D. Brent Edwards Jr.

D. Brent Edwards Jr.
University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa | UH Manoa · Department of Educational Foundations

Doctor of Philosophy

About

151
Publications
35,679
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1,207
Citations
Citations since 2016
107 Research Items
1043 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
D. BRENT EDWARDS JR. is an Associate Professor of Theory and Methodology in the Study of Education at the University of Hawaii. His work focuses on (a) the global governance of education and (b) education policy, politics and political economy, with a focus on low-income countries. Within these two research lines, Edwards has focused on investigating the rise of global education policies and the influence of international organizations, as well as trends related to educational privatization (e.g., charter schools, low-fee private schools), decentralization, and community participation.
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - present
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Affiliate Researcher and Fellow
Description
  • Thesis advisor for the GLOBED program and research collaborator on multiple projects with the faculty of the research group, "Globalisation, Education, and Social Policies"

Publications

Publications (151)
Chapter
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Much literature has been dedicated to describing the phenomenon of globalisation. This chapter is not primarily concerned with this task. Rather, this chapter begins with a brief discussion of the various ways that globalisation can be understood before shifting to a characterisation of, first, the meaning of education policy; second, the emergence...
Article
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This special issue brings together scholars who are working on new aspects of the intersection and implications of globalization, privatization, and marginalization. While globalization’s relationship to education has been of great interest to scholars (e.g., Dale, 1999; Green, 1997; Rizvi Lingard, 2009; Steiner-Khamsi, 2004; Verger, Novelli, Kosar...
Book
What is the State? What is the relationship between a State’s initial formation and such forces as globalization and privatization? What about the role of colonialism in State formation and the role of the post-colonial legacy in the way that the State works in contemporary times? How do such considerations affect the provision of education? These...
Article
This paper draws on the literature on network governance and new philanthropy to characterize and explain the increased involvement of non-State actors in education policymaking in the Dominican Republic. The study reveals, first, how network governance has intensified since 2010 through hybrid public-private spaces of agenda setting, second, how t...
Article
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For international organisations in the global education policy field, legitimacy is based in large part on the supposed techno-rational basis of these organisations and their ability to credibly produce knowledge and policy expertise. However, as the present article demonstrates, there are clearly a range of macro–micro organisational dynamics driv...
Article
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Since the 1990s, Singapore has firmly established its reputation in the global education policy space as one of the best education systems in the world. However, existing policy transfer literature on Singapore has been mainly interested in Singapore as a decontextualised, ahistorical case, rather than as a unique player in the global education pol...
Chapter
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International organizations are central to the field of education, and particularly to the field of global education policy. However, scholars in the field of education often do not bring theory to bear to explain the way these international organizations work meaning what they do, their behavior, how they operate, and why. Consequently, the purpos...
Chapter
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Drawing on the key elements from global education policy studies, political economy approaches, world systems perspectives, and post-colonial literature, the first part of this chapter builds a comprehensive framework for analyzing education reform dynamics in post-colonial States in the context of globalization. To do so, the chapter first distill...
Chapter
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This chapter takes a step back to start situating contemporary privatization and policymaking dynamics in Honduras in relation to historical developments concerning the origins, evolution, and operation of the Honduran State. More specifically, the chapter analyzes, first, the way that the formation of the modern Honduran State reflected the crysta...
Chapter
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The previous chapter demonstrated that is has been uncommon for research in education to theorize the nature of the State. In the fields of comparative and international education and education policy studies, in spite of being acknowledged as a relevant actor in structural terms, the State has tended to receive only superficial consideration. This...
Chapter
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Most frequently, education privatization results from government policies actively promoting either the incorporation of private actors, or the implementation of private logics, ideas, and techniques in the public education system. However, education privatization can also occur “by default”, resulting from the State’s inaction and underfunding in...
Chapter
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The previous chapter presented and discussed a comprehensive framework for analyzing education reform dynamics from a post-colonial perspective in the context of globalization. The purpose of this final chapter is to go beyond that framework, that is, to come full circle, by returning to and extending points initially made in the introductory chapt...
Chapter
With few exceptions, research in education, including research in education policy development and implementation, has tended not to engage with theories of the State. This has particularly been the case in the field of comparative and international education, where the State is often referred to, but simultaneously taken for granted as if it were...
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This chapter delineates the initial research objective of this book—i.e., to identify and analyze contemporary education privatization in Honduras in the context of globalization—and anticipates some of the questions, concerns, and conceptual challenges that the authors encountered in the process, specifically those arising from conducting research...
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This chapter addresses contemporary education reform dynamics and initiatives in Honduras, with a focus on the ways in which different non-State actors have become increasingly involved in education policy formulation and implementation. To this end, the chapter (a) describes the widely recognized role that international development organizations h...
Chapter
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This chapter revisits the contributions to theorizing the State made by macro-sociological approaches, global education policy studies, political economy perspectives, and world systems approach, and highlights the aspects of these that are relevant for making sense of contemporary education reform in post-colonial settings. Most importantly, in or...
Article
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El Banco Mundial ha sido durante décadas uno de los actores no estatales más influyentes en educación, tanto a nivel de financiación como en cuanto a la producción de conocimiento en el campo de la política educativa global. Sin embargo, existe poca información sobre las contribuciones del organismo en la implementación de políticas educativas. A p...
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This chapter draws on data collected in a two- and- a- half- year study of student retention and dropout in Cambodia. This followed students as they transitioned from primary school (Grade 6) to lower secondary school (Grade 9) – a period when private tutoring is increasingly important for academic success. The study included three rounds of data c...
Technical Report
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Background Paper for the 2021/2 Global Education Monitoring Report. Available at https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000380064
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Social justice has been a popular topic discussed by researchers in the education field, and although an emphasis on equity in education has been characteristic of research since the early 1990s (Skrtic, 1991), it wasn’t until 21st century that academics began discussing the role of racism and ableism in creating exclusionary practices in schools (...
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Este artículo analiza los desarrollos recientes de política educativa en la República Dominicana prestando atención a los modos en que una serie de nuevos actores no estatales participan de los procesos de reforma educativa. A partir de entrevistas en profundidad con policymakers, representantes del gobierno, agencias de cooperación, organismos int...
Article
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Este ensayo ofrece, desde una perspectiva sistémica, hallazgos sobre el funcionamiento de la reciente estrategia de descentralización educativa en El Salvador, denominada Sistema Integrado de Escuela Inclusiva de Tiempo Pleno (SI-EITP), con el objetivo de conocer el sentido de su funcionamiento y la experiencia de la participación de la comunidad e...
Article
Occupying Schools, Occupying Land is a global and comparative ethnography that centres around the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurias Sem Terra) (MST) and their three sweeping goals of land reform, agrarian reform, and social transformation. Education is a necessary component to achieve these goals, and Tarlau fo...
Article
Education for sustainable development (ESD) and global citizenship education (GCEd) have drawn ample attention , particularly following the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals. This study aims to investigate the individual and institutional-level factors associated with the desired learning outcomes in these areas. The systematic review i...
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While much literature has been produced on globalization, privatization, and the State individually, it has not been common to treat them together, at least not in the field of comparative and international education. There is excellent work that has documented the ways in which globalization and privatization have influenced education reform, but...
Article
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This book proposal seeks to bring together researchers of—and research on—Central America to explore the dynamics of global forces that challenge education systems in the region and to highlight the local efforts that seek to address, mitigate, and even counteract these forces. Examples of the global forces to which chapters in this volume are atte...
Article
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This review looks at what sets Philanthrophy, Hidden Strategy, and Collective Resistance (2019) apart from the rest of the available literature surrounding the politics involved in behind the scenes policy-making decisions. The book is broken down into easily digestible chapters that focus on a variety of topics from a quick primer on neoliberalism...
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El propósito de este capítulo es resumir y ampliar previas investigaciones sobre la dinámica de la economía política en la implementación de políticas de educación en El Salvador, con especial énfasis en principios de los años noventa hasta mediados de la década de 2010. Dos metas acompañan este propósito. La primera es proporcionar información que...
Article
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With a wider historical and political perspective of the policies advocated by foundations, this article frames the agenda of new philanthropy in education, offering. They argue that while “new philanthropy” presents itself as “new”, in the education sector it is continuing the trajectory of global education policies that began almost forty years a...
Chapter
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In recent years, a great deal has been written about the community participation program that emerged in El Salvador known as Education with Community Participation (EDUCO) (e.g., Edwards, 2015, 2018a, 2018b, 2018c, 2019a, 2019b; Edwards, Victoria, & Martin, 2015). As will be further discussed, the key feature of this program that generated signifi...
Article
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This paper presents the results of a systematic review of literature (56 studies) related to Sustainable Development Goal 4.7. The goal of the research reported on here is to contribute to the discussion around strategies for working towards and monitoring SDG4.7 at the institutional level. Within this overarching focus, our review of the literatur...
Article
Based on research in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, this article argues that the globally popular reform of school-based management suffers from several shortcomings and is a partial, extractive, and technocratic means of engendering parental and community participation. Ultimately, this article demonstrates that it is necessary to move beyond SBM as a tec...
Chapter
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Though we have recently witnessed the “exponential production of digital data to measure, analyze, and predict educational performance” (Salajan & Jules, this volume), there has not been sufficient attention given to the quantitative methods that are used to process and transform this data in order to arrive at findings related to “what works”. Thi...
Article
List of papers: Introduction 1. Sociological Contributions to School Choice Policy and Politics Around the Globe: Introduction to the 2020 PEA Yearbook Amanda U. Potterton, D. Brent Edwards Jr., Ee-Seul Yoon, and Jeanne M. Powers Section I: The Strategies and Responses of Schools and 2. Families to School Choice Policies School Counselors’ As...
Article
The present article addresses the production and global dissemination of ‘policy relevant knowledge’. It not only unpacks the methodological assumptions of a particular type of knowledge production – known as impact evaluations – but also analyses the issue of knowledge mobilisation within the political economy of the global education policy field....
Article
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Educational public–private partnerships (EPPP) have been widely implemented in the Philippines, primarily through the Education Service Contracting (ESC) voucher. Yet, the effects of this voucher on privatization of education, school choice, and competition dynamics remain largely understudied. This article addresses this gap through an investigati...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue brings together scholars who are working on new aspects of the intersection and implications of globalization, privatization, and marginalization. While globalization’s relationship to education has been of great interest to scholars (e.g., Dale, 1999; Green, 1997; Rizvi & Lingard, 2009; Steiner-Khamsi, 2004; Verger, Novelli, & K...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the emergence and supply-demand dynamics of a market for low-fee private schools (LFPS) at the level of early childhood care and education (ECCE) in a slum of Lusaka, Zambia. Based on data collection over 1.5 years, the study reveals that, despite a government policy to support ECCE, over 90% of ECCE centers are private; tha...
Article
The introduction to the Yearbook provides an overview of the global context of school choice policies and practices, trends in research and reform, and extant knowledge about research on school choice that draw upon the sociology of education. The article also highlights the contributions of the papers included in the Yearbook. The co-editors expla...
Article
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Resumen: Este artículo analiza los métodos que se utilizan para llevar a cabo "evaluaciones de impacto", un tipo de investigación que supuestamente puede determinar el efecto de una política o programa en los resultados educativos. Gracias al aumento de la recopilación de datos sobre estudiantes y escuelas en el campo de la educación, estos métodos...
Book
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En el contexto de los numerosos desafíos que enfrentan los sistemas de educación pública a escala mundial, la creciente privatización y mercantilización representa uno de los mayores desafíos para la igualdad en el acceso a una educación de calidad. En un estudio realizado recientemente con el apoyo de la Internacional de la Educación, proponemos e...
Article
Along with the dramatic expansion of private tutoring around the world, a significant body of literature has been produced to understand this phenomenon. While many studies consider the issue of geographic location, the spatial dimension tends not to be a central focus of private tutoring studies. In contrast, the present essay applies mobility the...
Article
Along with the dramatic expansion of private tutoring around the world, a significant body of literature has been produced to understand this phenomenon. While many studies consider the issue of geographic location, the spatial dimension tends not to be a central focus of private tutoring studies. In contrast, the present essay applies mobility the...
Article
This NORRAG Highlights is published by D. Brent Edwards Jr., Assistant Professor of Theory and Methodology in the Study of Education at the University of Hawaii, Manoa. In this post, the author looks at methods used to process and transform education- related data called “impact evaluations”. Big data in the field of global education policy uses th...
Chapter
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The present chapter takes aim at the research methods that undergird “evidence-based policy”, particularly as they are used in the realm of global education governance. It does so by unpacking the foundational practices and assumptions of the statistical methods that are commonly employed to inform such research. The research practices critiqued he...
Chapter
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The purpose of this chapter is to summarize and extend previous research on the political economy dynamics of policy implementation in El Salvador, with the focus being on the years from the early 1990s to the mid-2010s. Two goals accompany this purpose. The first is to provide insights that complement and update the limited (analytic) literature o...
Article
En el marco de agenda educativa global, las alianzas-público-privadas (como especialmente las escuelas chárter) son reformas con creciente prestigio académico y popularidad política. Supuestamente, y según sus promotores, estas reformas son consideradas una solución costo-eficiente. Existen dos aspectos de las escuelas chárter que han recibido poco...
Article
Charter schools are commonly discussed as being more effective at matching student and family interests with school mission, ensuring family choice of educational products and improving education quality and the efficiency of resource use as a result of the competitive dynamics they are assumed to generate between themselves and public schools. The...
Chapter
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This chapter transitions to the empirical of focus in this book, that is, the case of the Education with Community Participation (EDUCO) program. The first section addresses the structural context that characterized El Salvador prior to the emergence of this program, in order to understand the larger enabling and constraining factors that affected...
Chapter
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This chapter delineates what it means to bring a political economy lens to the issue of knowledge production within the field of global education policy. In addition to characterizing this perspective generally, this chapter addresses knowledge production in relation to the World Bank, one of the most influential knowledge-producing organizations i...
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This chapter addresses issues of definition and method. The first section takes on the challenge of defining what it means to conduct a critical review of impact evaluations within the political economy of global education reform. As discussed, one must go beyond a critical evaluation of the findings of impact evaluations and beyond a critical appr...
Chapter
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Despite the excitement around the Education with Community Participation (EDUCO) program during the early 1990s as it was being scaled up, the Ministry of Education and the representatives of the World Bank knew that they would need solid evidence which demonstrated that the program produced beneficial outcomes in order (a) to continue to promote t...
Chapter
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This chapter addresses how the studies reviewed in this manuscript are generally problematic for two reasons that go beyond their specific findings. The first problem is the econometric nature of the studies, while the second is the political-financial-intellectual complex from which these studies were borne and back into which they went as they fu...
Chapter
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It is crucial that scholars, but also policymakers and practitioners, have a critical understanding of the conceptual and technical limitations of impact evaluations, as well as the ways that they are necessarily affected by organizational and political dynamics. In order to achieve a critical understanding of impact evaluations, this chapter direc...
Chapter
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This chapter accomplishes two tasks. First, it reevaluates what is known about the Education with Community Participation (EDUCO) program in light of the critical review provided in Chap. 5. Second, it reconsiders the influence of the impact evaluations of EDUCO in terms of national and international implications. Not only did these studies provide...
Chapter
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For all that has been written about El Salvador’s education system, one aspect that remains understudied is teacher education. This is a significant gap given the central role that teachers play in the education system. In addressing this gap, we first characterize the history and current country context of El Salvador, following which we turn our...
Article
In the field of global education policy, it is common for scholars to reflect on the progress made towards internationally agreed upon agendas, such as Education for All (EFA). However, scant research has turned the gaze back on the major multilateral institutions that commit to taking the lead in meeting these agendas in order to ask: What implica...
Book
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This book brings a new focus and new insights to the phenomena of global education policies and, relatedly, international policy transfer. While both of these issues have gained popularity in the field of international and comparative education, there remains much that we do not know. In particular, while numerous studies have been produced which e...
Book
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This book contributes to how we conceptualize and investigate the role and influence of knowledge production by international organizations within the field of global education reform. After elaborating on what it means to approach the intersection of these issues from a political economy perspective, the book develops a focus on knowledge producti...
Article
p>El programa “Educación con Participación de la Comunidad” (EDUCO), desarrollado en El Salvador durante los años 90 y 2000, consiguió fama internacional con un diseño que otorgaba a las familias la capacidad de despedir y contratar a los maestros a nivel de la comunidad. A pesar de la atención que ha recibido dicho programa, muchos aspectos clave...
Article
For those who focus on the role of education in international development, the approach to education governance of school-based management (SBM) has been the primary means by which the participation of community members has been incorporated into the provision of education. However, while SBM is a well-known approach to governance that has become a...
Preprint
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The National Program for Community Empowerment (known as PNPM Mandiri in Indonesia) is the principal, over-arching initiative through which the Indonesian government has pursued community-led development since 2005, though it has roots in much earlier programs. It is repeatedly referred to as the largest community development program in the world i...
Article
Community participation in school management—and in hiring and firing of teachers in particular—has been actively advocated as an effective reform to improve school and teacher accountability in the Global South. This paper examines whether such reform functions in practice as suggested in theory, drawing on the findings of a case study of communit...
Article
In recent years, the Civil Society Education Fund has supported national education civil society coalitions (NECs) in low-income countries so that they put pressure on governments and donors to implement the Education for All agenda and the Millennium Development Goal on education. This article draws on literature on global governance as well as on...
Article
Background/Context: The UN Sustainable Development Goals include a renewed commitment to inclusive and equitable education for all and will maintain pressure on governments in low-income countries to ensure this provision. A range of prominent researchers and institutional actors continue to explore and to promote low-fee private schools (LFPSs) as...
Article
This is my review of "The Political Economy of Schooling in Cambodia: Issues of Quality and Equity" edited by Yuto Kitamura, D. Brent Edwards Jr, Chhing Sitha, and James H. Williams, published by Palgrave Macmillan, 2016 . The review is published in SOJOURN: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, Volume 32, Number 2, July, 2017.
Article
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As escolas charter são oferecidas como uma solução em distritos escolares onde as escolas públicas são vistas como malsucedidas. Embora as análises gerais dos resultados das escolas charter tenham tendido a descobrir que as escolas charter não produzem melhores resultados acadêmicos, esse modelo de gestão escolar continua sendo um tema candente. No...
Article
This research note shares insights which resulted from a larger study into the ways in which the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) – during 2010–2014 – used its position as coordinator of the post-Dakar Framework for Action (initiated at the World Education Forum held in 2000 and designed to reinvigorate the...
Article
This paper examines the Civil Society Education Fund’s (CSEF) impact on the non-governmental organisation education partnership (NEP) in Cambodia. With financial backing from the World Bank and the Fast Track Initiative, the CSEF is an initiative that is managed internationally by the Global Campaign for Education. Its goal is to help national netw...