporting those arguments are scarce. The present study has therefore examined the relationship between prison climate, treatment motivation, and their influence on changes in risk factors in N =...
Conference Paper
Although several offender treatment experts have suggested that therapeutic relationships play an important role in offender treatment, empirical finding supporting those arguments are scarce. The present study has therefore examined the relationship between prison climate, treatment motivation and their influence on changes in risk factors in N=21...
Article
Full-text available
Seit August 2010 wird das Forschungsprojekt zur Evaluation der Sozialtherapeutischen Anstalt Hamburg (SothA-HH) fortwährend durchgeführt. Die SothA-HH verfügt aktuell über 163 Haftplätze und stellt damit die größte sozialtherapeutische Anstalt bundesweit dar. Die zentralen Fragestellungen der vorliegenden Studie sind die Darstellung der kriminologi...
Article
The present study aims at validating the German version of the Structured Assessment of PROtective Factors (SAPROF) for violence risk in a representative sample of incarcerated adult male sexual offenders. Sexual offenders (n = 450) were rated retrospectively with the SAPROF using the database of the Federal Evaluation Centre for Violent and Sexual...
Conference Paper
This paper presents a partial analysis of the on-going evaluation project of the Socio-Therapy Unit in Hamburg Penitentiary (SOTHA). The present study attempts to illustrate the relevance of self-reported risk factors to risk assessment regarding violent recidivism. Self-reported aggression using the Buss-Durkee-Hostility Inventory (BDHI) and impul...
Conference Paper
This paper presents a partial analysis of the on-going evaluation project of the Socio-Therapy Unit in Hamburg Penitentiary (SOTHA). The present study attempts to illustrate the relevance of self-reported risk factors to risk assessment regarding violent recidivism. Self-reported aggression using the Buss-Durkee-Hostility Inventory (BDHI) and impul...
Article
Child sexual abuse occurring in a child- or youth-serving institution or organization has attracted great public and scientific attention. In light of the particular personal and offense-related characteristics of men who have abused children within such an institution or organization, it is of special importance to evaluate the predictive performa...
Article
Objective: Investigation of two questions: first, whether sexual/forensic therapists are able to make valid assessments for future criminal behavior and second, whether their treatment changes factors relevant for new offences. Methods: First, the predictive validity for recidivism of HCR-20 and SAPROF were tested. Second, the dynamic scales of bot...
Article
To date, research on juvenile sexual offender recidivism has tended to focus on risk factors rather than protective factors. Therefore, very little is known about protective factors in the population of juveniles who sexually offended. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of protective factors on non-recidivism in a sample of accu...
Thesis
Despite the great development in the field of sex offender rehabilitation in the last two decades, the effectiveness of intervention programs is still a controversially discussed issue. Starting with a meta-analysis on the efficacy of rehabilitation services (Andrews, Bonta, & Hoge, 1990), the most influential theory of offender rehabilitation has...
Article
Full-text available
The Second Symposium for Empirical Research in Forensic Psychiatry, Psychology and Psychotherapy was held on 25th–26th of October 2012 in Hamburg. The symposium offers young scientists in the field the opportunity to present their research studies. In total 15 papers were presented at the symposium which will be briefly described in this article. T...
Article
Treatment of sexual offenders is still a controversial issue for both forensic clinical practice and research. The methods to evaluate efficacy and effectiveness in the field of forensic psychiatry and psychotherapy show many distinctive characteristics. Especially outpatient treatment of sexual offenders takes place in a conflict of interest. This...
Article
Sexual delinquency in juveniles is insufficiently explored in regard to the specificity of offender characteristics. The aim is to investigate relevant areas for juvenile sexual offending in a precourt, pretreatment group. Thirty-two alleged juvenile sexual offenders (ASO) referred to by police were compared with 32 juvenile nonsexual violent offen...
Article
The present study examines the relationship between risk and protective factors among young alleged sexual offenders (N = 66) in pre-trial and pre-treatment settings. For risk assessment purposes, the Screening Tool for the Assessment of Young Sexual Offenders' Risk (STAYSOR), the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY), and the Str...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated the relationship between risk and protective factors in sex offenders and tested the feasibility of the instrument in an outpatient setting using the German version of the Structured Assessment of PROtective Factors (SAPROF) for violence risk. The study was conducted with 30 clients in the FORensic Ambulatory program...
Article
In the Hamburg Model Project children and adolescents suspected of sexual offenses and referred by the police to youth delinquency agencies are studied. The primary aim is, subsequent to a diagnostic and risk assessment, and if deemed necessary, to implement individually tailored interventions. The goal of this study is to assess how minors without...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Research on pedophilic sexual interests faces at least two challenges: The first challenge is that there are few well-validated instruments to measure various phenomenological correlates of pedophilia, such as cognitive distortions, emotional congruence with children, or lack of empathy. The second challenge derives from the first, that it is hardly possible to investigate differential correlations with these constructs. Further, the relevance of these constructs in risk assessment and treatment is difficult to determine. In the current project, we attempt to differentiate these constructs by a) cross-validating existing implicit and explicit measures of these constructs in general population, b) examining correlations between these constructs and deviant sexual interests in people with or without contacts to children, c) expanding a) and b) to offender population, and d) analyzing the role of these constructs in predicting recidivism and treatment changes in offenders. As the first step of the project (a), we conducted a pilot study using the implicit association tests (IAT) to measure emotional congruence with children in terms of identification with and preference of children, among other explicit measures for these constructs. Preliminary results indicate that differentiation of these constructs using explicit and implicit methods is possible. We are now in the phase combining the step a) and b) by recruiting participants with or without contacts to children.
Archived project
The project examined the group of male minors who were at risk of sexual offending due to a police recording. The investigation concentrated on a model project regarding centralized registration of the minors in a specialized youth welfare office in Hamburg, Germany, as part of the reaction to juvenile delinquency by the Hamburg authorities.