Corentin Gonthier

Corentin Gonthier
Université de Rennes 2 | UR2 · Department of Psychology

Doctor of Psychology

About

49
Publications
23,564
Reads
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497
Citations
Introduction
My research is about variability in high-level cognitive abilities: intelligence, working memory, and cognitive control. This includes adult individual differences, developmental and pathological variability. My interest is in understanding the precise mechanisms that contribute to variability; I particularly focus on qualitative mechanisms, such as strategy use and dual mechanisms of cognitive control. In this context, I have also specialized in psychometrics and applied statistical modeling.
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - December 2020
Université Rennes 2
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2014 - September 2015
Université Savoie Mont Blanc
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2012 - September 2014
University of Grenoble
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
Working memory tasks designed for children usually present trials in order of ascending difficulty, with testing discontinued when the child fails a particular level. Unfortunately, this procedure comes with a number of issues, such as limited psychometric qualities for working memory scores, decreased engagement from high-ability children, and lar...
Article
Full-text available
Strategic behavior plays a key role in fluid intelligence tasks like Raven's matrices. Some participants solve items using the strategy of mentally constructing the answer (constructive matching), which is effective but costly for complex problems; other participants rely on the less accurate strategy of discarding potential answers (response elimi...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the abundant literature on visuospatial short-term memory, researchers have devoted little attention to strategic processes: What procedures do subjects implement to memorize visuospatial material? Evidence for various strategies exists, but it is spread across a variety of fields. This integrative review of the literature brings together s...
Article
Full-text available
In 2015, Dutton and Lynn published an account of a decrease of intelligence in France (negative Flynn effect) which had considerable societal impact. This decline was argued to be biological. However, there is good reason to be skeptical of these conclusions. The claim of intelligence decline was based on the finding of lower scores on the WAIS-III...
Article
Full-text available
Visuo-spatial reasoning tests, such as Raven’s matrices, Cattell’s culture-fair test, or various subtests of the Wechsler scales, are frequently used to estimate intelligence scores in the context of inter-racial comparisons. This has led to several high-profile works claiming that certain ethnic groups have lower intelligence than others, presumab...
Article
Full-text available
For researchers and psychologists interested in estimating a subject's memory capacity, the current standard for scoring memory span tasks is the partial-credit method: subjects are credited with the number of stimuli that they manage to recall correctly in the correct serial position. A critical issue with this method, however, is that intrusions...
Article
Scholars are aware of the power of social media to capture the attention of students, notably during lectures. Far from banning them, some teachers have considered using them to improve the motivation of students. One of the most popular social media platforms for that purpose is Twitter. It has been widely used in educational settings as a tool fo...
Article
Full-text available
Developmental improvement of cognitive control is partly grounded in a transition from reactive control (waiting for a critical stimulus to occur) to proactive control (preparing control in advance based on active maintenance of contextual information). Whereas older children and adults spontaneously use proactive control, children younger than 5–6...
Article
Working memory is thought to be strongly related to cognitive control. Recent studies have sought to understand this relationship under the prism of the dual mechanisms of control (DMC) framework, in which cognitive control is thought to operate in two distinct modes: proactive and reactive. Several authors have concluded that a high working memory...
Article
Full-text available
The flow experience is a state in which people are completely concentrated and immersed in an activity. This positive psychology concept is relevant to both performance and subjective well-being in a range of activities, but it is difficult to measure: the usual methods of questionnaires and physiological measurements are inappropriate for many app...
Article
Full-text available
Whereas much of the developmental literature has focused on the difficulties of young children in regulating their behavior, an increasing base of evidence suggests that children may be capable of surprisingly flexible engagement of cognitive control when based on implicit experience with the situation. One of the most fine-grained examples of impl...
Article
Purpose Multiple factors impact reading acquisition in individuals with reading disability, including genetic disorders such as Williams syndrome (WS). Despite a relative strength in oral language, individuals with WS usually have an intellectual disability and tend to display deficits in areas associated with reading. There is substantial variabil...
Article
Full-text available
Intellectually gifted children tend to demonstrate especially high working memory capacity, an ability that holds a critical role in intellectual functioning. What could explain the differences in working memory performance between intellectually gifted and nongifted children? We investigated this issue by measuring working memory capacity with com...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive control can be triggered by explicit or implicit events; it has been proposed that these two possibilities tap into dissociable mechanisms. In this study, we investigate this idea by testing whether young children, who struggle with explicitly triggered control, can demonstrate proportion congruency effects-which are based on implicit lea...
Article
Full-text available
Problem-solving strategies in visual reasoning tasks are often studied based on the analysis of eye movements, which yields high-quality data but is costly and difficult to implement on a large scale. We devised a new graphical user interface for matrix reasoning tasks where the analysis of computer mouse movements makes it possible to investigate...
Article
Full-text available
University students often engage in multimedia (e.g., texting or social networks) and nonmultimedia (e.g., chatting with neighbors) off-task multitasking behaviors during courses. The aim of the present study was to describe these off-task multitasking behaviors and analyze their effects on learning performance in a real teaching session. More spec...
Article
Full-text available
Current theories posit multiple levels of cognitive control for resolving conflict, including list-level control: the global or proactive biasing of attention across a list of trials. However, to date, evidence for pure list-level control has largely been confined to the Stroop task. Our goals were twofold: (a) test the generality of theoretical ac...
Article
Introduction Currently, international recommendations for obese and overweight people that explicitly target weight loss and are based on qualitative and/or quantitative nutritional counseling and increased physical activity do not appear to be effective in the long term. In contrast, intuitive eating seems to be an interesting alternative to dieti...
Article
Full-text available
As they age, children tend to get more effective at regulating their behavior in complex situations; this improvement in cognitive control is often interpreted as a shift from predominantly reactive control to proactive control. There are three issues with this interpretation. First, hard evidence is lacking that younger children actually rely on r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Les objectifs de cet article sont d’apporter une réflexion sur la manière d’estimer la capacité de la mémoire de travail (MDT), et d’étudier son développement de 8 à 23 ans à partir d'une unique épreuve adaptative et multimodale. La MDT, définie comme le stockage et la manipulation simultanés de l'information, est essentielle pour les apprentissage...
Preprint
Full-text available
Intellectually gifted children tend to demonstrate especially high working memory capacity, an ability that holds a critical role in intellectual functioning. What could explain the differences in working memory performance between intellectually gifted and non-gifted children? We investigated this issue by measuring working memory capacity with co...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to confirm the existence of knowledge relating to the cursive writing movement for French pupils in 3rd year of kindergarten, 2nd grade and 5th grade of elementary school. 141 pupils were asked to watch a visual presentation of cursive handwriting to determine whether they were able to detect violations of two rules...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To evaluate the relationship between the movement abnormalities of the impaired upper limb in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP) and bimanual performance. Method: Twenty-three children with unilateral CP (mean age 11y 10mo [SD 2y 8mo]) underwent evaluation of bimanual performance (Assisting Hand Assessment [AHA]) and a three-dimen...
Poster
Full-text available
La mémoire de travail correspond à la capacité à manipuler et à mémoriser brièvement des informations au cours d’une activité cognitive (Just & Carpenter, 1992). La littérature montre le rôle crucial de la mémoire de travail dans le fonctionnement intellectuel (Kane et al., 2005) et la réussite scolaire (Gathercole et al., 2003). La capacité de la...
Article
Full-text available
Background The well-known rubber hand paradigm induces an illusion by having participants feel the touch applied to a fake hand. In parallel, the kinesthetic mirror illusion elicits illusions of movement by moving the reflection of a participant's arm. Experimental manipulation of sensory inputs leads to emergence of these multisensory illusions. T...
Article
Full-text available
Investigating individual differences in cognition requires addressing questions not often thought about in standard experimental designs, especially regarding the psychometric properties of the task. Using the AX-CPT cognitive control task as a case study example, we address four concerns that one may encounter when researching the topic of individ...
Data
Raw data for both the kinesthetic mirror illusion and the rubber hand illusion.
Article
Full-text available
The Dual Mechanisms of Control (DMC) account (Braver, 2012) proposes two distinct mechanisms of cognitive control, proactive and reactive. This account has been supported by a large number of studies using the AX-CPT paradigm that have demonstrated not only between-group differences, but also within-subjects variability in the use of the two contro...
Article
Full-text available
Sensory processing abnormalities are relatively universal in individuals with autism spectrum disorder, and can be very disabling. Surprisingly, very few studies have investigated these abnormalities in low-functioning adults with autism. The goals of the present study were (a) to characterize distinct profiles of sensory dysfunction, and (b) to un...
Article
Full-text available
Most studies in individual differences in the field of working memory research use complex span tasks to measure working memory capacity. Various complex span tasks based on different materials have been developed, and these tasks have proven both reliable and valid; several complex span tasks are often combined to provide a domain-general estimate...
Article
Full-text available
The Dual Mechanisms of Control framework posits the existence of two distinct control mechanisms, proactive and reactive, which may operate independently. However, this independence has been difficult to study with most experimental paradigms. The Stroop task may provide a useful way of assessing the independence of control mechanisms because the t...
Article
Full-text available
Participants with a high working memory span tend to perform better than low spans in a variety of tasks. However, their performance is paradoxically more impaired when they have to perform two tasks at once, a phenomenon that could be labeled the "hard fall effect." The present study tested whether this effect exists in a short-term memory task, a...
Article
Full-text available
Working memory capacity consistently correlates with fluid intelligence. It has been suggested that this relationship is partly attributable to strategy use: participants with high working memory capacity would use more effective strategies, in turn leading to higher performance on fluid intelligence tasks. However, this idea has never been directl...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Rational emotive behavior therapy originally considered the concept of frustration intolerance in relation to different beliefs or cognitive patterns. Psychological disorders or, to some extent, certain affects such as frustration could result from irrational beliefs. Initially regarded as a unidimensional construct, recent literature...
Article
Full-text available
Le concept d’intolérance à la frustration est considéré comme un facteur important des troubles psycho-affectifs. L’échelle d'intolérance à la frustration et à l'inconfort (FDS) d’Harrington (2005) a été développée pour évaluer ce phénomène. Notre objectif consistait à évaluer les propriétés psychométriques de l’échelle d'intolérance à la frustrati...
Thesis
The constructs of working memory and cognitive control are conceptually close; a high working memory capacity is hypothesized to be associated with an efficient cognitive control. This hypothetical association has large implications for human cognition and provides an elegant explanation for the frequently reported relationship between working memo...
Article
Full-text available
The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is a sequential learning task in which participants develop a tendency towards advantageous options arising from the outcomes associated with their previous decisions. The role of working memory in this complex task has been largely debated in the literature. On one hand, low working memory resources lead to a decrease...
Article
Full-text available
L’électro-encéphalographie (EEG) consiste à enregistrer à la surface du scalp les variations de potentiels électriques engendrées par l’activité cérébrale associée à un traitement cognitif. En combinaison avec une tâche de mémoire, l’EEG offre donc une fenêtre originale sur les processus mnésiques. Les modifications de l’activité cérébrale peuvent...

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
The goal of this project is to consider cognitive, emotional and social development in gifted children and in the identification process.