Dagmar Dzurova

Dagmar Dzurova
Charles University in Prague | CUNI

Professor of Demography

About

93
Publications
12,856
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,659
Citations
Citations since 2016
25 Research Items
1012 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
Dagmar Dzurova is professor of demography. Her research focuses on analyzing the role of social, environmental, behavioral, and psychosocial factors in health and well-being, and explaining social variations in health, epidemiology of mental disorder and the influence of migration activity in CEE. She is a Co-Head of the Research Centre on Population Health, Quality of Life and Lifestyle Among Post-communist Societies in Geo-demographic Perspective (GeoQol)
Additional affiliations
February 2010 - present
Charles University in Prague
Position
  • Head of Research Center GeoQol
November 2007 - present
Charles University in Prague
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2002 - July 2003
University of California, Berkeley
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
August 1977 - June 1983
Charles University in Prague
Field of study
  • Social geography and regional development

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Full-text available
When evaluating vaccine efficacy, the conventional measures include reduction of risk of hospitalization and death. The number of patients dying with or without vaccination is often in the public spotlight. However, when evaluating public health interventions or the burden of disease, it is more illustrative to use mortality metrics taking into acc...
Article
Full-text available
Higher body mass index (BMI) has been associated with a higher risk for severe COVID-19 outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate associations among BMI, underlying health conditions and hospital admission as well as the effects of COVID-19 vaccines in adults aged 50 years and older in Europe using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing an...
Chapter
This chapter is devoted to the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in time and space in Czechia and in a brief context of its neighboring countries. It is (except for the theoretical background and data description) thematically divided into three parts and uses different approaches in the analysis. The first part descriptively outlines the trajectories...
Article
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic determines the functioning of the healthcare system. The epidemic of HIV infection depends heavily on the effectiveness of the health system and its ability to test and deliver prevention and treatment.This study aims to determine the consequences of this pandemic on the development of HIV infection testing in the...
Article
Aims Over a million confirmed cases of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) across 16 European countries were observed during the first wave of the pandemic. Epidemiological measures like the case fatality rate (CFR) are generally used to determine the severity of the illness. The aim is to investigate the impact of the age structure of reported case...
Article
Pandemie covidu-19 přinesla mnoho nových aspektů a témat vědeckého výzkumu. Tento článek se zaměřuje na demografickou stránku této pandemie a popisuje především rozdíly z hlediska věku. Věk je zde zásadním faktorem, neboť riziko závažných komplikací nebo dokonce úmrtí s věkem rychle narůstá. Významným způsobem však jednotlivé pandemické vlny zasáhl...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To analyse the trends in chronic liver diseases and cirrhosis mortality, and the associated socioeconomic inequalities, in nine European cities and urban areas before and after the onset of the 2008 financial crisis. Methods: This is an ecological study of trends in three periods of time: two before (2000-2003 and 2004-2008), and one...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic in the first months of 2020 posed an unprecedented threat to the health of the world's population. In this longitudinal design study, we elaborated the typology of 27 European countries based on the complete beginnings of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic based on health indicators and contextual variables. Two-step analysis using...
Article
Background The effect of inequalities aggravated by economic recessions in the mortality rates of certain diseases has been previously described. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between socio-economic deprivation and cancer mortality. We focused on lung, colon, prostate, and breast cancers in nine European urban areas over three periods...
Article
Full-text available
Our goal is twofold: to contribute to conceptualizing social remittances and to shed new light on who the most important agents of change are. Using data from our own questionnaire surveys, carried out with Moldovan migrants in Prague, Czechia (N = 203) and Turin, Italy (N = 206) in 2017–2018, we applied classification and regression trees analysis...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To analyse socioeconomic inequalities in all-cause mortality among men and women in nine European urban areas during the recent economic crisis, and to compare the results to those from two periods before the crisis. Method: This is an ecological study of trends based on three time periods (2000-2003, 2004-2008 and 2009-2014). The uni...
Article
The global health threat of the novel coronavirus virus SARS-CoV-2 has been the most severe virus since the (A) H1N1 influenza pandemic of 1918–1920. The aim of this paper is to document the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic, on the basis of daily WHO and Chinese CDC data, from the time of the first recorded outbreak of the epidemic. Furthermore, the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Few studies have assessed the impact of the financial crisis on inequalities in suicide mortality in European urban areas. The objective of the study was to analyse the trend in area socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality in nine European urban areas before and after the beginning of the financial crisis. Methods: This ecolo...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigates the health outcomes and determinants between two different European populations, Portuguese and Czech, on two hierarchical levels: country and metropolitan area. At first, the decomposition method of age and cause of death were compared on the country level, and then health was examined based on a factor analysis at the mu...
Article
Full-text available
The different geographical contexts seen in European metropolitan areas are reflected in the uneven distribution of health risk factors for the population. Accumulating evidence on multiple health determinants point to the importance of individual, social, economic, physical and built environment features, which can be shaped by the local authoriti...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Large socioeconomic inequalities in health are still present in the Central Europe. The aim was to explore socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in Visegrad countries—the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia (V4), by three different socioeconomic indicators (unemployment, risk of poverty/social exclusion, education). The study...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In the late 1980s, Czechia was among the countries which had the highest cardiovascular mortality in the world. In spite of enormous improvements since that time, there are still large opportunities in further improving cardiovascular health. Methods: Based on the Czech Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial Factors in Eastern Europe sample...
Book
Full-text available
Despite the significant advances that have been made at the European Union (EU) level in terms of health inequality measurement, there is still a lack of comparable health-related data across countries and regions 1. Existing measures and indicators of health status and quality of life are considered inadequate2 to capture the holistic understandin...
Article
Full-text available
Social hazards as one of the dimensions of workplace discrimination are a potential social determinant of health inequalities. The aim of this study was to investigate relations between self-reported health and social hazard characteristics (defined as—discrimination as such, violence or threat of violence, time pressure or work overload and risk o...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The automotive industry represents the most important industrial sector in Czechia. The objective of this study has been to analyze the occurrence of occupational diseases (OD) in the automotive industry during the period from 2001 till 2014. Material and methods: Data on OD cases was retrieved from the National Registry of OD. Furth...
Article
Background: Between the 1990s and 2000s, relative inequalities in all-cause mortality increased, whereas absolute inequalities decreased in many European countries. Whether similar trends can be observed for inequalities in other health outcomes is unknown. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of trends in socioeconomic inequalities...
Article
Full-text available
The health risk behaviour (HRB) of teenagers, especially substance abuse, is one of the most serious problems of today’s public health arena. The aim of this paper is to assess the extent of the multiple health-risk behaviours within the teenage population and to analyse the role of the individual and family structure as well as educational and geo...
Article
This paper aims to reveal the relations of risk behavior and its contextual factors, including the perception of risks that substance use may bring. Statistical analysis is based on the data from the European School Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) [200714. ESPAD. 2007. The 2007 ESPAD Report. Stockholm: The Swedish Council for Information...
Article
Socioeconomic inequalities are increasingly recognised as an important public health issue, although their role in the leading causes of mortality in urban areas in Europe has not been fully evaluated. In this study, we used data from the INEQ-CITIES study to analyse inequalities in cause-specific mortality in 15 European cities at the beginning of...
Article
Full-text available
A youths’ neighborhood can play an important role in their physical, health, and emotional development. The prevalence of health risk behavior (HRB) in Czech youth such as smoking, drug and alcohol use is the highest in Europe. To analyze differences in HRB in youth residents within different types of Prague’s neighborhoods in relation to the perce...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In Czechia, immigrants without permanent residence are not entitled to public health insurance and should purchase a commercial insurance. Methods: Using data from a survey of Ukrainian immigrants and a country-wide Health Interview Survey for Czechs, we analyse inequalities in access to different healthcare services. Results: Ukrai...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyses the relationship between immigrants' self-reported/rated health (SRH) and their perceived working conditions in Czechia materialized via discrimination, based on the example of Ukrainian immigrants analyzed by gender dimension. The role of age, education, and marital status is also analyzed. A sample of native-born Czechs serves...
Article
Full-text available
The Czech government has identified commercial health insurance as one of the major problems for migrants' access to health care. Non-EU immigrants are eligible for public health insurance only if they have employee status or permanent residency. The present study examined migrants' access to the public health insurance system in Czechia. A cross-s...
Article
The study examines the relationship of family, school and geographic factors in relation to the prevalence of different health risk behaviours among Czech adolescents (aged 15-16 years) based on cross-sectional study design. Risk behaviours such as cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking and marijuana use among adolescents have often been shown to co-o...
Article
Full-text available
Health and inequalities in health among inhabitants of European cities are of major importance for European public health and there is great interest in how different health care systems in Europe perform in the reduction of health inequalities. However, evidence on the spatial distribution of cause-specific mortality across neighbourhoods of Europ...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: To explore inequalities in total mortality between small areas of 16 European cities for men and women, as well as to analyse the relationship between these geographical inequalities and their socioeconomic indicators. Methods: A cross-sectional ecological design was used to analyse small areas in 16 European cities (26,229,104 inhabitants...
Article
Full-text available
This study analysed socioeconomic inequalities in mortality due to injuries in small areas of 15 European cities, by sex, at the beginning of this century. A cross-sectional ecological study with units of analysis being small areas within 15 European cities was conducted. Relative risks of injury mortality associated with the socioeconomic deprivat...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of this paper is to analyze the spatial behavior of unauthorized migrants in their attempts to irregularly cross the Czech state’s “green” border (including walking trails) into Austria and Germany, between 2005 and 2007. It demonstrates the importance of select demographic and human characteristics of the migrants, as well as the phy...
Article
Full-text available
The quality of life may be threatened by various health risk factors, among those most serious is the risk behavior and substance use. In the Czech Republic, the transition period brought changes in the life style and behaviour, including higher alcohol consumption, drug use, and cigarette smoking which become a substantial problem among young peop...
Article
Full-text available
The democratization of the society and economic freedom was one of the most important steps for the Czech Republic. Nevertheless, it had some negative consequences. The objective of the paper is to report the development of risk behaviour during the transformational period, based on data from the ESPAD study. We focus mainly on the issue of availab...
Conference Paper
Background: In Czechia and other post-communist countries alcohol consumption, tobacco use and use of illicit drugs are very frequent among adolescent. This means a serious situation which is not changing, the public education campaigns are not effective and there is also weak law enforcement within the Czech Republic. Methods: Aim of this pres...
Article
Background: Socioeconomic differences in health are a major challenge for public health. However, realistic estimates to what extent they are modifiable are scarce. This problem can be met through the systematic application of the population attributable fraction (PAF) to socioeconomic health inequalities. Methods: The authors used cause-specifi...
Article
To perform the first European overview of educational inequalities in the use of blood pressure and cholesterol screening. Data were obtained on the use of screening services according to educational level from nationally representative cross-sectional surveys in Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Latvia and Lithuan...
Article
To test whether immigrants with illegal/irregular status have higher odds of poor self-rated health (SRH) than immigrants with legal status, and whether different demographic, socioeconomic and psychosocial factors affect SRH among legal and illegal/irregular immigrants. Analysis is based on data from two questionnaire surveys of 285 Post-Soviet an...
Article
Full-text available
Smoking constitutes one of the main public health problems worldwide. In the Czech Republic, one of the post-communist countries undergoing societal transition, there was a significant decrease in smoking prevalence during 1985-1997, followed by certain stagnation in prevalence of smokers. The most serious problem is the smoking among young populat...
Article
Full-text available
Czech Republic traditionally ranks among the countries with the highest alcohol, consumption. This paper examines both risk and protective factors for frequent of alcohol, consumption in the Czech population using multilevel analysis. Risk factors were measured at the, individual level and at the area level. The individual-level data were obtained...
Article
Full-text available
In Western societies, a lower educational level is often associated with a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity. However, there may be important international differences in the strength and direction of this relationship, perhaps in respect of differing levels of socio-economic development. We aimed to describe educational inequalities in o...
Article
This article presents selected results of a research project on irregular migration and migrants' irregular economic activities in the Czech Republic. The project explored several topics through quantitative as well as qualitative research techniques: a questionnaire survey (N=159) and interviews (N=37) with irregular migrants living in the Czech R...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine and quantify socioeconomic position (SEP) inequalities in diabetes mellitus in different areas of Europe, at the turn of the century, for men and women. We analysed data from ten representative national health surveys and 13 mortality registers. For national health surveys the dependent variable was the presen...
Article
Recently a scale was introduced to quantify the implementation of tobacco control policies at country level. Our study used this scale to examine the potential impact of these policies on quit ratios in European countries. Special attention was given to smoking cessation among lower educational groups. Cross-sectional data were derived from nationa...
Article
Full-text available
This retrospective study analyses the differences between suicide with and without previous parasuicide. The Czech Republic was one of the countries with the traditionally highest level of suicide mortality. During collapse of the communist regime and deep societal changes in the Czech Republic after the year 1989 the escalation of suicides was exp...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is based on research conducted by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Office in Prague and the Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague in the fall and winter of 2003-2004. Within the questionnaire survey, 126 first-generation immigrants in Prague (51 Ukrainians, 45 Vietnamese, and 30 Armenians) were successfully c...
Article
This contribution deals with foreign immigrant children/youths and their integration into the Czech society; it focuses upon the issue that has so far been rather terra incognita in Czechia. The paper brings results of a research on the integration process of two groups of foreign children/youths. Data/information come from a questionnaire survey i...
Article
Full-text available
In this article the authors review the trends and differentials in mor-tality from self-inflicted injury and poisoning in the Czech Republic between the early 1970s and the present in terms of their socio-economic and demographic associations. They describe the sources of data on suicide and explore the pos-sible extent of under-reporting of deaths...
Article
Full-text available
The association between maternal age and risk of Down syndrome has been repeatedly shown in various populations. However, the effect of paternal age and education of parents has not been frequently studied. Comparative studies on Down syndrome are also rare. This study evaluates the epidemiological characteristics of Down syndrome in two culturally...
Article
Objective: The objective of the work is to make a differential analysis of the incidence and survival of children born with selected types of birth defects during their first year of life. Type of study: Retrospective demographic-epidemiological cohort analysis. Material: The study is based on unique individual data combined from three registers: b...
Article
We set out to present the incidences of the neural tube defects (anencephaly, spina bifida and encephalocele) and to document maternal age distribution and the influence of the prenatal diagnostics on incidences in neonates. We also analysed maternal age as a risk factor for the defects studied. This was a retrospective epidemiological study of neu...
Article
This article presents results of a survey which has taken place between 1998-1999 in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE). Data were collected using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) designed to cover the most common categories of non-organic...