Cristina Vargas

Cristina Vargas
University of Valencia | UV · Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology

About

52
Publications
30,469
Reads
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1,613
Citations
Citations since 2016
14 Research Items
1445 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
Introduction
Additional affiliations
October 2007 - September 2015
University of Granada
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Full-text available
Concerns about the negative effects of digitalization on students’ reading comprehension, empirically backed by recent meta-analyses, question the efficacy of digital tools in the language arts classroom. By analyzing data from 4 and 8th grade US students from NAEP 2017, we aimed to test the generalization of the negative association between screen...
Article
Full-text available
At intersections, drivers need to infer which ways are allowed by interpreting mandatory and/or prohibitory traffic signs. Time and accuracy in this decision-making process are crucial factors to avoid accidents. Previous studies show that integrating information from prohibitory signs is generally more difficult than from mandatory signs. In Study...
Article
Educational institutions across the world are increasingly integrating tablets in the classroom, under the assumption that tablets improve students' learning. However, little research has specifically focused on the effects of tablets on reading comprehension of primary school children. Based on previous research with undergraduate students, we tes...
Article
Full-text available
***** OPEN ACCESS at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2018.09.003 **************** With the increasing dominance of digital reading over paper reading, gaining understanding of the effects of the medium on reading comprehension has become critical. However, results from research comparing learning outcomes across printed and digital media are mix...
Article
Full-text available
The correlation between the burnout syndrome and sociodemographic variables in nursing professionals has been widely studied though research results are contradictory. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of gender, marital status, and children on the dimensions of the burnout syndrome (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and persona...
Article
Objective: To determine the prevalence of burnout (based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory on the 3 dimensions of high Emotional Exhaustion, high Depersonalization, and low Personal Accomplishment) among emergency nurses. Method: A search of the terms "emergency AND nurs* AND burnout" was conducted using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane,...
Article
Full-text available
El consumo de drogas legales e ilegales ha sido muy poco investigado en población militar española destinada en zonas de operaciones multinacionales. El objetivo de la investigación fue evaluar el nivel de consumo de drogas en militares españoles que realizaban misiones en Bosnia-Herzegovina, e identificar las posibles variables asociadas con dicho...
Article
Full-text available
The use of both legal and illegal drugs has rarely been investigated among the Spanish military population involved in multinational military operations. The aim of the current study was to examine the consumption of drugs by Spanish military personnel in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the variables associated with such substance use. A total of 605 milit...
Article
Burnout is considered a long term stress reaction which is seen primarily among professionals who work face-to-face with other people. Socio-demographic characteristics have been suggested as risk factors to its development, although empirical studies have yield contradictory results. The objective of this study is to conduct a meta-analysis of fou...
Article
Full-text available
El consumo de drogas legales e ilegales ha sido muy poco investigado en población militar española destinada en zonas de operaciones multinacionales. El objetivo de la investigación fue evaluar el nivel de consumo de drogas en militares españoles que realizaban misiones en Bosnia-Herzegovina, e identificar las posibles variables asociadas con dicho...
Article
Full-text available
The use of both legal and illegal drugs has rarely been investigated among the Spanish military population involved in multinational military operations. The aim of the current study was to examine the consumption of drugs by Spanish military personnel in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the variables associated with such substance use. A total of 605 milit...
Article
Full-text available
Although past research has highlighted the possibility of a direct relationship between the age of nursing professionals and burnout syndrome, results have been far from conclusive. The aim of this study was to conduct a wider analysis of the influence of age on the three dimensions of burnout syndrome (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and...
Article
Full-text available
Nurses are an occupational group with extremely high levels of burnout. The most accepted definition of the burnout syndrome was proposed by Maslach and Jackson, who characterized it in terms of three dimensions: (i) Emotional Exhaustion; (ii) Depersonalization; (iii) Personal Accomplishment. This definition was the basis for the Granada Burnout Qu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The burnout syndrome is beginning to be regarded as an occupational illness of high prevalence among nursing in Spain. Individuals suffering from the síndrome manifest important health problems. More information about prevalence and risk factors for burnout is needed to prevent the syndrome and to determine the most appropriate clinical...
Article
Full-text available
In this research we studied the levels and the associated variables with the burnout syndrome in health professionals. This research aimed to obtain evidences of factorial validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), to estimate the prevalence of burnout, and to identify the risk factors for this syndrome among health professionals. A cross-sec...
Article
Full-text available
In this research we studied the levels and the associated variables with the burnout syndrome in health professionals. This research aimed to obtain evidences of factorial validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), to estimate the prevalence of burnout, and to identify the risk factors for this syndrome among health professionals. A cross-sec...
Article
Full-text available
Numerosos estudios sugieren la relación entre el síndrome de burnout y algunas variables ocupacionales e informan de diversos tamaños del efecto en sus asociaciones, en profesionales de Enfermería. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar la influencia de cinco variables ocupacionales (antigüedad en el puesto, antigüedad en la profesión, satisfacció...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Police work is currently one of the most stressful occupations. High levels of stress can culminate in suffering the burnout syndrome. This syndrome is characterised by emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and low personal accomplishment. Police officers, despite being a risk group, have been investigated less than other professiona...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the present study is to develop a questionnaire, with proper psychometric properties and current norms, to evaluate the burnout syndrome in Spain. The operative definition of burnout proposed by Maslach and Jackson is used to define three dimensions (Emotional exhaustion, Depersonalization and Personal accomplishment). A total of 2,403...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer el contenido de las representaciones sociales acerca del consumo de drogas en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, y si tales representaciones favorecían y, por lo tanto, predecían el consumo de las mismas. Para esto, se seleccionaron seis creencias acerca del uso social de las drogas –tales como tomar alguna drog...
Article
The objective of the study was to know the content of social representations about the consumption of drugs and also if those representations contributed and predicted the consumption of drugs among young people. Six beliefs about the social use of drugs were selected, such as whether it is common to take drugs. These beliefs were considered indica...
Article
Full-text available
Age-associated memory impairment could worsen the knowledge of traffic rules. The present study analyses the differences in the knowledge of the traffic rules according to the age and the importance for road safety. 300 drivers participated (18-75 years-old). A questionnaire was developed to assess the knowledge of the traffic rules according to th...
Article
Full-text available
In order to assess the accident rate of older drivers and judge the severity of the figures in this and other age and gender groups, the analysis of a new estimation rate has been developed. The current research proposes a new pro rata estimation rate relating the raw data on number of accidents to driving frequency, taking into account the number...
Article
Un déficit en la memoria producido por la edad puede influir en el conocimiento de la normativa de tráfico. El presente estudio analiza las diferencias en el conocimiento de la normativa en función de la edad e importancia para la seguridad vial. Participaron 300 personas (18-75 años). Se elaboró un cuestionario de conocimiento sobre normativa de t...
Article
Full-text available
The consumption of cannabis has increased in the female population. The risk and protection factors associated with an increase or decrease in its consumption may differ as a function of gender, age and substance con׳ sumed. The objectives of the present study were to examine the relevance to cannabis consumption by female students of legal drugs c...
Article
The assessment of suicide risk in institutionalized older people has received less attention in comparison with those not institutionalized. The studies carried out show contradictory data on the prevalence of risk in this population group. The current work estimates the prevalence of suicide risk through a Bayesian analysis and studies the risk fa...
Article
Full-text available
The Maslach Burnout Inventory is one of the most widely used measuring instruments for assessing the construct of Burnout and several versions of the test and adaptations to different languages have been developed. This scale measures three dimensions: Emotional exhaustion, Depersonalization and Personal accomplishment. The present meta-analysis...
Article
It has been proposed that prohibition and obligation be represented in different ways in reasoning with deontic information (Bucciarelli & Johnson-Laird, 2005). Obligations are salient in permissible situations and prohibitions in impermissible situations. In some specific cases, differential initial representations are also consistently predicted...
Article
Full-text available
El síndrome de Burnout tiene una alta incidencia en profesionales que realizan una labor asistencial o social, lo que implica que el deterioro de su calidad de vida laboral afecta a su propia salud, a la organización en la que desarrollan su trabajo y también, a través de los beneficiarios del mismo, a la sociedad. Las graves consecuencias de padec...
Article
Full-text available
Burnout syndrome has a high incidence among professional healthcare and social workers. This leads to deterioration in the quality of their working life and affects their health, the organization where they work and, via their clients, society itself. Given these serious effects, many studies have investigated this construct and identified groups a...
Article
Burnout syndrome has a high incidence among professional healthcare and social workers. This leads to deterioration in the quality of their working life and affects their health, the organization where they work and, via their clients, society itself. Given these serious effects, many studies have investigated this construct and identified groups a...
Article
Full-text available
Burnout syndrome has a high incidence among professional healthcare and social workers. This leads to deterioration in the quality of their working life and affects their health, the organization where they work and, via their clients, society itself. Given these serious effects, many studies have investigated this construct and identified groups a...
Data
Full-text available
33 El síndrome de Burnout tiene una alta incidencia en profesionales que realizan una labor asistencial o social, lo que implica que el deterioro de su calidad de vida laboral afecta a su propia salud, a la organización en la que desarrollan su trabajo y también, a través de los beneficiarios del mismo, a la sociedad. Las graves consecuencias de pa...
Article
Every traffic sign conveys a single proposition about traffic conditions. Drivers must integrate this proposition with their goals and other known facts to decide on an appropriate action in what amounts to a deduction task. For example, imagine that you are driving a car and you want to turn right at an intersection but there is a 'no right turn'...
Article
Full-text available
El interés en la investigación del Burnout proviene del hecho de tratarse de un problema social antes que de una cuestión teórica (Maslach y Jackson, 1984). Como indican estas autoras, el Burnout es un pro-blema que afecta a muchas personas, por ello se hace necesario saber más sobre él pa-ra reducir la prevalencia y la incidencia del mismo y cada...
Poster
The framework, goals and results concerning the Mare Nostrum VMS project (MN-VMS) are presented. MN-VMS activities began with the Multi-annual Indicative Programme 2002-2006 (European Commission. Directorate-General Energy and Transport). It involves Italy, France, Netherlands, Portugal, Republic of Ireland, Slovenia, Sweden, United Kingdom, and Sp...
Article
Full-text available
Study 1: The aim of this study was to analyze in persons detoxified of heroin, compensatory conditioned responses (CCRs) that are opposite to the unconditioned physiological, and subjective effects that are induced by this substance. The procedure consisted in presenting slides with images of neutral stimuli (NSs) and conditioned stimuli (CSs) of h...
Article
Full-text available
Estudio 1. El objetivo fue analizar, en personas desintoxicadas a la heroína, respuestas condicionadas opuestas a los efectos incondicionados de esta droga. El procedimiento consistió en presentar diapositivas con imágenes tanto de estímulos neutros como de estímulos condicionados asociados a estados de abstinencia de la heroína. Las respuestas eva...
Article
Abstract The aim of this piece of research was to study the sequence of drug consumption progression and the relation between the initiation and intensity in the consumption of a type of drug and the previous consumption of another. In order to do so, a questionnaire on the consumption of drugs was given to 560 psychology students. The results con...
Article
The aim of this piece of research was to study the sequence of drug consumption progression and the relation between the initiation and intensity in the consumption of a type of drug and the previous consumption of another. In order to do so, a questionnaire on the consumption of drugs was given to 560 psychology students. The results confirm a hie...
Article
Full-text available
Study 1: The aim of this experiment was to analyze in persons detoxified of heroin, conditioned responses (CRs) that are opposite to the unconditioned physiological and subjective effects that are induced by this substance. The basic procedure consisted in presenting slides with images of neutral stimuli (NSs) and conditioned stimuli (CSs) of heroi...
Article
Signs are a key element of the traffic environment. They inform, restrict, warn and admonish traffic users. It is indispensable for the latter to keep track on real time of the information that traffic signs provide in order to perceive it, understand it, remember it and combine it with other pieces of information and users' own goals, so that they...
Article
Estudio 1: El objetivo de este experimento fue analizar en personas desintoxicadas a la heroína respuestas condicionadas (RCs) opuestas a ciertos efectos fisiológicos y subjetivos de esta droga. El procedimiento consistió en presentar diapositivas con imágenes de estímulos neutros (ENs) y estímulos condicionados (ECs) de la heroína a personas no ad...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this papers is to review research in the field of psychoneuroimmunology that provides empirical evidence of a relationship between psychological factors and the immune system. It provides justification for how the immune system is affected by social and psychological factors, via the autonomic and central nervous systems. Animal models a...
Article
The aim of this paper is to review the research in the psychoneuroimmunology field that provides empirical evidence of a relationship between psychological factors and the immune system. The research provides an explanation for how the immune system is affected by social and psychological factors, via the autonomic and central nervous systems. Anim...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Mental Representation of Traffic Signs and Traffic Research