Colleen Kelley

Colleen Kelley
Florida State University | FSU · Department of Psychology

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42
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
People recall and recognize animate words better than inanimate words, perhaps because memory systems were shaped by evolution to prioritize memory for predators, people, and food sources. Attentional paradigms show an animacy advantage that suggests that the animacy advantage in memory stems from a prioritization of animate items when allocating a...
Article
Cognitive control constrains retrieval processing and so restricts what comes to mind as input to the attribution system. We review evidence that older adults, patients with Alzheimer's disease, and people with traumatic brain injury exert less cognitive control during retrieval, and so are susceptible to memory misattributions in the form of drama...
Article
Change has been described as detrimental for later memory for the original event in research on retroactive interference. Popular accounts of retroactive interference treat learning as the formation of simple associations and explain interference as due to response competition, perhaps along with unlearning or inhibition of the original response. B...
Article
Self-report measurements are ubiquitous in psychology, but they carry the potential of altering processes they are meant to measure. We assessed whether a common metamemory measure, judgments of learning, can change the ongoing process of memorizing and subsequent memory performance. Judgments of learning are a form of metamemory monitoring describ...
Article
Full-text available
Three experiments contrasted recollection of change with differentiation as means of avoiding retroactive interference and proactive interference. We manipulated the extent to which participants looked back to notice change between pairs of cues and targets (A-B, A-D) and measured the effects on later cued recall of either the first or second respo...
Article
Weight is conceptualized as an embodiment of importance, according to recent research on embodied cognition (Ackerman, Nocera, & Bargh, 2010; Jostmann, Lakens, & Schubert, 2009). Is importance as embodied by weight used as a cue that items are memorable? Four experiments varied participants' perceptual experiences of weight as they studied words an...
Article
Mentally reinstating encoding operations at retrieval might improve access to memories; however, such constrained retrieval is an effortful process that may not always be used. The memory-for-foils procedure (Jacoby, Shimizu, Daniels, & Rhodes, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 12, 852-857, 2005) infers participant-initiated mental reinstatement of enc...
Article
Daydreaming mentally transports people to another place or time. Many daydreams are similar in content to the thoughts that people generate when they intentionally try to forget. Thus, thoughts like those generated during daydreaming can cause forgetting of previously encoded events. We conducted two experiments to test the hypothesis that daydream...
Article
Full-text available
Two experiments tested whether differences in problem-solving strategies influence the ability of people to monitor their problem-solving effectiveness as measured by confidence judgments. On multiple choice problems, people tend to use either a constructive matching strategy, whereby they attempt to solve a problem before looking at the response o...
Article
Emotionality is a key component of subjective experience that influences memory. We tested how the emotionality of words affects memory monitoring, specifically, judgments of learning, in both cued recall and free recall paradigms. In both tasks, people predicted that positive and negative emotional words would be recalled better than neutral words...
Article
Individual differences in cognitive abilities and skills can predict normatively superior and logically consistent judgments and decisions. The current experiment investigates the processes that mediate individual differences in risky choices. We assessed working memory span, numeracy, and cognitive impulsivity and conducted a protocol analysis to...
Article
Full-text available
Some research on attentional control in working memory has emphasized theoretical capacity differences. However, strategic behavior, which has been relatively unexplored, can also influence attentional control and its relationship to cognitive performance. In two experiments, we examined the relationship between attentional control (measured with o...
Article
The current study examined the neuropsychological correlates of memory accuracy in older and younger adults. Participants were tested in a memory monitoring paradigm developed by Koriat and Goldsmith (1996), which permits separate assessments of the accuracy of responses generated during retrieval and the accuracy of monitoring those responses. Par...
Article
Full-text available
In list method directed forgetting, instructing people to forget a studied word list usually results in better recall for a newly studied list. Sahakyan and Delaney (2003) have suggested that these benefits are due to a change in encoding strategy that occurs between the study of the first list and the study of the second list. To investigate what...
Article
Three experiments assessed people’s ability to strategically regulate memory accuracy in free report. Older adults were substantially less accurate than young adults in free report cued recall. Both older and younger adults made gains in memory accuracy from forced report to free report, but older adults did so at the expense of greater losses in q...
Article
The current study investigated false recognition within a paradigm (Whittlesea & Williams, 2001a) that manipulates fluency of test item processing by presenting test items at recognition in the context of a rhyming or nonrhyming nonword prime. Experiment 1 attempted to lower the salience of the role of primes at test by presenting items with primes...
Chapter
This chapter review research on whether ease of perceptual processing serves as a basis for familiarity in recognition memory and on criticisms of the role of perceptual fluency in recognition. It assess the generality of the notion of a fluency heuristic by exploring whether there are other enhancements of processing due to repetition that are bot...
Article
Full-text available
The authors propose that the costs and benefits of directed forgetting in the list method result from an internal context change that occurs between the presentations of 2 lists in response to a "forget" instruction. In Experiment 1 of this study, costs and benefits akin to those found in directed forgetting were obtained in the absence of a forget...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies of eyewitness memory have observed deleterious effects of producing a verbal description on later identification accuracy of a previously viewed face, an effect termed verbal overshadowing (Schooler & Engstler-Schooler, 1990). The present research investigated whether the phenomenon of verbal overshadowing may be constrained by varia...
Article
Studies of metacognition are studies of subjective experience and the utility of subjective experience for the control of behavior. Assessments of the objective difficulty of problems or the comprehensibility of text are often based on one's subjective experience with the problems or text. However, subjective experience can be altered by specific p...
Article
We review research on the fluency heuristic as a basis for the subjective experience of familiarity. Then, we explore the links between the construct of fluency and the automatic versus consciously controlled memory processes that are estimated using the process dissociation procedure, and the phenomenological experiences studied using “Remember” a...
Article
In L. L. Jacoby's (see record 1992-07943-001) 2-study-list process-dissociation (PD) procedure, recollection ( R) is estimated by the difference in responding between including and excluding items from previously studied lists. Familiarity ( F) is estimated with the estimate of R and equations representing the assumption that F and R are indepe...
Article
illustrative findings and explanations [activation, episodes and procedures, separate systems] / types of evidence [stochastic independence, functional dissociations, population dissociations] / critiques of theories [activation, processing views, multiple systems] / new directions [specifying systems, specifying processes, convergence of systems a...
Article
Three experiments tested the hypothesis that easy generation of nonstudied words in response to word-fragment recall cues can cause illusions of familiarity. Participants read a list of words and were then given a mixture of easy and difficult word fragments as “recall cues.” Unbeknownst to participants, some fragments could be completed only with...
Article
The influence of memory on the subjective experience of later problem solving was investigated in two experiments. Study of the solution words to anagrams in the first phase of the experiments lead to faster solution of those anagrams in a second phase. Participants interpreted their easy solution of old anagrams as due to characteristics of the an...
Article
We propose that confidence in potential answers to general knowledge questions is based, in part, on the ease with which those answers come to mind. Consistent with this hypothesis, prior exposure to correct and to related but incorrect answers to general knowledge questions increased the speed, frequency, and confidence with which subjects gave th...
Article
goal . . . is to provide an overview of our research on unconscious influences of memory / describe several experiments, and concentrate on the procedures used in those experiments as well as the results that they produced begin by discussing the importance of subjective experience and by suggesting that the subjective experience of remembering i...
Article
We studied the relation between performance on direct versus indirect tests of memory for modality. Subjects read or heard words in a mixed list and then were tested by visual perceptual identification (the indirect test) and direct report of items as read, heard, or new. There was a dependent relation between perceptual identification performance...
Article
Full-text available
The familiarity of names produced by their prior presentation can be misinterpreted as fame. We used this false fame effect to separately study the effects of divided attention on familiarity versus conscious recollection. In a first experiment, famous and nonfamous names were presented to be read under conditions of full vs. divided attention. Div...
Article
Nonfamous names presented once in an experiment are mistakenly judged as famous 24 hr later. On an immediate test, no such false fame occurs. This phenomenon parallels the sleeper effect found in studies of persuasion. People may escape the unconscious effects of misleading information by recollecting its source, raising the criterion level of fami...
Chapter
The aim of the conference from which this book is drawn is reflected in its optimistic title “Memory: An Interdisciplinary Approach.” In pursuit of a complete understanding of memory, we can take advantage of the insights, data, and explanations from diverse areas of psychology: physiological, cognitive, developmental, and social. A number of the p...
Book
Memory: Interdisciplinary Approaches arrays the most current research and thinking on the cognitive, social, and neural aspects of memory. An international group of experts discusses the domains of working memory and the modularity of storage processes while other contributors examine the social and developmental consequences of memory. This volume...
Article
We interpret the difference between aware and unaware forms of memory in terms of Polanyi's distinction between tool and object. Aware memory, such as recognition and recall, occurs when memory serves as an object of attention. Unaware memory occurs when memory serves as a tool to accomplish a present task. Both memory-as-tool and memory-as-object...
Article
Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. Mode of access: World Wide Web. Advisor: Dr. Colleen M. Kelley, Florida State University, College of Arts and Sciences, Dept. of Psychology. Title and description from dissertation home page (viewed Mar. 2, 2004). Thesis (Ph. D.)--Florida State University, 2003. Includes bibliographical references.

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