Costas J Saitanis

Costas J Saitanis
Agricultural University of Athens · Laboratory of Ecology and Environmental Science

PhD
I very rarely visit my Research Gate. So, contact me by e-mail: saitanis@aua.gr. See more about me at: www.saitanis.gr

About

91
Publications
24,362
Reads
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1,888
Citations
Citations since 2016
34 Research Items
1138 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Additional affiliations
January 2001 - December 2012
Agricultural University of Athens

Publications

Publications (91)
Article
A comprehensive evaluation of the effects of cerium on plants is lacking even though cerium is extensively applied to the environment. Here, the effects of cerium on plants were meta-analyzed using a newly developed database consisting of approximately 8500 entries of published data. Cerium affects plants by acting as oxidative stressor causing hor...
Article
Full-text available
In recognition of the rising threats of ground-level ozone (O3) pollution to forests, agricultural crops, and other types of vegetation, accurate and realistic risk assessment is urgently needed. The accumulated O3 exposure over a concentration threshold of 40 nmol mol−1 (AOT40) is the most commonly used metric to investigate O3 exposure and its ef...
Article
Full-text available
Ground-level ozone (O3) affects vegetation and threatens environmental health when levels exceed critical values, above which adverse effects are expected. Cyprus is expected to be a hotspot for O3 concentrations due to its unique position in the eastern Mediterranean, receiving air masses from Europe, African, and Asian continents, and experiencin...
Article
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Although it is an integral part of global change, most of the research addressing the effects of climate change on forests have overlooked the role of environmental pollution. Similarly , most studies investigating effects of air pollutants on forests have generally neglected impacts of climate change. We review the current knowledge on combined ai...
Chapter
Ground-level ozone (O3) concentrations have considerably elevated since the pre-industrial period and are projected to remain at elevated levels for many decades to come, thus presenting a growing threat to forest ecosystems. In this chapter, a brief historical overview of the research field of O3 effects on vegetation is presented, centered around...
Article
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Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the most important legume for human consumption worldwide and an important source of vegetable protein, minerals, antioxidants, and bioactive compounds. The N2-fixation capacity of this crop reduces its demand for synthetic N fertilizer application to increase yield and quality. Fertilization, yield, and quali...
Chapter
In a world with persisting ozone pollution, it is essential to find ways to protect vegetation. The most widely studied chemical as a protectant of plants against ozone toxicity is ethylenediurea (EDU), a synthetic antiozonant used in the rubber industry for many decades. As a plant protectant, EDU has been used successfully in research programs ov...
Article
Melatonin is produced by plants, algae, and animals. Worldwide studies show diverse positive effects of exogenous melatonin on plants, edible plant products, and algae, but the potential of melatonin to enhance food and feed systems through these positive effects remains largely unexplored. Through a meta-analysis of about 25,000 observations, we s...
Article
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Data from recent dose-response toxicological studies suggest that the no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) may depend upon whether hormesis is present. A further examination of these data supports this hypothesis by showing that the NOAEL was greater for living units (organisms or cells) showing hormesis than for living units showing no hormesi...
Article
Ground-level ozone (O3) pollution can adversely affect human health and vegetation, thus being an important environmental issue nowadays. Ozone biological monitoring (biomonitoring) is a method of O3 monitoring by observing quantitative changes in living organisms physically present in a specific environment. Here, we provide a concise view of the...
Article
Ozone (O3) is a natural component of the atmosphere. It occurs in the stratosphere, where it protects biota against ultraviolet radiation, but also in the lower troposphere, where it can directly harm biota. Because of its i) high toxicological potential for biota, ii) high reactivity and molecular instability, and iii) difficult differentiation fr...
Article
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Increasing ambient ozone (O3) concentrations and resurgent rust diseases are two concomitant limiting factors to wheat production worldwide. Breeding resilient wheat cultivars bearing rust resistance and O3 tolerance while maintaining high yield is critical for global food security. This study aims at identifying ozone tolerance among key rust-susc...
Article
Elevated ground-level ozone (O3) pollution can adversely affect plants and inhibit plant growth and productivity, threatening food security and ecological health. It is therefore essential to develop measures to protect plants against O3-induced adverse effects. Here we summarize the current status of phytoprotection against O3-induced adverse effe...
Article
Full-text available
Elevated tropospheric ozone concentrations induce adverse effects in plants. We reviewed how ozone affects (i) the composition and diversity of plant communities by affecting key physiological traits; (ii) foliar chemistry and the emission of volatiles, thereby affecting plant-plant competition, plant-insect interactions, and the composition of ins...
Chapter
Biomonitoring is a biologically meaningful method for monitoring environmental quality by assessing the impact of environmental changes on living organisms. Over the last decades, selected ozone-sensitive plant species have been used as ozone bioindicators. We present here the three most important bioindicator species: (i) the Bel-W3 and Bel-B toba...
Chapter
We summarize effects of ground-level ozone (O3) on plants beginning at the atmosphere–leaf interface, and then following with responses at the cellular level and the resulting foliar injury leading to impacts on plant growth. Impacts on crop yield are discussed with the potential for improving O3 tolerance through plant breeding. Impacts of O3 on t...
Chapter
Tropospheric ozone (O3) is nowadays recognized as the most important widespread air pollutant, deteriorating materials and causing adverse effects to living organisms. It occurs at levels potentially phytotoxic, thus influencing cultivated plants and natural ecosystems. In this chapter, we describe the mechanisms of O3 formation in the stratosphere...
Chapter
This chapter (in Greek language) opens with an introduction about physiological stress as well as the study of dose response. Then, it presents the most widely applied dose-response models, with specific details of the hormesis model. Important historical foundations of hormesis are also described. Finally, selective examples of the phenomenon of h...
Article
In a world with climate change and environmental pollution, modern Biology is concerned with organismic susceptibility. At the same time, policy and decision makers seek information about organismic susceptibility. Therefore, information about organismic susceptibility may have far-reaching implications to the entire biosphere that can extend to se...
Article
Hormesis is a fundamental notion in ecotoxicology while competition between organisms is an essential notion in population ecology and species adaptation and evolution. Both sub-disciplines of ecology deal with the response of organisms to abiotic and biotic stresses. In ecotoxicology, the Linear-non-Threshold (LNT), Threshold and Hormetic models a...
Article
Ammonium sulfate [(NH4)2SO4] deposition and elevated ozone (O3) concentrations may negatively affect plants and trophic interactions. This study aimed to evaluate for the first time the interactive effects of high (NH4)2SO4 load and elevated O3 levels on cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L.) under field conditions. Cauliflower seedlings were treated w...
Article
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) has recently proposed changes to strengthen the transparency of its pivotal regulatory science policy and procedures. In this context, the US EPA aims to enhance the transparency of dose-response data and models, proposing to consider for the first time non-linear biphasic dose-response mod...
Article
The nature of the dose-response relationship in the low dose zone and how this concept may be used by regulatory agencies for science-based policy guidance and risk assessment practices are addressed here by using the effects of surface ozone (O3) on plants as a key example for dynamic ecosystems sustainability. This paper evaluates the current use...
Article
The genus Physokermes Targioni Tozzetti includes species that are distributed in the Holarctic region and feed on conifers. The recently described scale Physokermes hellenicus (Kozár and Gounari) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) is an endemic species of Greece whose host plants are fir trees of the genus Abies (Pinales: Pinaceae). It is considered as benefici...
Article
Ground-level ozone (O3) levels are nowadays elevated in wide regions of the Earth, causing significant effects on plants that finally lead to suppressed productivity and yield losses. Ethylenediurea (EDU) is a chemical compound which is widely used in research projects as phytoprotectant against O3 injury. The EDU mode of action remains still uncle...
Article
Increased mixing ratios of ground-level ozone (O3) threaten individual plants, plant communities and ecosystems. In this sense, O3 biomonitoring is of great interest. The O3-sensitive S156 and the O3-tolerant R123 genotypes of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) have been proposed as a potential tool for active biomonitoring of ambient O3. In the pre...
Article
It is widely accepted that elevated levels of surface ozone (O3) negatively affect plants. Ethylenediurea (EDU) is a synthetic substance which effectively protects plants against O3-caused phytotoxicity. Among other questions, the one still open is: which EDU application method is more appropriate for treating fast-growing tree species. The main ai...
Book
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The International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution on Natural Vegetation and Crops (ICP Vegetation) was established in 1987. It is led by the UK and has its Programme Coordination Centre at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) in Bangor. It is one of seven ICPs and Task Forces that report to the Working Group on Effects (WGE) o...
Article
Full-text available
The persistence of high ground-level ozone (O3) concentration in most regions of the northern hemisphere has severe implications to crop production, wild plant conservation, and forest sustainability. Therefore, methods for plant protection against O3 and O3 biomonitoring are of high relevance; however, there is not a method that can be applied in...
Article
Ethylene diurea (EDU) is synthetic chemical which protects plants against damage caused by ground level O3 and is used experimentally as a biomonitoring tool at doses usually ranging from 200 to 400 mg L-1 a.i. Although several studies have investigated the protective action of EDU, this mechanism remains unclear. Important uncertainties in EDU act...
Article
The antiozonant and research tool ethylene diurea (EDU) is widely studied as a phytoprotectant against the widespread pollutant ground-surface ozone. Although it has been extensively used, its potential toxicity in the absence of ozone is unknown and its mode of action is unclear. The purpose of this research was to toxicologically assess EDU and t...
Article
Full-text available
Woody plants constitute a great sink of carbon storage, mitigating thus the greenhouse effect phenomenon. They are considered key players in ecosystems, and among others, they help in decreasing soil erosion and in maintaining soil moisture. Over the last decades, researches have shown negative effects of the ambient ozone (O3) on many woody specie...
Article
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Tropospheric ozone (O3) occurs in high concentrations nowadays and affects a many plant species in Northern hemisphere. Numerous wild plant species are known to be negatively affected by O3, and this may impact biodiversity and ecosystems in near future. Given the importance of O3 research with wild plants, we provide a list of 473 relevant taxa -...
Article
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Ethylenediurea (EDU) is an anti-ozonant substance that is recognized as a versatile research tool, and recently attracts increasing interest. As many wild plant species are forced into complex responses by tropospheric ozone (O3), these responses are crucial for the functioning of ecosystems and consequently for the biosphere; thus, countermeasures...
Article
Full-text available
Ground-surface ozone (O3) has been increasing over the last decades, and it is now well known that crop and forestry plants suffer from elevated O3 levels. Ethylene-di-urea (EDU) is considered a chemical that offers protection to the treated plants against Ο3. Increasing evidence on the antiozonate efficacy of EDU against the phytotoxic action of O...
Article
This is the first report of air pollution monitored in Greece’s Tripolis Plateau. We investigated ambient ozone concentrations and estimated its phytotoxicity potential based on three approaches: i) continuous instrumental monitoring at one station in the town, ii) phytodetection mapping with Bel-W3 tobacco plants in a network of 15 stations and ii...
Article
Ambient ozone (O3) poses a growing threat to the global ecosystems due to its high phytotoxicity: it may possibly reduce the productivity of wild plants as well as the species’ biodiversity. Asia hosts a remarkable number of wild plant species; thus, studies dealing with Asian species’ responses to O3 are of great importance. We have retrieved, fro...
Article
We tested seven contemporary agrochemicals as potential plant protectants against ozone phytotoxicity. In nine experiments, Bel-W3 tobacco plants were experienced weekly exposures to a) 80 nmol mol(-1) of ozone-enriched or ozone-free air in controlled environment chambers, b) an urban air polluted area, and c) an agricultural-remote area. Ozone cau...
Article
Tropospheric ozone (O3) has long been documented to cause an injury to plants, but a plants’ protectant, widely applicable in agronomical practice, does not exist. We evaluated the potential antiozonate efficacy of the antitranspirant di-1-p-menthene (Vapor Gard) compared with ethylenediurea (EDU) on Bel-W3 tobacco plants. Plants were treated eithe...
Article
The sensitivity to ozone of ten Bangladeshi wheat cultivars was tested by exposing plants to eight ozone exposure regimes (50, 60, 80, 100, 120, 135, 150, and 200 ppb for 14, 11, 8, 6, 5, 4, 3, and 1 days, respectively, for 8 h/day) in controlled environment chambers. Visible leaf injury, dry weight, chlorophyll, carotenoid content, leaf greenness...
Article
Thymus sect. Teucrioides comprises three species, namely, T. hartvigii, T. leucospermus, and T. teucrioides, distributed in Greece and Albania. The volatile constituents of all species of the section were obtained by hydrodistillation and investigated by GC-FID and GC/MS analyses. Twenty populations were sampled and a total of 103 compounds were id...
Conference Paper
The purpose of the study was to explore the spatial pattern of heavy metals’ load in playgrounds located in the greater region of Athens. To this purpose, a biomonitoring exploration of Fe, Mn, Zn, Mg and Ca was conducted, using leaves of Platanus orientalis L. and Cercis siliquastrum L. trees, grown in playgrounds. Methods used: i) Sampling and sa...
Article
Full-text available
The well-known moss bags technique was applied in the heavily polluted Thriasion Plain region, Attica, Greece, in order to study the spatiotemporal distribution, in the atmosphere, of the following 32 elements: Na, Al, Cl, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Co, Zn, As, Se, Br, Sr, Mo, Sb, I, Ba, La, Ce, Sm, Tb, Dy, Yb, Hf, Ta, Hg, Th, and U. The moss b...
Article
Full-text available
Passive biomonitoring with plants, in urban environment, is of significant practical value in assessing exposure and human health risks caused by various technogenic pollution impacts. In order to select plant species able to accumulate the anthropogenically emitted heavy metals (HM) and toxic elements in excessive amounts, being tolerant to them,...
Article
Based on instrumental monitoring (AOT40s) and phytodetection (with Bel-W3 and KK6/5 tobacco cultivars) data we evaluated ambient ozone phytotoxicity in Greece. In the greater region of Mesogia-Attica, during the summer of 2000, the year before the new airport Eleftherios Venizelos (March 2001) began operating in this region, the AOT40s (ppb*h) were...
Conference Paper
Currently cultivated Egyptian common bean genotypes were screened for sensitivity to ozone. Our chief goal was to identify at least one Egyptian pair of cultivars (sensitive / tolerant) to be further tested for use as a bioindicator system and to compare the response and sensitivity of this system with those of the worldwide adopted bean bioindicat...
Article
Full-text available
A faunistic survey of mites was conducted in many product stores during a 6-year study period, 2000-2005, in Greece. A total of 1,073 samples were taken from 34 Greek counties. The survey was carried out on grains (wheat, maize, oat, barley), flour, bran, manufactured agricultural foodstuffs, dried fruits (figs, raisins), residues and dust, stored...
Article
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Oxalic acid field trails for the control of varroosis (Varroa destructor) were carried out in an apiary located on the Mt. Imittos (Attica, Greece). The colonies received four successive applications (approximately one every 16 days) with 4.2% oxalic acid (OA) and 60% sugar solution by trickling method with two alternative types of syringes (an aut...
Article
The insecticidal effect of two azadirachtin-based insecticides, NeemAzal-T/S and Oikos 32 EC, was examined against adults of the grain beetles Sitophilus oryzae and Tribolium confusum on wheat and maize under different temperature and humidity regimes. The insecticides were applied at three dosages, equivalent to 50, 100, and 200 mg of active ingre...