Cortni Borgerson

Cortni Borgerson
Montclair State University · Department of Anthropology

PhD

About

41
Publications
14,409
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
297
Citations
Introduction
My work explores why people choose to hunt endangered species and looks at how this hunting affects human food-security, endemic primates, and biodiversity conservation. We use this knowledge to design, deploy, and test culturally relevant, integrated conservation and food security interventions which simultaneously improve biodiversity and human welfare.

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
Madagascar faces dual challenges in biodiversity conservation and public health. In order to identify strategies to reduce the unsustainable hunting of threatened species while maintaining or improving child nutrition, we quantified interactions among ecosystem indicators (lemur density and habitat biodiversity indices), health indicators (stunting...
Article
Full-text available
Madagascar has experienced extensive deforestation and overharvesting, and anthropogenic climate change will compound these pressures. Anticipating these threats to endangered species and their ecosystems requires considering both climate change and habitat loss effects. The genus Varecia (ruffed lemurs), which is composed of two Critically Endange...
Article
Full-text available
Hunting is one of the greatest threats to nonhuman primates worldwide. Despite Madagascar’s status as a primate mega-diversity country, a critical lack of information on the hunting of lemurs at the national scale persists. Here, we synthesize the current state of knowledge of the annual rates of household-level lemur hunting near ten protected are...
Article
Full-text available
Zanna tenebrosa (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae), a traditionally eaten phloem feeding planthopper known as sakondry, has received recent attention for its farming potential; these insects have been successfully cultivated on bean plants in remote, rural communities that depend on natural resources for their food security, without increasing the loss of loc...
Article
Full-text available
Sea turtles are essential to the health of marine ecosystems, yet nearly 90% are threatened with extinction. The unsustainable consumption of sea turtles contributes to their global decline. Because sea turtle meat is also high in heavy metals, the monitoring of sea turtle consumption is a priority for both marine conservation and public health. De...
Article
Full-text available
Forests, and the vertebrate species within them, are irreplaceable sources of food and nutrition for millions of people living in areas of high biodiversity. Unfortunately, many of these forests are being cleared for agriculture, and many animals are threatened with extinction from unsustainable hunting. Forest clearing and the hunting of threatene...
Technical Report
Full-text available
2020 -- IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (Madagascar Section) Red List conservation status review and update for the white-fronted lemur (Eulemur albifrons). This was part of a bigger reviewing and updating of Red List conservation statuses for all lemur species -- the first such review and update for lemurs since 2012. As a result of this 2020 co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
2020 -- IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (Madagascar Section) Red List conservation status review and update for the black lemur (Eulemur macaco). This was part of a bigger reviewing and updating of Red List conservation statuses for all lemur species -- the first such review and update for lemurs since 2012. As a result of this 2020 conservation...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Conservation officials work to manage complex and interacting human-environmental systems, where balancing needs between the two systems can become a source of tension. This study presents information on the use of natural resources by, and the health and welfare of, rural communities within and near Ankarafantsika National Park (ANP) in northweste...
Article
Full-text available
Chickens are a key source of nutrition for rural Malagasy communities. Due to high endemic rates of Newcastle disease, it remains challenging to raise sustainable chicken flocks as a consistent food source. Here, we explore the impact of triannual Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine interventions on the growth and herd immunity acquisition of Mal...
Article
Full-text available
The Madagascar Health and Environmental Research-Antongil (MAHERY-Antongil) study cohort was set up in September 2015 to assess the nutritional value of seafood for the coastal Malagasy population living along Antongil Bay in northeastern Madagascar. Over 28 months of surveillance, we aimed to understand the relationships among different marine res...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
9:45, CC Room 26 C Madagascar is renowned for its primate biodiversity, yet nearly all species of lemur are now threatened with extinction. During four years (2015-2018) we conducted extensive monthly surveys of endangered lemurs, habitat, hunting behavior, socioeconomics, and human health and nutrition across 18 sites on the Masoala Peninsula of M...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Species’ distributions and abundances are primarily determined by the suitability of environmental conditions, including climate and interactions with sympatric species, but also increasingly by human activities. Modelling tools can help in assessing the extinction risk of affected species. By combining species distribution modelling of abiotic...
Article
Full-text available
In Madagascar, wildlife conservation and human food security and nutrition are deeply interconnected as many people rely on wild foods for sustenance. The Lac Alaotra wetland complex is an ecoregion which is indispensable to both the future food security of Madagascar's people and the conservation of its endemic wildlife. The region is Madagascar's...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding natural resource extraction in Madagascar is key to developing wider conservation and management strategies that ensure the continued delivery of essential ecosystem services, and the development of health and economic strategies to meet the demands of a growing human population. In the Kianjavato lowland rainforest of southeastern Ma...
Conference Paper
Background Madagascar faces dual challenges in biodiversity and public health. The survivorship of lemurs (94% of lemur species are threatened with extinction) depends on the sustainable hunting of a malnourished human population who commonly hunts them for food. Lemur meat provides a valuable source of micronutrients, yet the hunting of threatened...
Chapter
Why do people eat endangered lemurs during some times of year and not others? This study demonstrates the importance of incorporating ethnoprimatological research into the design of conservation policy and its implementation. One year of daily focal hunter shadowing, extensive household interviews, and daily 24 hour recall surveys of household food...
Article
Full-text available
The main threats to lemurs are habitat loss and hunting. Conservation policies often assume that people will decrease lemur hunting if they understand government prohibitions on hunting, are educated and/or involved in ecotourism, have access to affordable meat, and/or are healthy and financially secure. Yet these assumptions are often not well tes...
Article
Full-text available
Studying seasonal hunting patterns can be critical for developing sound actions for conservation and public health. As availability of funds to implement conservation policy is limited, it is essential to focus efforts during the most critical times of year. During July 2011–June 2012 I recorded direct observations of hunting of forest mammals, and...
Conference Paper
The main threats to lemurs are habitat loss and hunting. Conservation policies often assume that people will decrease lemur hunting if they understand government prohibitions on hunting, are educated and/or involved in ecotourism, have access to affordable meat, and/or are healthy and financially secure. Yet these assumptions are often not well tes...
Article
Full-text available
Threats to primates result from the complex relationship between ecological processes and the direct and the indirect impacts of humans. Yet we know little about the proportional impacts of hunting and changes to habitat on individual primate species. This knowledge is critical to effective conservation. I used primate surveys, habitat analysis, in...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about carnivoran ecology and population dynamics in northeastern Madagascar, especially on the little studied Masoala peninsula. This leaves the status of threatened carnivores on the Masoala peninsula poorly understood. Even less is known about the relative taxonomic position and role of domestic, feral, and possible wild cats in M...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
We are working to understand the incentives for endangered species hunting and to design and test data-driven, community lead, interventions to improve the both the sustainability of hunting and household food security.