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Cuk Tri Noviandi

Cuk Tri Noviandi
Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada · Animal Nutrition and Feed Science

S.Pt., M.Anim.St., Ph.D.

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99
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Publications

Publications (99)
Article
Full-text available
This study was aimed to determine in vitro gas production kinetics and organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) of ration added by Leucaena leucecophala and corn oil (CO) at various ratios. Four levels of Leucaena leucecophala (0%, 25%, 50%, and 75%, DM basis) and three levels of corn oil (0%, 1%, and 2% of substrate) were arranged in a 4 × 3 factorial...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated the effects of Leucaena leucocephala and corn oil supplemented to diet on in vitro ruminal and post-ruminal nutrient degradation using a two-stage in vitro technique. The four dietary treatments consisted of Pennisetum purpureum and concentrate in a 75:25 ratio with increasing levels of L. leucocephala (L0= 0%, L25= 25%, L50= 5...
Article
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Oil or fat supplementation in ruminants ration does not have a positive effect due to the biohydrogenation of fat in the rumen. Fat in ruminants ration also may decrease fiber digestibility in the rumen. Protection of fat is expected to reduce those negative effects in the rumen. This in vitro study was conducted to determine the most effective con...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine the most optimal heating time in protection of protein rich feedstuff on digestibility and in vitro ruminal fermentation profile. Proteinous feedstuffs used in this study is soybean meal (Glycine max). This study is designed using one way ANOVA, with five treatments of heating time (T0 (control)= unheated, T1=...
Article
Aims. This in vitro study aimed to examine the effect of proportions of Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit) to Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) or levels of corn oil (CO) and their interaction on ruminal fermentation, methane (CH 4) production and fatty acid profile. Methods. The experiment was conducted as a 4 · 3 factorial...
Article
Full-text available
Kondisi iklim di Indonesia dengan suhu dan kelembapan yang tinggi merupakan kondisi optimal bagi perkembangan jamur Aspergillus flavus penghasil toksin aflatoksin. Aflatoksin dapat menurunkan produktivitas ternak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek penambahan asam amino metionin-sistin untuk menurunkan efek toksin dari aflatoksin B1 (AF...
Article
Full-text available
This study was done to determine the effects of bale sizes of bio-ammoniated rice straw on its nutrient quality and in vitro digestibility. Rice straw were bio-ammoniated by adding 2 g urea and 1 g probiotic/kg DM. By following a completely randomized design, rice straw was baled in 3 different weights (15, 25, and 35 kg) with six replications for...
Article
Full-text available
Excess degradation of high protein feed in the rumen can reduce the efficiency of post-rumen nutrient utilization. The protected feed is expected to increase the protein absorption in the intestine. Meanwhile, supplementation of oil or fat in the ration has a negative effect due to biohydrogenation of fat in the rumen. Protection of fat is expected...
Article
Full-text available
Abstrak Kondisi iklim di Indonesia dengan suhu dan kelembapan yang tinggi merupakan kondisi optimal bagi perkembangan jamur Aspergillus flavus penghasil toksin aflatoksin. Aflatoksin dapat menurunkan produktivitas ternak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek penambahan asam amino metionin-sistin untuk menurunkan efek toksin dari aflatoksi...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to determine aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) level contaminating broiler feed in Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. A total of 40 feed samples were collected from four districts in Special Region of Yogyakarta to measure AFB1 level by ELISA. The result showed that all feed samples in Special Region of Yogyakarta were contaminated by AFB1...
Article
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This study aimed to evaluate methionine supplementation to ameliorate toxicity of aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1) on intestinal morphology in broilers. A total of 320 broilers were randomly allocated to 5 treatments with 8 replicates, 8 birds per replicate. The dietary treatments were The dietary treatments (AF = Aflatoxin B 1) were as follows: CTL: control...
Article
Full-text available
This study determined the best proportion of dried cassava chips (local name: gaplek and palm kernel cake (PKC) with a fixed proportion of rice straw as assessed by rumen fermentation characteristics. Three rations were offered to 14 Ongole crossbred bulls (average liveweight at 200±20 kg). The rations were mixtures of rice straw, gaplek , and PKC...
Article
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Cassava powder and pulp contain high levels of carbohydrate and variable starch; thus, they have the potential as substitutes for corn grain in cattle rations. This study aims to determine whether cassava (powder and pulp) can replace corn as an energy source in rations. Using a completely randomized design, rations were formulated using three corn...
Article
Full-text available
Bali cattle is one of Indonesian native cattle that has potential as a premium beef. Unfortunately, they have a small frame size. Crossing with Angus breed is expected improve the growth, frame size, and meat quality but it needs better feed quality, for example by adding feed concentrate. Fourteen Bali crossed Angus and fourteen Bali cattle at 9-1...
Article
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The aim of this study was to measure the effect of dietary protein and energy supplementation on rumen characteristics and digestibility of Bali bulls, by in vitro . Leucaena leucocephala (LL) and Corypha elata Robx (CeR) as protein and energy sources, respectively, and Native Grasses (NG) collected from Natural Pasture (NP) in Timor-Leste, were us...
Article
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Excessive degradation high protein feed in the rumen can reduce nutrient utilization efficiency of feed in post rumen. Protected feed is expected to increase the undegraded proteins that enter and absorbed in the intestine. In vitro study was conducted to determine whether the protected feed can reduce rumen degradability as well as improving post-...
Article
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This study was conducted to determine the nutrient intake of lactating dairy cows in the wet and dry seasons in Wukirsari, Cangkringan, Sleman, Yogyakarta. The experiment was conducted using forty lactating Friesian Holstein cows selected from dairy group farms, with average body weight 421.77±28.60 kg, and in 1st to 3rd lactation, housed in perman...
Article
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This research aimed to observe the interaction of methionine-cysteine amino acid supplementation to decrease the effect of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on diet against production performance of broiler chicken. A number of 240 mixed sex broiler chickens were treated in 9 treatments by factorial design 3 x 3 with methionine-cysteine amino acid (M+C) (75,100,...
Article
Full-text available
Antibiotics have components to inhibit infections against Staphylococcus aureus, but they depend on judicious use to minimize the incidence of resistance forms. Strategies to improve the current situation include research in finding a new antimicrobial from virgin coconut oil (VCO). The saturated fatty acid, lauric acid (LA) (C12) contain in VCO wa...
Article
Full-text available
This research aimed to observe the interaction of methionine-cysteine amino acid supplementation to decrease the effect of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on diet against production performance of broiler chicken. A number of 240 mixed sex broiler chickens were treated in 9 treatments by factorial design 3 x 3 with methionine-cysteine amino acid (M+C) (75,100,...
Article
Full-text available
In tropical Indonesia, which has specific dry and wet seasons, it is difficult to provide high-quality forage in sufficient quantities throughout the year. Therefore, it is necessary to establish the availability and nutrient contents of forages and other natural feed resources during the dry and wet seasons in order to provide sufficient nutrients...
Article
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Background and Objective: Brachiaria spp. is a potential grass that can be cultivated in Indonesia. Grass production and quality can be affected by the planting material. This study aimed to identify the nutrient quality and production of Brachiaria spp. with different planting materials in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: The planting...
Conference Paper
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As the main feed for ruminants, forages need to meet the nutrient requirements, both in quality and quantity. However, due to the difference in conditions between the dry and wet seasons, it is difficult to provide high-quality forage in sufficient quantities throughout the year in tropical regions such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Timor Leste, etc. The...
Article
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The research aimed to investigate the effect of different planting space on the seed production of Brachiaria brizantha cv. MG 5.This study used three dimensions of spacing: 75 x 75 cm, 100 x 100 cm, and 150 x 150 cm. The seed was germinated before planted on the 3 x 3 m plot with three replications. Fertilization was performed twice at the age of...
Article
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The objective of this study was to determine the content of the feed given and reproductive status of each animal and its effect on reproduction performance in early lactation dairy cows. Seven early lactation of Friesian Holstein cows were used from local farmer. The observed variable were feedstuff from local farmer and reproductive status (post...
Article
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The objective of this field questionnaire survey was to describe the dairy cow productivity and socio-economic profile of dairy cattle farmers in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta smallholder farming communities which have been targeted dairy development policy. The study was conducted on 190 Friesian Holstein (FH) cows maintained under smallholder's mana...
Article
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INTISARI Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui daya cerna sapi Bali secara in vitro terhadap penambahan ubi kayu pada waktu yang berbeda terhadap pakan basal jerami padi fermentasi. Penelitian ini selama 4 bulandan dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Teknologi Makanan Ternak, Biokimia Nutrisi, Uji Teknologi Pangan dan Hasil, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research has been conducted to determine the best level of Leucaena leucocephala supplementation to digestibility and fermentability in vitro. The study was designed using completely randomized design with 3 levels supplementation of Leucaena (10, 20, and 30 %) and each treatment was done in 6 replications. All of the silage treatments was inoculat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This research was aimed to study the effect of supplementing lamtoro (Leucaena leucocephala) leaves and/or putak (Corypha elata Robx.) on in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibilities of native grass of Timor-Leste. Native grass used in this study was collected from natural pasture in Balibo sub district, Bobonaro district, Timor-Leste. In...
Conference Paper
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The carbohydrate-rich feed was commonly used as an additive in ensiling process. However, there has been lack of scientific reports on the usage of starch of gebanga (Corypha gebanga) flour as additive combined with lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The objective of this study was to determine the quality of sorghum silage treated with the starch of geba...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study was done to determine the in vitro digestibility of basal feed consisted of fermented rice (Oryza sativa) straw and cassava (Manihot utilissima) leaves supplemented with various levels of cassava tuber. Fermented rice straw was made by mixing 4 kg urea and 1 kg Starbio® into 2000 kg freshly harvested rice straw. As dietary treatments, fe...
Conference Paper
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This study was done to evaluate chemical composition and in sacco degradability of fish waste meal. Fresh fish (Congresox talabon) waste meal used in this study was collected from fish crackers industries of Indramayu, West Java. Fresh fish waste samples were dried and ground prior to be analyzed. The sample was analyzed for chemicals composition (...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study was conducted to determine the digestibility and in vitro fermentation characteristic of native grass silage supplemented with different levels of Leucaena leucocephala. The study was designed using completely randomized design with 3 levels supplementation of Leucaena (10, 20, and 30%) and each treatment was done in 6 replications. All...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro degradation and rumen fermentation characteristics of soybean meal that were protected with different levels of formaldehyde. In a completely randomized design experiment, 4 levels of formaldehyde (0, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, and 1.2%; volume/weight) were applied on soybean meal. Protected soybean mea...
Article
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The objective of study was to estimate breeding value of sires of Kebumen Ongole grade cattle based on offsprings weaning weight. This research was carried out from August to December 2015 in Urut Sewu area, Kebumen. The calculation of genetic parameter estimation was heritability of weaning weight. The value of heritability was used to calculate t...
Article
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An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of duration of storage and method of storage on the quality of complete calf starter pellet. Pelleting was done in order to facilitate the handling, storage, transport, and to improve the efficiency and palatability of feed. The calf starter ingredients were yellow corn (50%), soybean meal (24.5%)...
Poster
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Seven early lactation of Friesian Holstein cows were used from local farmer. The observed variable were feedstuff from local farmer and reproductive status (post partum estrous and service per conception).
Article
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Objective: The study was aimed to determine the effect of different protein level toward the growth performance of male Bali cattle fattened in smallholder farms. Materials and Methods: The male Bali cattle used were 18 heads aged 2-2.5 years with initial body weight of 229.86±12.46 kg. The cattle were randomly divided into three treatment groups....
Conference Paper
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Hijauan sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) sangat potensial sebagai sumber hijauan pakan karena tahan kering dan mampu tumbuh kembali setelah dipotong. Pembuatan silase hijauan sorghum telah dilakukan dengan empat perlakuan, yaitu tanpa pemberian aditif sebagai kontrol (Ko), pemberian aditif dedak halus (DH), putak (Pu), dan gula air (GA), masing-masing 4 d...
Conference Paper
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The Ongole crossbred cattle was formed as a result of grading up of Java and Sumba Ongole cattle that comes from Madras, India in 1930 (Hardjosubroto, 1994). The Ongole crossbred cattle was known as meat and draught cattle. The characteristics of Ongole crossbreed cattle are white-gray color on body, with a large head, neck and knees were dark. The...
Conference Paper
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The condition beef cattle that were kept by the farmers around palm oil plantations in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia are currently only rely on the grass for animal feed. The location of grazing field is far enough approximately 4-10 km for 4-5 hours per day. It is a distant and long time to feed the Bali cows. Therefore, the source of feed in palm...
Conference Paper
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INTRODUCTION Sago (Metroxylon sp.) was grown in the tropics and well-adapted on peat and swampy soil (Melling et al., 2005). The largest supply of sago comes from the South East Asia, particularly Indonesia and Malaysia. The trunk of sago tree may reach 3 to 5 cm in diameter at 24 months and may grow until 20 m tall (Bintoro et al., 2010). The main...
Conference Paper
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Indonesia, a tropical country, has two seasons, those are dry and rainy seasons. The seasons resulted in differences in the availability supply of feed, especially forage as a source of fiber for ruminants. However, recently the population of small ruminants animal in Indonesia is increasing and it forced the increase of feed requirements, especial...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Digestibility of high fiber feed depends on cellulolytic microbes. In order to maximize the degradation of fibrous feed, the growth of ruminal microbes is needed to be improved. One effort to increase the microbe population in the rumen is by manipulating the adequacy of nutrients for their growth. Microbes in the rumen require energy and protein f...
Conference Paper
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To anticipate the problem of forage shortage during dry season in Indonesia, the usage of unconventional feedstuffs such as agricultural crop residues (Utomo, 2015) and livestock waste as feed is one of the strategies that can be applied. This strategy may optimize the use of natural resources for the benefit of livestock production in concern with...
Conference Paper
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Cattle production in Yogyakarta Indonesia has been increasing rapidly over the last decade. Therefore, the increase should be balanced by the increase productivity especially the availability of forage feed that is an important factor in supporting the productivity of ruminants. Brachiaria decumbens cv Basilisk and Brachiaria ruziziensis cv Kennedy...
Article
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Aflatoxin, which known as toxigenic compound, is a secondary metabolite produced by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. Aflatoxin is found in both food and feed stuffs, such as: corn and peanut. Aflatoxin standard is needed in every research of aflatoxin contamination. But it is rather difficult to get. It is imported, high costs, and take times...
Article
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This study examined the productivity of the legume cover crop puero (Pueraria javanica) used as Bali cattle feed on oil palm plantations in the East Kutai Regency in East Kalimantan Indonesia during November 2014-March 2015. Puero plants were grown in a 30 x 30 cm area in 24 plots with 45 plants per plot. Palm oil mill waste and Bali cattle feces w...