Dagobert Soergel

Dagobert Soergel
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York | SUNY Buffalo · Department of Library and Information Studies

About

250
Publications
81,788
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3,267
Citations
Citations since 2016
51 Research Items
674 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100

Publications

Publications (250)
Article
This paper compiles and organizes indexes of (1) what makes a city smart , (2) Sustainability , and (3) Quality of Life and examines the application of these indexes in 67 smart city initiatives around the world. There is no consensus on what it means to be a Smart City, yet many cities are adopting Smart City initiatives. Information and Communica...
Method
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The objective of this work is to present systematic habits, common-sense rules, and useful software and resources to develop mindful information presentation practices. Part 1 presents tips that will make life easier and the benefits of being careful, accurate, precise, in agreement with standards, and systematic. In Part 2, common-sense style rule...
Conference Paper
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Updated and significantly revised from the proceedings version This is an updated and corrected version. It is presented as a combination of text and slides. Some of the slides preview or summarize the text, others replace original text with a better presentation. Abstract We propose a fine-grained multi-faceted metadata schema for precise, highl...
Method
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Introductory note on scope and limitations: • The classification is focused on social and behavioral sciences, but the principles are general. • It is a resource for students in a one-semester course in research methods (for many the only course in research methods they will take), so it is selective rather than encyclopedic. • It started out as a...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a software environment that customizes the Autodesk Revit Building Information Modeling (BIM) software to facilitate use with new Brazilian requirements for BIM use. The new Brazilian legislation requires using BIM for construction projects of public agencies, including the use of a Construction Information Classification System...
Method
Full-text available
The objective of this work is to present systematic habits, common-sense rules, and useful software and resources to develop mindful information presentation practices. Part 1 presents tips that will make life easier and the benefits of being careful, accurate, precise, in agreement with standards, and systematic. In Part 2, common-sense style rule...
Article
Full-text available
This paper posits a smart ecosystem as a complex system with several interdependent components or subsystems: Natural environment, smart city, smart buildings, smart office, smart manufacturing, smart life. Understanding, design, and operation of such a system can be supported by a comprehensive ontology. We introduce the structure of ontologies as...
Article
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OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Introduction: Between 2014 and 2019 the National Institute of Health (NIH) through the National Center for the Advancement of Translational Science (NCATS) has awarded about $2.7 billion to U.S. Academic Medical Centers to build a national network of clinical and translational science program hubs that serve to meet their key goal...
Conference Paper
This paper posits a smart ecosystem as a complex system with several interdependent components or subsystems: Smart city (or larger area), smart buildings, smart office, smart manufacturing, smart life. Understanding, design, and operation of such a system should be supported by a com-prehensive ontology. The paper gives a short introduction to the...
Chapter
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The proceedings explore knowledge organization systems and their role in knowledge organization, knowledge sharing, and information searching. The papers cover a wide range of topics related to knowledge transfer, representation, concepts and conceptualization, social tagging, domain analysis, music classification, fiction genres, museum organizati...
Chapter
Full-text available
The proceedings explore knowledge organization systems and their role in knowledge organization, knowledge sharing, and information searching. The papers cover a wide range of topics related to knowledge transfer, representation, concepts and conceptualization, social tagging, domain analysis, music classification, fiction genres, museum organizati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of this work is to uncover the scientific and technical production of researchers and their preferred partnership type in research projects for innovative development. Our study discusses the new information devices, such as social networking. So, it focuses on social media communication tools between researchers and practitioners in...
Article
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Throughout an information search, a user needs to make sense of the information found to create an understanding. This requires cognitive effort that can be demanding. Building on prior sensemaking models and expanding them with ideas from learning and cognitive psychology, we examined the use of cognitive mechanisms during individual sensemaking....
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a proposal for a community-driven com-prehensive ontology for the interdependent ecosystem that included Smart Cities, Smart Buildings, and Smart Life with connections to Smart Business and Industry. We argue the importance of such an ontology (more broadly: Knowledge Organization System or KOS) for the integration of many speci...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a universal document model that can represent a document comprehensively and at any level of granularity to make knowledge active, for example, through integrating information into workflows for actively pushing just-in-time, just-what-is-needed information. In addition, there are many other functions to be served, including; do...
Chapter
This chapter is an essay about topical relevance in the context of problem solving and decision making. It reviews the many ways in which information can be relevant to a problem, that is, assist in solving the problem. It shows how information can assist in problem recognition, definition, and reframing; can provide similar cases and analogous pro...
Research
Full-text available
This list was created for my class at the University at Buffalo, UBLIS 503 Computer Programming for LIS The class uses Python as the programming language. The primary purpose of this list is to illustrate the breadth of support for software development and the breadth of applications available through third-party modules in Python, but this purpos...
Presentation
This presentation details the transforming landscape of the learning environment in higher education. The focus of the presentation is to assess the changing population of student, met by an ever-changing world of work. See outline below: 0. New challenges in higher education 1. Classification of learning goals and objective 2. A large database...
Data
This paper presents a design that harnesses the power of well-organized knowledge and of IT to transform the learning environment in higher education and enable new ways of learning for a changing population of students preparing for a changing world of work. Students would be empowered to pursue the learning goals and objectives they wish to achie...
Article
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This paper provides some pointers on how to improve enterprise search going beyond one-size-fits-all ranking algorithms by adding knowledge-based decision making into all stages of search. Enterprise search has two main goals: 1. Make sure that staff have available the information that supports best decisions, solutions, and task execution in the t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a design that harnesses the power of well-organized knowledge and of IT to transform the learning environment in higher education and enable new ways of learning for a changing population of students preparing for a changing world of work. Students would be empowered to pursue the learning goals and objectives they wish to achie...
Article
Full-text available
Through her highly cited papers and her editorship of the Encyclopedia of Information Science, Marcia Bates has had a significant influence on the field, especially its foundations and integration. Therefore, it is good to have her most important papers available in meaningful groups showing the development of ideas that are still important today....
Chapter
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We describe a method to support quality control of relationship instances in a large thesaurus or other KOS, using the example of AGROVOC (~33K concepts and ~97K conceptual relationship instances), where manually checking each relationship instance is not feasible. Our method identifies relationship instances that should be checked manually; it can...
Article
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Introduction: Thesauri are tools that contribute to information retrieval in information services like digital data bases and digital libraries. Objective: This study aims to present a quantitative analysis on the refined sematic structure of the AGROVOC Thesaurus and propose a semi-automated model for semantic relationship refinement of thesauri....
Article
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We present a novel approach to recommending articles from the medical literature that support clinical diagnostic decision-making, giving detailed descriptions of the associated ideas and principles. The specific goal is to retrieve biomedical articles that help answer questions of a specified type about a particular case. Based on the filtered key...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper presents a grand vision of a comprehensive unified ontology for Processes, Activities, and Stories / narratives/ Events (PASE). Such an ontology would specify the entity types and relationship types needed for describing external properties (metadata) and encoding the internal structure of any kind of PASE. The paper first lays out the r...
Presentation
Full-text available
Knowledge Management is a critical operation for large organizations, and requires integrating data from multiple silos. Dealing with the many different representations of data in these silos can be extremely challenging. In this session, we'll review how the World Bank is using MarkLogic's schema-agnostic, multi-model database and search capabilit...
Research
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This bibliography lists a few recent references on creativity in science, especially the biomedical sciences, with an emphasis on creativity support tools. From an extensive search in Google and PubMed we selected references that seemed especially pertinent and that collectively provide a glimpse at practical systems and theoretical issues. At the...
Research
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Volume I Information and the information professions. xx, 372 pp. ISBN 978-0-9817584-1-1. Volume II Information searching theory and practice. xx, 392 pp. ISBN 978-0-9817584-2-8. Volume III Information users and information system design. xx, 384 pp. Table of contents and abstracts of many papers available at https://pages.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/b...
Research
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The Thesaurus project. Harvard Business School and Stanford Graduate School of Business are exploring opportunities for sharing educational materials across the two institutions, including cases, videos, electronic courses, and other content. To give faculty, staff, and students access to the body of shared content, the two schools have decided to...
Presentation
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Present some thoughts on 1. common metrics in the CTSA consortium: 2. individual hub metrics for RBA 3. using qualitative data in RBA 4. improving collaboration in defining and using metrics at both levels Acknowledgments to Common Metrics Training Group 1. Discussions in this group brought out many of the points presented here.
Research
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This review of volume 1 will first give an overview of the content, then comment on the quality of the contributions, and conclude with some remarks on format. It is followed by a review of volume 2. This hefty two-volume set gives a comprehensive, if somewhat disjointed, overview of information science. It is a useful compendium covering all aspe...
Presentation
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Intended takeaways -Understand ontology and taxonomy -Appreciate how a WBG ontology could help improve: * data management and access * data integration and connectivity * end-user understanding of data * search, navigation, inference - Understand a different approach to data definition; Simple, pragmatic, useful
Conference Paper
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This paper presents the beginnings of a comprehensive ontology for organizing information about metrics and its potential application to defining and managing metrics in the CTSA (Clinical and Translational Science Award) project. The aim is to support an integrated database of all metrics used by CTSA components. The ontology is given as an entity...
Conference Paper
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This study explored the use of a concept mapping tool (CMap) integrated with a note-taking tool (One Note) in conjunction with the ERIC Thesaurus in helping education graduate students to formulate a paper or thesis topic.10 participants recruited through a listserv announcement explored their own topics. A staff facilitator operated CMap under the...
Presentation
Full-text available
Research in information retrieval is design research; it produces designs and implementation of solutions that are intended to improve information problems and then studies the effectiveness of these solutions. This paper shows many ways in which Knowledge Organization Systems could be used in solutions to improve information seeking, retrieval, an...
Article
Full-text available
The construction of knowledge representations during sensemaking resembles meaningful learning in which conceptual changes to knowledge structure take place in various forms. Guided by a cognitive process model of sensemaking expanding prior models with ideas from learning and cognitive psychology, we conducted a qualitative user study of 15 partic...
Article
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Full text available at: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-45521 Tools for automatic subject assignment help deal with scale and sustainability in creating and enriching metadata, establishing more connections across and between resources and enhancing consistency. While some software vendors and experimental researchers claim the to...
Chapter
Die 14. Internationale Konferenz der International Society for Knowledge Organization fand vom 27. bis 29. September 2016 in Rio de Janeiro statt. Der vorliegende Tagungsband untersucht in über siebzig Beiträgen von Wissenschaftlern aus aller Welt die Perspektiven und Herausforderungen der Wissensorganisation in einer und für eine nachhaltige Welt.
Chapter
Die 14. Internationale Konferenz der International Society for Knowledge Organization fand vom 27. bis 29. September 2016 in Rio de Janeiro statt. Der vorliegende Tagungsband untersucht in über siebzig Beiträgen von Wissenschaftlern aus aller Welt die Perspektiven und Herausforderungen der Wissensorganisation in einer und für eine nachhaltige Welt.
Presentation
Full-text available
An expanded presentation based on the paper, ”Organization Authority Database with Classification Principles”: We illustrate the principle of unified treatment of all authority data for any kind of entities, subjects/topics, places, events, persons, organizations, etc. through the design and implementation of an enriched authority database for orga...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We illustrate the principle of unified treatment of all authority data for any kind of entities, subjects/topics, places, events, persons, organizations, etc. through the design and implementation of an enriched authority database for organizations, maintained as an integral part of an authority database that also includes subject authority control...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Subject terms play a crucial role in resource discovery but require substantial effort to produce. Automatic subject classification and indexing address problems of scale and sustainability and can be used to enrich existing bibliographic records, establish more connections across and between resources, and enhance consistency of bibliographic data...
Data
Full-text available
We illustrate the principle of unified treatment of all authority data for any kind of entities, subjects/topics, places, events, persons, organizations, etc. through the design and implementation of an enriched authority database for organizations, maintained as an integral part of an authority database that also includes subject authority control...
Data
Full-text available
Subject terms play a crucial role in resource discovery but require substantial effort to produce. Automatic subject classification and indexing address problems of scale and sustainability and can be used to enrich existing bibliographic records, establish more connections across and between resources and enhance consistency of bibliographic data....
Presentation
Full-text available
An expanded presentation based on the paper, ”Knowledge Organization for Learning. Conjectures and Methods of Study.”: This paper discusses and illustrates through examples how meaningful or deep learning can be supported through well-structured presentation of material, through giving learners schemas they can use to organize knowledge in their mi...
Article
Full-text available
The automatically construction of term taxonomy can enhance our ability for expressing the science mapping. In this paper, we introduce the definition of weighted co-occurring word pair and corresponding improved method of word co-occurrence analysis. An application and evaluation of this proposed method in the library and information science is al...
Article
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This study demonstrates an improved conceptual foundation to support well-structured analysis of image topicality. First we present a conceptual framework for analyzing image topicality, explicating the layers, the perspectives, and the topical relevance relationships involved in modeling the topicality of art images. We adapt a generic relevance t...
Thesis
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This paper investigates how librarians can create practical programs that provide relevant services for the homeless, mentally ill, and invisible poor; while overcoming the lack of formal training for librarians to serve these populations. A collaborative program, LROC-Library Resource Outreach Center, comprised of library, social work and health p...
Article
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Dagobert Soergel is Professor, Department of Library and Information Studies, University at Buffalo 2009-and Professor emeritus, College of Information Studies, University of Maryland (1970-2010). He has been working in the area of classification and thesauri for 55 years. He authored the still-standard text and handbook Indexing Languages and Thes...
Presentation
Full-text available
From the abstract: At the heart of information science in general and information retrieval in particular are the twin concernsof •understanding usersin their quest for meaning and problem solutions and •representing knowledge structuresthat support the construction of meaning and the solution of problems. Users require pinpoint access to informati...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation Overview: -Organized chaos. Many small contributions make a big work -Intelligent processing supported by large knowledge bases -Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS). -Data, not sources. Answers, not data -Information extraction -Linked data. Big data -Intelligent retrieval. Presentation to support sense making and interactive data ana...
Article
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This review introduces a comprehensive model of the cognitive process and mechanisms of individual sensemaking to provide a theoretical basis for:empirical studies that improve our understanding of the cognitive process and mechanisms of sensemaking and integration of results of such studies;education in critical thinking and sensemaking skills;the...
Article
Full-text available
This is a very welcome and useful dictionary of terms related to the semantic Web and Extensible Markup Language (XML) technologies. It achieves its ambitious goal: to not only define the meanings of new words, but also to help readers develop a proper understanding of these leading-edge technologies.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To make better use of knowledge organization systems (KOS) for query expansion, we have developed a pattern-based technique for composition ontology mapping in a specific domain. The technique was tested in a two-step mapping. The user’s free-text queries were first mapped to Getty’s Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) terms. The AAT-based queries w...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses and illustrates through examples how meaningful or deep learning can be supported through well-structured presentation of material, through giving learners schemas they can use to organize knowledge in their minds, and through helping learners to understand knowledge organization principles they can use to construct their own s...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Hardly any in-depth knowledge is currently available on how different types of product-relevant information influence online consumer trust and purchase decisions. To address this research gap, we apply a generic function-based information typology to systematically classify the large variety of online product information and plan for...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses and illustrates through examples how meaningful or deep learning can be supported through well-structured presentation of material, through giving learners schemas they can use to organize knowledge in their minds, and through helping learners to understand knowledge organization principles they can use to construct their own s...
Article
Full-text available
Synthesizing and building on many ideas from the literature, this article presents an improved conceptual framework that clarifies the notion of relevance with its many elements, variables, criteria, and situational factors. Relevance is defined as a Relationship (R) between an Information Object (I) and an Information Need (N) (which consists of T...
Presentation
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Exploring relationships in linked data.
Article
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This paper presents a comparative user study that investigates the relevance judgments made by assessors with a law background and assessors without. Four law students and four library and information studies (LIS) students were recruited to judge independently the relevance of 100 documents for each of four requests for production of responsive do...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Digital Library (DL) interoperability, as it is being reported in the DL.org Digital Library Reference Model, is intimately related to function interoperability. A prerequisite for the later is an appropriate function description, publication and discovery mechanisms. The importance of a framework which accommodates the specification of key DL func...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Digital Library (DL) interoperability requires addressing a variety of issues associated with functionality. We report on the analysis and solutions identified by the Functionality Working Group of the DL.org project during its deliberations on DL interoperability. Ultimately, we hope that work based on our perspective will lead to improved archite...
Conference Paper
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This paper proposes an approach to mapping between Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS), including ontologies, classifications, taxonomies, and thesauri and even natural languages that is based on deep semantics. In this approach, concepts in each KOS are expressed through canonical expressions, such as description logic formulas, that combine atom...
Presentation
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Presentation Outline: Overview of issues -Semantics for whom and for what -Representation to assist with query formulation -Representation for comprehension -Systems of representation -Support for finding: Indexing -Building KOS -How can it all get done Zeroing in on the conceptual foundation
Presentation
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EASTER is an 18-month JISC project funded under the Information Environment Programme 2009-11. It started in April this year and involves eight institutional partners. The purpose of the project is to test and evaluate existing tools for automated subject metadata generation in order to better understand what is possible and what the limitations of...
Presentation
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To reexamine a number of basic notions regarding the content of a digital library (or, more generally, any information system) to achieve sound definitions Developed in the framework of the DELOS Digital Library Reference Model a framework for describing digital libraries, their content, users, and functions and, for each, their qualities and assoc...
Presentation
Full-text available
Improve semantic-based search of digital content across multiple collections in multiple languages. Interoperability between any two participating KOS (Knowledge Organization Systems) Support for search, esp. facet-based search for any collection indexed by a participating KOS for free-text search Assistance in cataloging (metadata creation) by cat...
Conference Paper
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In this paper, we present on a new project, " T 3 : Text, Tags, and Trust to Improve Image Access for Museums and Libraries " , the goal of which is to improve access to digital image collections in museums and libraries for art historians, museum professionals, and the general public. T 3 combines text mining, social tagging, and trust inferencing...
Article
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In this paper we extend existing sense-making models by adding detail on types of conceptual change and cognitive mechanisms taken from theories of cognition and learning. Our extended model aims to offer a more complete picture of the cognitive processes of sense-making, including the underlying cognitive mechanisms and different types of conceptu...
Conference Paper
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The goal of this research is to test and refine a comprehensive sensemaking model that is extended based on theories of learning and cognition, and thus provide better foundations for system design. We conducted a qualitative user study investigating users' sensemaking processes; users create conceptual representations of a problem or task using no...
Article
In this paper, we present a system using computational linguistic techniques to extract metadata for image access. We discuss the implementation, functionality and evaluation of an image catalogers’ toolkit, developed in the Computational Linguistics for Metadata Building (CLiMB) research project. We have tested components of the system, including...
Presentation
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This talk pulls together many ideas many old, some new many other people’s, some mine, some implemented here and there, some still awaiting implementation; The point is the total vision.
Chapter
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This chapter describes not so much what digital libraries are but what digital libraries with semantic support could and should be. It discusses the nature of Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS) and how KOS can support digital library users. It projects a vision for designers to make and for users to demand better digital libraries. What is a dig...
Article
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This article provides an overview of the many different types of Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS) – ontology, metadata schema, taxonomy, classification, Web directory structure, filing plan, thesaurus, dictionary, folksonomy, etc., explicates commonalities and differences, and provides a guide through the terminological wilderness. Section 1 in...
Article
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This article aims to give the reader • the basic understanding and appreciation of KOS development required in the context of managing information systems; • the essential foundation from which to develop a more detailed understanding and the ability to plan and undertake KOS design and development projects. The article first lays out general prin...
Book
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The Digital Library universe is a complex framework. The growth and evolution of this framework in terms of approaches, solutions and systems has led to the need for common foundations capable of setting the basis for better understanding, communicating and stimulating further evolution in this area. The DELOS Digital Library Reference Model aims a...
Article
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In this paper, we present a fully implemented system using computational linguistic techniques to apply automatic text mining for the extraction of metadata for image access. We describe the implementation of a workbench created for, and evaluated by, image catalogers. We discuss the current functionality and future goals for this image catalogers'...
Article
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AGROVOC is a Multilingual Agricultural Thesaurus developed by FAO. It is an agricultural thesaurus in its broadest sense, covering not only agriculture but also fisheries, forestry, human nutrition, environment, and relevant terminology in the supporting biological, physical, and social sciences. AGROVOC was basically "born" in English, or at least...