Cristina Jenaro

Cristina Jenaro
Universidad de Salamanca · Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológicos

Doctor in Psychology

About

293
Publications
157,587
Reads
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3,581
Citations
Citations since 2017
109 Research Items
2287 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Additional affiliations
February 2002 - present
Universidad de Salamanca
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (293)
Article
Full-text available
Virtual and augmented reality technologies are increasingly being implemented in education and there is a growing body of evidence on their usefulness for training academic and non-academic skills among student with different education levels and diverse educational needs. To fully benefit from their use, teachers need to know the different existin...
Chapter
Con el decreto del estado de alarma, las universidades han tenido que adaptar su forma de enseñar y valorar los aprendizajes. Estos cambios ofrecen también una oportunidad para analizar el uso de las TIC como herramienta exclusiva de enseñanza-aprendizaje. En este estudio se ofrecen los resultados obtenidos a través del análisis de los registros de...
Chapter
Full-text available
Con el decreto del estado de alarma, las universidades han tenido que adaptar su forma de enseñar y valorar los aprendizajes. Estos cambios ofrecen también una oportunidad para analizar el uso de las TIC como herramienta exclusiva de enseñanza-aprendizaje. En este estudio se ofrecen los resultados obtenidos a través del análisis de los registros de...
Article
Un valor fundamental que debe estar presente en toda escuela es educar respetando las diferencias, y al hacerlo, logramos una escuela más abierta a la comunidad, más participativa en la atención de los estudiantes sin importar el género; una escuela que responda a diferentes necesidades, cuya organización permita buscar alternativas para solucionar...
Conference Paper
The use of gamification tools has meant an advance towards models of analysis of active assessment and learning in a natural, complex environment with contingent responses and student exchanges and, therefore, has meant an improvement in the quality of the results obtained in the short and long term in relation to the subjects and areas of applicat...
Article
Full-text available
The figure of the sexual assistant is increasingly demanded as a right in the disabilities field. This figure requires debate, adaptation to the characteristics of countries and cultures, as well as to the characteristics of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This study presents the work carried out with representatives of Spa...
Article
Full-text available
There is very little knowledge regarding autistic adult services, practices, and delivery. The study objective was to improve understanding of current services and practices for autistic adults and opportunities for improvement as part of the Autism Spectrum Disorder in the European Union (ASDEU) project. Separate survey versions were created for a...
Article
Full-text available
The Autism Spectrum Disorders in the European Union (ASDEU) survey investigated local services’ use experiences of autistic adults, carers and professionals with interventions for autistic adults. The majority of the 697 participants experienced recommended considerations prior to deciding on intervention and during the intervention plan and implem...
Article
Full-text available
While advances in intensive neonatal care have greatly improved survival rates among preterm infants, incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders in this group is still high, with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) being one of the most frequent. To this end, we conducted a social-communication intervention aimed at investigating efficacy in social-commu...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of this study was to analyze the relationship between pupils’ perception of their schools as inclusive schools and their sociometric status. A sample of 881 students belonging to 43 primary classrooms (6 to 12 years old) of different educational levels (N = 881), of which 98 pupils presented specific educational support needs (11.12%)...
Article
Full-text available
El principal objetivo de este estudio ha sido analizar la relación entre la percepción de los alumnos de sus centros educativos, en cuanto a centros inclusivos, y el estatus sociométrico de los mismos. Para ello se contó con una muestra de 881 alumnos pertenecientes a 43 aulas de primaria (de 6 a 12 años) de diferentes niveles educativos, entre los...
Article
Full-text available
El principal objetivo de este estudio ha sido analizar la relación entre la percepción de los alumnos de sus centros educativos, en cuanto a centros inclusivos, y el estatus sociométrico de los mismos. Para ello se contó con una muestra de 881 alumnos pertenecientes a 43 aulas de primaria (de 6 a 12 años) de diferentes niveles educativos, entre los...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen La profesión docente es una de las más vulnerables a experimentar riesgos psicosociales. El síndrome de burnout puede repercutir en la atención y respuesta educativa que se ofrece al alumnado con necesidades específicas de apoyo educativo (NEAE). El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en conocer los principales factores de riesgo y protector...
Chapter
Full-text available
Con el decreto del estado de alarma, las universidades han tenido que adaptar su forma de enseñar y valorar los aprendizajes. Estos cambios ofrecen también una oportunidad para analizar el uso de las TIC como herramienta exclusiva de enseñanza-aprendizaje. En este estudio se ofrecen los resultados obtenidos a través del análisis de los registros de...
Article
Full-text available
Mixed states are highly prevalent in patients with bipolar disorder and require comprehensive scales. Considering this, the current study aims to develop a measure to assess the full spectrum of clinical manifestations of bipolar disorder. A sample of 88 patients was evaluated; the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D), Montgomery-Asberg Depression Sca...
Article
Full-text available
The Autism Spectrum Disorders in the European Union (ASDEU) survey investigated the knowledge and health service experiences of users and providers to generate new hypotheses and scientific investigations that would contribute to improvement in health care for autistic adults. An online survey designed for autistic adults, carers of autistic adults...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: While there is a growing awareness of the rights of individuals with intellectual disabilities, very limited progress has been made in supporting these people to create and maintain intimate and personal relationships. (2) Methods: This paper reports the results from a program aimed at promoting responsible and consensual sexual rel...
Article
Full-text available
In the contexts where people with intellectual disability work, there are factors that determine their job satisfaction. The objective of this study was to test the adequacy of the central assumptions of the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) theory in workers with intellectual disability employed in different work alternatives. Data from 362 workers in...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, technology has been implemented in the field of interventions for older adults. GRADIOR 4.5 is a cognitive software within the wide variety of available multimedia programs that support healthcare professionals in cognitive assessment and neuropsychological rehabilitation. The study aimed to evaluate the new version of GRADIOR (v4....
Article
Full-text available
This study presents the results of a systematic review on the prevalence of sexual abuse experienced in adulthood by individuals with intellectual disability. An electronic and manual search of academic journals was performed on four databases via EBSCO Host: Academic Search Complete, PsycINFO, Medline, CINAHL Full-Text. In addition, PubMed, ProQue...
Article
Full-text available
El presente estudio ha tenido como objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática y meta-análisis sobre alteraciones en funciones cognitivas en mujeres maltratadas. Se ha contado con una muestra inicial de 643 registros obtenidos de las bases de datos: Medline, ERIC, PsycInfo, CNAIL, Proquest y Scielo. Su análisis llevó a la retención de 12 artículos s...
Article
Cyberbullying is a worldwide phenomenon and its effects can be severe. To better understand the personal and situational factors in cyberbullying, we approach it from the perspective of the general aggression model. More specifically, we analyze the medium and long-term impact of past experiences of cyberbullying on university students. We also com...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, there has been a considerable increase in the number of university students with disabilities in Spain, as in other countries. Access to and completion of studies in higher education has been identified as a factor that improves the educational and labor inclusion of these people. However, this group of students faces difficulties...
Article
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1) Background. This study assesses the quality of life in families with a member with an intellectual disability using the Family Adjustment and Adaptation Response framework. (2) Methods. The study included 515 Spanish participants whose family members with disabilities range in age from infancy to adulthood. We hypothesized that it is possible to...
Article
Full-text available
Background In three recent studies, Maul demonstrated that sets of nonsense items can acquire excellent psychometric properties. Our aim was to find out why responses to nonsense items acquire a well-defined structure and high internal consistency. Method We designed two studies. In the first study, 610 participants responded to eight items where...
Article
Introduction Bipolar disorder is a condition that causes distress even for euthymic patients, having an impact on functional capabilities and quality of life. Personal and social variables are potential sources of distress. Yet, there is a lack of measures to identify specific distress in bipolar disorder. This study describes the development and e...
Article
Full-text available
Current research demands that we rethink the roles of people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) in the research that affects them. The paradigm of inclusive research responds to this need. Although the specialized literature is progressively adopting a more inclusive research approach, the study of roles and relationships within inclusive researc...
Article
In self-report surveys, it is common that some individuals do not pay enough attention and effort to give valid responses. Our aim was to investigate the extent to which careless and insufficient effort responding contributes to the biasing of data. We performed analyses of dimensionality, internal structure, and data reliability of four personalit...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the growing number of older adults with cognitive impairment, it is essential to delay the onset and progression of cognitive decline and promote a healthy lifestyle. The rapid growth of technology has considerably advanced the field of computerized cognitive interventions. Consequently, traditional cognitive interventions are being adapted...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: Identificar cuál ha sido la evolución de los principios éticos delineados para la investigación biomédica. Materiales y Métodos: Se desarrolló una revisión integradora de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline, SciELO y Google Scholar usando los descriptores ciencia OR investigación, conjuntados por el operador AND con el descriptor...
Article
Social withdrawal acts as a risk factor in mental health, disturbing clinical management and quality of life in euthymic bipolar patients. However, no previous study has analyzed what variables might predict it. We conducted a cross-sectional study in which 49 euthymic bipolar patients were assessed. The analysis showed that taken together, stereot...
Book
Full-text available
El decreto del estado de alarma y la finalización de la docencia presencial en la enseñanza universitaria supone una oportunidad para analizar el uso de las TIC como herramienta exclusiva de enseñanza-aprendizaje.
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN: Este artículo estudia la participación de las mujeres indígenas en la política de países del Cono Sur de América. Tal realidad evidencia empoderamiento de derechos humanos y ejercicio del liderazgo político más allá del espacio comunitario de indígenas en países como Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil y Paraguay, con significativa presencia de pue...
Chapter
Full-text available
RESUMEN El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo describir la percepción de educación inclusiva por parte de la comunidad educativa en México. Se analizaron diferentes variables sociodemográficas y su posible relación con la percepción de inclusión. La muestra estuvo constituida por 195 participantes (voluntarios) relacionados desde alguno de los gr...
Chapter
Full-text available
RESUMEN A través del actual trabajo se presentan los resultados alcanzados a cerca de la percepción que, sobre la inclusión del alumnado con deficiencia auditiva, han manifestado maestros en ejercicio o futuros maestros en proceso de formación. Mediante el uso y la metodología DAFO se han analizado las debilidades, amenazas, fortalezas, oportunidad...
Article
Objective: This study examined different predictive factors of burden in a sample of family caregivers of patients with dementia (PWD). In particular, the influence of social support and resilience on burden was tested, considering potential mediation effects. Methods: A total of 283 primary and family caregivers in Spain were evaluated using a sta...
Article
Full-text available
La creatividad es ese conjunto de capacidades y disposiciones que hacen que una persona produzca con frecuencia productos creativos. Numerosos artículos se centran en la importancia de fomentar la creatividad en contextos educativos. En el presente estudio ofrecemos una aproximación diferente puesto que la intervención, en la que se contó con 32 pa...
Article
Marriage is an appreciated worldwide institution, although nearly half of first marriages end in divorce. Thus, the relevance of understanding how people choose their partners and what features can predict a satisfactory relationship. More specifically, in search of data supporting similarity or complementarity approaches on marital satisfaction, t...
Article
Background Patients with bipolar disorder, even euthymic, could suffer an impairment in their quality of life compared to healthy controls. Since no previous systematic review and meta-analysis has been conducted, the aim of the current study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of cross-sectional case-controlled studies on quality o...
Article
Full-text available
Most cases of ADHD occur in children under five, and this situation calls for screening tools with high sensitivity and specificity for early age. This study presents the ADHD-3P, a new screening tool developed with Spanish population for preschool children. From an initial pool of 151 items, face validity analyses, followed by item analyses and an...
Article
Background and objectives: Perceived distress and discomfort has received less attention in the literature than other factors that influence the course of bipolar disorder (BD). Given its proven relationship with psychopathology, it is of great importance. However, it is necessary to design an instrument to assess it since there is no scale that me...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Este articulo presenta los resultados de un estudio cuantitativo sobre los trabajadores de los Puntos de Encuentro Familiar. Los puntos de encuentro familiar son unos lugares de atención e intervención psicosocial en situaciones de conflictividad de las relaciones familiares. En estos servicios, los trabajadores garantizan el cumplimiento...
Article
Las Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación (TIC) tienen un peso cada vez mayor en nuestra vida diaria. Nuestros hábitos con las TIC también evolucionan; por ejemplo, desde 2014 el teléfono móvil superó al ordenador como dispositivo preferido de conexión a internet (AIMC, 2016). En cuanto a la población adolescente española, Rial et al., (2014...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Country report on Living independently and being included in the community (Spain)
Technical Report
Full-text available
This country report and statistical annex have been prepared as input for the European Semester from a disability perspective.
Article
Full-text available
El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo describir la percepción de educación inclusiva por parte de la comunidad educativa en México. Se analizaron diferentes variables sociodemográficas y su posible relación con la percepción de inclusión. La muestra estuvo constituida por 195 participantes (voluntarios) relacionados desde alguno de los grupos des...
Article
Full-text available
A través del actual trabajo se presentan los resultados alcanzados a cerca de la percepción que, sobre la inclusión del alumnado con deficiencia auditiva, han manifestado maestros en ejercicio o futuros maestros en proceso de formación. Mediante el uso y la metodología DAFO se han analizado las debilidades, amenazas, fortalezas, oportunidades y asp...
Article
Some challenges faced by people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) when adapting to a neurotypical environment are related with the risk of suffering a psychiatric disorder. The aim of the present study is to conduct a systematic review on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adults with ASD (PROSPERO's reference number CRD42016041948). Four...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN La implementación de una educación inclusiva puede llegar a ser un camino difícil y desigual. Supone un proceso dirigido a descubrir los beneficios de la diversidad, adoptando actitudes y respuestas positivas y de comprensión de la diferencia de raza, clase social, origen étnico, religión, género y capacidades. Este proceso va más allá del...
Article
Full-text available
A key figure in the manifestation of inclusive education is the instructor. For this reason, the objective of this article is to analyze the attitude of instructors towards inclusive education. To this end, we analyzed a sample of instructors at the pre-school, primary and upper secondary levels at public schools in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico. They re...
Article
Full-text available
To answer the question about which e-health and e-therapy applications are being used with people with intellectual disabilities, we searched the PsycINFO, Medline, PubMed, ERIC, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases. This is an extensive search. Inclusion criteria were academic journals and any design type that addressed the topic...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzes social perceptions towards groups with different types of disability, as well as the relationship between the judgments towards these groups, oneself and other significant individuals. The assessment was carried out using a Semantic Differential scale completed by181 participants. Results supported the Stereotype Content Model,...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Un actor clave para hacer realidad la educación inclusiva es el profe- sor, de ahí que el objetivo del presente artículo sea analizar la acti- tud de los docentes hacia la educación inclusiva. Para su realización, se realizó una muestra de profesores de los niveles de preescolar, primaria y bachillerato de escuelas públicas de Mérida Yucatá...
Article
Full-text available
La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo identificar los factores personales e institucionales que determinan el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes de la Maestría en Investigación Educativa, ofertada por la Facultad de Educación de la Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, México. El estudio se desarrolló bajo el paradigma cuantitativo. Los par...
Article
Full-text available
This research seeks to identify factors that influence the self-determined behavior of nine adults with Down syndrome. A descriptive and ex post facto study is presented through the application of the INICO-FEAPS Scale on Quality of Life in a semi-structured interview format. Quantitative and qualitative analyzes have been carried out, adopting a m...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: El proceso de envejecimiento en los países desarrollados conlleva que las personas mayores constituyan un grupo de edad al que prestar especial atención. En este contexto, se hace necesario implementar actividades que fomenten el envejecimiento activo y que repercutan en su bienestar psicosocial. Objetivo: en este estudio se investig...
Article
Objective Scientific literature has identified different vulnerability factors associated to abuse in people with dementia (PWD), but little is known about the psychosocial protective variables against abuse. The main objective of this study is to investigate a set of caregiver and patient factors linked to abuse‐related behavior of PWD. Methods A...
Book
La salud sexual, la seguridad en las relaciones y una vida social e íntima plena y significativa son derechos reconocidos para las personas con discapacidad, incorporados en la Convención de los Derechos de las personas con discapacidad. En particular, los Estados Partes están obligados a asegurar que todos los derechos de las personas con discapac...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzes the association between quantity and type of access to the Moodle platform in a subject and the academic results of all students (N = 229) enrolled in their first year of psychology studies. Analysis of variance, Pearson’s correlations and multiple regression analysis were used. The results show that the use of active teaching-l...
Article
Introduction: The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) reported in current studies in risk groups such as preterm or low birth weight infants is higher than in the normal population. This fact has led to the increase in recent years of screening studies that investigate possible risk factors for ASD in preterm newborns and their developme...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To investigate whether the psychometric properties of the general factor of personality (GFP) obtained through self-reported measures support its interpretation as a substantive dimension of general order. Method: We estimated oblique and orthogonal bifactor exploratory structural equation models of the Big Five. Results: The GFP explain...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Se muestran los resultados porcentuales de la experiencia llevada a cabo con un grupo de 98 estudiantes universitarios de segunda titulación del Grado de Primaria, mención Necesidades Educativas Especiales, que cursan la asignatura “Marco de la atención educativa al alumnado con necesidades especiales, durante el curso 2016-2017. Para su desarrollo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cada vez más, la superación de estudio de grado y de posgrado requiere el manejo de destrezas relacionas con el uso de las tecnologías. En el contexto de la formación de Master, especialmente en aquéllos que tienen una orientación investigadora, es clave mostrar estas competencias para poder superar con éxito las diferentes asignaturas de estos tít...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen El estudio tuvo como objetivo construir una Escala de evaluación de la inclusión, susceptible de ser empleada en los servicios para personas con discapacidad, a partir de los contenidos contemplados en el Index for Inclusion y de las valoraciones de 6 jueces expertos y de 14 miembros de una asociación para personas con discapacidad. La meto...
Chapter
Full-text available
Literatura y discapacidad. La diferencia como valor literario. El valor formativo y terapéutico del cuento como medio para la inclusión de personas con diferentes capacidades. Las personas con discapacidad a través de la literatura y los cuentos. Cuentos y literatura de sensibilización. El uso de los blogs como herramienta de trabajo.