Cristina Castagnetti

Cristina Castagnetti
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia | UNIMO · Department of Engineering "Enzo Ferrari"

PhD

About

62
Publications
15,565
Reads
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519
Citations
Introduction
I'm involved in multidisciplinary applied research addressed to geomatics engineering problem solving by means of innovative techniques (laser scanning, UAV data processing, multi-sensors systems). Research field of applications: structural and environmental monitoring, cultural heritage conservation and precision farming.
Additional affiliations
November 2018 - present
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Associate professor of Geomatics - Research and academic education
April 2018 - September 2018
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Position
  • Research Grant
Description
  • Research activity about integrated technologies for geodetic monitoring and navigation positioning
April 2016 - March 2018
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Research topic: geospatial data processing for deformation monitoring
Education
October 2009 - December 2009
The Ohio State University
Field of study
  • Positioning and Navigation in the SPIN - Satellite Positioning and Inertial Navigation Laboratory
January 2007 - March 2010
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Field of study
  • Positioning and Navigation in the PhD School 'High mechanics and automotive design and technology – Desing of high performance materials'
October 2001 - October 2006
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Field of study
  • Environmental Engineering

Publications

Publications (62)
Conference Paper
Development of automated and remotely controlled procedures for accurate crack detection and analysis is an advantageous solution when compared to time-consuming and subjective crack examination conducted by operators. Recent studies have demonstrated that Machine Learning (ML) algorithms have sufficient potential for crack measurements. However, t...
Conference Paper
The development and testing of innovative technologies and automated data analysis methodologies offer tools for investigations in numerous scenarios including the monitoring of complex marine ecosystems and the direct and indirect effects of climate change on natural heritage. In the underwater environment, the creation of products with accurate m...
Conference Paper
The development and testing of innovative technologies and automated data analysis methodologies offer tools for the monitoring of complex marine ecosystems and the direct and indirect effects of climate change on natural heritage. Photogrammetric methods allow precise mapping of the underwater landscape as well as detailed three-dimensional (3D) r...
Article
Full-text available
The development and testing of innovative technologies and automated data analysis methodologies offer tools for the monitoring of complex marine ecosystems and the direct and indirect effects of climate change on natural heritage. Photogrammetric methods allow precise mapping of the underwater landscape as well as detailed three-dimensional (3D) r...
Article
Full-text available
Underwater photogrammetry is increasingly being used by marine ecologists because of its ability to produce accurate, spatially detailed, non-destructive measurements of benthic communities, coupled with affordability and ease of use. However, independent quality control, rigorous imaging system set-up, optimal geometry design and a strict modeling...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a rational procedure for the structural assessment of bell towers with respect to the dynamic actions induced by the bell ringing, based on structural monitoring and data processing. This methodology is tested on the bell tower of Saint Prospero (Reggio Emilia, Northern Italy), a masonry tower of great historical interest. The pr...
Article
This paper presents a multi-temporal underwater photogrammetric survey of a reef patch located in Moorea, French Polynesia, designed to detect a coral growth of 10–15 mm/year. Structure-from-Motion photogrammetry and underwater imagery allows the three-dimensional quantification of reef structural complexity and ecologically relevant characteristic...
Article
Full-text available
Underwater photogrammetry is a well-established technique for measuring and modelling the subaquatic environment in fields ranging from archaeology to marine ecology. While for simple tasks the acquisition and processing of images have become straightforward, applications requiring relative accuracy better then 1:1000 are still considered challengi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the performance of a terrestrial radar interferometer for the structural monitoring of ancient masonry towers. High-speed radar interferometry is an innovative and powerful remote sensing technique for the dynamic monitoring of large structures since it is contactless, non-destructive, and able to measure fast displacements on...
Article
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The work describes a cost-effective methodology for the creation of 3D virtual models with both metric and photo-realistic content developed for archaeologists who need to rapidly map new findings during their field prospections. The potential of modern photogrammetry approach, based on Structure from Motion (SfM) and dense image matching algorithm...
Article
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The research project VisualVersilia 3D aims at offering a new method to record and visualize the territory and its heritage by matching the traditional reading of documents and the potential use of modern communication technologies. The purpose of the project is to define a methodology that can be applied to material culture, as well as to other ty...
Article
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The present paper explores the combination of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry and three-dimensional geomechanical modeling in the investigation of instability processes of long sectors of coastal rocky cliffs. The need of a reliable and detailed reconstruction of the geometry of the cliff surfaces, beside the geomechanical characteriza...
Conference Paper
The evolution of underwater photogrammetry allows to realize 3D models of submerged object and structures throughout the use of rapid and efficient procedures either in terms of data acquisition and data processing. These procedures are based on solutions that are applied using natural control points, signalized markers and tie points; the most com...
Conference Paper
This article describes the methodologies and technologies developed during the realization of the WebGIS (Geographic Information System) visualversilia.com, namely a multimedia guide able to map, survey, visualize the rich cultural, archaeological and landscape heritage of Versilia (northwestern Tuscany). It enables users to delve into different te...
Article
Full-text available
The research project VisualVersilia 3D aims at offering a new way to promote the territory and its heritage by matching the traditional reading of the document and the potential use of modern communication technologies for the cultural tourism. Recently, the research on the use of new technologies applied to cultural heritage have turned their atte...
Article
Full-text available
The new era of designing in architecture and civil engineering applications lies in the Building Information Modeling (BIM) approach, based on a 3D geometric model including a 3D database. This is easier for new constructions whereas, when dealing with existing buildings, the creation of the BIM is based on the accurate knowledge of the as-built co...
Article
This paper focuses on the integration of geodetic monitoring and geotechnical modeling for the analyses of subsidence induced settlements in historic structures. The aim is the assessment of the behavior over time of the monuments, with particular attention to differential settlements, in order to evaluate the potential risk scenarios in a preventi...
Article
Full-text available
Nell’ultimo ventennio, i sistemi laser a scansione hanno rappresentano una delle principali novità nell’ambito delle metodologie del rilevamento tridimensionale. La precisione e la grande produttività di questi strumenti ne hanno decretato il successo in molteplici applicazioni, dall’ingegneria all’architettura, dall’ambiente al mondo delle profess...
Article
RIASSUNTO Il lavoro riassume i risultati ottenuti da diversi partecipanti alla sessione “benchmark” - uso di immagini UAV per la ricostruzione 3D: esperienze condivise tra utenti, svoltasi nell’ambito del 61° convegno nazionale SIFET (Lecce 8-10 giugno 2016). L’iniziativa ha previsto l’elaborazione di un dataset comune, rappresentato da immagini ac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present research is focused on the deep analysis of laser scanning data to develop a semi-automatic methodology to identify structural deformations in cultural heritage applications. Particularly a new and innovative use of laser scanning technique is experienced to detect the geometric anomalies that might be the result of deformations occurre...
Article
Full-text available
Le moderne tecnologie di rilievo e restituzione 3D offrono enormi possibilità per la documentazione, la conservazione e la valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale. L'articolo illustra un'applicazione di rilievo laser scanning e prototipazione rapida su un mosaico a tecnica bizantina. Le teCniChe geomatiChe a supporto dei beni CuLturaLi digitaLizzaz...
Article
The research focuses on structural monitoring and movements identification applied to cultural heritage protection. The final purpose is the integration among different and independent technologies for analyzing and investigating the geometry changing over time of ancient leaning towers. The paper deals with a novel strategy implemented to compute...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a literature review on the methodology called Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) and its use for Landslide Risk Assessment (LRA). General risk assessment procedures are discussed and the potential contributions of VGI are identified, in particular when quantitative characterization of factors such as Hazard, Vulnerability...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring the time history of structures and infrastructures has always been an important area of application of geodetic and geomatic methods. Here we shall concentrate on the item of monitoring ancient buildings because, beyond its intrinsic interest, it provides a good illustration of some of the most recent monitoring techniques. Identifying t...
Article
Full-text available
The 3D reconstruction with a metric content of a submerged area, where objects and structures of archaeological interest are found, could play an important role in the research and study activities and even in the digitization of the cultural heritage. The reconstruction of 3D object, of interest for archaeologists, constitutes a starting point in...
Conference Paper
Les portails de la cathédrale de Modène, ainsi que l’ensemble de l’architecture et de la sculpture de cet important monument de l’art roman en Italie, ont reçu depuis longtemps l’attention des chercheurs qui se sont intéressés aux différents aspects historiques, structurels, stylistiques et iconographiques. Depuis le XIX siècle, des relevés de la s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
High resolution topography, by involving Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) and further accurate techniques for a proper displacement identification, is a valuable tool for a good and reliable description of unstable slopes. By comparing multitemporal surveys, the geomorphology of a landslide may be analyzed as well as the changes over time, the volumes...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The proposed work concerns the analysis of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), also known as drones, UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) or UAS (Unmanned Aerial System), on hydrogeological contexts for civil protection purposes, underlying the advantages of using a flexible and relatively low cost system. The capabilities of photogrammetric RPAS mu...
Article
A slow moving compound rock slide located in the northern Apennines of Italy was mapped and monitored through the integration of Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS), multi-temporal long-range Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS), and Automated Total Station (ATS) measurements. Landslide features were mapped using a High Resolution Digital Terrain Model (HR-D...
Article
Full-text available
Among the many open-source software solutions recently developed for the extraction of point clouds from a set of un-oriented images, the photogrammetric tools Apero and MicMac (IGN, Institut Géographique National) aim to distinguish themselves by focusing on the accuracy and the metric content of the final result. This paper firstly aims at assess...
Article
Full-text available
The heart of this research is to provide an efficient methodology for a reliable acquisition and interpretation of Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) data in the application field of landslide monitoring. In particular, rockslides, which are characterized by vertical walls of rock and by a complex morphology, are of great concern in the study. In thes...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this work is to integrate airborne and long-range (up to some kilometers) terrestrial laser scanning data in order to obtain a good and reliable description of the geomorphology of unstable slopes. 3D models derived from the integrated point clouds can be particularly useful to study and analyze complex morphology, vertical walls of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses critical issues related to the reliability of topographic monitoring systems such as ATS (Automated Total Stations), GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) and Ground Based InSAR focusing the attention on controlling the stability of networks infrastructure, which have influence on data correction procedures but are often ta...
Article
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Il progetto “Turismo equestre” nasce nel 2009 e si pone l’obiettivo di potenziare un settore di nicchia, quello dell’equiturismo, in continuo ampliamento e caratterizzato da aspetti fondamentali per gli Enti di gestione del territorio, ovvero sostenibilità e responsabilità, aumentando, inoltre, le opportunità di sviluppo lavorative del Tecnico di e...
Article
Full-text available
The use of advanced technologies for remotely monitor surface processes is a successful way for improving the knowledge of phenomena evolution. In addition, the integration of various techniques is becoming more and more common in order to implement early warning systems that can monitor the evolution of landslides in time and prevent emergencies....
Article
Full-text available
Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) and Ground-Based Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (GB-InSAR) play an important role for the study of unstable slopes. TLS and GB-InSAR allow the acquisition of data on an observed surface, with high spatial sampling rate, to generate detailed Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) and displacement maps of the phenomen...
Conference Paper
National Road SS63 is endangered by large scale slope instability phenomena few km north of the Cerreto Pass (northern Apennines, Italy). At the Col Piagneto slope, SS63 was closed two times in the past 50 years after landslide events. In 1974, the collapse of portion of a rock slide triggered a debris slide that buried more than 50 m of the road t...
Chapter
Full-text available
The present paper is the final result of a three years long research within the Author's PhD. The main topic is land-based navigation that is incredibly increasing its importance thanks to a large fields of applications such as Mobile Mapping and so on. Concerning land-based applications, the research is still open because of a number of problems c...
Article
The land-based navigation, paying attention to precision farming, is the research topic: the final purpose is the design and development of a guidance-aided system focusing on a lew-cost GPS receiver able to provide a pseudorange-based solution only. Specific tests have been carried out to perform the particular trajectories followed by the vehicle...
Article
Full-text available
The Italian territory is rich in archaeological heritage, located in hilly, plain or coastal areas. Frequently, it is possible to find only the remains of ancient cultures, villages and sparse houses dating back many centuries. Therefore, no other documentation but the remains themselves can give information about both the existence and the events...
Article
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A private network of 133 Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) permanent sites, named ItalPoS (ItalianPositioning Service) and uniformly covering the entire Italian territory, was established in April 2006 by the ItalianDivision of Leica Geosystems S.p.A. This network also involves several GPS stations of the INGV (ItalianNational Institute of...
Article
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SUMMARY We had the opportunity to make surveying of some middle age towers located in Emilia Romagna region (Italy): Ghirlandina tower (Modena), "Della Sagra" tower (Carpi, Modena) , Asinelli tower (Bologna). Those towers are very interesting by architectural and artistic point of view; Ghirlandina and Asinelli are Cultural Heritage site of UNESCO....
Article
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Local GNSS permanent networks materialize the global reference frame through their estimation and distribution of coordinates and velocities. These estimates are provided by the classical network adjustment process, including several nearby reference IGS/EPN permanent stations as fiducial constraints. GNSS data modelling is still a topic of researc...
Article
Full-text available
Precision farming, sometimes called site-specific agriculture, is a strategic task for agriculture: indeed it has the potential to reduce costs through more efficient and effective applications of crop inputs; it can also reduce environmental impacts by allowing farmers to apply inputs only where they are needed at the appropriate rate. Precision f...

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