Cristina Covataru

Cristina Covataru
University of Bucharest | Unibuc · Center for Comparative History of Ancient Societies

About

5
Publications
1,230
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3
Citations
Citations since 2016
5 Research Items
3 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220.00.51.01.52.0
20162017201820192020202120220.00.51.01.52.0

Publications

Publications (5)
Article
Full-text available
Spatial data play a crucial role in archaeological research, and orthophotos, digital elevation models, and 3D models are frequently used for the mapping, documentation, and monitoring of archaeological sites. Thanks to the availability of compact and low-cost uncrewed airborne vehicles, the use of UAV-based photogrammetry matured in this field ove...
Article
Full-text available
Through time, both natural and cultural heritage have unfortunately been under threat due to multiple environmental and human-induced factors, which are likely to trigger various hazards such as soil erosion, landslides, or land collapse. The analysis of old cartographic material, aerial imagery, and satellite imagery has been used in multiple stud...
Article
Full-text available
The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the most significant tell settlement north of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI cultural complex that occupied the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. During 2018...
Article
Full-text available
The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the biggest tell settlement North of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI civilization that occupied in the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. In 2017, a complex in...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Investigations of the water in an archaeological context and searches for connections between natural water supply, natural hydrological conditions, and socio-cultural developments of human societies in the past is a real challenge for contemporary research. However, despite the apparent simplicity of water notion when we talk about human civilizations of the past, it had multidimensional connotations, which are transposed into various and differentiated elements of analysis (economic impact, hazards, human resilience, mobility, palaeoecologically niches, etc.). Thus, approaching a topic like the one proposed by the current project is difficult and challenging, involving complex multidisciplinary analyses, at the border of several disciplines (archaeology, geography, biology, etc.). The project aim is to identify the complex interface between water and the human communities from Southern Romania for a period of 4000 years (7000-3000 BC). It will focus on the natural water availability, carrying capacity of environments, and aspects of variability in the hydrological system in correlation with human settlements location. We will take in consideration the adaptation and management strategies of different past societies, and the resilience or vulnerability of certain societies to hydrological hazards. Moreover, the project will address some side issues as the role of diet based on aquatic resources in life of the humans, and their palaeoeconomical impact in the target time span.
Project
The freshwater reservoir effect (FRE) can result in anomalously old radiocarbon ages of the samples from lakes and rivers, and it strongly affects radiocarbon dates, sometimes the age offsets reaching even up to 10,000 years. The project “Sine Qua Non: Calibration of radiocarbon ages and correction of the freshwater reservoir effect in Southeastern Romania” aims to examine the order of magnitude and degree of variability (spatial and temporal) of the FRE over short and long timescales in Lower Danube Basin, in the segment Vedea River - Danube Delta. Based on the sophisticated proxies available for the targeted area, and combined AMS radiocarbon dating with stable isotopes analysis (δ13C, and δ15N) along with OSL and Archaeomagnetic dating (for correction of 14C data) we will develop a local calibration curve for that FRE phenomenon and open-source calibration software. It will be made using R statistical environment (Bchron and rcarbon packages), based on the construction of some complex age-data models that will integrate 14C dates obtained both on samples from archaeological sites or geological core, but also on contemporary samples analyzed from the target area. Moreover, in order to estimate correctly the spatial variability and distribution of the FRE a geospatial integration of data (14C, OSL, Archaeomagnetic) resulting from the field works (archaeological sites and cores) will be made. This proposal is an original approach for Romania that has not been realized so far. It will provide a reliable instrument for establishing the absolute correct ages for different archaeological finds, and it will become an essential tool for further geology and ecology studies as well. A consortium of 2 institutions will implement the project: the ArchaeoScience#RO Platform of the Research Institute of the University of Bucharest as Coordinator, and „Horia Hulubei” National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering as Partner Organization.
Project
The project "Interdisciplinary Institutional Platform for Excellence in Research, Development, Innovation and Professional Training in Archaeological Sciences (ArchaeoScience # RO)" aims at introducing a field of research unmatched yet at the university level in our country – Archaeological Sciences. The project will be run during the 2018-2020 period, through the Research Institute of the University of Bucharest (ICUB). The ICUB will provide the implementation of the project affiliated research group bringing together specialists from several departments – Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, History, Geology and Geophysics, in collaboration with the Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences and with the logistic support offered by The IT & C Directorate and the Research Program Management Division. The implementation of the project "Interdisciplinary Institutional Platform of Excellence in Research, Development, Innovation and Professional Training in the Field of Archaeological Sciences" implies the development of a common platform, facilitating the complex, interdisciplinary and integrative approach of the archaeological cultural heritage, by means of conducting research and training in archaeological and material immaterial cultural heritage (mobile and immobile). Following the implementation of this project, the University of Bucharest will be the first university in Romania to address the field of Archaeological Sciences. This approach represents an excellent opportunity to connect Romania to the existing research directions and programs in other European Union countries and around the world, in the context of the 2018 European Year of Cultural Heritage. The platform proposed for development will integrate a systematic, inter-, multi- and trans-disciplinary scientific research direction, organized by the Departments of History, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, Geology and Geophysics of the University of Bucharest, in order to meet the current Romanian and European needs, in line with the international trends. The research teams in the field of Archaeological Sciences from the departments mentioned above will be organised as five Research, Development, Innovation and Educational Training Units, grouped under the following sub-disciplines: i). Bioarchaeology – will address research directions such as archaeobotany, zooarchaeology, palaeoanthropology, palaeomicrobiology and paleoparasitology; ii). Geoarchaeology – will address research directions such as geomorphology, sedimentology, palaeohidrography, palaeogeography, palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, palaeorelief and landscape; iii). The Material Culture Studies – will address the research directions related to virtually all of the archaeometric analyses of monuments, archaeological artefacts and ecofacts (e.g. petrography, mineralogy, chromatography, XRF, XRD, FTIR, SEM-EDX, RAMAN, PIXE, etc.); iv). Digital Archaeology – will address research directions such as GIS analyses, statistical approaches, mathematical models, 3D modelling and reconstruction, non-intrusive prospects; v). Molecular Archaeology – will address the research directions related to the isotopic study of ecofacts and artefacts, paleogenetic analyses (aDNA) and residual analyses.