Cristóbal Hernández

Cristóbal Hernández
Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez · School of Psychology

PhD

About

17
Publications
2,872
Reads
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65
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
66 Citations
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Publications

Publications (17)
Article
Full-text available
Genetic and early environmental factors are interwoven in the etiology of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Epigenetic mechanisms offer the molecular machinery to adapt to environmental conditions. There are gaps in the knowledge about how epigenetic mechanisms are involved in the effects of early affective environment, development of BPD, and...
Article
Background Intimate social relationships improve individual health and longevity, an effect which is supposed to be mediated through stress-sensitive endocrine and immune mechanisms in response to positive interaction behavior. On a neuroendocrine level, oxytocin (OT) buffers stress responses, modulates social attachment behavior and has been assoc...
Article
Full-text available
In Chile, during the COVID-19 pandemic, reports of cyberbullying victimization increased for adolescents and younger adults. Research has shown that cyber-victims—adolescents and young adults alike—are at greater risk for mental health problems such as depression as a result of this negative type of aggression. Yet, a paucity of research has examin...
Article
Cyberbullying among adolescents has negative consequences for their mental health, especially when it comes to depressive symptoms. Previous studies highlight individual protective factors such as coping strategies; however, there are no studies that examine the harmful effects of cyberbullying and the implications of different coping strategies on...
Article
Aim To assess the pattern of alcohol consumption in the Chilean adult population in association with depressive symptoms in the context of the COVID-19 quarantine. Methods A correlational and transversal study was conducted. Alcohol consumption and depressive symptoms were measured through an online survey, including the PHQ-9 Chilean version and...
Article
La capacidad de regular las emociones es relevante para el bienestar, mientras que la incapacidad de ajustar los sistemas fisiológicos en respuesta a las demandas del entorno se asocia con el desarrollo y el mantenimiento de la psicopatología. Numerosos estudios demuestran que la Variabilidad del Ritmo Cardíaco (VRC) es un marcador psicofisiológico...
Article
Full-text available
A large body of literature has shown the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) on stress-reduction. However, little is known about their effects on psychobiological stress-markers in daily life through an ecological momentary assessment approach. Our study examines the effects of MBI on state mindfulness, perceived stress, and indi...
Article
Previous research has found a consistent association between depressive symptomatology and a problematic use of the Internet, however, the causal pathways responsible for this association are not well known. Following emotion regulation theory, the present study aimed to explore the longitudinal dynamics between using the Internet to distract onese...
Article
Full-text available
Distinct sources of stress have emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic. Particularly, fear is expected to generate significant psychological burden on individuals and influence on either unsafe behavior that may hinder recovery efforts or virus-mitigating behaviors. However, little is known about the properties of measures to capture them in research...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment theory was built around the idea that infants rely on others to survive, and it is often forgotten that survival hinged on coping with environmental demands. Adult attachment reports have instead been organized around people’s subjective experience of safety and security in relationships. To resolve the gap between infant’s physical need...
Article
Full-text available
Identity diffusion is considered a central element in the psychopathology of borderline personality disorder, which is rooted in deficits in mentalization skills. This article presents the results of a qualitative analysis carried out on the patients’ and therapists’ narratives during psychotherapeutic sessions with the Identity Treatment for Adole...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research suggests that neuroendocrine mechanisms underlie inter-individual stress coping in couples. The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT), while regulating stress-sensitive HPA-axis activity might be crucial in this process. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of dyadic coping abilities and OT on HPA-axis outcomes and constructiv...
Article
INTRODUCCIÓN La adolescencia es un periodo de la vida carac-terizado por la transición entre la niñez y la adultez, durante el cual ocurren una serie de cambios impor-tantes en distintos aspectos del desarrollo, que van desde cambios en la maduración biológica hasta otros de carácter más psicológico y/o social (Floren-zano y Zegers, 2003). Estos ca...
Article
Full-text available
En el marco de la salud mental individual y familiar, la relación entre satisfacción de pareja y sintomatología depresiva ha sido bien documentada. Una segunda generación de estudios se ha focalizado en encontrar variables que modulen esta relación; sin embargo, el rol de la función reflexiva (FR) en la relación entre estas 2 variables no ha sido s...
Preprint
Attachment theory was built around the idea that infants rely on others to survive, and often, forgotten, that survival hinged on coping with environmental demands. Adult attachment reports have instead been organized around people’s subjective experience of safety and security in relationships. To resolve the gap between infant’s physical needs an...
Article
La Adicción a Internet es un fenómeno clínico que ha dado señales de alarma sobre las propiedades adictivas de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y comunicación (TICs). El objetivo del estudio fue adaptar transculturalmente el Test de Adicción a Internet de Young (1998) y evaluar estructuras factoriales anteriormente propuestas. Además, dada...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The main goal of this project is to develop explanatory mechanisms for the relationship between problematic internet use and depressive/anxious symptoms in adolescents and young adults by means of experimental paradigms, psychobiological research, and intensive longitudinal methods.