Cristina Quintavalle

Cristina Quintavalle
Universitätsspital Basel · Institut für Pathologie

PhD

About

124
Publications
14,466
Reads
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3,330
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2014 - January 2015
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Full-text available
Hypoxia plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and drug resistance, and it is recognised as a major factor affecting patient clinical outcome. Therefore, the detection of hypoxic areas within the tumour micro-environment represents a useful way to monitor tumour growth and patients’ responses to treatments, properly guiding the choice of the most su...
Article
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) shuttle proteins, RNA, DNA, and lipids crucial for cell-to-cell communication. Recent findings have highlighted that EVs, by virtue of their cargo, may also contribute to breast cancer (BC) growth and metastatic dissemination. Indeed, EVs are gaining great interest as non-invasive cancer biomarkers. However, little is k...
Article
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are neoplasms derived from neuroendocrine cells. One of their main features is to often remain asymptomatic and clinically undetectable. High Mobility Group A (HMGA) proteins belong to a family of non-histone chromatinic proteins able to modulate gene expression through the interaction with DNA and transcription factors...
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Chronic liver inflammation causes continuous liver damage with progressive liver fibrosis and cirrhosis, which may eventually lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Whereas the 10-year incidence for HCC in patients with cirrhosis is approximately 20%, many of these patients remain tumor free for their entire lives. Clarifying the mechanisms that d...
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Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive breast cancer subtype. TNBC progression is sustained by the recruitment of a strong tumor microenvironment (TME) mainly composed of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs) able to endorse tumor hallmarks. Increasing evidence demonstrated that exosomes mediate the crosstalk between cancer cell...
Article
Background Administration of iodinated contrast medium (CM) during invasive cardiovascular procedures may be associated with impairment of kidney function. Objectives Urinary dickkopf-3 (DKK3), a stress-induced renal tubular epithelium–derived glycoprotein, has been identified as a biomarker predicting both acute kidney injury (AKI) and persistent...
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Lung cancer is still the leading cause of death by cancer worldwide despite advances both in its detection and therapy. Multiple oncogenic driver alterations have been discovered, opening the prospective for new potential therapeutic targets. Among them, KRAS mutations represent the most frequent oncogene aberrations in non-small cell lung cancer (...
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is related to increasing incidence rates and poor clinical outcomes due to lack of efficient treatment options and emerging resistance mechanisms. The aim of the present study is to exploit a non-viral gene therapy enabling the expression of the parvovirus-derived oncotoxic protein NS1 in HCC. This anticancer protein...
Article
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive and lethal neoplasia of the central nervous system in adults. Based on the molecular signature genes, GBM has been classified in proneural, neural, mesenchymal and classical subtypes. The Metallophosphoesterase-domain-containing protein 2 (MPPED2) gene encodes a metallophosphodiesterase protein highly conse...
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A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41388-020-01608-1.
Article
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Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer mortality in women. Despite advance in its management, the identification of new options for early stage diagnosis and therapy of this tumor still represents a crucial challenge. Increasing evidence indicates that extracellular vesicles named exosomes may have great potential as early diagnostic biomarkers...
Article
Exosomes are emerging as promising target for early diagnosis and therapy in diff erent oncological conditions including breast cancer (BC). However, the development of tools able to easily and specifi cally target cancer cell-derived exosomes still represent a fundamental issue that is required to realize their clinical utility. Nucleic-acid aptam...
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Breast cancer is the most frequent malignancy in females in terms of both incidence and mortality. Underlying the high mortality rate is the presence of cancer stem cells, which divide indefinitely and are resistant to conventional chemotherapies, so causing tumor relapse. In the present study, we identify miR-216a-5p as a downregulated microRNA in...
Article
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Despite the benefit associated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy for glioblastoma treatment, the majority of the patients experience a relapse following initial therapy. Recurrent or pregressive GBM usually do not responde anymore to standard therapy and this is associated to poor patient outcome. Glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) are a subset of cel...
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Due to the progress made in the area of precision and personalized medicine in the field of cancer therapy, strategies to selectively and specifically identify target molecules causative of the diseases are urgently needed. Efforts are being made by a number of different laboratories, companies, and researchers to develop therapeutic molecules that...
Article
Background One limitation in the breast cancer research field is that there are few in vitro models of breast cancer able to predict drug response and thus clinical patients’ outcome, mainly because the present models do not take account of the tumor heterogeneity. To address this issue, we developed an in vitro 3D organoid culture system using pri...
Article
Background Increasing evidence indicates that the release of exosomes by tumor cells play a key role in tumor progression, drug resistance, immune surveillance escape, angiogenesis, tumor invasion, and metastasis. For this reason, cancer-derived exosomes are emerging as very interesting targets for early diagnosis and therapy in cancer, including b...
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Background Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumor in adults. Despite progress in surgical and medical neuro-oncology, prognosis for GBM patients remains dismal. It has been demonstrated that the modest benefit of conventional therapies is due to the presence of glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) that cause tumor relapse and chemo...
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Exosomes are extracellular vesicles released into biological fluids where they act as carriers of various molecules, including proteins, lipids, and RNAs, between cells, modulating or perturbing specific physiological processes. Recently, it has been suggested that tumoral cells release excessive amounts of exosomes that, through their cargo, promo...
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Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumor in adults. Despite progress in surgical and medical neuro-oncology, prognosis for GBM patients remains dismal, with a median survival of only 14-15 months. The modest benefit of conventional therapies is due to the presence of GBM stem cells (GSCs) that cause tumor relapse and chemoresis...
Article
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In the recent years, new molecular methods have been proposed to discriminate multicentric hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) from intrahepatic metastases. Some of these methods utilize sequencing data to assess similarities between cancer genomes, whilst other achieved the same results with transcriptome and methylome data. Here, we attempt to classi...
Article
Background Incomplete re-endothelialization of drug eluting stent (DES) segments has been associated with the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events after DES implantation. It is unknown whether on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity (OPR) and/or circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) levels may predict uncovered strut rate in diabetic pati...
Article
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive primary brain tumour in adults. Despite advances in surgical and medical neuro oncology, prognosis for GBM patients remains dismal, with a median survival of about 15 months. It has been demonstrated that the modest benefit of conventional therapies depends on a small population of cancer stem...
Article
Background: TEAD family is a group of four transcription factor members, including TEAD1, TEAD2, TEAD3 and TEAD4. These genes are known to be involved in the regulation of different genes associated with cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. TEAD proteins represent the major downstream effectors of the conserved Hippo signalling pathwa...
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Background: Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) are not routinely biopsied, resulting in a lack of tumor materials for molecular profiling. Here we sought to determine if plasma-derived cell-free DNA (cfDNA) captures the genetic alterations of HCC in patients who have not undergone systemic therapy. Patients and methods: Frozen biopsies from the pr...
Article
Understanding the evolutionary mechanisms and genomic events leading to castration resistant (CR) prostate cancer (PC) is key to improve the outcome of this otherwise deadly disease. Here, we delineated the tumour history of seven patients progressing to castration resistance by analysing matched prostate cancer tissues before and after castration....
Article
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third-leading cause of cancer-related death with limited treatment options and frequent resistance to sorafenib, the only drug currently approved for first-line therapy. Therefore, better understanding of HCC tumor biology and its resistance to treatment is urgently needed. Here, we analyzed the role of phospho...
Article
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the fifth and ninth cause of mortality among male and female cancer patients, respectively and typically arises on a background of a cirrhotic liver. HCC develops in a multi-step process, often encompassing chronic liver injury, steatosis and cirrhosis eventually leading to the malignant transformation of h...
Article
Background: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) may led to both a transient and a persistent serum creatinine (sCr) increase. Objectives: To assess whether serum cystatin C (sCyC) and urine and serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL, sNGAL) are useful in the early identification of persistent sCr increase following CI-...
Article
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), the major components of the tumor microenvironment may drive tumor progression. Exosomes mediate horizontal transfer of miRs, mRNAs and proteins, thus affecting breast cancer progression. Differential expression profile analysis identified three miRs increased in exosomes from CAFs as compared from normal fibro...
Article
Background: A low number (that is, ≤0.0038 per 100 peripheral mononuclear cells) of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) is common in diabetic patients. Statins increase EPC levels. It is unclear whether intensity of statin therapy has a different impact on EPC levels. Methods: Diabetic patients undergoing drug-eluting stent (DES) impl...
Article
High mobility group A1 (HMGA1) protein has been described to play an important role in numerous types of human carcinoma. By the modulation of several target genes HMGA1 promotes proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of tumor cells. However, its role in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has not been addressed yet. Therefore, we determined HMGA...
Article
Cell death and differentiation is a monthly research journal focused on the exciting field of programmed cell death and apoptosis. It provides a single accessible source of information for both scientists and clinicians, keeping them up-to-date with advances in the field. It encompasses programmed cell death, cell death induced by toxic agents, dif...
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Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the major components of the tumor microenvironment. They may drive tumor progression, although the mechanisms involved are still poorly understood. Exosomes have emerged as important mediators of intercellular communication in cancer. They mediate horizontal transfer of microRNAs (miRs), mRNAs and proteins,...
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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is characterized by a strong self-renewal potential and a poor differentiation state. Since receptor-like tyrosine kinase (RYK) activates the WNT/β-catenin pathway essential for cancer stem cell maintenance, we evaluated its contribution in conferring stemness to GBM cells. Here, we report that Ryk (related-to-receptor...
Article
Background & aims: Most patients with a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have an underlying chronic liver inflammation, which causes a continuous damage leading to liver cirrhosis and eventually HCC. However, only a minority of cirrhotic patients develop HCC. To asses a possible differential impact of liver inflammation in patients developing HCC ve...
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Breast cancer remains one of the leading causes of cancer mortality among women. It has been proved that the onset of cancer depends on a very small pool of tumor cells with a phenotype similar to that of normal adult stem cells. Cancer stem cells (CSC) possess self-renewal and multilineage differentiation potential as well as a robust ability to s...
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Background: HMGA1 is a non-histone nuclear protein that regulates cellular proliferation, invasion and apoptosis and is overexpressed in many carcinomas. In this study we sought to explore the expression of HMGA1 in HCCs and cirrhotic tissues, and its effect in in vitro models. Methods: We evaluated HMGA1 expression using gene expression microar...
Data
Supplementary Figure 1 (A) HMGA1 expression is increased in HCC area compared to cirrhotic tissues by mean of quantitative real-time PCR. Statistical comparisons performed using paired Mann–Whitney U test. P < .05 was considered statistically significant. (B) Spearman correlation analysis performed by using array-derived and qRT-PCR expression data...
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Background Periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) is a frequent complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Statins might reduce its incidence. The aims of the present study are to assess whether such benefit is a class-effect or whether differences exist between various lipid-lowering strategies and whether cardioprotection is exe...
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TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising antitumor agent for its remarkable ability to selectively induce apoptosis in cancer cells, without affecting the viability of healthy bystander cells. The TRAIL tumor suppressor pathway is deregulated in many human malignancies including lung cancer. In human non-small cell lung cancer (...
Article
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Unlabelled: The majority of hepatocellular carcinoma develops in the background of chronic liver inflammation caused by viral hepatitis and alcoholic or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. However, the impact of different types of chronic inflammatory microenvironments on the phenotypes of tumors generated by distinct oncogenes is largely unresolved. To...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is the most common primary brain tumor in adults; with a survival rate of 12 months from diagnosis. However, a small subgroup of patients, termed long-term survivors (LTS), has a survival rate longer then 12-14 months. There is thus increasing interest in the identification of molecular signatures predicting glioblastoma prognosis and...