Cristiana Bastos

Cristiana Bastos
University of Lisbon | UL · Institute of Social Sciences

PhD Anthropology CUNY 1996

About

69
Publications
13,290
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303
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2015 - present
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Research Director
September 2013 - present
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Research Director

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
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This special issue on Mobile Labour explores how mobility and labour conflate to create and perpetuate conditions of segregation, discrimination and differentiation, with a special emphasis on processes of racialization (although not excluding others, like gender and age).
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The present article opens with a generic plea for the de-imperialization of Lusophone studies. A de-imperial turn should allow researchers to explore more thoroughly the experiences of diaspora and exile that an empire-centered history and its spin-offs have obfuscated; it should also help to de-essentialize depictions of Portuguese heritage and cu...
Article
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Resumo Neste artigo faço uma retrospetiva dos estudos sobre epidemias a que me dediquei enquanto antropóloga, dando destaque a um fenómeno que interseta os interesses da antropologia da biossegurança e da história das plantações de açúcar e migrações laborais: os surtos epidémicos a bordo dos barcos de migrantes em finais do século XIX. Baseada num...
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Plantation museums and memorials play different roles in coming to terms with a past of racialized violence. In this article, I briefly review the academic literature on plantations, refer to the plantation–race nexus, address the critical and acritical uses of plantation memories, discuss modes of musealizing plantations and memorializing labor, a...
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After reviewing field-archive combinations in previous research, I address Madeiran and Azorean migration to Hawaii. I discuss the contrast between the orally-transmitted theme that connects their migration to their familiarity of sugar cane and pineapple growing and what emerges from the archive, which indicates that it occurred in the context of...
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Portuguese anthropology had its beginnings with the work of late nineteenth‐century folklorists, ethnographers, linguists, archaeologists, and physical anthropologists, in tune with international debates and in parallel with their European counterparts. In the twentieth century, physical anthropology had modest yet uninterrupted development whereas...
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This article analyzes one kind of colonial equipment designed in the early twentieth century for the purpose of providing medical assistance to the indigenous populations of Angola and Mozambique. I will refer to it as a ‘hut-hospital’, although it had several forms and designations. The layout of hut-hospitals consisted of a main building and a nu...
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In this article, I analyse the production and reception of a 1923 social monograph on migrant communities in New England and in doing so: (1) outline an archaeology of the social sciences in the U.S., by analysing aspects of their development, dynamics, institutional politics and research agendas; (2) discuss the tensions between social, racial and...
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Moulages are three-dimensional colorful replicas of body parts with particular expressions of ailments. Historically, by operating a transition between illness and disease, moulages were a powerful tool in the consolidation of the medical specialty of dermatovenereology. Yet moulages are not solely an objectification of biological processes suitabl...
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The article celebrates Brazilian anthropologist Gilberto Velho (Rio de Janeiro, 1945-2012) by commenting on his influence and impact on Portuguese scholarship. The author describes her first contact with the book A Utopia Urbana, an original monograph about living in Rio's Copacabana neighborhood. She describes the impact of the book at a time when...
Book
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This volume on medical tourism includes contributions by anthropologists and historians on a variety of health-seeking modes of travel and leisure. It brings together analyses of recent trends of "medical tourism", such as underinsured middle-class Americans traveling to India for surgery, pious Middle Eastern couples seeking assisted reproduction...
Chapter
In the thermal village of Monchique. Algarve, different streams of water- related knowledge and practices coexisted for centuries. Those waters were traditionally known as dguas santas (holy waters) and believed to have redemptive healing powers. In the seventeenth century, the Catholic church took control of the place, refashioned the bathing ritu...
Chapter
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In this chapter we address colonial perceptions of African botanical knowledge and healing practices as expressed in the writings of two different social actors, both connected with the Portuguese empire in the Indian Ocean, both living in the island of Chiloane (Sofala, Mozambique) in the 1870s: Arthur Ignacio da Gama, a graduate of the Medical Sc...
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Periods of intense cosmopolitanism and global prominence have occasionally emerged in Lisbon’s long, mukilayered, and inward-turned history. The most famous of them was in the early modern age, when the city became a hub of global flows of trade, peoples, riches, and ambitions related to the European overseas expansion, in which the Portuguese play...
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This article describes the transformations in Portuguese anthropology during the 1990s, both as experienced by the author in connections to North American and Brazilian anthropology and as experienced by the community of Portuguese social scientists, which hosted in 1990 two international conferences that were key to the dynamics of internationaliz...
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This article addresses colonial hospitals in Angola and Mozambique in the context of the contemporary discussions on colonial mimesis. Starting with a low-resolution image of a 3D model for a “hut-hospital”, in which the colonial infirmaries mimic indigenous shelters, the author analyzes the model as an object and as an outcome of political and cul...
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Arte, clínica, ciência e patrimônio: Uma colecção de moldagens de um hospital de dermatologia e sífilis em Lisboa
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Este artigo resulta de uma pesquisa feita na confluência da história das ciências, história social da saúde, história de arte e estudos de património, a partir do espólio do Hospital do Desterro, no centro de Lisboa. O Hospital era especializado em dermatologia e tinha uma larga tradição de assistência no campo da sífilis e venereologia; foi encerr...
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AttewellGuy N A, Refiguring unani tibb: plural healing in late colonial India, New Perspectives in South Asian History, No. 17, New Delhi, Orient Longman, 2007, pp. xvi, 316, RS 695.00 (hardback 81-250-3017-4). - Volume 53 Issue 4 - Cristiana Bastos
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Brackette F. Williams is an American anthropologist and a Senior Justice ­Advocate, currently an associate professor of Cultural Anthropology at the University of ­Arizona. She studied at the University of Cornell, the University of Arizona, and received her doctorate from Johns Hopkins University. Her work interweaves ­matters of race, gender, cla...
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This book results from the ambitious project of covering the patterns of AIDS in the entire continent of Latin America, including the Caribbean. The author uses a critical and socially informed approach that draws from a variety of sources: epidemiological and public health data, political history, sociological analyses, anthropological monographs,...
Article
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In the thermal village of Monchique, Algarve, different streams of water-related knowledge and practices coexisted for centuries. Those waters were traditionally known as aguas santas (holy waters) and believed to have redemptive healing powers. In the seventeenth century, the Catholic church took control of the place, refashioned the bathing ritua...
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This article examines some of the institutions and health care in Goa to discuss the dynamics of power in colonial society. If at first the sumptuous Royal Hospital appears as an operator of segregation, soon becomes an arena for power games involving local groups, religious orders, hierarchies of the state. In early nineteenth century the military...
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Resumo: Este artigo examina um peculiar e pouco conhecido episódio de coloniza- ção ocorrido no Sul de Angola na década de 1880, em que migrantes empobrecidos da Ilha da Madeira foram mobilizados pelo governo português para garantir a ocu- pação do território de fronteira no contexto da competição europeia pela África. A análise das fontes primária...
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In this article I will address colonial state policies toward smallpox in nineteenth-century Goa. The picture that emerges from the analysis of health services documents suggests a broad variety of coexisting practices. While the actions of some of the Portuguese head physicians epitomized the conflict between state-sponsored vaccination policies a...
Article
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All through the nineteenth century, Madeirans migrated from their Atlantic island to places as remote as Hawaii, California, Guyana and, later, South Africa. Scarcity of land, a rigid social structure, periodic famines and rampant poverty made many embark to uncertain destinies and endure the harsh labour conditions of sugarcane plantations. In the...
Chapter
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Brazil is regarded worldwide as an example of a successful and articulated response to the AIDS epidemic. Investing in prevention and assistance, civil society and government are engaged together in efforts towards reducing the number of new infections and the death rate. In the year 2000 the number of people infected with HIV in Brazil was estimat...
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This article addresses different modes of interaction between medical systems, beliefs and practices under Portuguese colonialism in Asia and Africa. I will argue that there were mutual borrowings for practical healing purposes until at least the 1880s. Prior to that, biomedicine in the Portuguese colonies was incipient, and attempts to promote its...
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Catherine Lutz tem um PhD em antropologia cultural da Universidade de Harvard, é professora do Departamento de Antropologia da Brown University, e investigadora do Watson Institute for International Studies da mesma universidade. Os seus temas de pesquisa debruçam-se sobre a antropologia das emoções, construção do género e da noção de raça, teoria...
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Aviso O conteúdo deste website está sujeito à legislação francesa sobre a propriedade intelectual e é propriedade exclusiva do editor. Os trabalhos disponibilizados neste website podem ser consultados e reproduzidos em papel ou suporte digital desde que a sua utilização seja estritamente pessoal ou para fins científicos ou pedagógicos, excluindo-se...
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This article aims to expand the scope of «medicine and empire» studies by introducing data and analysis regarding Portuguese colonialism and its medical services. The main focus is given to the role of the Medical School of Goa, India. Twentieth century literature refers to this institution as central to empire-building in Africa and Asia, suggesti...
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This article discusses the production and diffusion of racialist theories within the Portuguese Empire by focusing on a particular group of colonial subjects: the Indo-Portuguese physicians trained at the Medical School of Goa. Not fitting into the colonizers/colonized duality, those physicians held important roles in the health services of the Por...
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The centennial celebration of the New Goa Medical -surgical School, held in 1942, glorified the institution's contribution to the consolidation of the Portuguese Empire in Africa. I observe the School from the perspective of the literature on medicine and empire, whose analyzes tend to view it as a tool for exercising biopower. I then question this...
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This paper studies the establishment of medical teaching in Portuguese colonial settings as a means to understand the ways of empire building. The rules and regulations regarding surgeons and doctors in the African and Asian colonies evidence a structure of subalternities within the empire. Goa, in India, emerges as the second to the metropolis wit...
Article
In the northeastern Algarve, Portugal, semi-dispersed settlements and property fragmentation evidently had coexisted with a predominantly nuclear family household pattern since the midnineteenth century, suggesting that a small holding pattern of land tenure need not always lead to a stem-family household as is so often true in other areas of Iberi...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
PhD thesis SCIENCE, KNOWLEDGE AND THE QUESTION OF HUMAN VARIABILITY Biological collections used in medical research are becoming a common tool to address the question of human diversity. Racial idioms are being reconfigured in the emergence of a new biopolitical context informed by a molecular concept of life and the “new genetics” sciences. Through the study of biomedical research practices performed around collections of human tissues, a privileged insight is taken on how human biological diversity is being recreated in scientific contexts. Advisors: Cristiana Bastos, Ricardo Roque http://colour.ics.ulisboa.pt/research/tracks/racializations-in-science/ ERC AdG 2015 #695573 - The Colour of Labour PI Cristiana Bastos, ICS-ULisboa
Project
soon opening positions for posdoctoral researchers