Cristina Madrid Lopez

Cristina Madrid Lopez
Autonomous University of Barcelona | UAB · Institut of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA)

PhD Environmental Science - Ecological Economics and Industrial Ecology
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About

43
Publications
7,599
Reads
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568
Citations
Citations since 2016
25 Research Items
445 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - June 2021
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • I lead the work of the SosteniPra group on environmental assessment for energy modelling for citizen science. I am PI to the EU projects SENTINEL an SEEDS
April 2017 - December 2018
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Fellow
January 2015 - July 2017
Yale University
Position
  • Fellow
Education
May 2008 - November 2014
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Industrial Ecology
June 2006 - June 2007
September 2004 - December 2007

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Many of the long-term policy decisions surrounding the sustainable energy transition rely on models that fail to consider environmental impacts and constraints beyond direct greenhouse gas emissions and land occupation. Such assessments offer incomplete and potentially misleading information about the true sustainability issues of transition pathwa...
Article
Transitioning to more sustainable energy technologies is a vital step in the move toward reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. However, several physical constraints could hinder the implementation of these technologies, and many of the raw materials required to produce new infrastructure are scarce, nonrenewable, and nonsubstitutable. Various f...
Article
Full-text available
Energy models are used to inform and support decisions within the transition to climate neutrality. In recent years, such models have been criticised for being overly techno-centred and ignoring environmental and social factors of the energy transition. Here, we explore and illustrate the impact of ignoring such factors by comparing model results t...
Article
Research activities generate considerable carbon emissions. Some universities and research centers have implemented voluntary measures to reduce academia's carbon footprint. To contribute to the debate on pathways to decarbonize the academic sector, this work calculates the carbon emissions of an international research project in relation to 1) res...
Article
Full-text available
The transition to clean energy will require significant increases in electricity sourced from renewable energy technologies. While wind and solar photovoltaic sources are generally expected to overtake hydropower to dominate the renewable electricity supply market, numerous other technologies vie for a share in this rapidly evolving arena. To date,...
Article
Greenhouse gas emissions inventories and carbon footprints assessed at the local level are critical for any country, mainly for those countries which are part of the Paris Agreement such as Mexico, where federal and local governments join forces to design climate-change mitigation policies. However, determining carbon footprints is time and resourc...
Article
Full-text available
Micromobility is often thought of as a sustainable solution to many urban mobility challenges. The literature to date, however, has struggled to find consensus on the sustainability of shared and electric scooters, e-bikes, and e-mopeds. This paper uses a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach to calculate the impacts of micromobility modes in three...
Article
Full-text available
Geographically explicit datasets reflecting local management of crops are needed to help improve direct nitrous oxide (N2O) emission inventories. Yet, the lack of geographically explicit datasets of relevant factors influencing the emissions make it difficult to estimate them in such way. Particularly, for local peri-urban agriculture, spatially ex...
Article
Full-text available
Innovations are central instruments of sustainability policies. They project future visions onto technological solutions and enable win-win framings of complex sustainability issues. Yet, they also create new problems by interconnecting different resources such as water, food, and energy, what is known as the “WEF nexus.” In this paper, we apply a...
Article
Full-text available
Raw materials and their related environmental impacts will play a key role in the implementation of renewable energy infrastructures for decarbonization. Despite the growing amount of data quantifying raw materials for energy production technologies, few examples of these data sources are being included in current energy system models. Accordingly,...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose New environmental strategies are emerging for cities to become more self-sufficient, such as hydroponic crop production. The implementation of such systems requires materials that usually originate in countries with low labour costs and other legal regulations. To what extent could these strategies be shifting problems across the globe? To...
Technical Report
Although energy models advance rapidly in terms of technical and techno-economic details, social and political aspects and environmental burdens beyond greenhouse gas emissions are currently underrepresented. However, in light of the European Green Deal and the EU Energy Union Strategy, models must advance in terms of social and environmental consi...
Article
The Covid-19 pandemic newly brings food resilience in cities to our attention and the need to question the desired degree of food self-sufficiency through urban agriculture. While these questions are by no means new and periodically entering the global research focus and policy discussions during periods of crises — the last time during the global...
Article
Full-text available
With the overall aim to design successful implementation strategies of food-energy-water production systems on urban roofs, we propose an integrated process that includes participatory processes and a multi-dimensional sustainability assessment of environmental, social and economic indicators. The proposed framework was applied to a typical housing...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Although energy models advance rapidly in terms of technical and techno-economic details, social and political aspects and environmental burdens beyond greenhouse gas emissions are currently underrepresented. However, in light of the European Green Deal and the EU Energy Union Strategy, models must advance in terms of social and environmental consi...
Article
Full-text available
Housing estates, that is, mass social housing on middle‐ and high‐rise apartment blocks, in urban areas are found all over the world with very similar constructive patterns and a multiplicity of environmental and socio‐economic problems. In this regard, such areas are optimal for the implementation of a roof mosaic which involves applying a combina...
Conference Paper
Green spaces are known to provide a number of benefits to urban areas. In order to make green spaces more accessible to people in urban regions, the EU has launched some important initiatives that place green infrastructure (GI) development as a top priority in urban planning, contributing to the paradigm of making more sustainable and smarter citi...
Technical Report
The European 2030 Climate and Energy strategy marks the effort of the EU to implement the Paris Agreement commitments. To that end, most member states plan to increase the share of renewable energy and natural gas in the energy mix. However, the deterioration of the relations with Russia, the closure of the conventional gas field in Groningen, and...
Article
Ecuador is facing several threats to its food and water security, with over a tenth of its population currently undernourished and living in poverty. As a response, its government is incorporating new patterns of land use and developing regional water infrastructure to cope with the related challenges. In this study, we assess to what point these e...
Article
Methods for quantifying the impacts of water use within life cycle assessment have developed significantly over the past decade. These methods account for local differences in hydrology and water use contexts through the use of regionally specific impact characterisation factors. However, few studies have applied these methods to the mining industr...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This deliverable illustrates the analytical framework developed and used in MAGIC, that is, Quantitative Story-Telling (QST) based on the accounting method Multi-Scale Integrated Analysis of Societal and Ecosystem Metabolism (MuSIASEM). The various documents composing this deliverable are intended for use both within the consortium and beyond. As r...
Poster
Full-text available
The poster shows the prelimiary results of the 7th FP Marie Curie IOF funded project IANEX (Integrated Assessment of the Nexus: the Case of Hydraulic Fracturing). IANEX uses case studies in the US to form a methodological framework to support decission making about complex energy issues in Europe.
Article
Full-text available
Water accounting is an unresolved issue in metabolism studies. Through epistemological analysis, we show that the problem resides in the conceptualization of social metabolism. Social metabolism has its origins in the analysis of societal energetics, which has led to an exclusive focus on society and a representation based on linear throughputs at...
Chapter
This chapter presents an overview of the grammar used to analyse the metabolic pattern of water. This combines an external view (the supply of a given mix of water funds – soil water, ground water, surface water) and an internal view (the requirement of a given mix of water end uses that are guaranteed by different typologies of water supply, e.g....
Chapter
In this chapter we use MuSIASEM to explore the metabolic pattern of rural Punjab, with a special focus on the economic viability and ecological feasibility of the specialization of its economy in food grain production. We show how remittances from abroad and subsidies from the central government tied to the National Food Security Bill maintain a re...
Chapter
This chapter shows how MuSIASEM can be employed to generate an integrated assessment of the feasibility, viability and desirability of alternative energy sources, and more in general to characterize scenarios of alternative exosomatic metabolic patterns of society. The analysis focuses both on the potential contribution (quantity) and convenience (...
Chapter
This chapter provides a detailed example of an application of the MuSIASEM toolkit using Mauritius as a case study. It shows the application of both the diagnostic mode, characterizing in quantitative terms the actual metabolic pattern across scales and dimensions, and the simulation mode, checking the feasibility, viability and desirability of pos...
Article
Full-text available
Water is a precious resource in arid rural areas with irrigated agriculture. Nonetheless, water and agricultural policies in Europe show different management scopes and objectives, usually translated in divergent drivers of rural change. This paper has a double aim: to propose a specific method for quantitative biophysical analysis of water use in...
Book
Full-text available
This report presents the results of the application of an integrated analysis approach, the Multi-Scale Integrated Assessment of Society and Ecosystem Metabolism (hereafter MuSIASEM), to three case studies: (i) An analysis of the option to produce biofuel from sugarcane in the Republic of Mauritius; (ii) An exploration of the future of grain produc...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Human wellbeing relies upon the availability and wise management of food, energy and water. These are basic production factors ‘flowing’ within the economic system and their management is important to maintain the ecosystem which regulates the conditions for life. The interconnections between these resources, what is usually called the food, energy...
Article
Full-text available
Human societies and ecosystems use water in different ways and at different scales, which complicates the study of water-use sustainability in socioecological systems. We present a multiscale integrated assessment of societal and ecosystem metabolism, an innovative approach to the quantitative analysis of water use that addresses the problem of mul...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo del presente trabajo es realizar un análisis regional y sectorial del Balance Neto de agua virtual asociada al comercio entre la región de Andalucía y el resto de España para el año 2005. Para ello, desarrollamos una metodología que nos permite efectuar un análisis comparativo del uso del agua en ambas regiones, en cuanto al impacto de...
Article
In the field of Ecological Economics, the need of using physical indicators to analyse economic processes, at the same time they serve as tools in decision making, has been lately highlighted. Virtual Water (VW) and Water Footprint (WF) are two useful indicators in achieving this objective, the first one from the perspective of production, the seco...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we address the complexity of the analysis of water use in relation to the issue of sustainability. In fact, the flows of water in our planet represent a complex reality which can be studied using many different perceptions and narratives referring to different scales and dimensions of analysis. For this reason, a quantitative analysis...
Article
Full-text available
Persistent unsustainable problems are not problems occurring 'out there', independently from our individual and collective behaviours in our daily interactions with the environment. Most current tools and methods for the assessment and management of unsustainability tend to focus on representing changes on -apparently distant- biophysical changes,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the co-development and implementation of visioning and experimenting exercises, agent-based modelling, and gaming tools in Integrated Sustainability Assessments (ISAs) involving stakeholders. These new tools are aimed at supporting reflexive learning and at building alternative policy relevant knowledge and evaluative paradigms...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo (1) propone un nuevo concepto, el Metabolismo Hídrico (MH), como un nuevo marco de análisis para la gestión de la “demanda” de agua mediante la incorporación del estudio de los flujos de Agua Virtual y (2) lo aplica al sector hortofrutícola andaluz en el año 2004. Las principales conclusiones son las siguientes. (a) el MH es un marco c...
Thesis
Full-text available
La base de este trabajo se sustenta en que la Sociedad tiene unos requerimientos fisiológicos y psicológicos que satisface con materia y energía. Esta materia y energía, recursos, se hacen escasos en relación a las necesidades y deseos subjetivos de los agentes, que dependen en gran medida de los valores asociados a los mismos. Desde la Economía se...
Article
Full-text available
El presente trabajo describe el proceso participativo vinculado al desarrollo y la implementación del prototipo de un modelo que tiene como principal objetivo servir de soporte durante el procesos de Evaluación Integrada de la Sostenibilidad (EIS) de diferentes opciones políticas de gestión de los recursos hídricos a diferentes niveles de acción. E...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
The consortium is creating a new modelling framework, which we call the Sustainable Energy Transitions Laboratory (SENTINEL). The SENTINEL framework will be modular in structure incorporating many separate models which will look in detail at specific technological, geographic, and societal aspects of the transition to a low-carbon energy system. At UAB, we develop ENVIRO: a module for the integrated assessment of environmental performance for energy systems. More info: https://sentinel.energy
Project
The Sustainable Energy Transitions Laboratory (SENTINEL) will develop, test and make freely available a energy modelling platform that helps a wide range of stakeholders to make the critical decisions about the transformation of the energy system. At IASS, we investigate energy policy-model interactions, the demands of future energy models by different stakeholder groups, and the integration of social, political, technical and geographical aspects in energy models for a better energy planning. https://sentinel.energy/