Corrine M Williams

Corrine M Williams
University of Kentucky | UKY · Department of Health Behavior

About

54
Publications
7,954
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1,863
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - present
January 2008 - present
University of Kentucky

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
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Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been found to be important contributors to negative health outcomes throughout the lifespan. Birth to 5 years represent a critical period for brain development impacting cognitive, emotional, and social competencies. This study aims to determine the association between overall ACE score and risk of developm...
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Objective: Previous research has found women who experience eight or more Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are 3.5 times as likely to be victims of adult IPV. This study examined the relationship between ACEs and IPV (physical violence, sexual violence, psychological violence, and stalking) among college students. Participants: This study was c...
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Objective: To examine the relationship between previous cesarean delivery and subsequent preterm birth in the second pregnancy among women in the United States with registered birth records. Study design: We conducted a retrospective cohort study utilizing United States birth certificate data to generate the study population, which consisted of...
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Drugging (i.e., administering someone a drug or alcohol without their knowledge or consent) is a problem with substantial consequences for college students. Although sexual minorities face greater rates of drugging risk factors (e.g., greater rates of binge drinking have been identified among sexual minorities), no prior study has examined the prev...
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Background and objectives: Home visitation programs are one of the numerous efforts to help reduce the rates of preterm birth and low birth weight as well as offering other improvements in maternal and child health and development. The Kentucky Health Access Nurturing Development Services (HANDS) is a voluntary, home visiting program serving first...
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Introduction: The 2013 Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act requires U.S. colleges to provide bystander-based training to reduce sexual violence, but little is known about the efficacy of such programs for preventing violent behavior. This study provides the first multiyear evaluation of a bystander intervention's campus-level impact on reducing...
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Objectives (1) Investigate the relationship between three specific positive parenting practices (PPP)—reading to children, engaging in storytelling or singing, and eating meals together as a family—and parent-reported risk of developmental, behavioral, or social delays among children between the ages of 1–5 years in the US. (2) Determine if a comb...
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The Measure of Psychologically Abusive Behaviors (MPAB) was developed recently to improve on prior scales. Two nationally solicited samples of women were utilized to further validate the MPAB through the use of a criterion group, factor analysis, and designation of a threshold for accurate classification. MPAB scores were twice as high in the crite...
Conference Paper
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INTRODUCTION: Home visitation programs are associated with reduced rates of low birth weight infants and decreased prevalence of preterm births among women at high risk for poor outcomes. The Kentucky Health Access Nurturing Development Services (HANDS) program is a state-developed home visitation program for expectant and new at-risk parents. The...
Conference Paper
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Objectives: (1) Evaluate whether three individual positive parenting practices (PPP) – reading to children, engaging in storytelling or singing, and eating meals together as a family – decrease the risk of developmental, behavioral, or social delays among children between the ages of 1-5 years in the United States. (2) Evaluate if a combination of...
Conference Paper
BACKGROUND: Problem Behavior Theory posits that risky behaviors cluster in individuals, implying that protective behaviors may follow a similar pattern. Accordingly, the purpose of this analysis was to determine if the protective behavior of effective dual method contraception use at first sexual intercourse is associated with HPV vaccination among...
Conference Paper
Background: Currently, two human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines are FDA-approved for use among females and males ages 9-26 years for the prevention of cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers as well as genital warts. However, nearly 2,370 women and 9,370 men are diagnosed annually with HPV-related head and neck cancer. Further research is needed...
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This large, population-based study is one of the few to examine prevalence rates of sexual harassment occurring during the past 12 months by victimization and perpetration among adolescents. In this large, cross-sectional survey of students attending 26 high schools, sexual harassment was defined using three questions from the Sexual Experiences Qu...
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The objective of this study was to report the frequency of perpetration and victimization of unwanted sexual activities (threatened to end relationship or other pressures to engage in sexual activities, threatened or actual physical force, and facilitated by drugs or alcohol) in a large, statewide sample of high school males and females. Among 18,0...
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This school-based sample provides the largest estimate of physical and psychological dating violence (DV) victimization and the only report of DV perpetration among high school students. Among 14,190 students in relationships, 33.4% disclosed DV by a partner (victimization) and 20.2% used these same behaviors against a partner (perpetration) in the...
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This large, statewide sample from 26 high schools provided the first population-based estimates of stalking victimization and perpetration among adolescent females and males. Our stalking definition required that pursuing tactics occurred at least 3 times in the past 12 months and included being followed, spied on, or monitored; someone showed up o...
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Increasing attention has recently been paid to the development of prevention programs designed to actively engage bystanders in prevention efforts to reduce the risk of sexual and dating violence; yet, few evaluations have been conducted. Our proposed plan to rigorously evaluate a randomized intervention trial of the Green Dot bystander program as...
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Evidence suggests that interventions to engage bystanders in violence prevention increase bystander intentions and efficacy to intervene, yet the impact of such programs on violence remains unknown. This study compared rates of violence by type among undergraduate students attending a college campus with the Green Dot bystander intervention (n = 2,...
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To use the lifecourse framework to examine the association between duration of breastfeeding and risk of developing bulimic behaviors or a diagnosed eating disorder. Questionnaires were sent every 12-24 months between 1996 and 2005 to 6,436 females and 5,756 males in the Growing Up Today Study, who were 9-14 years at baseline. Duration of breastfee...
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Violence against women has been associated with subsequent risky sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We explored whether sexual coercion or violence at first intercourse was associated with self-reported STIs. Using nationally representative data from the 2006 to 2010 National Survey of Family Growth, we analyzed female res...
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Background: Limited evidence suggests that intimate partner violence (IPV) may be associated with poorer cancer outcomes. We hypothesized that timing and type of IPV as well as childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may negatively affect depression, perceived stress, and cancer-related well-being. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of women diagnos...
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To test the hypothesis that women screened for psychosocial factors, including partner abuse, as recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists would have higher neonatal birth weight, longer gestational age at delivery, higher Apgar scores, and fewer maternal complications. We evaluated a universal psychosocial screening in...
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Teen pregnancy is a major public health concern and the majority of these pregnancies are unintended. The study population included women whose first pregnancy occurred at age 19 or younger (n = 2,142). Data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth was used to determine whether women's reports of her own pregnancy intentions differed from her...
Conference Paper
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Reproductive coercion can include a male partner pressuring their significant other to become pregnant, forced sex, or destroying contraception, which may contribute to teen pregnancy. Reproductive coercion is associated with intimate partner violence, but may not be widely identified as physical or sexual violence may not occur simultaneously. In...
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We examined the prevalence of cesarean delivery (CD) among women with morbid obesity and extreme morbid obesity. Using Kentucky birth certificate data, a cross-sectional analysis of nulliparous singleton gestations at term was performed. We examined the prevalence of CD by body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) using the National Institutes of Health/Worl...
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Using a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 7,945 college undergraduates, we report on the association between having received Green Dot active bystander behavior training and the frequency of actual and observed self-reported active bystander behaviors as well as violence acceptance norms. Of 2,504 students aged 18 to 26 who completed the...
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Violence against women (VAW), including intimate partner violence (IPV) in its various forms (sexual, physical, or stalking), and childhood violence (sexual or physical) are common and are associated with depressive symptoms. We examined the association between these violence exposures and self-reported history of postpartum depression (PPD). Women...
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Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) have both been found to be associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) independently, but studies of STIs have rarely looked at victimization during both childhood and adulthood. This paper examines the relationship between CSA, IPV and STIs using data from a nested c...
Conference Paper
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Teen dating and sexual violence poses a serious public health problem due to the mental and physical health burden. According to data from the Kentucky 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 11% of students reported they had ever been physically forced to have sexual intercourse. This presentation will focus on the continuum of sexual violence, from sexu...
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In 2007, the University of Kentucky (UK) began to implement a primary prevention intervention program to engage students in keeping each other safe. The program termed Green Dot acknowledges that while most students neither participate in nor condone violence, many respond passively to a culture that may tacitly support violence. By empowering indi...
Conference Paper
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Annual rates of dating violence and forced sex have increased in Kentucky over the past 5 years, yet the Kentucky Association of Sexual Assault Programs and the University of Kentucky are working to reduce this trend. CDC recently funded an evaluation of a primary prevention intervention termed Green Dot which has recently been implemented in high...
Conference Paper
In the United States, almost half of all pregnancies are unintended. While much research has focused on the characteristics of women who unintentionally become pregnant, limited research has focused on male experiences of unintended pregnancy and their role in prevention. The purpose of this study was to examine reports of male unintended pregnancy...
Conference Paper
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether male intendedness at the time of pregnancy differs from female intendedness at the time of pregnancy among couples where the female reported first pregnancy at age 19 or younger. Methods: Data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, a household survey of United States women aged...
Conference Paper
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between childhood abuse exposures (physical and sexual) and adverse pregnancy outcomes (preterm labor, preeclampsia, ectopic pregnancy). STUDY DESIGN This is a cross sectional study of parous women in the Kentucky Women's Health Registry (n=3,346). History of childhood violence exposure, preterm labor, pr...
Article
Since research has shown that victims of violence are more likely to be involved in subsequent risky sexual behaviors, we hypothesized that coercive first intercourse would be associated with unintended first births. Using nationally representative data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, we analyzed female respondents aged 18-44 years...
Article
To explore the relationship between sexual violence at first intercourse and later sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Moshi, Tanzania, we analysed data from a representative household survey that comprised face-to-face interviews with 1,835 women and tests for six STIs on biological samples from 1,235 of these women. Overall, 10.9 per cent r...
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Intimate partner violence has been hypothesized as a factor associated with women's risk for problems in contraception use or access. This article explores differences in contraceptive use between abused and nonabused women, using a case-control study of 225 women. Women experiencing physical and emotional abuse were more likely to report not using...
Conference Paper
Postpartum depression (PPD) affects 10%15% of mothers within the first year after giving birth. Younger mothers and those experiencing partner-related stress or physical abuse might be more likely to develop PPD. We analyzed data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) in 17 states for 20042005 to 1) assess the prevalence of se...
Conference Paper
In 2006, New Orleans had the highest homicide rate in the United States, at 85 homicides/100,000 persons, 15 times the national average of 5.7/100,000. In response to concerns that homicides and gang-related youth violence increased after Hurricane Katrina, we assessed homicide trends for 19992006. We used New Orleans' vital statistics and Uniform...
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Low birth weight and preterm delivery are among the leading causes of infant mortality in the United States. Life events reported during pregnancy as highly stressful are associated with shorter mean gestation age, an increased risk of preterm delivery, and low birth weight. Abuse during pregnancy, a significant stress inducing event, is associated...
Article
Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Humanities, 2001. "June 2001." Includes bibliographical references (leaves 91-96). by Corrine M. Williams. S.B.
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To examine the change in women's self-reported physical symptoms over 2 time points in relation to intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure. Prospective interview study of 267 women recruited from 8 health care settings and surrounding communities in Metropolitan Boston. We created sums of somatic symptoms at 2 separate time points (a mean of 9.5 m...
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Some providers observe that partners interfere with health care visits or treatment. There are no systematic investigations of the prevalence of or circumstances surrounding partner interference with health care and intimate partner violence (IPV). To determine whether abused women report partner interference with their health care and to describe...
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This study investigated whether disclosure of violence to health care providers and the receipt of interventions relate to women's exit from an abusive relationship and to their improved health. A volunteer sample of 132 women outpatients who described intimate partner violence during the preceding year were recruited from multiple hospital departm...
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In Sub-Saharan Africa, where rates of intimate partner violence are high, knowing the prevalence of abuse and associated patterns of risk is crucial to ensuring women's health and development. Intimate partner violence in Tanzania has not been assessed through a population-based survey. A household-based sample of women aged 20-44 in the urban dist...
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The aims of this study were to compare rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) across different medical specialties and health care sites in one metropolitan area, describe demographic characteristics of women with abusive partners, characterize health care provider assessment of IPV, and describe patient characteristics associated with health car...
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Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem in the United States, and victims are commonly encountered in medical settings. Many barriers exist to clinician-initiated screening for IPV. However, smoking and problem drinking are conditions that clinicians commonly screen for and both have been strongly associated with IPV in pri...

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