Conran Joseph

Conran Joseph
Stellenbosch University | SUN · Division of Physiotherapy

PhD

About

64
Publications
11,817
Reads
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349
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - September 2012
University of the Western Cape
Position
  • Clinical coordinator/lecturer

Publications

Publications (64)
Article
Objectives: To describe the three-month prevalence and correlates of self-reported physical health conditions in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) worldwide. Study design: Multinational cross-sectional survey. Subjects: Community living persons with traumatic or non-traumatic SCI aged > 18 years from 21 countries representing all the six Wor...
Article
Full-text available
Background Telerehabilitation, i.e. rehabilitation at a distance using Information and Communication Technology (ICT), is a promising avenue for improving health among people with neurological diseases or older adults who often experience limited access to services. Still, little is known about physiotherapists’ use, perceptions and needs with reg...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Telerehabilitation is an emerging segment of telehealth and telemedicine that has a potential to deliver quality, accessible, cost-effective and efficient rehabilitation services where geographical distance is a critical factor. The objectives of this review are: to describe the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of telerehabilitation,...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To determine the influence of employment, injury characteristics and living situation on psychosocial reintegration in individuals who sustained a traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in South Africa. Design A cross-sectional exploratory survey. Settings Communities of the Cape Metropolitan Area, South Africa. Participants A total of 1...
Article
Purpose Accelerometry measurements are a promising method to provide quantitative information of upper limb function in daily life post stroke. Our purpose was to investigate i) the validity of accelerometer-based vector magnitude ratios (VMR) to distinguish upper limb function between individuals post-stroke and healthy controls during ambulatory...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Knowledge of health system indicators are essential to the living situation of persons with disabilities. Assessing and collating the performance of health systems is important in order to identify areas of improvement. The main aim of this study is to assess the relationship between health system indicators and self-reported quality of...
Article
Objective To examine relationships between age and spinal cord injury (SCI) and cause of SCI, and how this depends on economic development. Design Cross-sectional survey. Setting Community, 22 countries representing all stages of economic development. Participants 12,591 adults with SCI. Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures Inte...
Chapter
Full-text available
Spinal cord injury (SCI) almost always results in a decrement in functioning over the lifespan. With the lack of specialized SCI services in low- to middle-income countries and the trend of shorter stays in rehabilitation facilities following SCI, a definite need exists to empower clients to manage themselves, often while they await critical servic...
Article
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Objectives: As advancing evidence on modifiable resources to support mental health in persons experiencing physical disabilities is of particular importance, we investigate whether structural and functional social relationships relate to mental health in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: Data from 12,330 participants of the Internation...
Article
Full-text available
Background Process evaluations provide contextual insight into the way in which interventions are delivered. This information is essential when designing strategies to implement programs into wider clinical practice. We performed a process evaluation of the HiBalance effectiveness trial investigating the effects of a 10-week of highly challenging a...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To assess perceived levels of community reintegration, and examine whether self-efficacy relates to community reintegration among persons with a TSCI. Design A cross-sectional exploratory survey. Settings Cape Metropolitan Area. Western Cape Province, South Africa. Participants A hundred and eight (108) conveniently selected community...
Article
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Purpose: To identify contextual factors and injury characteristics influencing the quality of life (QoL) among individuals who sustained a traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in South Africa. Materials and methods: We carried out a cross-sectional survey to examined the influence of contextual factors and injury characteristics on quality of lif...
Article
Qualitative descriptive study with inductive thematic content analysis. To explore how individuals living with paraplegia in South Africa experience sex and intimacy and how they perceive the related health services and support they received whilst adapting to life post injury. Community based in Cape Town, South Africa. Purposive and snowball samp...
Article
Objective: To provide prevalence estimates for problems in functioning of community-dwelling persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) and to examine associations between various areas of functioning with the purpose of supporting countries in identifying targets for interventions. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Community, 22 countries i...
Article
Study design: A prospective, regional, population-based study. Objectives: (1) Determine the mortality rate and factors associated with it 4 years after a TSCI and (2) The point prevalence of secondary medical complications of survivors at 4 years. Setting: Communities of the Cape metropolitan area, South Africa. Methods: All persons (n = 14...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Process evaluations provide contextual insight into the way in which interventions are delivered. This information is essential when designing strategies to implement programs into wider clinical practice. We performed a process evaluation of the HiBalance effectiveness trial investigating the effects of a 10-week of highly challenging...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Process evaluations provide contextual insight into the way in which interventions are delivered. This information is essential when designing strategies to implement programs into wider clinical practice. We performed a process evaluation of the HiBalance effectiveness trial investigating the effects of a 10-week of highly challenging...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Process evaluations provide contextual insight into the way in which interventions are delivered. This information is essential when designing strategies to implement programs into wider clinical practice. We performed a process evaluation of the HiBalance effectiveness trial investigating the effects of a 10-week of highly challenging...
Article
Objective (1) To determine associated factors of improved balance performance after a 10-week HiBalance intervention period, and (2) to determine effects of the programme on modifiable factors found above, considering both groups. Design Pre-posttest substudy founded on the outcomes evaluation of an effectiveness-implementation trial. Participant...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background To describe and present detailed protocol of a systematic review aimed at determining available research evidence regarding the intensity, and frequency of Task-Specific Training that can best result in improved motor function, and mobility outcomes in both upper and lower extremities in acute, sub-acute and chronic stroke survivors. Met...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background This study aimed to describe and present detailed protocol of a systematic review aimed at determining available research evidence regarding the intensity, and frequency of task-specific training ( TST ) that can best result in improved motor function and mobility outcomes in both upper and lower extremities in acute, sub-acute and chron...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Process evaluations provide contextual insight into the way in which interventions are delivered. This information is essential when designing strategies to implement programs into wider clinical practice. We performed a process evaluation of the HiBalance effectiveness trial investigating the effects of a 10-week of highly challenging a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Little is known about physical activity (PA) in people with stroke living in low-income areas. The aim of this study was to characterize and contrast the levels and patterns of PA between stroke survivors with different ambulation status living in low-income areas in Cape Town, South Africa. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 45 co...
Article
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Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder. Reduced balance is one of the cardinal symptoms of PD, predisposing people living with PD to experience difficulties with the execution of tasks and activities, as well as hindering their involvement in meaningful life areas. The overarching aim of this study was to...
Preprint
Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder. Reduced balance is one of the cardinal symptoms of PD, predisposing people living with PD to experience difficulties with the execution of tasks and activities, as well as hindering their involvement in meaningful life areas. The overarching aim of this study was to ex...
Article
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Background and purpose: In order for people with Parkinson disease (PwPD) to benefit from neurorehabilitation research, interventions tested in research settings require assessment in real-world clinical practice. There is little evidence for whether efficacious exercise interventions for PwPD remain effective when transferred to standard clinical...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder. Reduced balance is one of the cardinal symptoms of PD, predisposing people living with PD to experience difficulties with the execution of tasks and activities, as well as hindering their involvement in meaningful life areas. Objective: The aim of this study was to ex...
Article
The aims of this study were to determine pain severity in persons with mild-moderate Parkinson's disease compared with healthy age- and sex-matched controls, and identify related factors, that is, demographic, disease severity, and functioning, of pain severity in the Parkinson's disease group. A cross-sectional study design was adopted to assess p...
Preprint
Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder. Reduced balance is one of the cardinal symptoms of PD, predisposing people living with PD to experience difficulties with the execution of tasks and activities, as well as hindering their involvement in life situations. Objective The aim of this study was to explore ho...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: (i) To determine the prevalence of secondary complications after traumatic spinal cord injury during acute care and rehabilitation; (ii) to investigate whether associations exist between level and completeness of injury and the development of common complications; and (iii) to assess whether associations exist between secondary complic...
Article
Study design: Population-based cohort study. Objectives: To determine non-modifiable and modifiable risk indicators of acute length of hospital stay (LOHS) after traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). Setting: Government-funded hospitals within the City of Cape Town, South Africa. Methods: Newly injured survivors of TSCI during a 1 year period...
Article
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Introduction The upsurge in the use of clinical prediction models in general medical practice is a result of evidence based practice. However, the total number of clinical prediction rules (CPRs) currently being used or undergoing impact analysis in the management of patients who have sustained spinal cord injuries (SCIs) is unknown. This scoping...
Article
Background and purpose: Although increasing evidence supports the benefit- of exercise among people with Parkinson disease (PwPD), it is unclear whether a given exercise modality suits all PwPD, given the heterogeneity of the disease. The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with responsiveness to a highly challenging training i...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND. The epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is poorly understood in developing countries. In South Africa (SA) specifically, two healthcare systems (private v. government funded) exist, and it is therefore important to assess patient characteristics in order to plan appropriately. OBJECTIVES. To determine epidemiological cha...
Article
Objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness of the HiBalance training program for managing Parkinson's disease (PD)-related balance and gait disorders. Design: Cost comparison design following the randomized controlled trial comparing a novel balance training intervention with care as usual. Subjects: A total of 100 participants with mild-m...
Article
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Background: Test Instrument for Profile of Physical Ability (TIPPA) is used in the Swedish sickness certification process for patients with long-term musculoskeletal pain. The aim was to explore the content of TIPPA in the context of work-ability assessments. Methods: The full protocol of TIPPA was linked to the in relation to the International...
Article
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Background Translating evidence into practice requires adaptation to facilitate the implementation of efficacious interventions. A novel highly challenging balance training program (HiBalance) was found to improve gait, balance, and physical activity in persons with Parkinson’s disease (PD) in an earlier randomized controlled trial. This study aime...
Article
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Background: The provision of specialized care in a time-sensitive manner has shown to be crucial for survival and recovery of functioning after a traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). However, little is known about the provision of TSCI care in different international contexts; information which is required for strengthening policy and practice. Aim...
Article
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Objective: To investigate the feasibility of using accelerometers to monitor physical activity in persons with stroke admitted to inpatient rehabilitation. Design: Longitudinal observational study. Participants: Persons with stroke admitted to a specialized rehabilitation centre for sub-acute rehabilitation were recruited between August and De...
Article
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Purpose: To investigate objectively measured physical activity in stroke survivors living in low-income areas of Cape Town, South Africa, specifically to: (a) describe the volume of daily physical activity and time spent in different intensity levels and (b) investigate the association of factors covering the International Classification of Functio...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Good conceptual knowledge is an essential requirement for health professions students, in that they are required to apply concepts learned in the classroom to a variety of different contexts. However, the use of traditional methods of assessment limits the educator's ability to correct students' conceptual knowledge prior to altering t...
Article
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Background. Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) caused by assault present a unique challenge facing the healthcare system, in that very little is known about how these injuries manifest compared with other causes of injury. Understanding the nuances of gunshot SCIs could contribute towards better care provision. Objective. To determine the characteristics...
Article
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Objectives: To update the incidence rate, aetiology and injury characteristics of acutely-injured adults with traumatic spinal cord injury in Stockholm, Sweden, using international standards of reporting. Study design: Prospective, (regional) population-based observation. Subjects: Forty-nine consecutively enrolled individuals. Methods: A su...
Article
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Background: Rehabilitation medicine plays an integral part in attainment of optimal functioning after injury or disease. The National Rehabilitation Policy of South Africa (NRP) (2000) highlights the need for access to professional health care services, redistribution and optimal utilisation of resources and research in the field of disability and...
Article
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In South Africa, epidemiological data on spinal cord injury (SCI) are scarce, partly owing to the lack of a national registry and a coordinated system of care. A recent study by Joseph et al. provided the first population estimates of the incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), reporting a staggering rate of 75.6 per million persons. The...
Thesis
Full-text available
Background: Trauma to the human spinal cord typically strikes out of the blue, leaving those surviving the initial ordeal with permanent or temporary deficits in health and functioning. Because of this, traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSCI) impose a significant burden on society. While these facts are well known for certain countries, the Internati...
Article
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Background: To develop rehabilitation services promoting participation in persons living with a traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is of major concern for physiotherapists. What the client sees as effective participation, barriers and facilitators might be different due to their particular context. This study was conducted in order to gain insigh...
Article
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Objective: To evaluate the extent to which the rehabilitation outcome levels (ROL) and the spinal cord independence measure (SCIM) III could be mapped to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the brief core set for spinal cord injury (SCI) in the post-acute context. Methods: Two professionals used the p...
Article
Full-text available
Background Rehabilitation is important for persons with disabilities as it contributes to their sense of autonomy, self-worth and social participation, and improves their quality of life. Improving the quality of rehabilitation services requires the dialogue of patients’ perceptions with those of service providers, in order to recommend informed re...
Article
Full-text available
Study design: Prospective, population-based cohort study. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of selected complications following traumatic spinal cord injury during acute care and to identify the risk factors for pressure ulcers. Setting: The only tertiary academic (Groote Schuur) hospital in the catchment region providing specialised acu...
Article
Full-text available
Prospective, regional population-based study. To provide the incidence, aetiology and injury characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in the City of Cape Town, South Africa. All government-funded hospitals within the City of Cape Town, South Africa. All survivors of acute TSCI, given that they met the inclusion criteria, were prospect...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the functional abilities and factors influencing outcome of patients with stroke following rehabilitation are essential for the planning of future interventions and services in order to optimise recovery. To determine the activity limitations and factors influencing functional outcome of patients with stroke managed at a specialised reh...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in the activity limitations of patients following in-patient rehabilitation and the factors influencing functional ability as measured by the Spinal Cord Independence Measure III (SCIM III). A longitudinal study design was utilised to study the change in functional abilities of patie...
Thesis
Full-text available
The World Health Organisation estimates that the majority of the disabled population resides in the developing world, but most of the research on outcomes of patients originates from the developed world. In the light of the differences in healthcare structures and function, especially rehabilitation between settings and countries, it is imperative...
Article
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Abstract: Clinical practice is an essential requirement of any graduate physiotherapy programme. For this purpose, valid and reliable assessment tools are paramount for the measurement of key competencies in the real-world setting. This study aims to determine the internal consistency and inter-rater reliability of a newly developed and validated c...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Background: evaluating students' clinical performance is an integral part of the quality assurance in a physiotherapy curriculum, however, the objectivity during clinical examination have been questioned on numerous occasions. The aim of this study was to explore the essential key clinical performance areas and the associated assessment c...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
To explore what persons with spinal cord injuries perceive as value of care in order to design a standard model of patient management that is more patient- centered.
Project
To describe the current CPRs being used and highlight their possible strengths and weaknesses in SCI management.