Cristiano Ballabio

Cristiano Ballabio
European Commission | ec · Joint Research Centre (JRC)

PhD, Geology/Earth Science,

About

109
Publications
85,919
Reads
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6,814
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2012 - present
European Commission
Position
  • Scientific Research officier
March 2009 - February 2012
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Position
  • Research Associate
April 2008 - October 2008
The University of Sydney
Position
  • Visiting PhD student
Education
December 2005 - December 2008
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Field of study
  • Geology and geotechnologies
September 2002 - September 2003
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Field of study
  • Hydrology and Hydrogeology
October 1996 - July 2001
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Field of study
  • Environmental Sciences

Publications

Publications (109)
Article
Full-text available
Rainfall erosivity as a dynamic factor of soil loss by water erosion is modelled intra-annually for the first time at European scale. The development of Rainfall Erosivity Database at European Scale (REDES) and its 2015 update with the extension to monthly component allowed to develop monthly and seasonal R-factor maps and assess rainfall erosivity...
Article
Full-text available
Despite phosphorus (P) being crucial for plant nutrition and thus food security, excessive P fertilization harms soil and aquatic ecosystems. Accordingly, the European Green Deal and derived strategies aim to reduce P losses and fertilizer consumption in agricultural soils. The objective of this study is to calculate a soil P budget, allowing the q...
Article
Full-text available
The European Green Deal puts a healthy environment at the core of policy‐making initiatives in the European Union (EU). Soil, due to its nature, is a central actor to be considered when developing and implementing actions in many areas, from biodiversity and agriculture to climate and pollution. New means for monitoring the impact of decisions take...
Article
Full-text available
The erosive force of rainfall (rainfall erosivity) is a major driver of soil, nutrient losses worldwide and an important input for soil erosion assessments models. Here, we present a comprehensive set of future erosivity projections at a 30 arc-second (∼1km²) spatial scale using 19 downscaled General Circulation Models (GCMs) simulating three Repre...
Chapter
We present the version 1.2 of the recently published [Nature communications 8, 2013 (2017)] RUSLE-based Global Soil Erosion Modelling platform (GloSEM). Unlike version 1.1, effects of permanent crops, managed pasture and temporary disturbed forest loss are spatially defined based on a probabilistic land by using allocation approach and their implic...
Chapter
We present the developments on soil erosion modelling at European scale to respond to the policy needs. The Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission has developed the European Soil Erosion Modelling Platform (EUSEMP) to support the agro-environmental policies in the European Union (EU). The major component of EUSEMP is an hybrid soil...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in future soil erosion rates are driven by climatic conditions, land use patterns, socio-economic development, farmers’ choices, and importantly modified by agro-environmental policies. This study simulates the impact of expected climatic and land use change projections on future rates of soil erosion by water (sheet and rill processes) in...
Article
Full-text available
The European Commission's Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection (COM(2012)46) identified soil erosion as an important threat to European Union's (EU) soil resources. Gully erosion is an important but hitherto poorly understood component of this threat. Here we present the results of an unprecedented attempt to monitor the occurrence of gully erosio...
Article
Full-text available
Mercury (Hg) is one of the most dangerous pollutants worldwide. In the European Union (EU), we recently estimated the Hg distribution in topsoil using 21,591 samples and a series of geo-physical inputs. In this manuscript, we investigate the impact of mining activities, chrol-alkali industries and other diffuse pollution sources as primary anthropo...
Preprint
Full-text available
To gain a better understanding of the global application of soil erosion prediction models, we comprehensively reviewed relevant peer-reviewed research literature on soil-erosion modelling published between 1994 and 2017. We aimed to identify (i) the processes and models most frequently addressed in the literature, (ii) the regions within which mod...
Article
Full-text available
To gain a better understanding of the global application of soil erosion prediction models, we comprehensively reviewed relevant peer-reviewed research literature on soil-erosion modelling published between 1994 and2017. We aimed to identify (i) the processes and models most frequently addressed in the literature, (ii) the regions within which mode...
Article
Full-text available
Soil erosion can present a major threat to agriculture due to loss of soil, nutrients, and organic carbon. Therefore, soil erosion modelling is one of the steps used to plan suitable soil protection measures and detect erosion hotspots. A bibliometric analysis of this topic can reveal research patterns and soil erosion modelling characteristics tha...
Article
Full-text available
Mapping of surface soil Hg concentrations, a priority pollutant, at continental scale is important in order to identify hotspots of soil Hg distribution (e.g. mining or industrial pollution) and identify factors that influence soil Hg concentrations (e.g. climate, soil properties, vegetation). Here we present soil Hg concentrations from the LUCAS t...
Article
Full-text available
Soil phosphorus (P) loss from agricultural systems will limit food and feed production in the future. Here, we combine spatially distributed global soil erosion estimates (only considering sheet and rill erosion by water) with spatially distributed global P content for cropland soils to assess global soil P loss. The world's soils are currently bei...
Article
Full-text available
Significance We use the latest projections of climate and land use change to assess potential global soil erosion rates by water to address policy questions; working toward the goals of the United Nations working groups under the Inter-Governmental Technical Panel on Soils of the Global Soil Partnership. This effort will enable policy makers to exp...
Article
Full-text available
Rainfall erosivity is the driving force of soil erosion and it is characterized by a large variability in space and time. In order to obtain robust estimates of rainfall erosivity, long series of high-frequency rainfall data are needed, which are often not available for large study areas. In this study we reconstructed past rainfall erosivity in Eu...
Book
Full-text available
Natural ionizing radiation is considered as the largest contributor to the collective effective dose received by the world population. The human population is continuously exposed to ionizing radiation from several natural sources that can be classified into two broad categories: high-energy cosmic rays incident on the Earth’s atmosphere and releas...
Article
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Global nuclear weapon testing and the Chernobyl accident have released large amounts of radionuclides into the environment. However, to date, the spatial patterns of these fallout sources remain poorly constrained. Fallout radionuclides (137Cs, 239Pu, 240Pu) were measured in soil samples (n = 160) collected at flat, undisturbed grasslands in Wester...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Systematic bibliometric investigations are useful to evaluate and compare the scientific impact of journal papers, book chapters and conference proceedings. Such studies allow the detection of emerging research topics, the analyses of cooperation networks, and the collection of in-depth insights into a specific research topic. In the presented work...
Article
Full-text available
Soil erosion is one of the eight threats in the Soil Thematic Strategy, the main policy instrument dedicated to soil protection in the European Union (EU). During the last decade, soil erosion indicators have been included in monitoring the performance of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and the progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the second part of the mapping of topsoil properties based on the Land Use and Cover Area frame Survey (LUCAS). The first part described the physical properties (Ballabio et al., 2016) while this second part includes the following chemical properties: pH, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), calcium carbonates (CaCO3), C:N ratio, nit...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding of the processes governing soil organic carbon turnover is confounded by the fact that C feedbacks driven by soil erosion have not yet been fully explored at large scale. However, in a changing climate, variation in rainfall erosivity (and hence soil erosion) may change the amount of C displacement, hence inducing feedbacks onto the l...
Conference Paper
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Der jährliche monetäre Verlust für die Landwirtschaft in Europa durch Bodenerosion beträgt ca. 1,25 Milliarden Euro (Panagos et al., 2018). In der Schweiz werden die Schäden für das Ackerland auf etwa 45,5 Millionen Euro geschätzt (Ledermann 2012), die bei einem Einbezug des Schweizer Grünlands erheblich höher anzusetzen wären. Nach der neuen natio...
Conference Paper
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The monetary loss for agriculture in Europe due to soil erosion is about 1.25 billion Euros per year (Panagos et al., 2018). The costs of soil erosion for the Swiss arable land are approximately estimated to be 45.5 million Euro (Ledermann 2012) and will be even higher if Swiss grasslands are included. According to the new national grassland map of...
Article
Full-text available
Copper (Cu) distribution in soil is influenced by climatic, geological and pedological factors. Apart from geological sources and industrial pollution, other anthropogenic sources, related to the agricultural activity, may increase copper levels in soils, especially in permanent crops such as olive groves and vineyards. This study uses 21,682 soil...
Article
Full-text available
Soil erodibility, commonly expressed as the K‐factor in USLE‐type erosion models, is a crucial parameter for determining soil loss rates. However, a national soil erodibility map based on measured soil properties did so far not exist for Switzerland. As an EU non‐member state, Switzerland was not included in previous soil mapping programs such as t...
Article
Full-text available
In the European Union (EU), copper concentration in agricultural soil stems from anthropogenic activities and natural sources (soil and geology). This manuscript reports a statistical comparison of copper concentrations at different levels of administrative units, with a focus on agricultural areas. Anthropogenic sources of diffuse copper contamina...
Article
Full-text available
This study combines two unprecedentedly high resolution (250 × 250 m) maps of soil erosion (inter‐rill and rill processes) and soil organic carbon to calculate a global estimate of erosion‐induced organic carbon (C) displacement. The results indicate a gross C displacement by soil erosion of 2.5 (+0.5/ -0.3) Pg C/year. The greatest share of displac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2015, Switzerland joined the European topsoil sampling Land Use/Cover Area frame Survey (LUCAS) and contributed 160 forest and grassland soil samples. For the first time, topsoils from high alpine locations above 1500 m a.s.l. (n=39) were additionally sampled. Thus, the Swiss LUCAS dataset is unique in considering alpine soils and enables inter...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last two decades, geospatial technologies such as Geographic Information System (GIS) and spatial interpolation methods have facilitated the development of increasingly accurate spatially explicit assessments of soil erosion. Despite these advances, current modelling approaches rest on: a) an insufficient definition of the proportion of ar...
Article
Full-text available
Human activity and related land use change are the primary cause of accelerated soil erosion, which has substantial implications for nutrient and carbon cycling, land productivity and in turn, worldwide socio-economic conditions. Here we present an unprecedentedly high resolution (250×250m) global potential soil erosion model, using a combination o...
Article
Full-text available
Legacy soil data have been produced over 70 years in nearly all countries of the world. Unfortunately, data, information and knowledge are still currently fragmented and at risk of getting lost if they remain in a paper format. To process this legacy data into consistent, spatially explicit and continuous global soil information, data are being res...
Article
Full-text available
Soil is a non-renewable resource that requires constant monitoring to prevent its degradation and promote its sustainable management. The ‘Land Use/Cover Area frame statistical Survey Soil’ (LUCAS Soil) is an extensive and regular topsoil survey that is carried out across the European Union to derive policy-relevant statistics on the effect of land...
Article
Full-text available
The exposure of the Earth’s surface to the energetic input of rainfall is one of the key factors controlling water erosion. While water erosion is identified as the most serious cause of soil degradation globally, global patterns of rainfall erosivity remain poorly quantified and estimates have large uncertainties. This hampers the implementation o...
Article
Full-text available
The exposure of the Earth’s surface to the energetic input of rainfall is one of the key factors controlling water erosion. While water erosion is identified as the most serious cause of soil degradation globally, global patterns of rainfall erosivity remain poorly quantified and estimates have large uncertainties. This hampers the implementation o...
Book
Full-text available
This report presents a modelling framework to develop indicators on soil erosion. The main focus is the soil erosion estimates in agricultural lands in the view of current monitoring and evaluation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The factsheet of soil erosion indicator is an example of providing concise information (tables, maps) to policy...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rainfall erosivity quantifies the climatic effect on water erosion and is of high importance for soil scientists, land use planners, agronomists, hydrologists and environmental scientists in general. The rainfall erosivity combines the influence of rainfall duration, magnitude, frequency and intensity. Rainfall erosivity is calculated from a series...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The implementation of RUSLE2015 for modelling soil loss by water erosion at European scale has introduced important aspects related to management practices. The policy measurements such as reduced tillage, crop residues, cover crops, grass margins, stone walls and contouring have been incorporated in the RUSLE2015 modelling platform. The recent pol...
Article
Full-text available
The policy requests to develop trends in soil erosion changes can be responded developing modelling scenarios of the two most dynamic factors in soil erosion, i.e. rainfall erosivity and land cover change. The recently developed Rainfall Erosivity Database at European Scale (REDES) and a statistical approach used to spatially interpolate rainfall e...
Article
Full-text available
As a follow up and an advancement of the recently published Rainfall Erosivity Database at European Scale (REDES) and the respective mean annual R-factor map, the monthly aspect of rainfall erosivity has been added to REDES. Rainfall erosivity is crucial to be considered at a monthly resolution, for the optimization of land management (seasonal var...
Article
Full-text available
Because of the increasing pressures exerted on soil, below-ground life is under threat. Knowledge-based rankings of potential threats to different components of soil biodiversity were developed in order to assess the spatial distribution of threats on a European scale. A list of 13 potential threats to soil biodiversity was proposed to experts with...
Article
Full-text available
The new assessment of soil loss by water erosion in Europe (Panagos et al., 2015a) was commented by Evans and Boardman (2016), who raised not only concerns related to the spatial differences outlined by our work compared to their visual semi-qualitative assessment conducted in Britain during the late eighties, but also generally to the suitability,...