Corey T Jensen

Corey T Jensen
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center | MD Anderson · Department of Abdominal Imaging

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72
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Publications

Publications (72)
Chapter
This chapter reviews primary retro­peritoneal sarcomas (RPS), which encompass about one third of all primary retroperitoneal tumors. The vast majority do not have any identifiable predisposing cause, but the history of radiation exposure and genetic syndromes are sometimes implicated. The eighth edition American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) sta...
Chapter
Ovarian cancer usually affects postmenopausal females and is sporadic in 90% of cases. It remains the deadliest gynecologic cancer. Although tumors originating in the ovary, fallopian tube, and covering peritoneum fall under this category, their staging/prognosis may defer. Epithelial tumors account for 90% of ovarian malignancy overall. Other type...
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Uterine fibroids are the most common gynecologic neoplasm. Although non-degenerated fibroids are easily identifiable on imaging, degenerated fibroids, fibroid variants, and fibroids with unusual growth patterns can constitute a diagnostic dilemma. Identification of these abnormal morphologic features can alter the diagnosis of presumed uterine fibr...
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Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) are autosomal dominant inherited neurocutaneous disorders or phakomatoses secondary to mutations in the NF1 and NF2 tumor suppressor genes, respectively. Although they share a common name, NF1 and NF2 are distinct disorders with a wide range of multisystem manifestations that include...
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Purpose To assess the quality of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) images in patients receiving 50% of the recommended weight-based volume of iodinated intravenous contrast medium. Methods The study included cancer patients who previously underwent abdominal CT on a DECT scanner using a single source with the full recommended weight-based dos...
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Background: Routine computed tomography (CT) scans are thought to have poor performance for detection of gastrointestinal (GI) neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs), which leads to delayed workup. Detection of even 1 bowel tumor can guide diagnostic workup and management. The purposes of this study were to assess the accuracy of multidetector computed t...
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Purpose The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the quality of outside hospital imaging and associated reports submitted to us for reinterpretation related to clinical care at our tertiary cancer center. We compared the initial study interpretations to that of interpretations performed by subspecialty-trained abdominal radiologists...
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141 Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths, and survival can be improved if early, suspect imaging features on CT of the abdomen and pelvis (CTAP) can be routinely identified. At present, up to 40% of these features are undiagnosed on routine CTAP, but this can be improved with a second observer. In...
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142 Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths, and its outcome can be improved with better detection of incidental early CRC on routine CT of the abdomen and pelvis (CTAP). AI-second observer (AI) has the potential as shown in our companion abstract. The bottleneck in training AI is the time required f...
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Artificial intelligence (AI) is the most revolutionizing development in the health care industry in the current decade, with diagnostic imaging having the greatest share in such development. Machine learning and deep learning (DL) are subclasses of AI that show breakthrough performance in image analysis. They have become the state of the art in the...
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Background Assessment of liver lesions is constrained as CT radiation doses are lowered; evidence suggests deep learning reconstructions mitigate such effects. Purpose To evaluate liver metastases and image quality between reduced-dose deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) and standard-dose filtered back projection (FBP) contrast-enhanced abdom...
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Neuroendocrine prostate cancer (NEPC) is an aggressive subtype of prostate cancer that typically has a high metastatic potential and poor prognosis in comparison to the adenocarcinoma subtype. Although it can arise de novo, NEPC much more commonly occurs as a mechanism of treatment resistance during therapy for conventional prostatic adenocarcinoma...
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Mastocytosis is a rare disorder due to the abnormal proliferation of clonal mast cells. Mast cells exist in most tissues, mature in situ from hematopoietic stem cells and develop unique characteristics of local effector cells. Mastocytosis develops by activation mutation of the KIT surface receptor which is involved in the proliferation of a number...
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The lymphatic system is an anatomically complex vascular network that is responsible for interstitial fluid homeostasis, transport of large interstitial particles and cells, immunity, and lipid absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. This network of specially adapted vessels and lymphoid tissue provides a major pathway for metastatic spread. Many...
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Iterative reconstruction (IR) algorithms are the most widely used CT noise-reduction method to improve image quality and have greatly facilitated radiation dose reduction within the radiology community. Various IR methods have different strengths and limitations. Because IR algorithms are typically nonlinear, they can modify spatial resolution and...
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Background Infective endocarditis (IE) is more common in patients with cancer as compared with the general population. Due to an immunocompromised state, the need for invasive procedures, hypercoagulability and the presence of indwelling catheters, patients with cancer are particularly predisposed to the development of IE. Objectives Limited infor...
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Ovarian teratomas are the most common type of germ cell tumors. There are three major subtypes of ovarian teratomas including mature, immature, and monodermal teratomas. Ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging can demonstrate specific imaging findings for mature teratoma. Imaging features of immature and monodermal teratomas...
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Purpose In the clinical workflow of radiology services, a critical connection exists between technologists and radiologists, yet there is often limited communication between this key link in the chain of patient imaging. Our aim was to quantify and detail the communication between CT technologists and radiologists in our tertiary oncology practice....
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Sex cord-stromal tumors of the ovary (SCST) are uncommon ovarian tumors arising from sex cord and/or stromal cells of the ovaries. They may be nonfunctional and asymptomatic or functional presenting with hyperestrogenic, hyperandrogenic or cushingoid symptoms. They present in a wide age group of women, mostly in early stages and follow a nonaggress...
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Methods: Keyword searches of Medline, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library for manuscripts published in English, and searches of references cited in selected articles to identify additional relevant papers. Abstracts sponsored by various societies including the American Urological Association (AUA), European Association of Urology (EAU), and European...
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Objectives To study the relationship of the 3rd segment of the vertebral artery to the posterior arch of the atlas in patients with occipitalized atlas, using CT angiography. Methods A retrospective study of 25 cases with complete or partially occipitalized atlas who underwent CT angiography evaluation. Fifty vertebral arteries were analyzed in re...
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Objective To assess whether delayed trigger during bolus-tracking for CT correlates with reduced heart function and suboptimal portovenous contrast phase.Methods and MaterialsPatients who underwent portovenous abdominal CT using bolus-tracking and echocardiography within 2 weeks were included and excluded if there was a non-standard contrast inject...
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A 74-year-old man with biochemical recurrent prostate cancer underwent F-fluciclovine PET/CT for restaging to determine subsequent treatment strategy. F-fluciclovine PET/CT imaging demonstrated incidental focal heterogeneous increased F-fluciclovine uptake corresponding to a soft tissue nodule within the musculature of the left anterior abdominal w...
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Objective: The aim of this study was to optimize chest port contrast injections using stepwise improvements. Methods: Ex vivo injections were tested. Two hundred scans using power port injections were then evaluated. Results: The highest flow rate was achieved using a 19G access needle, larger diameter tubing, and warmed contrast.The mean inje...
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Along with the rest of the world, the United States is inundated by the COVID-19 pandemic. The medical services in the country have been severely affected. The pandemic poses extraordinary challenges to academic institutions including radiology residency and fellowship programs. Herein, we delineate major difficulties faced by our radiology trainin...
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The diaphragm is not only a sheet of muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities: it plays an essential role in ventilation and can act as a gateway for the spread of different disease processes between the abdominal and the thoracic cavity. Careful attention to the appearance of the diaphragm on various imaging modalities is essential to...
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OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to perform quantitative and qualitative evaluation of a deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) algorithm in contrast-enhanced oncologic CT of the abdomen. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective review (April-May 2019) of the cases of adults undergoing oncologic staging with portal venous phase abdominal CT...
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Adrenal hyperplasia is non-malignant enlargement of the adrenal glands, which is often bilateral. It can be incidental or related to indolent disease process and may be related to benign or malignant etiologies causing biochemical alterations in the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis which controls steroidogenesis and in particular cortisol produc...
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PurposeTo evaluate the quantitative attenuation and reliability of virtual non-contrast (VNC) images of the abdomen acquired from multiphasic scans with a dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) system and compare it with that of true non-enhanced images (TNC) on second- (Flash) and third- (Force) generation DECT scanners.Methods This retrospective...
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OBJECTIVE. Incidental splenic lesions, often found on CT images of the abdomen, may often be ignored or mischaracterized. Calcified splenic lesions are often presumed to be granulomas; however, understanding the broader differential diagnostic considerations can be useful. CONCLUSION. Determining the cause of splenic lesions is essential to guide a...
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The spectrum of ovarian tumors in the pediatric population differs significantly from that in adults. Germ cell tumors are the predominant class of ovarian tumors in children, whereas epithelial tumors are the most common in adults. Ultrasonography is the modality of choice for the initial evaluation of pediatric ovarian tumors. Determining the dia...
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Purpose/Objective Early stage Hodgkin lymphoma (ESHL) is highly curable, however 10-15% of patients experience relapse. We examined the utilization of follow-up imaging for ESHL patients who achieved a metabolic complete response after upfront therapy. Materials/Methods The records of adult patients treated at a single institution between 2003 and...
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Pancreatic cancer is rare but is one of the deadliest cancers. Complete surgical removal of the cancer with negative margins is the only potentially curative treatment. However, majority of the cases present with distant metastases and/or locally advanced disease, and only a limited subset (up to 20%) of patients are surgical candidates. Therefore,...
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Feedback from radiologists indicated that differences in image appearance and noise impeded reading of post‐contrast computed tomography (CT) scans from an updated CT scanner that was recently added to a fleet of existing scanners from the same vendor, despite using identically named reconstruction algorithms. The goals of this work were to quantif...
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Rationale and objectives: Clinically-relevant quantitative measures of task-based image quality play key roles in effective optimization of medical imaging systems. Conventional phantom-based measures do not adequately reflect the real-world image quality of clinical Computed Tomography (CT) series which is most relevant for diagnostic decision-ma...
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Objective: We assessed differences in primary sites and spread patterns of the intestinal and diffuse subtypes of gastric carcinoma. We also compared survival outcomes based on spread patterns. Materials and methods: For this retrospective IRB-approved study, our institutional imaging database was mined for patients with gastric cancer. We inclu...
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Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical, pathologic, and multimodality cross-sectional imaging features of a cohort of 94 patients with desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT). Materials and methods: This retrospective study of 94 patients with pathologically verified DSRCT was conducted at a tertiary cancer center b...
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Purpose To evaluate colorectal cancer hepatic metastasis detection and characterization between reduced radiation dose (RD) and standard dose (SD) contrast material-enhanced CT of the abdomen and to qualitatively compare between filtered back projection (FBP) and iterative reconstruction algorithms. Materials and Methods In this prospective study (...
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The risk of developing malignancy is higher in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection than in non-HIV-infected patients. Several factors including immunosuppression, viral coinfection, and high-risk lifestyle choices lead to higher rates of cancer in the HIV-infected population. A subset of HIV-related malignancies are considere...
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Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of enhancement and solid-organ lesion depiction using weight-based intravenous (IV) contrast dosing calculated by injector software versus fixed IV contrast dose in oncologic abdominal computed tomographic (CT) examinations. Methods: This institutional review board-exempt retrospective cohort s...
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Various pathologies can affect the adrenal gland. Noninvasive cross-sectional imaging is used for evaluating adrenal masses. Accurate diagnosis of adrenal lesions is critical, especially in cancer patients; the presence of adrenal metastasis changes prognosis and treatment. Characterization of adrenal lesions predominantly relies on morphologic and...
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Full-text available
Purpose: To compare studies with and without oral contrast on performance of multidetector computed tomography (CT) and the order to CT examination turnaround time in cancer patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). To the best of our knowledge, oral contrast utility has not previously been specifically assessed in cancer patients pres...
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare abdominopelvic computed tomography images reconstructed with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-V (ASIR-V) with model-based iterative reconstruction (Veo 3.0), ASIR, and filtered back projection (FBP). Methods and materials: Abdominopelvic computed tomography scans for 36 patients (2...
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Objective: To qualitatively and quantitatively compare abdominal CT images reconstructed with a new version of model-based iterative reconstruction (Veo 3.0; GE Healthcare) utilizing varied presets of resolution preference, noise reduction, and slice optimization. Methods: This retrospective study was approved by our IRB and was HIPAA compliant....
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Adrenal cortical hyperplasia manifests radiologically as the nonmalignant growth, or enlargement of the adrenal glands, specifically the cortex, although the cortex cannot be definitively identified by conventional imaging. Controlled by the pituitary gland, the adrenal cortex drives critical processes, such as cortisol, mineralocorticoid, and sex...
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Angiosarcoma is a rare, aggressive subtype of soft-tissue sarcoma with a propensity for local recurrence and metastasis associated with a generally poor prognosis, unless diagnosed early. Given the vascular endothelial cell origin of angiosarcoma, tumours may develop in essentially any organ; however, there is a predilection for the skin where half...
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Gastrointestinal secretory tumors, or gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, encompass a wide array of endocrine cell tumors. The significance of these tumors lies in their ability to alter physiology through hormone production as we well as in their malignant potential. Functioning tumors may present earlier due to symptomatology; conversel...
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Various pathologies can affect the adrenal gland. Noninvasive cross-sectional imaging is used for evaluating adrenal masses. Accurate diagnosis of adrenal lesions is critical, especially in cancer patients; the presence of adrenal metastasis changes prognosis and treatment. Characterization of adrenal lesions predominantly relies on morphologic and...
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Full-text available
Cancers of the female genital system, particularly endometrial and ovarian cancers, can be associated with hereditary cancer syndromes such as hereditary breast and ovarian cancer and Lynch syndrome. Cancers that are found in the setting of a hereditary cancer syndrome are often unique in presentation, clinical features, and pathologic profiles whe...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate performance of the third generation of model‐based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) system, Veo 3.0, based on noise power spectrum (NPS) analysis with various clinical presets over a wide range of clinically applicable dose levels. A CatPhan 600 surrounded by an oval, fat‐equivalent ring to mimic patient siz...
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Purpose: To qualitatively and quantitatively compare abdominal computed tomography (CT) images reconstructed with a new version of model-based iterative reconstruction (Veo 3.0; GE Healthcare) to those created with Veo 2.0. Materials and methods: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board and was Health Insurance Por...
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Purpose: To determine the inter- and intra-reader agreement of size, conspicuity, and margin sharpness of pancreatic adenocarcinoma on monochromatic, polychromatic, and iodine map dual-energy CT (DECT) images. Methods: Retrospective review of DECT images from 61 patients with untreated pancreatic adenocarcinoma was performed by three radiologist...
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Purpose: To assess the ability of computed tomography (CT) to differentiate an atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLPS) from a WDLPS with a dedifferentiated component (DDLPS) within it. Materials and methods: Forty-nine untreated patients with abdominal atypical lipomatous tumors/well-differentiated liposarcomas who had...
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The purpose of this study was to characterize image quality and dose performance with GE CT iterative reconstruction techniques, adaptive statistical iterative recon-struction (ASiR), and model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR), over a range of typical to low-dose intervals using the Catphan 600 and the anthropomorphic Kyoto Kagaku abdomen phan...
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Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma is an uncommon neoplasm of the exocrine pancreas associated with a poor prognosis, especially when found to be metastatic. Since there are a lack of large studies and prospective, randomized data, no consensus treatment guidelines are available. Here, we report a case of a patient with recurrent metastatic acinar ce...
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To evaluate how the third generation model based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) compares with filtered back-projection (FBP), adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR), and the second generation MBIR based on noise power spectrum (NPS) analysis over a wide range of clinically applicable dose levels. The Catphan 600 CTP515 module, surrou...
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Brachytherapy, also known as sealed source or internal radiation therapy, involves placement of a radioactive source immediately adjacent to or within tumor, thus enabling delivery of a localized high dose of radiation. Compared with external beam radiation which must first pass through non-target tissues, brachytherapy results in less radiation do...
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Our purpose was to evaluate the sensitivity of multidetector CT for the detection of peritoneal metastases between standard 2.5 mm axial imaging and maximum-intensity-projection (MIP) reconstructions. The Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study and waived the need to obtain patient consent. We retrospectively identified 36 pati...