Constanza Jacques Aviñó

Constanza Jacques Aviñó
Institut Universitari d'investigació en Atenció Primària "Jordi Gol" | IDIAP Jordi Gol

Psychologist, MPH, PhD Medical Anthropology

About

38
Publications
5,319
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237
Citations

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Full-text available
Energy poverty (EP) is a systemic problem associated with various health effects. The city council of Barcelona carried out an intervention to reduce EP among social services users. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of the intervention perceived by participants and to identify typologies of social vulnerability that could affect these...
Article
Full-text available
Since countries and their institutions began to feel overwhelmed by COVID-19, it has not been surprising to hear the complaints, ailments and discomforts of millions of people who have experienced significant emotional and material losses. It has been a cluster of factors that have been crossed by biological, socioeconomic and cultural phenomena, i...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has an impact on mental health. However, there is little evidence on how different axes of social inequity influence mental health from a gender perspective and over time. Our aim is to analyze anxiety according to gender identity and other axes of social inequities (migration status, sexual orientation, age, and employment co...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Available evidence suggests that there might be an association between the stressors experienced during the COVID-19 syndemic and changes in menstrual patterns. The aim of this study was to assess self-reported menstrual alterations during the COVID-19 syndemic among women and people who menstruate aged 18– 55 in Spain. Materials and...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To investigate how trends in incidence of anxiety and depressive disorders have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Design Population-based cohort study. Setting Retrospective cohort study from 2018 to 2021 using the Information System for Research in Primary Care (SIDIAP) database in Catalonia, Spain. Participants 3 640 204 indivi...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Objetivo Analizar los factores sociales asociados a la salud autopercibida durante el confinamiento en la población residente en Chile según la perspectiva de género. Método Estudio transversal realizado mediante encuesta online durante el confinamiento por la COVID-19 entre el 17 de mayo y el 17 de agosto de 2020. Se analizó la salud aut...
Article
Full-text available
Background Menstrual products are necessary goods for women and people who menstruate to manage menstruation. Understanding the use and perceptions of menstrual products is key to promote menstrual equity and menstrual health. This study aimed at assessing the use and perceptions on menstrual products among women and people who menstruate aged 18–5...
Article
Background It is known that the COVID-19 pandemic and social isolation has increased anxiety, depression, and gender-based violence. However, to the best of our knowledge no studies have evaluated differences in the association between anxiety and depression symptomatology with concern about becoming infected with COVID-19, and the differential ris...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Menstrual health and menstrual inequity have been neglected in social, economic, healthcare and political spheres. Although available evidence is scarce, it already suggests a link between experiencing menstrual inequity (which refers to the systematic disparities in accessing menstrual health and education, menstrual products and spac...
Article
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Objectives: Pakistani women experience higher-than-average rates of certain chronic diseases, including diseases related to sedentary lifestyles. The aim of this study is to explore how first and second-generation Pakistani women living in the Raval, Barcelona, conceive of physical activity, and their barriers and facilitators around participating...
Article
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Background This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a) a Multiple Health Behaviour Change (MHBC) intervention on reducing smoking, increasing physical activity and adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in people aged 45–75 years compared to usual care; and b) an implementation strategy. Methods A cluster randomised effectiveness-im...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic currently affects populations worldwide. Although everyone is susceptible to the virus, there are numerous accounts of the pandemic having a greater impact on lower socioeconomic groups and minorities, which is a ubiquitous phenomenon. It is essential for public health administrations and governments to uncover and understandi...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence suggests that non-binary people have poorer mental and physical health outcomes, compared with people who identify within the gender binomial (man/woman). Research on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health has been conducted worldwide in the last few months. It has however overlooked gender diversity. The aim of our study was...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: To investigate how incidence trends of anxiety and depressive disorders have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Design: Population-based cohort study. Setting: Observational cohort study from 2018 to 2021 using the Information System for Research in Primary Care (SIDIAP) database in Catalonia, Spain. Participants: 4,255,847 individ...
Article
Full-text available
Self-managed abortion is a common self-care practice that enables pregnant people to exercise their rights to health, bodily autonomy and to benefit from the advances of science even when living in contexts that do not guarantee these rights. In this interpretative qualitative study, we aimed to understand women's abortion trajectories, experiences...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There are major shortfalls in the identification and screening of at-risk migrant groups. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a new digital tool (IS-MiHealth) integrated into the electronic patient record system of primary care centres in detecting prevalent migrant infections. IS-MiHealth provides targeted recommendations...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Lockdown has impacts on people’s living conditions and mental health. The study aims to assess the relations between social impact and mental health among adults living in Spain during COVID-19 lockdown measures, taking a gender-based approach into account. Design, setting and participants We conducted a cross-sectional study among adult...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background This aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of: a) a Multiple Health Behaviour Change (MHBC) intervention on reducing smoking, increasing physical activity and adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in people aged 45-75 years compared to usual care; and b) an implementation strategy. Methods A cluster randomised effect...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The importance of menstrual health has been historically neglected, mostly due to taboos and misconceptions around menstruation and androcentrism within health knowledge and health systems around the world. There has also been a lack of attention on ‘period poverty’, which refers to the financial, social, cultural and political barrier...
Article
Background: Advances in the development of information and communication technologies have facilitated social and sexual interrelationships, thanks to the websites and apps created to this end. However, these resources can also encourage sexual contacts without appropriate preventive measures in relation to HIV and other sexually transmitted infect...
Article
Full-text available
This ethnography was conducted in Barcelona, a city that provides different gay leisure resources, such as gay saunas. We aimed to analyze from studies on gender and masculinities, how sexuality, perception of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and preventive measures are articulated in gay sauna male sex workers (MSW)....
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Objetivo Analizar cómo las personas con artrosis de rodilla describen sus experiencias y emociones en relación con este problema de salud y su impacto en la vida diaria, a través de metáforas y otras expresiones semánticas. Métodos Estudio cualitativo interpretativo con perspectiva fenomenológica. Se entrevistaron 10 personas (7 mujeres)...
Article
Full-text available
Public participation in research projects is an emerging area in Spain and Latin American countries. There are five types of projects according to the degree of involvement that the participants have in the processes: contributory, collaborative, co-created, contractual and independent. In order to promote public participation in health research te...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluate the " Energía, la justa " program, aimed at reducing energy poverty in the city of Barcelona, from the point of view of the target population and the workers involved in the intervention. Methods: A qualitative, descriptive and exploratory pilot study was carried out, with a phenomenological approach. Twelve semi-structure...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Advances in the development of information and communication technologies have facilitated social and sexual interrelationships thanks to websites and Apps created to this end. However, these resources can also encourage sexual contacts without appropriate preventive measures in relation to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to describe the methodological characteristics of publications on HIV and masculinity, to identify possible information gaps and determine the main thematic areas. A systematic review was conducted of gender, masculinity, HIV infection and other sexually-transmitted infections in original articles published between 1992 and 2015. O...
Article
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Esta etnografía se realizó en Barcelona, ciudad que ofrece diferentes recursos de ocio homosexual, como las saunas gay. El objetivo fue analizar desde los estudios sobre género y masculinidades, cómo se articula la sexualidad, la percepción sobre la infección por VIH y otras infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS), y las medidas preventivas en trab...
Article
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Objective To evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of a pilot intervention programme using gay geosocial mobile applications (apps) to offer rapid HIV and other STI tests to men who have sex with men (MSM) in Barcelona between December 2015 and March 2016. Methodology We offered rapid HIV, syphilis and hepatitis C testing by sending private...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Introducción El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer las opiniones de un grupo de hombres gay profesionales de la salud sobre las razones que influyen en la vulnerabilidad del colectivo gay frente al VIH y otras ITS, así como las estrategias de prevención que deberían llevarse a cabo. Se realizó un estudio Delphi a través de tres rondas de...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in the development of information and communication technologies have facilitated social interrelationships, but also sexual contacts without appropriate preventive measures. In this paper, we will focus on situations in which people use applications to meet sexual partners nearby, which could increase their chance of exposure to sexually...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: Conocer las explicaciones sobre prácticas sexuales de riesgo, la percepción del virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) y propuestas de intervención para prevenir infecciones por VIH en un grupo de hombres que tienen sexo con hombres. Métodos: Estudio cualitativo con una muestra de 13 hombres que tenían sexo con hombres, participantes...
Article
Full-text available
Among men who have sex with men (MSM), the association between searching for sexual partners' on the Internet and increased risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/HIV infection, together with current low levels of partner notification (PN), justifies a study to explore the intention to use new communication technologies for PN in Spain. Two...
Article
The evidence that supports the preventive effect of combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) in HIV sexual transmission suggested the so-called ‘treatment as prevention’ (TAP) strategy as a promising tool for slowing down HIV transmission. As the messages and attitudes towards condom use in the context of TAP appear to be somehow confusing, the...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to assess HIV risk and willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials in three high risk populations in Spain. Eight hundred and forty-four participants, comprising female sex workers, injection and non-injection drug users (IDUs and NIDUs, respectively), and men who have sex with men were tested for HIV and surveyed...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
To analyse social and psychological impact from a social inequities of health framework in Spain and Latin America countries (Brasil, Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Mexico).
Project
The main aim of this study is to identify the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for endometriosis in Catalonia (Spain). Also, to identify and explore the factors associated with the late diagnosis of endometriosis. This is a mixed-methods participatory project, conducted in collaboration with the Catalan Association of Women living with Endometriosis (Asociación de Afectadas por la Endometriosis de Cataluña, Endo&CAT).
Project
The main aim of this project is to assess and explore experiences of menstrual inequity and menstrual health in Spain.