Cristian Echeverria

Cristian Echeverria
University of Concepción · Facultad de Ciencias Forestales

M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph.D

About

135
Publications
63,962
Reads
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5,622
Citations
Citations since 2016
52 Research Items
3821 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
Introduction
Additional affiliations
August 2007 - present
University of Concepción
January 2002 - present
University of Cambridge
January 1995 - January 2001
Universidad Austral de Chile
Position
  • Researcher
Education
July 2002 - June 2005
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Forest Landscape modelling

Publications

Publications (135)
Article
Forest restoration is considered among the most affordable and effective practices to address ecosystem and biodiversity loss and mitigate the impacts of human‐induced global change. Soils are intrinsically complex systems that mediate and regulate multiple processes and functions vital for forest ecosystem restoration. Although monitoring soil att...
Preprint
Anthropic disturbances are driving unprecedented changes in forest ecosystem functions and biogeochemical processes, hindering the forests’ benefits to society. Litter decomposition is one of the most critical processes that regulates the carbon and nutrient cycling. However, it is unclear how degradation affects litter decomposition and carbon and...
Article
Full-text available
Context Trade-offs between ecosystem services (ES) occur by premeditated decision or as an involuntary consequence of landscape change. This has been highlighted as a challenge to human well-being and landscape sustainability. Little is known about the main research topics on ES trade-offs and the evolution of this subject over time. Objectives To...
Article
Full-text available
Land use/cover change (LUCC) and climate change (CC) affect water resource availability as they alter important hydrological processes. Mentioned factors modify the magnitude of surface runoff, groundwater recharge, and river flow among other parameters. In the present work, changes that occurred in the recent decades at the Quino and Muco river wa...
Article
Full-text available
Studying population structure has made an essential contribution to understanding evolutionary processes and demographic history in forest ecology research. This inference process basically involves the identification of common genetic variants among individuals, then grouping the similar individuals into subpopulations. In this study, a spectral-b...
Article
Humans place strong pressure on land and have modified around 75% of Earth’s terrestrial surface. In this context, ecoregions and biomes, merely defined on the basis of their biophysical features, are incomplete characterizations of the territory. Land system science requires classification schemes that incorporate both social and biophysical dimen...
Article
Full-text available
Natural ecosystems are declining and fragmenting globally at unprecedented rates. Fragmentation of natural ecosystems leads to decline in functions and services with severe impact on people. In Ecuador, despite establishment of the nationwide ecosystem classification, this baseline information has not been fully exploited to generate a monitoring s...
Article
We evaluated the anthropization dynamics and its relationship on landscape spatial patterns (LSPs) in two contrasting Chilean landscapes ( ̃Nuble and Coyhaique) over the last four decades. Using remote sensing data, we built an anthropization index (AI) derived from land use and land cover (LULC) maps, and it was evaluated between the landforms of...
Article
Full-text available
Context Literature on the ecological impacts of landscape change (LC) has increased dramatically over the last few decades. However, there has not been systematic evidence from a landscape ecology perspective about the evolution of research in this field as well as the main gaps in knowledge. Objectives Our objective was to track the advancement o...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of the state of fragmentation and transformation of a forested landscape is crucial for proper planning and biodiversity conservation. Chile is one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots; within it is the Nahuelbuta mountain range, which is considered an area of high biodiversity value and intense anthropic pressure. Despite this, there is...
Article
Full-text available
In response to the important benefits forests provide, there is a growing effort to reforest the world. Past policies and current commitments indicate that many of these forests will be plantations. Since plantations often replace more carbon-rich or biodiverse land covers, this approach to forest expansion may undermine objectives of increased car...
Article
Full-text available
World ecosystems are suffering from anthropogenic and natural pressure. The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has developed analogous criteria for the Red List of Threatened Species in order to perform similar risk assessments on ecosystems, creating the Red List of Ecosystems (RLE) methodology. One of the most significant chall...
Article
Ecosystem services, the direct or indirect contributions of ecosystems to human well-being, are based on interactions that occur within complex systems at different ecological levels. The strong link between biodiversity and ecosystem services is an important argument for ecosystem management and conservation. In this study we quantified the link b...
Article
Full-text available
Several impacts over ecosystem services have been produced by land use/cover changes, placing it as one of the main factors driving global environmental change. In the present study, the SWAT model was used to assess the effect of land use/cover changes on the hydrology response in the Andalien river basin from the south-central zone of Chile. Thre...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration, when implemented effectively and sustainably, contributes to protecting biodiversity; improving human health and wellbeing; increasing food and water security; delivering goods, services, and economic prosperity; and supporting climate change mitigation, resilience, and adaptation. It is a solutions-based approach that engag...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration, when implemented effectively and sustainably, contributes to protecting biodiversity; improving human health and wellbeing; increasing food and water security; delivering goods, services, and economic prosperity; and supporting climate change mitigation, resilience, and adaptation. It is a solutions-based approach that engag...
Chapter
Full-text available
In 2005, The book "Historia, Biodiversidad y Conservación de los Bosques Costeros de Chile" is published y differents authors. Now, the second edition of this book pretends to update the information and show the advances of many different groups of animals, plants, mushrooms, mosses, and phytoplankton. This prologue is brief synthesis about the new...
Presentation
La configuración y heterogeneidad del paisaje son fundamentales para mantener la biodiversidad y funciones ecológicas. En Chile, gran parte de los paisajes naturales han sido transformados a paisajes culturales, gatillados principalmente por el ser humano con propósitos productivos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la dinámica del paisaje...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration is becoming mainstreamed worldwide but target ecosystems’ responses to restorative interventions are not sufficiently monitored, in terms of the wide range of ecological, social, and economic attributes available. In order to highlight and better understand this problem, we conducted a literature review of the ecological, soc...
Article
Full-text available
In order to ensure the provision of goods and services from forests, many governments have promoted less-traditional conservation initiatives such as programs of payments for ecosystem services called, more broadly, direct payments for conservation. The Socio Bosque Program (SBP) is a governmental program in Ecuador that directly provides economic...
Article
Full-text available
Habitat fragmentation has become a major concern of conservation because of negative influences on plant species declines and extinctions. However, local extinction of species can occur with a temporal delay following habitat fragmentation, which is termed extinction debt. Many studies about extinction debt rely on community equilibrium from relati...
Article
Full-text available
ContextLand-use change impacts biodiversity and ecosystem services, which are intrinsically related. There is a serious lack of knowledge concerning on how land-use change affects this relationship at landscape level, where the greatest impacts have been reported. A proper knowledge of that relationship would provide crucial information for plannin...
Article
The understanding of the degree of forest fragmentation and landscape transformation is crucial for landscape sustainability and biodiversity conservation. Within the Chilean hotspot the Nahuelbuta Mountain can be found, which is considered as a high biodiversity value area under an intense human pressure. However, there is no information on the de...
Article
Restoration is increasingly being used to reverse degradation and destruction of forest ecosystems. With increasing investment in restoration, there is an urgent need to develop effective programs to assess treatment efficacy and effects. We conducted a global review of forest restoration assessments, in order to identify geographic trends in the l...
Book
Full-text available
El 15 de enero de 2016 un conjunto de estudiantes, profesionales y académicos fundaron la Asociación Chilena de Ecología de Paisaje la cual representa el capítulo chileno de la International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE Chile), sociedad de alcance mundial con más de dos mil científicos. La ecología del paisaje es concebida como una cienc...
Chapter
Full-text available
El presente trabajo compila los principales temas abordados durante el simposio de análisis espacial y su importancia para la restauración llevado a cabo en el IV Congreso Iberoamericano y del Caribe de Restauración Ecológica (SIACRE-2015). El análisis espacial es un tópico de interés creciente por su gran utilidad en el diagnóstico, diseño, implem...
Chapter
Full-text available
Más de 2.800 especies arbóreas en América Latina y el Caribe están amenazadas de extinción. Muchas de estas especies son raras, presentan poblaciones fragmentadas y dificultad de regeneración natural, por lo que la restauración ecológica resulta esencial en el restablecimiento de la integridad ecológica de las poblaciones. Sin embargo, pocos proyec...
Article
Full-text available
Most protected areas (PA) try to limit logging of forests by means of restrictions on access and use, especially in areas where local communities coexist with the forests and depend on resources derived from PAs. In such contexts, achieving full or effective protection of the forests is almost impossible. This fact has led to researching beyond PAs...
Data
Drivers outside Protected Areas 1990–2000 (Surrounding area). A generalized linear model was used to report drivers of deforestation outside protected areas between 1990 and 2000. (R)
Data
Drivers outside Protected Areas 2000–2008 (Surrounding area). A generalized linear model was used to report drivers of deforestation outside protected areas between 2000 and 2008. (R)
Data
Statistical analysis of the metrics by class. U the Mann-Whitney was used to report significant differences in landscape metrics. (R)
Data
Drivers inside Protected Areas 2000–2008. A generalized linear model was used to report drivers of deforestation within protected areas between 2000 and 2008. (R)
Data
Drivers inside Protected Areas 2008–2014. A generalized linear model was used to report drivers of deforestation within protected areas between 2008 and 2014. (R)
Data
Statistical analysis of the metrics by class for two protected areas. U the Mann-Whitney was used to report significant differences in landscape metrics. (R)
Data
Drivers inside Protected Areas 1990–2000. A generalized linear model was used to report drivers of deforestation within protected areas between 1990 and 2000. (R)
Data
Drivers outside Protected Areas 2008–2014 (Surrounding area). A generalized linear model was used to report drivers of deforestation outside protected areas between 2008 and 2014. (R)
Article
Land-use and land-cover has a relevant role in nutrient fluxes at the watershed scale. Rivers are the natural bridges between terrestrial and aquatic systems where water, nutrients, and sedi- ments, among others, are transferred through land–margin and margin–aquatic interactions. In this regard, it is necessary to gain further understanding of the...
Poster
Full-text available
During the Austral Summer of 2017 South-Central Chile was affected by several wildfires. The wildfires burned an area of about 530.000 hectares, from which 225.000 ha. were forest plantations and 61.000 ha. were native forests (De la Barrera & Ruiz, 2017). A wildfire can change the infiltration properties of soils, the vegetation layers and topogra...
Article
Full-text available
Different studies on land use-cover change (LUCC) have revealed substantial loss of native forests in south-central Chile in the last decades. However, little information exists about LUCC in drinking water catchments (DWC) affected by water scarcity. We analyzed the LUCC in 25 catchments that supply water to urban and rural communities in the coas...
Article
Full-text available
There is a need for a better understanding on how biodiversity and ecosystem services are spatially related and assess to what extent the conservation of biodiversity will ensure the provision of services. In the Río Cruces watershed (Chile) the spatial congruence between biodiversity and water supply, erosion control and soil accumulation services...
Article
As one of the few countries in Latin America to have reversed persistent losses in tree cover, Chile may hold important insights for forest transition theory. However, existing studies have not provided methodologically consistent analyses at sufficient temporal and spatial scales to properly assess the state of Chile's forest transition. In the cu...
Article
Full-text available
Most evaluations of the effectiveness of PAs have relied on indirect estimates based on comparisons between protected and unprotected areas. Such methods can be biased when protection is not randomly assigned. We add to the growing literature on the impact of PAs by answering the following research questions: What is the impact of Chilean PAs on de...
Data
Data. This file contains all data necessary to replicate the underlying findings reported in this paper. (TXT)
Article
Full-text available
Conservation planning requires setting priorities at the same spatial scale at which decision-making processes are undertaken considering all levels of biodiversity, but current methods for identifying biodiversity hotspots ignore its genetic component. We developed a fine-scale approach based on the definition of genetic hotspots, which have high...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los ecosistemas iberoamericanos están sujetos a fuertes procesos de transformación y deterioro. Resulta prioritario unir esfuerzos para la formulación e implementación de estrategias de recuperación y conservación a partir del trabajo conjunto de la academia, los entes gubernamentales y el sector privado. Desde la primera década del siglo XXI exist...
Article
Full-text available
Land-use change can have negative effects on threatened species by modifying their habitat and population dynamics. The habitat of the Endangered Patagonian cypress Fitzroya cupressoides (Mol.) Johnst. (Cupressaceae), a conifer endemic to the temperate forests of southern Chile and Argentina, has been transformed by land-use change and overexploita...
Article
Full-text available
Degradation of ecosystems is ongoing in Latin America but there is also a strong upswing in conservation and restoration efforts. SIACRE – the Ibero-American and Caribbean Society for Ecological Restoration – is playing a key role in coordinating and promoting this trend at international, national, and subnational levels. In October 2014, SIACRE me...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration is a discipline that was born just under 30 years. In Latin America it is in a formation stage, with Chile as one of the countries that has led in some aspects of restoration. The purpose of this paper is to review the state of the art of Ecological Restoration (ER) in Chile. Specifically we aim to: i) a brief compilation of...
Article
Full-text available
For many ecological applications of remote sensing, traditional multispectral data with moderate spatial and spectral resolution have to be used. Typical examples are land-use change or deforestation assessments. The study sites are frequently too large and the timespan covered too long assumes the availability of modern datasets such as very high...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The concept of ecosystem services from landscapes is rapidly gaining momentum as a language to communicate values and benefits to scientists and lay alike. Landscape ecology has an enormous contribution to make to this field, and one could argue, uniquely so. Tools developed or adapted for landscape ecology are being increasingly used to a...
Article
Land use and cover change (LUCC) is among the most important factors affecting ecosystem services. This study examines the influence of LUCC on recreation and ecotourism opportunities over three decades in southern Chile. An in-depth analysis of the transition matrix was conducted based on Landsat images from 1976, 1985, 1999 and 2007. Main LUCC tr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Although the impacts of natural disturbance on forest dynamics have long attracted the interest of ecologists, the impacts of anthropogenic disturbance have received less research attention. However, in many tropical and temperate forests anthropogenic disturbance is now a pressing environmental issue. This chapter presents results obtained from pa...