Dagmar Strohmeier

Dagmar Strohmeier
Fachhochschule Oberösterreich | fh-ooe · School of Applied Health and Social Sciences

PhD PD

About

125
Publications
38,183
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,324
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - present
University of Stavanger (UiS)
Position
  • Professor
February 2011 - present
Fachhochschule Oberösterreich
Position
  • Professor (Full)
October 2001 - January 2011
University of Vienna
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (125)
Article
Cyberbullying is one example of a psychosocial developmental phenomenon caused by mediatization, a meta-process that increasingly shapes everyday practices and social relationships via mediating technologies and media organizations. Research on cyberbullying started less than two decades ago and has grown exponentially during the last few years. De...
Article
Full-text available
School-based aggression prevention programs may not be equally effective for all students and classes, depending on student and class characteristics. This study investigated moderators of a cluster randomized controlled socio-ecological aggression prevention program's effectiveness (change from pretest to posttest, sample: 2,042 preadolescents, me...
Article
This work refined the complex associations between aggression (aggressive behavior and victimization) and school functioning in terms of school liking, interest, achievement, and social class climate. First, using longitudinal multi-level structural equation modeling, it was shown that aggressive behavior and victimization preceded lower school lik...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates whether empathy shapes the criminogenic effect of low self-control in late adulthood. Based on the assumption that the capacity to understand and share the thoughts and emotions of other people moderates the significance of the capability to consider the distant consequences of behaviour on oneself, we posit that poor...
Article
Full-text available
The Social Information Processing (SIP) theory and the Social Cognitive Theory of Moral Agency were integrated to investigate the associations between SIP and bullying, guilt, and moral disengagement. Participants were 341 children and early adolescents (Mage = 11.14). Two social exclusion vignettes were administered to assess three SIP steps (step...
Article
This study investigated whether social position (e.g., gender, migration, family status), intrapersonal-level (e.g., online risk behaviors, motives of Internet use), interpersonal-level (e.g., victimization and bullying), family-level (e.g., parental mediation), and class-level (e.g., teachers' mediation, ethnic diversity) variables predict bias-ba...
Article
Peer group integration is a crucial acculturative goal for immigrant adolescents who, in order to reach this goal, may use bullying and/or aggressive behavior. The present study aims to explore the underlying aggression motives by investigating the importance of three motives (anger, power, and affiliation) for five different forms of aggressive be...
Chapter
Structural challenges in implementation of bullying prevention programs in different contexts. The chapter includes also results from the intervention of bullying preventions program.
Article
The effectiveness of the Viennese Social Competence (ViSC) programme on various bullying-related teacher variables was examined at two time points with a quasi-experimental intervention-control group design. In Austria, Cyprus, and Turkey, teachers participated in a series of in-school trainings and implemented an anti-bullying prevention programme...
Article
Hate-postings are an example of cyberhate that can happen among students in a school. However, no study to date has ever investigated this phenomenon from the perspectives of teachers and almost nothing is known about it in the school setting. Teachers (N= 130, 83% female) reported their knowledge, attitudes, and likely responses to a hypothetical...
Article
Full-text available
The school collegial climate presents an important context for teacher professional activities. This study investigated whether teachers’ perceptions of school collegial climate characteristics (teacher-leadership collaboration, teacher-teacher collaboration, and teacher-teacher communication) are associated with teachers’ active responses to bully...
Article
This study examined whether participating in the ViSC social competence program is able to reduce different types of reported problem behaviors including bullying perpetration and victimization as well as promoting various social competencies in elementary school children. Two wave longitudinal self-report and teacher report data was available from...
Book
This book offers a comprehensive overview of resilience across immigrant and refugee populations. It examines immigrant and refugee strengths and challenges and explores what these experiences can impart about the psychology of human resilience. Chapters review culture functions and how they can be used as a resource to promote resilience. In addit...
Chapter
It was examined whether the implementation of a whole-school anti-bullying program is able to increase cross-cultural friendships among 450 non-immigrant and 607 immigrant youth aged 10–14 years (M = 11.64 years, SD = 0.80). Over a period of one school year, teachers received three in-school trainings and implemented a 13-week social competence pro...
Chapter
Full-text available
In 2017, 260 million people have been living as foreign-born immigrants worldwide. Together with people who moved within their own nation, every seventh person changed the place of residence and therefore is a national or international migrant (United Nations, International Migration Report 2018). In the age of “super-diversity” (Titzmann & Jugert,...
Chapter
There is ample evidence that immigrant youth show lower levels of psychosocial functioning compared to non-immigrant youth in European countries, even though the processes that buffer these negative outcomes among immigrant youth are not well understood. Informed by a risk and resilience developmental perspective, the present study investigates the...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence-based anti-bullying programs are predominantly implemented in high-income countries, although there is a clear need for bullying prevention also in low- and middle-income countries. The present study reports the effectiveness of a short and ultra-short version of the ViSC Social Competence Program that was implemented in nine Kosovar schoo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The goals were to implement, to evaluate and to maintain the ViSC program with the highest possible program fidelity in Cyprus. In collaboration with the Ministry of Education and Culture of Cyprus a pilot study and evaluation took place between 2012 and 2014 in secondary schools in Cyprus. The encouraging evaluation results were presented to the M...
Presentation
Full-text available
Katharina Maierl, Christina Ortner, Strohmeier Dagmar, Tanja Jadin, Katharina Maierl, Christina Ortner, Strohmeier Dagmar, Tanja Jadin, Petra Gradinger (2019): Chancengleichheit in der digitalen Zukunft?! Zum Erwerb von Medienkompetenz bei sozial benachteiligten Jugendlichen. Vortrag auf der Konferenz "Coming Soon - The Future of Education, Work an...
Article
Full-text available
Classroom size - i.e., the number of students in the class - is a feature of the classroom environment often found to be negatively related to bullying or victimization. This study examines three possible explanations for this negative association: a) it is due to measurement effects and therefore only found for peer-reports (Hypothesis 1), b) bull...
Article
This study examined (1) whether self-justifying bullying (i.e., moral disengagement) differs in hypothetical bullying situations of a newcomer peer depending on his or her immigrant status; and (2) whether the respondent's immigration status, age, gender, real life bullying participant role (as bully, assistant, reinforcer, defender, victim or outs...
Chapter
In diesem Beitrag wird ein konzeptioneller Rahmen vorgestellt, um die Forschung zu Mobbing und Viktimisierung von Jugendlichen und Aspekte der Multikulturalität und Migration zu erweitern. Aufbauend auf diesen theoretischen Überlegungen werden empirische Studien vorgestellt, die Mechanismen der Mobbingentstehung in multikulturellen Schulen untersuc...
Article
This study examines how bullies, victims, bully-victims, and uninvolved adolescents perceive the activities of the class project of the ViSC social competence program. The ViSC program is a whole school socio-ecological anti-bullying program that was implemented in 43 classes, grade 7, 8, and 9, in three Cypriot schools. A sample of 778 adolescents...
Article
Full-text available
Norms have been suggested as important characteristics of the social-ecological context for defending victimized peers, but little is known about the contribution of student perceived injunctive norms (regarding the appropriateness of defending) imposed by peers and teachers. To investigate the role of these norms in defending, a sample of 751 earl...
Article
The complex temporal associations among moral disengagement, moral emotions, and aggressive behavior were investigated within a short-term four-wave longitudinal study in a sample of early adolescents (at T1: N = 245; Mage = 12.16 years; SD = 0.85). Moral disengagement and aggressive behavior were investigated by validated self-report scales. Shame...
Chapter
Based on a socioecological perspective on development, this chapter discusses the value of implementing a general antibullying program to change cyberbullying and cybervictimization. To date, etiological models for cyberbullying and cybervictimization prevention are lacking, and longitudinal and experimental research on risk and protective factors...
Article
The ViSC program is the first evidence based anti-bullying program implemented in Turkey. A quasi-experimental longitudinal control group design comprising six schools and 26 classes was realized to examine the program effectiveness regarding different forms of perpetration and victimization. The effectiveness of two dosages of interventions - scho...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated whether demographic variables, efficacy beliefs, visions, and worries are associated with four different forms of (dis)engagement with the European Union (EU): intended voting in the 2019 EU elections, nonconventional political engagement, psychological engagement, and the wish that one’s own country should leave the EU. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ViSC Social Competence Program has been implemented and evaluated in Austria, Romania, Cyprus and Turkey and found to be effective in reducing both traditional and cyber bullying and victimization. The program based on a socio-ecological perspective and includes both prevention and intervention. Prevention part contains a class project in which...
Article
Full-text available
In the social sciences, self-reports administered as questionnaires are frequently used to measure psychological constructs. Data stemming from scale items are commonly analyzed using statistical methods for metric dependent variables. However, the assumption of interval level data is not tested but assumed to be fulfilled. One reason for ignoring...
Article
The goals of the present study were (1) to examine parents' and teachers' opinions on bullying and cyberbullying prevention, and (2) to investigate whether the involvement of their children or students in bullying affects their opinions. Altogether, 959 adults (466 parents, 493 teachers) reported on their opinions. More than 95% of parents and teac...
Article
Intercultural competence is defined as a lifelong learning task that can be developed in any intergroup situation. A self-regulated learning model is applied to better understand the intercultural learning process that is initiated during the forethought phase, monitored during the performance phase, and evaluated during the self-reflection phase....
Article
Full-text available
The present paper (1) examined variables which could predict traditional bullying, cyberbullying, traditional victimization and cyber-victimization and (2) looked at persons to examine whether academic, socio-emotional and demographic characteristics differed between traditional, cyber and mixed bullies, victims and bully-victims. A sample of 2,329...
Article
The goals of this study were (1) to identify groups of bullies and victims, (2) to investigate level differences in depression, peer relationships, and academic variables, and (3) to examine how peer relationships and academic variables were associated with depression in these groups. The sample comprised 1,451 students (48.6% girls) aged 10–15 yea...
Article
The present study reports a high-quality evaluation of the ViSC Social Competence Program, which was implemented large scale inAustria.Arigorous test of program effectiveness has been performed to investigate the dynamic change of aggressive behavior and victimization and to ensure a high level of statistical conclusion validity.Acluster randomized...
Article
Many large-scale cross-national studies rely on a single-item measurement when comparing prevalence rates of traditional bullying, traditional victimization, cyberbullying, and cyber-victimization between countries. However, the reliability and validity of single-item measurement approaches are highly problematic and might be biased. Data from thre...
Chapter
Individualism/Collectivism (I/C) was defined as a group orientation characterized by the degree of the convergence of an individual's opinion with an anchor group opinion. The Self Group Distinction (SGD) Scale as a new measurement using difference scores was developed. In sum, 532 Japa-nese adolescents with a mean age of 12.3 years (SD = 1.78 year...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence-based intervention programs have become highly important in recent years, especially in educational contexts. However, transferring these programs into practice and into the wider field of public policy often fails. As a consequence, the field of implementation research has emerged, several implementation frameworks have been developed, an...
Article
The ViSC program is a socio-ecological anti-bullying program that has been developed, implemented and rigorously evaluated in Austria. The main goals of the present study were (1) to implement the ViSC program with high fidelity in Cyprus and (2) to investigate the program effectiveness within a quasi-experimental longitudinal study. To tackle bull...
Article
We investigated whether the general anti-bullying program ViSC sustainably prevents cyberbullying and cyber-victimization. A longitudinal randomized control group design was used to examine (i) program effectiveness immediately after a 1 year implementation phase and (ii) sustainable program effects 6 months later taking several moderators on the c...
Chapter
In diesem Beitrag wird ein konzeptioneller Rahmen vorgestellt, um die Forschung zu Mobbing und Viktimisierung von Jugendlichen und Aspekte der Multikulturalität und Migration zu erweitern. Aufbauend auf diesen theoretischen Überlegungen werden empirische Studien vorgestellt, die Mechanismen der Mobbingentstehung in multikulturellen Schulen untersuc...
Article
The debate whether exposure to violent video games causes criminal violence in everyday life has remained controversial up to now. Most research on this issue is conducted by psychologists; but with aggressive behavior psychologists tackle an explanandum that is much broader and encompasses much more than violent crime. This article first reviews t...
Article
Full-text available
The effectiveness of a class-based antibullying prevention program on cognitions, emotions, and behaviors was investigated. The program consists of a cognitive-behavioral (Rational Emotive Behavioral Education; REBE) and a behavioral (Viennese Social Competence; ViSC) component. The REBE program is based on rational emotive behavioral theory and co...
Article
We investigated judgments and emotions in contexts of social exclusion that varied as a function of bystander behaviour (N = 173, 12- and 16-year-olds). Adolescents responded to film vignettes depicting a target excluded by a group with no bystanders, onlooking bystanders, or bystanders who included the target. Adolescents were asked to judge the b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Εξετάσαμε συγχρόνως προσωπικούς και περιβαλλοντικούς παράγοντες που σχετίζονται με διάφορα είδη επιθετικότητας και εκφοβισμού, καθώς και με τα προφίλ θυτών, θυμάτων και θυτών-θυμάτων. Προηγούμενες έρευνες έδειξαν τη σημασία αυτών των παραγόντων ξεχωριστά. Σκοπός μας ήταν η συγχρονική διερεύνηση παραγόντων που αφορούν το ψυχοκοινωνικό, το σχολικό κα...
Article
It is well-documented that cyberbullying and victimization co-occur with traditional forms indicating that they share similar mechanisms. Therefore, it was hypothesized that the general antibullying program ViSC might also be effective in tackling these new forms of bullying. A longitudinal randomized control group design has been applied to examin...
Article
This study investigates longitudinal associations between violent video game playing und cyberbullying using a Cross-Lagged-Panel Design. The selection and the socialization hypothesis were tested as possible explanations. Traditional bullying, victimization, overt and relational aggression were considered as covariates in the analyses. Within one...
Article
Full-text available
Individualism/Collectivism (I/C) was defined as a group orientation characterized by the degree of the convergence of an individual’s opinion with an anchor group opinion. The Self Group Distinction (SGD) Scale as a new measurement using difference scores was developed. In sum, 532 Japanese adolescents with a mean age of 12.3 years (SD = 1.78 years...
Article
This study was an investigation of individual and contextual predictors for same-cultural friendship preferences among non-immigrant (N = 125), Turkish (N = 196) and former Yugoslavian (N = 256) immigrant youths (M age = 14.39 years) in 36 multicultural classes. At the individual level age, gender, cultural group, number of friends, and acculturati...
Article
Full-text available
When school-based prevention programs are put into practice, evaluation studies commonly only consider one indicator of program implementation. The present study investigates how two different aspects of program implementation – fidelity and participant responsiveness – jointly influence proximal outcomes of the school-based violence prevention pro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Kountouri were the guest editors of the current issue. They have put together a very interesting collection of papers about evidence based bullying prevention programs. I hope you will enjoy the Newsletter! From the President EARA between Spetses and Cesme/Izmir During the fall and winter 2012/2013 we lost two of our prominent members: Professor Ma...
Article
Full-text available
A qualitative study of Austria's national strategy against violence in the public school system introduced in 2008. The national strategy developed by researchers consists of six activity domains with specific goals and projects defined for each. The evaluation (1) analyzes how the realized projects contributed to the six activity domains, (2) eval...
Chapter
A huge body of evidence shows that substantial numbers of children and youth around the globe are regularly involved in abusive peer relationships in kindergartens and schools. In Western countries, abusive peer relationships that are characterized by an imbalance of power and a certain degree of repetition are usually defined as bullying, while in...
Article
Full-text available
This study (1) compared the overall levels of aggressive behaviour and bullying others and (2) investigated the predictive power of two underlying motives – reactive aggression and the need for peer acceptance and affiliation – between non-immigrant and immigrant youth living in two European countries. In Austria, data on aggressive behaviour was a...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the rapid increase in immigration all over Europe and concerns expressed for the adjustment of immigrant children and young people, studies on peer victimisation among them are scarce. By combining the predictions of the acculturative stress model with the social–ecological perspective of peer victimisation, this study compared different fo...
Article
Young people with international migration experiences constitute an increasing proportion of the population in many European countries. In Austria, a substantial proportion of these international migrants come from Turkey. In Turkey, many adolescents are national migrants, having moved from the eastern part to the western part of the country. This...