Craig E Banks

Craig E Banks
Manchester Metropolitan University | MMU · Department of Natural Sciences

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642
Publications
190,644
Reads
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32,977
Citations
Citations since 2017
242 Research Items
17562 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202301,0002,0003,000

Publications

Publications (642)
Article
Accurate and fast on-site detection of harmful microorganisms in food products is a key preventive step to avoid food-borne illness and product recall. In this study, screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) were functionalized via a facile strategy with surface imprinted polymers (SIPs). The SIP-coated SPEs were used in combination with the heat transfer...
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The demand for new devices that enable the detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) at a relatively low cost and that are fast and feasible to be used as point-of-care is required overtime on a large scale. In this sense, the use of sustainable materials, for example, the bio-based poly (ethylene terephthalate) (Bio...
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Zero-emission hydrogen and oxygen production are critical for the UK to reach net-zero greenhouse gasses by 2050. Electrochemical techniques such as water splitting (electrolysis) coupled with renewables energy can provide a unique approach to achieving zero emissions. Many studies exploring electrocatalysts need to “electrically wire” to their mat...
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Additive manufacturing (3D-printing) is a rapidly emerging technology grouped under the heading of Industry 4.0 and revolutionises the way products are created. One emerging area is textiles (apparel) where additive manufacturing allows the rapid fabrication of products that are not easily produced using traditional manufacturing approaches. In thi...
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Cadaverine is a biomolecule of major healthcare importance in periodontal disease; however, current detection methods remain inefficient. The development of an enzyme biosensor for the detection of cadaverine may provide a cheap, rapid, point-of-care alternative to traditional measurement techniques. This work developed a screen-printed biosensor (...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many social and economic problems in Hispanic America, a region with fragile health and economic systems and many inequalities. The pandemic has negatively influenced various aspects of life and led to changes in various habits and behaviours, including consumption. However, the extent to which the pandemic has infl...
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Changing the connection length of an additively manufactured electrode (AME) has a significant impact on the electrochemical and electroanalytical response of the system. In the literature, many electrochemical platforms have been produced using additive manufacturing with great variations in how the AME itself is described. It is seen that when me...
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The first recycled conductive poly(lactic acid) (PLA) filament derived from post‐industrial waste sources for additive manufacturing (AM) is reported herein, presenting a paradigm shift in plastic waste recycling, AM filament production, and AM energy storage architectures. Filaments utilizing a base of recycled PLA, carbon black (CB) as a conducti...
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Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a powerful technique for both quantitative and qualitative analysis. This review uses a systematic approach to examine how electrodes are tailored for use in EIS-based applications, describing the chemistries involved in sensor design, and discusses trends in the use of bio-based and non-bio-based ele...
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In this work, the electrochemical response of different morphologies (shapes) and dimensions of additively manufactured (3D-printing) carbon black (CB)/poly-lactic acid (PLA) electrodes are reported. The working electrodes (WE) are printed using standard non-conductive PLA based filament for the housing and commercial Protopasta (carbon black/PLA)...
Article
In the present work, we report an innovative approach for immunosensors construction. The experimental strategy is based on the anchoring of biological material at screen-printed carbon electrode (SPE) modified with electrodeposited Graphene Quantum Dots (GQD) and polyhydroxybutyric acid (PHB). It was used as functional substract basis for the reco...
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This manuscript details the first report of a complete additively manufactured rotating disk electrode setup, highlighting how high-performing equipment can be designed and produced rapidly using additive manufacturing without compromising on performance. The additively manufactured rotating disk electrode system was printed using a predominantly a...
Article
A portable test to rapidly determine levels of levodopa, the drug used to treat Parkinson's disease, can improve clinical management of the disease. In this study, screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) were modified with polymers to facilitate the electrochemical detection of levodopa. Cyclic voltammetry was used to deposit a thin layer of polyaniline o...
Preprint
Full-text available
A portable test to rapidly determine levels of levodopa, the drug used to treat Parkinson’s disease, can improve clinical management of the disease. In this study, screen-printed electrodes were modified with polymers to facilitate the electrochemical detection of levodopa. Cyclic voltammetry was used to deposit a thin layer of polyaniline on the e...
Article
Electrochemical stripping analysis (ESA) is a trace electroanalytical technique for the determination of metal cations, inorganic ions, organic compounds and biomolecules. It is based on a pre-concentration step of the target analyte(s), or a compound of the target, on a suitable working electrode. This is followed by a stripping step of the accumu...
Article
Sodium‐ion batteries (SIBs) have rapidly risen to the forefront of energy storage systems as a promising supplementary for Lithium‐ion batteries (LIBs). Na3V2(PO4)2F3 (NVPF) as a common cathode of SIBs, features the merits of high operating voltage, small volume change and favorable specific energy density. However, it suffers from poor cycling sta...
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Additive Manufacturing (AM), otherwise known as 3D printing, is becoming increasingly popular in the field of electrochemistry since it allows affordable, on-demand production of bespoke devices. Provided a suitably conductive polymer composite material is used, this can include working electrodes. However, while a number of publications have shown...
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Additive manufacturing, or three-dimensional (3D) printing, offers a unique solution for fabricating complex geometries with high tolerances. Currently, many commercial additive manufacturing machines focus on the printing of polymers with limited functionalities. However, conductive polymers (CPs) can be processed to enable the additive manufactur...
Article
The use of biological components in the development of new methods of analysis and point-of-care (POC) devices is an ever-expanding theme in analytical chemistry research, due to the immense potential for early diagnosis of diseases and monitoring of biomarkers. In the present work, the evaluation of an electrochemical microfluidic device based on...
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Molecular recognition has been described as the “ultimate” form of sensing and plays a fundamental role in biological processes. There is a move towards biomimetic recognition elements to overcome inherent problems of natural receptors such as limited stability, high-cost, and variation in response. In recent years, several alternatives have emerge...
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Chromium exerts serious damage to human beings and to aquatic life and is one of the most common environmental contaminant and possess toxicity when present above threshold limits. In comparison with the traditional quantification methods such as atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, UV-Vis or high-perf...
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Manganese is an essential nutrient of the human body but also toxic at elevated levels with symptoms of neurotoxicity reported, therefore its analytical determination is required. Manganese (II) is ingested primarily through food and drinking water so its routine monitoring in such samples is essential. While laboratory based analytical instrumenta...
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A low-cost, scalable and reproducible approach for the mass production of screen-printed electrode (SPE) platforms that have varying percentage mass incorporations of 2D hexagonal boron nitride (2D-hBN) (2D-hBN/SPEs) is demonstrated herein. These novel 2D-hBN/SPEs are explored as a potential metal-free electrocatalysts towards oxygen reduction reac...
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Rapid antigen tests are currently used for population screening of COVID-19. However, they lack sensitivity and utilize antibodies as receptors, which can only function in narrow temperature and pH ranges. Consequently, molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles (nanoMIPs) are synthetized with a fast (2 h) and scalable process using merely a tiny...
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The paper presents the results of studies on the sorption leaching of gold-containing ore of the Vasilkovskoye deposit. Kinetic dependences of the sorption of gold and associated metals from cyanide-alkali solutions under different physical and chemical factors were obtained. It was found that gold on the AM-2B resin sorbed at a higher rate than, f...
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Determination of specific cardiac biomarkers (CBs) during the diagnosis and management of adverse cardiovascular events such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has become commonplace in emergency department (ED), cardiology and many other ward settings. Cardiac troponins (cTnT and cTnI) and natriuretic peptides (BNP and NT-pro-BNP) are the prefer...
Article
Water-insoluble nickel hexacyanoferrate Ni3[Fe(CN)6]2.nH2O (NiHCF) nanoparticles were synthesized via a facile precipitation method in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and sodium citrate (SC). Large-scale production of cubic NiHCF crystals with an average diameter of 35 nm and a specific surface area (SBET) of 452.9 m²/g was shown to be p...
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Redesigning 3D-printed flow cells is reported used for heat transfer based detection of biomolecules from a flow-through system to an addition-type measurement cell. The aim of this study is to assess the performance of this new measurement design and critically analyse the influence of material properties and 3D printing approach on thermal analys...
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Serum creatinine concentration is an important clinical measure of kidney function. However, standard methods of detection, such as the Jaffe method or enzymatic assays, suffer several disadvantages, including non-specificity and procedural complexity, or high cost, respectively. In this work, we propose the use of nano-molecularly imprinted polyme...
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Carbon nanomaterials have gained significant interest over recent years in the field of electrochemistry, and they may be limited in their use due to issues with their difficulty in dispersion. Enzymes are prime components for detecting biological molecules and enabling electrochemical interactions, but they may also enhance multiwalled carbon nano...
Article
An ultrahigh photosensitive diode was developed using a Cu-doped CeO 2 thin film through spray pyrolysis processing, which has made a unique contribution in the field of optoelectronic device fabrication process.
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Herein we review the use of electrochemical point-of-care SPE-based sensor technologies towards the detection of vital, established biomarkers related to cardiac injury, cancer diagnostics and acute inflammatory conditions.
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The European Union produces over 200 million tonnes of municipal waste each year with 47% being recycled or composted. With the EU reuse and recycling targets set at 55% by 2025 and the introduction of the EU’s Circular Economy Action Plan there has never been more importance placed on waste and recycling education. A three-year transnational proje...
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Early LiCoO2 research provided the basis for the tremendous commercial success of Li+ batteries since their invention in the early 1990s. Today, LiNiMnCoO2 (Li‐NMC) is one of the most widely used batteries in the rapidly evolving electronic vehicle industry. Li‐NMC batteries continue to receive significant interest as research efforts aim to partia...
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This manuscript provides the first report of a fully additively manufactured (AM) electrochemical cell printed all-in-one, where all the electrodes and cell are printed as one, requiring no post-assembly or external electrodes. The three-electrode cell is printed using a standard non-conductive poly(lactic acid) (PLA)-based filament for the body an...
Article
Biopolymers possess highly favorable properties for electrochemical biosensing such as their inherent biocompatibility, inexpensive nature, and strong interfacial adhesion. In this mini review, we will focus on chitosan and polydopamine, two of the most commonly used biopolymers, for electrochemical sensing applications. Chitosan is a polysaccharid...
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In this overview, we explore the electroanalytical sensing of the important chemical reagent hydrazine, highlighting the plethora of electrochemical sensing strategies utilised from the first reports in 1951 to the present day. It is observed that a large proportion of the work developing electrochemical sensors for hydrazine focus on the use of me...
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In this overview we explore the electroanalytical determination of the molecule of murder: atropine. Atropine, occurs naturally in various plants of the nightshade family, including the deadly nightshade (atropa belladonna). On the one hand, atropine, a tropane alkaloid, has medical uses, named on the World Health Organisations list of essential me...
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Bio-based and biodegradable materials have the potential to replace traditional petroleum-based plastics across a range of products and contribute to a more circular economy. However, the uptake of these materials will not succeed unless consumers, manufacturers, and regulators are convinced of their efficacy. Investigating performance and safety c...
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Robust, reliable, and affordable analytical techniques are essential for screening and monitoring food and water safety from contaminants, pathogens, and allergens that might be harmful upon consumption. Recent advances in decentralised, miniaturised, and rapid tests for health and environmental monitoring can provide an alternative solution to the...
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Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common types of bacterial infection. UTIs can be associated with multidrug resistant bacteria and current methods of determining an effective antibiotic for UTIs can take up to 48 hours, which increases the chances of a negative prognosis for the patient. In this paper we report for the first time...
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Research into electrochemical biosensors represents a significant portion of the large interdisciplinary field of biosensing. The drive to develop reliable, sensitive, and selective biosensing platforms for key environmental and medical biomarkers is ever expanding due to the current climate. This push for the detection of vital biomarkers at lower...
Article
The advance of materials chemistry has influenced significantly the lifestyle of mankind. By virtue of their fascinating physicochemical nature – including ultrasmall size (<10 nm), rich functional groups, fluorescence, chemical stability, biocompatibility, and nontoxicity – carbon dots have been acclaimed as another epoch-making carbon-based nanom...
Article
A commercial polylactic acid/graphene (8 wt%) composite filament was used to additive manufacture (AM) graphene macroelectrodes (AM-GMs). The electrode surfaces were characterised and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was utilised as the exoelectrogen. The MFC was optimised using growth kinetic assays, biofilm formation, and quantification of pyocyanin produc...
Article
Antimicrobial Resistance Antibiotics have revolutionized modern medicine and agriculture, but it is accepted that their use in veterinary or clinical practice exerts a selective pressure, which accelerates the emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This cover image illustrates numerous routes via which antibiotics can end up in the environmen...
Article
The use of photocatalytic materials in plasma systems has the potential to enhance the selectivity and yield of desired products. However, the surface interaction between the photocatalyst and plasma is a complex process that is not well understood. This work presents a comprehensive study of the effects of combining titanium dioxide (TiO2) photoca...
Article
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is still considered a pandemic, and the detection of p24-HIV protein has an important role in the early diagnosis of HIV in adults and newborns. The accessibility of these trials depends on the price and execution difficulty of the method, which can be reduced using electrochemical methods by using enzymeless appr...
Article
A 3D non-enzymatic glucose disposable electrochemical sensor based on screen-printed graphite macroelectrodes (SPEs), modified with Ni, Cu, and Ni/Cu hydroxides, was prepared by a facile and cost-effective electrochemical method for the first time.
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Additive Manufacturing (AM) is an ever-growing part of modern scientific research due to its ability to create complex features, low wastage, ever-decreasing cost of entry and rapid prototyping capabilities. Up to this point, the use of AM in electrochemical research has focused around two of the main components of the experimental setup: the worki...
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When you bite into a chile pepper or eat food containing chile (chilli), one might feel heat, or other associated feelings, some good such as the release of endorphins, and some bad. The heat, or pungency, and related feelings from eating chile peppers are the result of their chemical composition, i.e. the concentrations of capsaicinoids. The major...
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Additively manufactured (AM) supercapacitor platforms are fabricated from bespoke filaments, which are comprised of electro‐conductive graphene (20 wt%) incorporated polylactic acid (80 wt%), via fused deposition modeling and denoted as G/AMEs. The G/AMEs are shown to be capable of acting as a template for the electrodeposition of metals/metal oxid...
Article
In this contribution, molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were electropolymerised onto screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) to develop specific sensors for thermal detection of yeast. A laboratory yeast strain free of interferents was used to optimise the polymerisation procedure, whereas yeast in a complex mixture (yeast for baking) was empl...
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We present the facile synthesis of Ni/NiO nanocomposites, via a solution combustion methodology, where the composition of metallic Ni within NiO is controlled by varying the annealing time, from 4 minutes up to 8 hours. The various Ni/NiO nanocomposites are studied via electrically wiring them upon screen-printed graphite macroelectrodes by physica...
Article
The potential for generating green hydrogen by electrolysis (water splitting) has resulted in a substantial amount of literature focusing on lowering the current production cost of hydrogen. A significant contributor to this high cost is the requirement for precious metals (namely Pt and Ir/Ru (oxides)) to catalyse the two main reactions involved i...
Article
This paper reports the detection of the inflammatory and sepsis-related biomarker, interleukin-6 (IL-6), in human blood plasma using functionalized screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) in conjunction with a thermal detection methodology, termed heat-transfer method (HTM). SPEs are functionalized with antibodies specific for IL-6 through electrodepositi...
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Due to the ever-increasing burden of antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacteria, the development of novel antimicrobial agents and biomaterials to act as carriers and/or potentiate antimicrobial activity is essential. This study assessed the antimicrobial efficacy of the following ionic metals, silver, gold, palladium, platinum, zinc, and gallium alone...
Article
The present work describes the performance of a new voltammetric sensor based on the modification of glassy carbon electrodes (GCE) with carbon black (CB) and botryosphaeran (BOT) (CB-BOT/GCE) for the electroanalytical determination of cyclobenzaprine. BOT is a fungal exocellular (1→3)(1→6)-β-ᴅ-glucan, which was used to improve the adherence of CB...
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In this overview, we explore the electroanalytical determination of theophylline. Theophylline finds use as a bronchodilator for treating diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is a need to measure the concentration of theophylline in pharmaceuticals for QA/QC purposes as well as in plasma samples to ensure...
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According to a recent report by the World Health Organisation (WHO), antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is considered a global threat comparable to terrorism and climate change. It has been accepted that the use of antibiotics in veterinary or clinical practice exerts a selective pressure, which accelerates the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Th...
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The C—Journal of Carbon Research (ISSN 2311-5629) is quite pleased to announce the publication of its 300th article [...]
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We report the fabrication and optimisation of Fe3P bulk modified screen-printed electrochemical platforms (SPEs) for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) within acidic media. We optimise the achievable current density towards the HER of the Fe3P SPEs by utilising ball-milled Fe3P variants and increasing the mass percentage of Fe3P incorporated int...
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Lactate is widely measured in critically ill patients as a robust indicator of patient deterioration and response to treatment. Plasma concentrations represent a balance between lactate production and clearance. Analysis has typically been performed with the aim of detecting tissue hypoxia. However, there is a diverse range of processes unrelated t...
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Voltammetric sensor using a symmetrical derivative of anthrone3 (1,7-diamino-3,9-dibutyl benzo[1,2,3-de:4,5,6-d’e’]diquinoline-2,8(3H,9H)-dione) (SPE-A) has been developed as a probe for Hg(II) ions. Performance of the probe as screen-printed electrode modified with the receptor (SPE-A) has been compared with anthrone3 in solution phase, using 1:1...