Cosima Rughinis

Cosima Rughinis
University of Bucharest | Unibuc · Department of Sociology

PhD

About

79
Publications
44,418
Reads
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304
Citations
Introduction
I study public trust & mistrust in mainstream science, and models of human nature across scientific and popular media, focusing on antivaxx and Covid-skeptical discourses, and (re)presenting femininity. My current work examines innovation and consolidation in antivaxx and vaccine-trustful discourses, as well as Covid-skeptical vs. Covid-anxious discourses.
Additional affiliations
March 2002 - present
University of Bucharest
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (79)
Preprint
Full-text available
We estimate patterns of covariation between COVID-19 vaccination rates and a set of widely used indicators of human, social, and economic capital across 146 countries in July 2021 and February 2022. About 70% of the variability in COVID-19 vaccination rates worldwide can be explained by differences in the Human Development Index (HDI) and, specific...
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes a conceptual framework to study the social bifurcation of reality in polarized science-trusting and science-distrusting lay worldviews, by analyzing and integrating five concepts: science work, number work, emotion work, time work, and boundary work. Despite the epistemological asymmetry between accounts relying on mainstream...
Article
Full-text available
The well-being of children and young people has been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The shift to online education disrupted daily rhythms, transformed learning opportunities, and redefined social connections with peers and teachers. We here present a qualitative content analysis of responses to open-ended questions in a large-scale survey of te...
Article
Full-text available
This paper documents the change and reproduction of gender status in the motion picture industry by discussing patterns in protagonist choice and authorship of biographical films produced from 1900 to 2017. The results rely on a quantitative analysis of all 4,539 films on the IMDb platform labeled with the “Biography” tag that portray an individual...
Article
We study variability in General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) awareness in relation to digital experience in the 28 European countries of EU27-UK, through secondary analysis of the Eurobarometer 91.2 survey conducted in March 2019 (N = 27,524). Education, occupation, and age are the strongest sociodemographic predictors of GDPR awareness, with...
Preprint
Full-text available
We studied variability in General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) awareness in relation to digital experience in the 28 European countries of EU27-UK, through secondary analysis of the Eurobarometer 91.2 survey conducted in March 2019 (N = 27,524). Education, occupation, and age were the strongest sociodemographic predictors of GDPR awareness, wi...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, the authors highlight their findings on online memes to see what they reveal about self and time during the COVID-19 pandemic. Their analysis shows that the self and time are related aspects of social interaction. The self is akin to a theatrical performance and our perception of time is altered by problematic circumstances.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic led to fast and unexpected changes in social life, including education. Institutions and social actors were forced to rethink school participation in order to respect social distance, but also to ensure quality in education and social order. Digital and collaborative platforms replaced the physical classrooms and mediated the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dating apps have become increasingly popular, even more so in the period of the COVID-19 pandemic. Users rely on the anticipated results and perceived usefulness of dating apps, sometimes for extended periods of time. To create successful products, designers of dating apps aim to create socio-technical structures that are attractive, easily usable,...
Article
We examine how self and time have been depicted during the pandemic in online memes. Full text: https://contexts.org/articles/what-do-memes-tell-us-about-self-and-time-during-the-pandemic/
Article
The article is available at: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1cYTG_,cUWn3I6 Background: Despite lacking scientific support, vaccine hesitancy is widespread. While serious vaccine damage as a scientific fact is real yet statistically highly uncommon, emerging social and technological forces have amplified perceptions of risk for “probable vaccine da...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Despite lacking scientific support, vaccine hesitancy is widespread. While vaccine damage as a scientific fact is statistically highly uncommon, emerging social and technological forces have converted probable vaccine damage into an alternative fact. Methods: Using the Eurobarometer 91.2 survey on a statistically representative EU27-UK...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 SARS- Cov2 has taken the world by surprise. Among the first promising repurposing agents proposed for treatment and prophylaxis, 2 antimalarial agents came into limelight: chloroquine and its less toxic derivative, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ). Intense research and public debates have followe...
Article
Full-text available
Adapting “face-to-face” education to distance and online education in response to the COVID-19 pandemic has been a massive challenge for countries around the world. Online education reignited older debates about inclusive education, such as hoped-for universal access versus current digital divides, prompting the public to refl ect about the past, t...
Article
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In Romania, as elsewhere, there is persistent controversy surrounding home-opathy wherein various parties try to draw the boundaries of legitimate medical practice. The literature on complementary and alternative medicine features little discussion on the temporal dimensions of controversies surrounding these therapies, focusing mainly on the tempo...
Article
Full-text available
People develop their identities and self-knowledge through constant presentation of self in situations of everyday interaction. In this paper we study strategies of learning about self and society through participation in the online dating platform Tinder, and in digital communities dedicated to collective reflection on this experience. Through an...
Article
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Background: We discuss homeopathy's placebo effect as the result of a distributed therapeutic agency involving humans, objects, and texts. Homeopathy has been involved in controversies for centuries, and the dispute whether it is therapy or quackery is as lively as ever. Still, homeopathy has retained significant popularity and acceptance within t...
Research
Full-text available
Web: http://compaso.eu/ Send manuscripts and inquiries to compaso@compaso.eu For the Winter 2017 issue, we invite research articles and notes that explore how we are being aged from outside the contours of our bodies, through the presence and absence of interaction with others, in materially and technologically organized activities, by living in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Scholarly social networks such as Academia.edu and ResearchGate.net introduce a novel approach in literature search, bringing authors to the fore as nodes in exploration paths. While traditional literature search occurs in a text-based environment, academic social sites bring forward the authors. They make use of actionable researcher personas to f...
Research
Full-text available
Guest Editor: Emanuel Socaciu, University of Bucharest Deadline for manuscript submission: April 15th, 2017 Send manuscripts at compaso@compaso.eu We invite research articles and notes that explore the interplay of science and daily life, the role of new technologies in scientific knowledge, the just-emerging and the strongly-persistent practice...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we examine the evolving roles of digital technology in shaping the professional identity and therapeutic encounters of homeopathic practitioners. Homeopathy is a form of alternative medicine that relies almost exclusively in making a diagnostic on patients' verbal description of their symptoms. In contrast to the biomedical diagnosis,...
Article
Full-text available
Poate știți, poate nu știți povestea uimitoare a lui Oscillococcinum, remediul homeopat care devine popular în farmaciile românești odată cu sosirea sezonului de răceli și gripe și care la noi a avut vânzări de peste 6 milioane de euro anul trecut [1]. Poate știți, poate nu știți istoria homeopatiei și cum diferă remediile homeopate de suplimentele...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyses two impromptu crowd science movements, comparing the TVTropes wiki community with the Bechdel Wallace test movement. Impromptu crowd science contributors engage in methodical knowledge creation, in absence of academic scientists' involvement. The two examples illustrate the potential of these movements to create data, analyses a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We propose a set of six topics of inquiry into historical games as regards their feminine characters, and we illustrate them through an analysis of This War of Mine, Valiant Hearts and 80 Days. Historical games may include documented historical characters and fictive characters as well; the latter may aim to represent a type of real persons, or may...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We analyze the presentation software Prezi as an evocative object and a talkative technology that engages users in diverse web-based learning situations. Prezi claims to offer an alternative to a much ridiculed PowerPoint, and Prezi's rhetorical options indeed privilege storytelling and metaphors through spatial organization, movement, and visuals....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We propose the concept of 'impromptu crowd science' to analyze the Bechdel-Wallace movement. We argue that the practice of using this test to evaluate movies generates a form of digitally distributed knowledge that reveals a challenging conceptual impasse. The current organization of the movement, mainly through blog and newspaper articles, quantit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We propose a framework for designing computer science courses on accessible design, focusing on blind users. The dominant approach in the literature pursues student motivation for accessible design through three main springs: a ‘web of arguments’, highlighting utility and morality as key considerations, empathy, and mainstreaming. We introduce aest...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The present report summary includes the most important conclusions and recommendations presented in each chapter. For further explanations, tables, graphics, data sources, bibliography and complete recommendations see the Extended Report, the main result of the Commission’s activity, available only in Romanian language ( www.presidency.ro/static/CP...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Gender analysis of video games has increased its public visibility through the Gamergate controversy. We examine several casual art games in order to explore the diversity of both conventional and counter-stereotypical gender representations. We find significant reliance on stereotypical presentations , especially in 'sketchy wife' characters. Such...
Research
Full-text available
Age and gender classifications have changed through history, yet they remain relevant in many social situations. They are used by organizations in all walks of life, and they are part and parcel of the identities that we invoke and attribute in daily interactions. Taking notice of both their persistent relevance and the significant changes in age-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Gender has recently increased in relevance as a game analysis topic. Representations of masculinity and femininity in games have become a growing interest for scholars. Still, little has been written about representations of aging and older persons. Starting from this status-quo, we propose an analysis of age displays in a subtype of video games, n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many of us live in a state of persistent and pervasive connectivity. For quite some time, questions on whether this is doing us good or bad have increased in number and variety, as well as their answer trails. We pin our starting point in the public debate around N. Carr's question "Is Google making me stupid?", and we examine the questions asked a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Our minds are extended through tools – from pencils on paper to clocks and computers. 'Extended minds' have gained acclaim in digital times, but have also stirred fear: do objects become smarter at our expense? We propose a new approach to help cultivate auspicious cognitive relationships with things: the 'extended object'. If our thoughts are exte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We examine the ways in which answers formulated in the Q&A community Quora are aggregated in a collaborative, computer-mediated body of knowledge. Readers’ experiences are shaped by the answer ranking algorithm, a central rhetorical device on Quora. Answer visibility on page is strongly dependent on the number of upvotes, but also on recency and au...
Conference Paper
This paper examines current practices in motivating students to design accessible technologies, and proposes an additional method to promote a long-term, steadfast commitment to accessibility. We examine recent reports of teaching accessibility for blind users to sighted students, and we find three types of motivational devices: 1) a ‘web of argume...
Conference Paper
In this paper we analyze 26 smoking cessation applications on Android OS focusing on how they address their implied users. We identify ‘refreshing quantification’ as a main method, which endorses a portrait of the users as myopic in risk perception, but heroic in their individual pursuit to reach the non-smoker identity. App-created relationships a...
Article
We use large-scale survey data from the Eurobarometer 77.2/2012 to explore variability in online activity, cyber-crime exposure, and security measures of end-users in European Union (EU27). While cyber-security is a high-priority activity for security experts and researchers, end-users conduct it in the context of their daily lives, as a socially a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We examine online sociality in Quora, a collaborative Q&A platform, through statistical analysis of 248 answers. Quora members interact through technology and with technology, creating different regimes of sociality: a regime of visibility, in which users and technology assemble the ranked list of answers; a regime of recognition, in which members...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We analyze digital rhetoric in two computer-supported collaborative settings of writing and learning, focusing on major depression: Wikipedia and Quora. We examine the procedural rhetoric of access to and interaction with information, and the textual rhetoric of individual and aggregated entries. Through their different organization of authorship,...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze quantification in the open review process of Alt.Chi panels. We find that reviewers differ systematically regarding their activity patterns. We distinguish 'critical', 'supportive', 'discerning' and 'keen' reviewers, with distinctive contributions for two resources of meaningful numeric evaluation: intersubjectivity and intra-personal co...
Article
Full-text available
We estimate the influence of daily smoking frequency on behaviors and beliefs that affect self and others' exposure to tobacco smoke: smoking at home and in the car, passive smoking in public establishments and at the workplace, and beliefs about passive smoking risks, through a secondary analysis of Eurobarometer 77.1 / 2012 and 72.3 / 2009 survey...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We analyze in-depth five smoking cessation apps on Android OS, examining how they teach users to quit smoking and what they learn from users. Apps advise would-be ex-smokers how to perceive the world, how to deal with their emotions, and how to act on their bodies and environment. Still, they learn little from their users, and even less from the sc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We analyze quantification in the open review process of Alt.Chi panels. We find that reviewers differ systematically regarding their activity patterns. We distinguish 'critical', 'supportive', 'discerning' and 'keen' reviewers, with distinctive contributions for two resources of meaningful numeric evaluation: intersubjectivity and intra-personal co...
Article
We analyze current approaches in motivating students to pursue accessibility, with a focus on blind users, by examining scientific reports of courses in the computer science and engineering curriculum. We identify three main motivational resorts: a 'web of arguments', referring to issues of morality, legality, and interest; the practice of mainstre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses opportunities for learning about biographies through Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopaedia. We examine argumentation and interpretation practices in Steve Jobs's entry and its associated Talk pages, focusing on editors' debates on whether Jobs was an “inventor”. We highlight argumentation from delegated voice as a core element of W...
Article
Full-text available
The article discusses acceptance of evolution and its relevance for measuring scientific literacy. The author analyzes the National Science Foundation knowledge quiz in relation to theoretical, methodological, and moral arguments, proposing a distinction between quiet and animated scientific constructs. When a public learns of evolution as an anima...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Proiectul STISOC - Ştiință şi societate. Interese şi percepții ale publicului privind cercetarea ştiințifică şi rezultatele cercetării - a fost finanțat de Autoritatea Națională pentru Cercetare Științifică din România, în cadrul programului PN II Capacități 2008, prin contractul nr. 203 din 10.09.2008. Investigația empirică a constat în elaborarea...
Presentation
Full-text available
Plagiatul reprezintă (1) prezentarea drept creație personală a (2) creațiilor intelectuale originale ale unui (3) alt autor, în (4) contexte sociale în care creațiile personale sunt recunoscute și recompensate.
Article
Full-text available
Rughiniş discusses three controversial issues with regard to surveys of the Romani population: ethnonym use, self-identification versus hetero-attribution of Romani ethnicity, and the use of variables in reference to Romani settlements. She uses data sets from ten surveys of Romanian Roma between 2000 and 2008 as well as the 2002 Romanian Census to...
Article
The paper analyzes indicators of scientific knowledge and health knowledge currently available in population surveys and discusses their dimensionality, with particular reference to DK answers. Multiple correspondence analysis is used to identify a satisfactory data reduction strategy, in the Eurobarometer 63.1 2005 and STISOC 2009 surveys. Res...
Book
Full-text available
The volume analyzes the attitudes and opinions of Romanians with respect to working, jobs, and the job market based on survey data collected in 2008.
Book
Full-text available
Barometrul de Opinie Publică (BOP) este un program de cercetare şi analiză a opiniei publice din România, a cărui misiune este de a contribui la consolidarea legăturilor dintre structurile puterii şi societate în ansamblul său, clarificând temele cheie care trebuie să se regăsească pe agenda ONG-urilor şi instituţiilor publice, punând la dispoziţia...
Article
Full-text available
The article explores the possibility to analyse common life philosophies through quantitative sociological surveys. Two such surveys are used to see whether people’s conceptions about hardship and happiness, and about marriage and happiness, seem to be generally valid in the population, and how they are influenced by one’s own life experiences. The...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Report on the general situation of the lack of identity, civil status and housing documents in Romanian, with a focus on the Roma population. It also explains the legislative frame of this situation and offers guidelines to solve some types of cases. Report beneficiary: The National Agency for the Roma and the General Secretariat of the Government,...
Book
Full-text available
Am alcătuit această carte după modelul unui album de fotografii. Realitatea pe care o ilustrează este compusă din două cercetări de teren în comunităţi defavorizate de romi sau majoritar rome. Prima cercetare privea intervenţia autorităţilor locale în cartiere de locuințe publice destinate familiilor foarte sărace, iar cea de-a doua se referea la p...
Article
Full-text available
The paper explores contemporary values that guide behaviour in intimate relationships. The approach is comparative, focusing on eight countries (Romania, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Poland, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy). The Analysis is structured in three parts: 1. A theoretical discussion concerning the changes in intimate relationships brought...
Book
Full-text available
Reforma sectorului minier constituie una dintre cele mai importante componente ale procesului de tranziţie din România. Dincolo de efectele sale favorabile asupra creşterii gradului de rentabilitate a unităților miniere şi diminuării pierderilor în ansamblul economiei naționale, procesul de reformă are numeroase consecințe negative asupra minerilor...
Article
Recent years have witnessed several initiatives of public authorities in Romania of housing Roma residents in specially built housing projects. Such measures are usually aimed at restoring dilapidated blocks of flats inhabited by extremely poor Roma people. Based on five case studies, this paper highlights the decline mechanisms in such marginal ne...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
We study science-skeptical beliefs by examining how contrarian discourses appear legitimate to the public, through their ambivalent relationships with science and dominant narratives. We identify consolidation and innovation in legitimacy tactics across climate-skeptical and vaccine-skeptical discourses.
Project
We aim to trace persisting & changing instructions on what it means to be feminine, as expressed by various portrayals of women - from statues and films to video game characters. We examine digital media, such as video games, apps, wikis and collaborative knowledge forms, and other media such as movies, urban displays, and school textbooks.
Project
Discover how we make ourselves and others known through digital portraits and traces, including: digital self-portraits on various platforms, our user reputations, and our traces of digital & offline activity aggregated on data-driven profiles.