Colin Clubbe

Colin Clubbe
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew · Conservation Science

PhD

About

90
Publications
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Publications

Publications (90)
Article
Full-text available
The global loss of biodiversity is a pressing and urgent issue and halting loss is the focus of many international agreements and targets. However, data on species distribution, threats and protection are limited and sometimes lacking in many parts of the world. The British Virgin Islands (BVI), part of the Puerto Rican Bank Floristic Region in the...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous island species have gone extinct and many extant, but threatened, island endemics require ongoing monitoring of their conservation status. The small tree Vachellia anegadensis was formerly thought to occur only on the limestone island of Anegada in the British Virgin Islands and was categorized as Critically Endangered. However, in 2008 it...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The British Virgin Islands and the US Virgin Islands, two island groups located in the Caribbean archipelago, hold unique plant diversity and high endemism. Until recently, Solanum conocarpum was considered a rare plant species endemic to the island of St. John in the US Virgin Islands. Ongoing botanical surveys in this region are reve...
Article
Full-text available
Lophophora williamsii (Cactaceae) is thought to be threatened by habitat loss and overharvesting. However, basic demographic and habitat information to evaluate its conservation status have been lacking. We surveyed six wild populations of this species, three in South Texas and three in West Texas, to begin to address this gap. We found high levels...
Article
Full-text available
The Convention on Biological Diversity’s post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework will probably include a goal to stabilize and restore the status of species. Its delivery would be facilitated by making the actions required to halt and reverse species loss spatially explicit. Here, we develop a species threat abatement and restoration (STAR) metric...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Developed for the project CV19RR01 "Impacts and consequences of Covid-19 on conservation in the BVI" funded by the UK Government’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).
Technical Report
Full-text available
Developed for the project CV19RR01 "Impacts and consequences of Covid-19 on conservation in the BVI" funded by the UK Government’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).
Article
Full-text available
Tulips ( Tulipa spp.) are one of the most widely appreciated plants worldwide, nevertheless species taxonomy and biogeography are often poorly understood. Most wild tulips inhabit the mountains of Central Asia, a recognised biodiversity hotspot, and a centre of tulip diversity. Despite the presence of several country-level endemic Tulipa species, m...
Article
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On many Pacific and Indian Ocean islands, colonization by humans brought invasive species, native vegetation destruction and coconut plantations, leading to the decimation of seabird populations. The coconut industry on oceanic islands has since crashed, leaving the legacy of altered, impoverished ecosystems. Many island restoration projects eradic...
Article
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This review summarizes current knowledge of the status and threats to the plants and fungi of Great Britain and the UK Overseas Territories (UKOTs). Although the body of knowledge is considerable, the distribution of information varies substantially, and we highlight knowledge gaps. The UK vascular flora is the most well studied and we have a relat...
Book
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Kew’s State of the World’s Plants and Fungi project provides assessments of our current knowledge of the diversity of plants and fungi on Earth, the global threats that they face, and the policies to safeguard them. Produced in conjunction with an international scientific symposium, Kew’s State of the World’s Plants and Fungi sets an important inte...
Article
The status of Madagascar's plant diversity is briefly reviewed, together with a consideration of the key threats and approaches used in conserving this unique flora. The role of the Kew Madagascar Conservation Centre is reviewed in relation to species discovery and conservation.
Article
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There is critical need for more information on the status of forests in Central Asia, to inform conservation management. Here we assess the status and use of the globally important, threatened walnut–fruit forests of Dashtijum Nature Reserve, Tajikistan. We use a mixed methods approach combining a semi-structured interview based socio-economic surv...
Preprint
Full-text available
Lophophora williamsii (Cactaceae) is thought to be threatened by habitat loss and overharvesting. However, basic demographic and habitat information to evaluate its conservation status has been lacking. We surveyed six wild populations of this species, three in South Texas and three in West Texas, to begin to address this gap. We found high levels...
Article
Full-text available
Vachellia anegadensis (Britton) Seigler & Ebinger, a spiny tree endemic to the British Virgin Islands (BVI), a Caribbean UK Overseas Territory, is described and illustrated. It is one of the four known endemic plant species to occur in the BVI, an archipelago of only 153 km2. It has been assessed as Endangered (EN) based on the IUCN categories and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This technical report was compiled by the BVI National TIPAs team (Sara Bárrios, Colin Clubbe, Keith Grant, Martin A. Hamilton, Natasha Harrigan, Thomas Heller, Nancy Pascoe, Michele Dani Sanchez, Joseph Smith Abbott, Tessa Smith, Lynda Varlack) and edited by: Michele Dani Sanchez, Colin Clubbe and Martin A. Hamilton. The 2016-19 project ‘Tropical...
Book
Located in the heart of the Caribbean, the British Virgin Islands (BVI) are popular with visitors for their beaches, sailing and diving sites, but behind the strapline ‘Nature’s Little Secrets’ there is much more to the natural world of these islands to be appreciated, explored and valued. This guide details 53 of the BVI’s most important plants, i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report provides an overview of the UK Overseas Territories (UKOTs) team of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Kew) activities related to invasive species monitoring and control and vegetation plot monitoring on the island of Great Tobago in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) undertaken between 01 April 2016 and 31 March 2019 in collaboration with t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew’s UK Overseas Territories team in partnership with the National Parks Trust of the Virgin Islands (NPTVI) and Fort Worth Zoo have developed a project entitled “Identifying and conserving resilient habitats in the British Virgin Islands”. The project will survey and map globally threatened plant and animal species and...
Article
Forest ecosystems are rich in biodiversity and provide valuable ecosystem services, but are declining worldwide. Malus niedzwetzkyana , an Endangered wild relative of domesticated apples, is an important component of the walnut–fruit forests of Central Asia. Its iconic pink blossom and genetic properties give it special cultural and scientific sign...
Book
Situated in the South Atlantic, some 500 km from mainland South America, the Falkland Islands are a remote archipelago formed of two larger islands (East and West Falkland) and over 500 smaller islands. This book is the output from a collaboration between scientists at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Falklands Conservation, who have been working...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is an account of the UK Overseas Territories (UKOTs) Programme of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Kew) expedition to the British Virgin Islands (BVI), undertaken from 30 January to 09 February 2018. The visit was undertaken to 1 collect monitoring data for threatened plant species and their habitats; 2 assist the National Parks Trust of...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the severe threats to plant habitats and high levels of extinction risk for plant species in many parts of the world, plant conservation priorities are often poorly represented in national and global frameworks because of a lack of data in an accessible and consistent format to inform conservation decision making. The Important Plant Areas...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The project, Building systems and capacity to monitor and conserve BVI’s flora, was funded by the UK Government’s Darwin Initiative through the Overseas Territories Environment and Climate Fund, project reference DPLUS030. The continued support of this important funding stream is critical to address the many and varied conservation and habitat mana...
Article
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Background The need to incorporate genetic data into conservation management decisions is increasingly recognised. However, many published studies represent a ‘gold standard’ of sampling, techniques, and analyses. Such rigour is often not possible with limited funding and resourcing available for developing plans for the increasing number of threat...
Data
Dypsis decipiens AFLP data AFLP coded data for 50 Dypsis decipiens samples, 3 primer combinations, 370 loci.
Data
Dypsis ambositrae AFLP data AFLP coded data for 20 Dypsis ambositrae samples, 3 primer combinations, 230 loci.
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is an account of the UK Overseas Territories (UKOTs) Programme of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Kew) expedition to the Puerto Rican Bank (Puerto Rico (PR) and the British Virgin Islands (BVI), collectively PRVI) undertaken from 02 February to 18 March 2017. The PRVI visit was undertaken to 1 collect vouchers and baseline, phenotypic,...
Article
Full-text available
Less than 6% of the worlds described plant species have been assessed on the IUCN Red List, leaving many species invisible to conservation prioritization. Large-scale Red List assessment of plant species is a challenge, as most species’ ranges have only been resolved to a coarse scale. As geographic distribution is a key assessment criterion on the...
Article
Full-text available
The Caribbean region is home to a highly diverse flora with around 11,000 native species of which nearly 72% are endemic (Acevedo-Rodríguez & Strong 2008), and is classified as a biodiversity hotspot experiencing significant threats to its biodiversity (Myers et al 2000). Despite this recognition as a global priority, there has been limited conserv...
Article
Recent studies showed that a group of Hypertelis species was neither related to the type of that genus or to other members of Molluginaceae. As a result, these species were segregated as a new genus in its own family, Kewaceae. The St Helenan endemic Kewa acida (Hook.) Christenh. is illustrated here and its relationships, status, cultivation and co...
Article
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The Falkland Islands are predicted to experience up to 2.2°C rise in mean annual temperature over the coming century, greater than four times the rate over the last century. Our study investigates likely vulnerabilities of a suite of range-restricted species whose distributions are associated with archipelago-wide climatic variation. We used presen...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is an account of the UK Overseas Territories (UKOTs) Programme of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Kew) expedition to the Puerto Rican Bank (Puerto Rico (PR) and the British Virgin Islands (BVI), collectively PRVI) undertaken from 01 June to 17 July 2016. The PRVI visit was undertaken to 1 collect vouchers and baseline, phenotypic, and m...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Climate change predictions for the Falkland Islands indicate an up to 2.2 °C increase in the annual mean temperature by 2100 but for no change in the annual mean rainfall. Considering that the mean annual temperature of the Falkland Islands has increased by 0.5 °C over the last century the predicted increases are dramatic. Despite a predicted lack...
Conference Paper
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During a botanical expedition in 2008 the Critically Endangered Vachellia anegadensis (Britton) Seigler & Ebinger was discovered on the volcanic island of Fallen Jerusalem in the British Virgin Islands (BVI). Previously this species was thought to be endemic to the limestone island of Anegada, also part of the BVI Archipelago. Urgent work was neede...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Varronia rupicola (Boraginaceae) is a woody shrub endemic to the Caribbean where the effects of climate change and anthropogenic induced threats could push the species to extinction over the coming century. Population genetic and biogeographical research have shown that V. rupicola is endemic to the islands of Puerto Rico, Vieques and Anegada where...
Poster
Full-text available
A trait-based analysis to provide an estimate of relative vulnerability to climate change across the native vascular flora (180 taxa) of the Falkland Islands. This research contributes to a wider EU-BEST funded project: TEFRA: Terrestrial Ecosystems of the Falklands – a Climate Change Risk Assessment
Research
Full-text available
This booklet provides an overview of Reflora for a general readership. Reflora is an initiative which aims to increase access to and use of Brazilian plant diversity information deposited in institutions within and outside Brazil. This booklet was developed in partnership between the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (England) and the Jardim Botânico do R...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Caicos pine Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis is endemic to the Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI) and the Bahamas, where it is the dominant species in the pine forest ecosystem. Pine forests in TCI cover only 13km2 and have been under severe threat of extinction in the past decade. A severe infestation by the non-native and pine-specific pine tortois...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Varronia rupicola is a Critically Endangered shrub in the Boraginaceae family endemic to the Puerto Rican Bank in the Caribbean. The species has a very restricted range of distribution as it is only found in isolated areas of western Puerto Rico (PR), southern Vieques and the low-lying island of Anegada in the British Virgin Islands. Very little is...
Article
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Botanic gardens often highlight public education as a priority. Increasing knowledge about biodiversity conservation is a frequently stated aim of environmental education. This is often based on the assumption that increasing knowledge may generate positive environmental attitudes. We investigate the relationship between knowledge and environmental...
Article
Varronia rupicola (Urb.) Britton (Boraginaceae) a Critically Endangered shrub, restricted to three Caribbean islands – Puerto Rico, Vieques and Anegada—is described and illustrated. Its conservation status and distribution are reviewed.
Article
Full-text available
The UK Overseas Territories (UKOTs) Programme based at the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew (RBG, Kew) has an active training and seed collection programme with local partners in most of the UK’s 16 Overseas Territories. Seeds are banked at the Millennium Seed Bank (MSB) for long-term storage, with a particular focus on endemic and threatened species, con...
Article
Metastelma anegadense is a twining perennial vine endemic to the British Virgin Islands, with its largest populations on the low-lying coralline island of Anegada. It is vulnerable in all sites to changes in land use for tourism and development, grazing pressures, and to elevated sea levels and more intensive hurricanes which are likely with global...
Article
Full-text available
Previous blue carbon studies have focused on discrete carbon stock assessments and overarching systematic reviews which broadly speculate that it may be economically viable to incorporate mangroves into existing carbon finance platforms. There is a discernible need to test this hypothesis through case-specific investigations that determine this pre...
Technical Report
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As part of EU-BEST funded Grant Agreement No 07.032700/2012/635427/SUB/B2 – “TEFRA: Terrestrial Ecosystems of the Falklands – a Climate Change Risk Assessment, a seminar and workshop were held in the Falkland Islands with the main aims of i) Presenting to the public the latest research findings on climate change and the Falkland Islands and ii) Wor...
Article
Full-text available
Last seen in 1958, the Ascension Island endemic fern, Anogramma ascensionis, was listed as extinct on the 2003 IUCN Red List. However, a 2009 survey rediscovered four plants on Green Mountain. Spores were collected and cultured in vitro at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, where a living collection of thousands of gametophytes and hundreds of sporoph...
Article
Politically and botanically diverse, the Caribbean region is a biodiversity hotspot. Current estimates for seed plant species richness are nearly 11,000 indigenous taxa, of which approximately 72% are endemic to the region. Politically, the region comprises independent countries as well as overseas territories and countries of the European Union me...
Article
Nassauvia falklandica (Compositae: Mutisieae: Nassauviinae), a new endemic herbaceous sub-shrub from the Falkland Islands, is described, illustrated and its conservation status assessed. N. falklandica is unique within the genus in possessing a row of pits towards the apex of the abaxial surface of its leaves; stomata and stiff white hairs are conf...
Article
A description is provided for Eragrostis episcopulus (Poaceae), a previously undetermined grass species from the South Atlantic island of St Helena, together with notes on its ecology, history and conservation. The taxon appears to belong to subgen. Eragrostis, and shows affinities with southern African species including E. minor. E. episcopulus ha...
Article
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Who Harvests and Why? Characteristics of Guatemalan Households Harvesting Xaté (Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti). Cultivation of harvested species is frequently proposed as a conservation strategy to reduce wild harvesting pressure and improve local livelihoods. The success of this approach is likely to be influenced by harvesters’ socioeconomic charac...
Article
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Biodiversity conservation in Lebanon ought to be guided by practical assessment tools in order to promote conservation efforts amid destructive and profit driven urban and industrial expansion. The challenge for national conservation scientists, however, is to develop such tools while reconciling between scientific 'rigor' and pressing national rea...
Article
Full-text available
Cultivation of wild-harvested plant species has been proposed as a way of reducing over-exploitation of wild populations but lack of technical knowledge is thought to be a barrier preventing people from cultivating a new species. Training programmes are therefore used to increase technical knowledge to encourage people to adopt cultivation. We asse...