Craig S Lockwood

Craig S Lockwood
University of Adelaide ·  Joanna Briggs Institute

PhD

About

236
Publications
60,731
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4,720
Citations
Introduction
Director, Implementation Science in JBI, providing leadership and program management across scientific and professional staff. Development of evidence and innovative resources to facilitate implementation of best practice is a passion. Methodology is a major interest, I actively lead and participate in development of methods for systematic review for JBI, I speak on, and have published widely on methods and methodology, particularly for qualitative synthesis. ORCID: 0000-0003-3722-676X
Additional affiliations
July 1996 - present
University of Adelaide
Position
  • Professor (Associate) Implementation Science

Publications

Publications (236)
Article
The utility of qualitative research findings in the health sciences has been the subject of considerable debate, particularly with the advent of qualitative systematic reviews in recent years. There has been a significant investment in the production of guidance to improve the reporting of quantitative research; however, comparatively little time h...
Article
KEY POINTS Good quality evidence from systematic reviews forms the basis for translation of evidence in to practice. Reliance on robust systems for transfer of knowledge facilitates sustainable delivery of evidence to the point of care. Practice change is as much about behavioral change as it is about the use of technology. An appropriate theoretic...
Article
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The importance of findings derived from syntheses of qualitative research has been increasingly acknowledged. Findings that arise from qualitative syntheses inform questions of practice and policy in their own right and are commonly used to complement findings from quantitative research syntheses. The GRADE approach has been widely adopted by inter...
Article
Objectives The objective of this study is to develop a practice-orientated partnership framework that can enable effective population health collaborations in rural areas, and to gain ground insights on the role and policies of the Department of Families, Fairness and Housing (DFFH) in administering population health projects. Study design Rapid e...
Article
Evidence synthesis is critical in evidence-based healthcare and is a core program of JBI. JBI evidence synthesis is characterised by a pluralistic view of what constitutes evidence and is underpinned by a pragmatic ethos to facilitate the use of evidence to inform practice and policy. This second paper in this series provides a descriptive overview...
Article
Evidence-based healthcare is a worldwide movement with hundreds of organisations and thousands of individuals working to ensure that healthcare practice, policy, and decision-making is informed by rigorous research evidence, to improve health outcomes. The success of this global agenda however depends on individuals and organisations working togeth...
Article
In this paper we describe and discuss evidence-implementation as a venture in global human collaboration within the framework of “people, process, evidence and technology” as a roadmap for navigating implementation. At its core implementation is not a technological, or theoretical process, it is a human process. That health professionals central to...
Article
JBI is an international research organisation and collaborative network hosted in the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences at the University of Adelaide, South Australia. Now in its 25th year of activity, JBI is concerned with improving health outcomes in communities globally by promoting and supporting the use of the best available evidence to i...
Preprint
Background: Systematically developed quality indicators (QIs) facilitate the measuring and monitoring of quality of care and ultimately meaningful quality improvement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability of a predetermined suite of 84 scientifically valid prehospital care QIs from the provider perspective. Methods: An explanator...
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Objective: This review will investigate the efficacy of ventilation tube insertion versus non-surgical options in the management of chronic otitis media with effusion in children with non-syndromic cleft palate by assessing the degree of conduction hearing loss. Introduction: Chronic otitis media with effusion is frequent in children with cleft...
Article
Background Globally, the measurement of quality is an important process that supports the provision of high-quality and safe healthcare services. The requirement for valid quality measurement to gauge improvements and monitor performance is echoed in the Australian prehospital care setting. The aim of this study was to use an evidence-informed expe...
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Background: Low-to-middle income countries (LMICs) experience a high burden of disease from both non-communicable and communicable diseases. Addressing these public health concerns requires effective implementation strategies and localization of translation of knowledge into practice. Aim: To identify and categorize barriers and strategies to ev...
Article
Background: Across healthcare there are acknowledged gaps in the translation of evidence into clinical practice. Undertaking a structured implementation program may assist clinicians to achieve this in their clinical practice setting. Aims/methods: The current study descriptively evaluates and analyzes the impact of JBI's (formerly known as the...
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Women's lives are negatively impacted by chronic psychological stress. Dietary supplement use to manage stress is prolific despite inadequate evidence to support supplementation. The researchers used Participatory Action Research to examine the experience of living with stress and the role that diet and/or dietary supplements played in the self-rep...
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Objective: To propose an approach for developing trustworthy recommendations as part of urgent responses (1-2 weeks) in the clinical, public health, and health systems fields. Study design and setting: We conducted a review of the literature, outlined a draft approach, refined the concept through iterative discussions, a workshop by the GRADE Rapi...
Article
Background and aim: Facilitation is a multifaceted process for supporting and enabling individual or group of health practitioners to implement positive changes in clinical practice. Facilitation has never been explored within the context of an educational program that integrates a practical, evidence-based implementation component, such as a clin...
Article
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As the base of clinical evidence grows, it is increasingly common to conduct economic evaluations in addition to clinical evaluations of effectiveness in order to inform health policies. For economic systematic reviews there is currently no agreed-upon quantitative method to obtain a pooled economic effect size. With no suitable quantitative method...
Article
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Introduction Historically, ambulance services were established to provide rapid transport of patients to hospital. Contemporary prehospital care involves provision of sophisticated ‘mobile healthcare’ to patients across the lifespan presenting with a range of injuries or illnesses of varying acuity. Because of its young age, the paramedicine profes...
Article
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Background: Pelvic fractures, especially when unstable, may cause significant haemorrhage. The early application of a pelvic circumferential compression device (PCCD) in patients with suspected pelvic fracture has established itself as best practice. Ambulance services conduct corresponding performance measurement. Quality indicators (QIs) are idea...
Article
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This case study describes the research methods and procedures that used for the development of guideline recommendations to reduce HIV-related stigma and discrimination. The major challenge in the project was that there were no previous evidence-based guidelines, nor systematic reviews reported based on the framework suggested by Grading of Recomme...
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Aim: Through this qualitative research of clinicians' perspectives and experiences, we seek to inform rehabilitation clinicians about the various aspects of adopting and integrating robotic stroke therapy into clinical settings. Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted with individual clinical therapists to seek their perspectives on ro...
Article
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Background: Illness-related absenteeism is an important problem among preschool and school children for low-, middle- and high- income countries. Appropriate hand hygiene is one commonly investigated and implemented strategy to reduce the spread of illness and subsequently the number of days spent absent. Most hand hygiene strategies involve washi...
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Specific nutrient intake via diet and/or supplementation in relation to female stress: a cross-sectional study. Abstract Background Women are negatively impacted by psychological stress and despite the prolific use of dietary supplements to manage stress there is little evidence to support their use for such. The present study examined the relat...
Article
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There are many benefits to the uptake of EBHC, not just in terms of practice improvement, but also in understanding individual and organisational barriers and facilitators and the process of change itself. However, a lack of autonomy in the strategic and cultural domains of healthcare organization and delivery, is problematic. The JBI Evidence Base...
Article
Aim: The aim of this evidence implementation project was to improve the documentation of chemotherapy administration by nursing staff in a bone marrow transplant unit, to improve patient care and safety, as well as meet the legal and educational responsibilities of the nursing staff. Methods: This evidence implementation project used the Joanna...
Article
Objective: To identify and map the available evidence related to evidence summary methodologies and indicators of quality. Introduction: It can be challenging for clinicians and policy makers to keep up to date with current evidence and best practice. An evidence summary is a way to provide healthcare decision makers with the most recent, highes...
Article
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Objective: The objective of this review is to determine the difference in diagnostic accuracy of core needle biopsy and fine needle aspiration for patients with a head and neck mass using surgical histopathology as a reference test. The risks and adverse events associated with each technique will also be compared. Introduction: Tissue diagnosis...
Article
Objective: The objective of this review is to assess the safety and effectiveness in administering tranexamic acid in high-risk hip and knee arthroplasty patients. Introduction: Arthroplasty surgery is associated with a significant amount of perioperative blood loss. Tranexamic acid is an antifibrinolytic used to counteract blood loss. Although...
Article
Objective: The objective of this review is to understand the perceptions of nurses working in acute healthcare environments in relation to quality-improvement processes. Introduction: Quality improvement requirements and processes are firmly embedded in contemporary healthcare practice; however, the evidence is unclear on the extent to which nur...
Article
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This case describes the research methods and procedures that were used for the development of guideline recommendations to reduce HIV-related stigma and discrimination. The major challenge in the project was that there were no previous evidence-based guidelines, nor systematic reviews reported based on the framework suggested by Grading of Recommen...
Conference Paper
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Aim: To map global trends in Evidence-based healthcare (EBHC) approaches in order to provide a roadmap informing the future of national EBHC strategies in Saudi Arabia and to facilitate collaboration with international bodies. Background: Understanding world-wide EBHCs approaches and trends in pursuing centres would inform and guide local strategie...
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Issue addressed: Non-communicable chronic disease underlies much of the life expectancy gap experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Modifying contributing risk factors; tobacco smoking, nutrition, alcohol consumption, physical activity, social and emotional wellbeing (SNAPS) could help close this disease gap. This scoping revi...
Article
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Scoping reviews are a useful approach to synthesizing research evidence although the objectives and methods are different to that of systematic reviews, yet some confusion persists around how to plan and prepare so that a completed scoping review complies with best practice in methods and meets international standards for reporting criteria. This p...
Article
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Critiques of methodological approaches to evidence synthesis are published regularly; they contribute to the development of new understandings and the refinement or clarification of existing standards. From that perspective, we welcome the critique of meta-aggregation published in Nursing Inquiry as a contribution to science (Bergdahl, 2018). Some...
Article
Introduction: Adequate sedation can lead to patient-ventilator synchrony, facilitation of treatment, and decreased physical and psychological discomfort for patients with respiratory failure in the intensive care unit (ICU). The Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale (RASS) is considered to be the most appropriate tool in sedation assessment. Objectiv...
Preprint
Objective This objective of this project was to develop and contextualize guideline recommendations to reduce HIV-related stigma and discrimination (SAD) in Ethiopian healthcare settings. Results A multidisciplinary expert panel comprising 13 experts was established. The panel suggested that the guideline should target both healthcare worker behavi...
Article
Objectives: The aim of this project was to evaluate the current practice and implement best practice related to enhanced recovery after surgery nutrition care protocols amongst elective colorectal surgery patients at Calvary North Adelaide Hospital and to improve outcomes regarding length of hospital stay and rate of unplanned readmissions within...
Article
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Background The barriers to uptake of guidelines underscore the importance of going beyound the mere synthesis of evidence to tailoring the synthesized evidence into local contexts and situations. This requires in-depth exploration of local factors. This project aimed to assess contextual barriers and facilitators to the implementation of a guidelin...
Article
Background: Pressures on the health care system are a stimulus for innovation, including workforce changes such as substitution. A common approach to substitution in primary care is where nurses replace medical staff in roles traditionally filled by physicians. However, questions regarding the safety and effectiveness of substitution remain. The o...
Article
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Objectives: The purpose of this research was to generate and validate a questionnaire that identifies determinants of guideline use from the clinician perspective. Study Design and Setting: From January 2017 to March 2018, a seven-member six-country multidisciplinary team used a five-step multimethod design to search for and compile determinant f...
Article
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Objective: The objective of this review was to examine the economic cost of robotic therapy compared to conventional therapy for adult stroke patients, from the perspective of hospitals. Introduction: It is important to identify appropriate treatment methods that not only reduce the disability experienced by stroke survivors but also do so cost...
Article
Background: Culture- and context-specific issues in African countries such as those related to language, resources, technology, infrastructure and access to available research may confound evidence implementation efforts. Understanding the factors that support or inhibit the implementation of strategies aimed at improving care and health outcomes...
Article
Aim: Heterogeneity is an important consideration in systematic reviews, as high heterogeneity may imply that it is not suitable to perform meta-analysis. The degree of variation could be caused by clinical or methodological differences among the studies, or it could be due to the randomness of chance. Methods of assessing heterogeneity are calcula...
Article
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Synthesizing evidence from randomized controlled trials of digital health education poses some challenges. These include a lack of clear categorization of digital health education in the literature; constantly evolving concepts, pedagogies, or theories; and a multitude of methods, features, technologies, or delivery settings. The Digital Health Edu...
Article
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library. For more information, see http://nursingcare.cochrane.org.
Article
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Purpose: In Singapore, optometrists' roles are limited compared to their counterparts elsewhere. The purpose of the survey is to investigate optometrists' current roles, views on extended roles, self-reported primary eye care knowledge, needs for continuing professional education (CPE) and views on suitable modes for CPE. Methods: Members of the...
Article
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Introduction Stigma and discrimination (SAD) related to HIV compromise access and adherence to treatment and support programs among people living with HIV (PLHIV). The ambitious goal of ending the epidemic of HIV by 2030 set by the United Nations Joint Program of HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) will thus only be achieved if HIV-related stigma and discrimination...
Data
Search strategy for all databases. It indicates detailed search strategy for each database. (DOCX)
Data
JBI data extraction instrument. It indicates data extraction tool (DOCX)
Data
Critical appraisal instrument for each study design. It indicates critical appraisal instrument for each study design (DOCX)
Data
Studies excluded and reasons for their exclusion. It indicates studies excluded after critical appraisal and reasons for excluding each study. (DOCX)
Data
PRISMA checklist. It describes the review against the checklist for PRISMA reporting guideline. (DOCX)
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Globally, online and local area network-based (LAN) digital education (ODE) has grown in popularity. Blended learning is the use of ODE along with traditional learning. Studies have shown the increasing potential of these technologies in training medical doctors yet the evidence for its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness is unclear. O...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Globally, online and local area network-based (LAN) digital education (ODE) has grown in popularity. Blended learning is used by ODE along with traditional learning. Studies have shown the increasing potential of these technologies in training medical doctors; however, the evidence for its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness is unclea...